• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tensile Residual Stress

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A Study on the Residual Stress Distribution of Pure Titanium Welding Material (순수티타늄 용접재의 잔류응력분포에 관한 연구)

  • Choi Byung-ki;Chang Kyung-chun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this paper is to investigate the welding residual stress distribution according to the constraint or non-constraint welding condition with titanium commonly using power station, aircraft, and ship. The measuring method of the residual stress was applied stress release rating method with strain gages and a potable strain meter. The x direction residual stress generally showed the tensile residual stress in case of res03int welding. On the other hand, the x direction residual stress under non-restraint welding were changed tensile stress into compressive stress on 15mm away from welding bead center. Also, the y direction residual stress generally showed the tensile residual stress in case of non-restraint welding and the y direction residual stress under restraint welding were changed tensile stress into compressive stress about 60mm away from welding bead center.

A Study for Mitigating Residual Stress in CRDM Penetration Nozzle Weld (제어봉구동장치 관통노즐 용접부의 잔류응력 완화를 위한 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Gun;Kim, Jong-Sung;Jin, Tae-Eun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.90-95
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    • 2004
  • In this study, we proposed new method to mitigate tensile welding residual stress for preventing PWSCC in CRDM nozzle. Residual stress analysis using finite element method is performed to confirm benefit of the new method. In case of applying existing method, tensile axial residual stress decrease by about 28% and tensile hoop residual stress decrease by about 33%. In case of applying the new method, tensile axial residual stress decrease by about 32% and tensile hoop residual stress decrease by about 43%. Therefore, we conclude the new proposed method is more effective to prevent PWSCC than existing method.

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Redistribution of Welding Residual Stress and its Effects on Fatigue Crack Propagation (피로균열이 진전할 때 용접잔류응력의 재분포와 그 영향)

  • 이용복;조남익
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.155-162
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    • 1995
  • Redistribution of residual stress and its effects during fatigue crack propagates from tensile residual stress region in weldment are investigated. Tests are performed by using welded CCT specimens of structual rolling steel (SS400) and it makes fatigue crack propagate from tensile residual stress region. For this study tension-tension loading type is selected by external loading condition and magnetizing stress indicator is used correctly to measure redistribution of residual stress according to fatigue crack growth and number of loading cycles. From this result, it is proved that redistribution of residual stress is mainly consist of residual stress released by fatigue crack growth. When fatigue crack propagates from tensile residual stress region residual stress are redistributed and it makes fatigue crack growth rate largely increase. Fatigue crack growth rate is low in case of redistributed residual stress compare with initial distributed residual stress.

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The application of forman equation for fatigue crack propagation in welding residual stress region (溶接殘留應力領域에서의 疲勞균열傳播에 대한 Forman式의 適用)

  • 김상철;이용복
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.42-56
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    • 1987
  • Fatigue Fracture behaviors of the TIG-welded aluminum alloys, such as Al 2024-T4, A1 5050-0 and Al 7075-T7 were investigated when a crack propagated from tensile residual stress region and compressive residual stress region. The experimental values were compared with the values expected by the Forman equation. The experimental results are summarized as the following: (1) In case of fatigue crack propagation from residual stress region, the values predicted by Forman equation were Found to exactly corresponded to the experimental values. (2) When the stress intensityfactors affected by compressive residual stress, Kres, were greater than the stress intensity factors by minimum applied stresses. Kmin, the Forman equation was found to be improper to be applied