• Title, Summary, Keyword: TRIP

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Trip-Chaining Behavior and Trip Distribution Model (연쇄통행행태분석과 통행분포모형)

  • 김형진
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
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    • pp.58-82
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    • 1995
  • This study providesd an empirical analysis of trip-chaining behavior and its application to transportation planning. In the empirical analysis, changes in trip-chaining patterns since 1970 have been examined and details of current trip-chaining behavior as they describe shopping trip-chaining behavior has changed. Individual trip-chaining has become longer and complex. It appears that the average number of trips per chains has substantially increased over the past 20 years. An increased number of trips in chains means fewer home-based trips. Changes in trip-chaining behavior have several consequences. Important consequences are for transportation and land-use planning. Up to now trips have been treated as if they are independent clusters of home-to-destination-to-home; this approach has not usually taken into account the trip-chaining behavior of individuals. this calls for a different approach to at least the trip generation and trip distribution part of transportation planning. In this study, application of trip-chaining behavior to trip distribution model formulation is proposed and its calibration results are presented.

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Science Field Trip Activation Plan through the Survey of Science Museum Field Trip (과학관 현장학습 실태조사를 통한 과학 현장학습 활성화 방안)

  • Kwon, Chi-Soon;Kim, Jang-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.142-150
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    • 2011
  • This study is aimed to offer the elementary school teacher's experience and awareness about science field trip and science museum field trip, by analyzing the survey of 867 students and 81 teachers in Seoul. Research shows 67.9% high figure of elementary school teacher's experience on science field trip. That experience is include 61.8% of science museum using experience. In case of elementary school teacher's pre-activity is only 53.1% and most of them was visiting Website. Post-activity is more than preceding activity(74.1%) but method is too simple like checking work sheets. 62.3% of elementary school students have been to science field trip and science museum that is higher than teachers'. 66.5% of students said science field trip is influence on science study in good ways but there are some difficulties like lack of pre-activity(33.0%) and unkind information about science museum(21.9%). For activation of science field trip, resources development for effective science field trip operating, program development for pre- and post-activity, school group science field trip program development which is linked science curriculum, complement and expand activity information of science field trip institution.

Equilibrium trip distribution model (균형 통행분포모형연구)

  • Im, Yong-Taek
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.28 no.6
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2010
  • Trip distribution is to connect travel demand for each OD pair based on travel cost, trip production and attraction derived from trip generation step. In real world the travel cost is a function of travel demand, but existing models could not fully consider such functional relation between travel cost and demand, which leads to an equilibrium in trip distribution model. This paper proves the equilibrium trip distribution by using gravity model. In order to obtain such equilibrium this paper also presents a solution algorithm based on fixed point theorem. The algorithm will be tested with an example and confirmed the equilibrium solution of trip distribution.

Exploring Characteristics on Trip Chaining: the Case of Seoul (통행사슬 특성 분석에 관한 연구 (서울시 사례를 중심으로))

  • Choo, Sang-Ho;Kwon, Sae-Na;Kim, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.87-97
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    • 2008
  • The traditional trip-based modeling approach has assumed that a trip is generated for a purpose. However, the approach has not considered trips as a set of connected trips nor has it considered trip chaining. The purpose of this study is to identify general characteristics of trip chaining, and to explore relationships between trip purposes and trip chains using multivariate regression models. The data for this study come from the 2006 Seoul household travel diary survey. It is found that simple trip chains are dominant phenomena, and socio-economic characteristics such as occupation, income, age, and gender are closely related to types of trip chains. People aged less than 20, females, or high-income people are more likely to have a higher number of home-based trip chains. In addition, commute and school trips for workers and students respectively tend to be strongly associated with simple trip chains, while shopping and leisure trips for housewives tend to be related to simple trip chains.

A Study on Field Trip of Specific-Region Environment -Focus on 'Geological Unit' of Elementary Science- (특이 지역 환경에 대한 야외 학습 연구 -초등과학 지질 영역을 중심으로-)

  • Hong, Seung-Ho
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2008
  • This study is aimed at suggesting ways to develop field trip or learning materials focusing on environment of Jeju seashore in order to make an effective field trip. To perform these purposes, the contents and concepts were analyzed from environment-related 'geological unit' of elementary science textbook. Afterwards, the places having the geological features in coincidence with them are chosen, and investigated, and these regions can develop into geological teaming places for field trip. Each teaming spot focuses on understanding and finding out the characteristic geological environment of rock shore, gravel shore, sand shore, shellfish shore, and tideland shore among Jeju shores. When field trip is conducted at the preparatory stage, students can get advance knowledge on geological concepts from textbook. The activity record paper is presented at the field trip stage where students observe geological phenomena on their own. After field trip is finished, the summary stage is given to solve some problems on the basis of the observed contents. The developed data from this research have its regional limits, but is surely useful for teachers who try to plan field trip when they especially choose the right field trip spots, or plan to make the process for field trip preparation of the environmental education. Furthermore, with this survey and activities, students can take the chance to improve the learning effect through their own experience on environment of Jeju seashore.

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A Study on the Behavioral Analysis of Workers using Disaggregate Behavioral Model (개별행태모형을 이용한 통근인구의 교통행동분석에 관한 연구)

  • 배영석
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.31-48
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    • 1996
  • This paper develops a disaggregate model system for travel behavior of workers in a metropolitan area. We attempt to develop a set of models for predicting trip generation type, trip purpose, destination, mode choices in each trip on the way from work to home by using the concept of utility maximization of base-to-base tour. The model incorporates the concept that decisions of a trip in a trip in a travel tour depend on decisions of the trips having been made before and decisions of trip planned after of this trip, as well as on current trip conditions. As the structure of the model, the nested logit model is used to avoid a simultaneous model's complexity. The data to be used for estimating the model system are from the person trip survey which was carried out in 1981 in Nagoya metropolitan. Empirical tests of the model for Nagoya metropolitan area show encouraging results and prove the validity of the assumption of this model.

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A Study on the Springback of High-Strength TRIP Steel (고강도 TRIP 강의 스프링백에 대한 연구)

  • 김용환;김태우;이영선;이정환
    • Transactions of Materials Processing
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.409-414
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    • 2004
  • TRIP steel has got attention in automobile industry because of its high strength and high formability. However, the information on deformation behavior of TRIP steel, including bending and springback, is not enough until now. In this research, the V-die bending experiment and analysis have been done to obtain the information of springback of TRIP steel. And a new numerical method, where elastic modulus is varied with the change of the strain, was suggested. Tensile test for TRIP steel was done to get tensile properties as well as strain dependency of elastic modulus of the material. Strain-dependency of elastic modulus was used the numerical analysis of V-die bending and unbending process to predict springback amount. The results were compared with experiment, showing reasonable agreement. Through the analysis of V-die bending as well as draw bending of TRIP steel, the proposed scheme with variable elastic modulus was proven to well predict the deformation behavior of TRIP steel during bending and springback.

Effects of Al in TRIP steels on microstructure and phase transformation (TRIP강에서 Al이 미세구조와 상변태에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, N.S.;Kim, S.I.;Park, C.G.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.213-216
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    • 2009
  • In this study, three cold-rolled TRIP steels containing different Al content (0.04wt%, 1.0 wt.% and 2.00wt%) were fabricated to understand the complex effects of Al in TRIP steel. The influences of Al on microstructural evolution of cold-rolled TRIP steels have been analyzed by using advanced analysis techniques, such as transmission electron microscope (TEM) and three dimensional atom probe tomography (3D-APT). TEM results revealed that second phases such as bainte and retained austenite decrease with increase of Al content. In addition, 3D-APT was used to characterize atomic-scale distribution of alloying elements at the constituent phases. Through these analysis techniques, the advanced characteristics of constituent microstructure in TRIP steels were identified depending on Al contents in TRIP steels.

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Analysis of Household Trip Generation Characteristics in Seoul (서울시 가구통행발생 특성 분석)

  • Rhee, Jongho
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.31 no.5D
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    • pp.657-662
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    • 2011
  • The relationship between household attributes and trip generation can only be found in Seoul Metropolitan Household Travel Survey, which has been implemented every 5 years. However, various household attributes' impact on trip generation has not been analyzed closely. This paper compared and analyzed those impact. The results could be useful when trip generation models are studied in the future. They are as follows. The household size should be an important classification criteria when household trip generation is estimated. The traditional assumption that the relationship between household auto ownership and trip generation is positive and linear correlation should be reconsidered. Weekday travel data only did not showed that housing type has an influence on trip generation. Household income is unrelated with trip generation among single-person household, while multi-person household is related strongly. However, when trips are classified by purpose, impact of household income on trip generation are varied by trip purpose. Especially, the increase in single-person household can not be overlooked when trip generation is forecasted.

An Analysis on Truck Trip Chaining (화물자동차의 통행행태 분석(통행사슬 분석을 중심으로))

  • Seong, Hong-Mo;Kim, Chan-Sung;Shin, Seung-Jin
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.7-16
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    • 2008
  • There are unique aspects of truck vehicle movements compared with the personal travel in trip chaining. This paper reports an analysis on the truck vehicle trip chaining which intercity/metropolitan/intraregional trips are classified. Data collected from the travel dairy survey is used the truck trip-chaining analysis. The pattern of trip chaining classes is classified by the GIS mapping based on orgin-destination trip information. The physical index and efficiency index for each trip diary is used to the truck vehicle activity. Truck trips lengths and time differs from its truck type, service type and travel patterns. It is shown that the efficiency of the truck trip chaining depends on vehicle types and its delivery patterns. There are many other topics for research on trip chaining modeling such as the classification of trip chain, time use and mode choice by trip chaining.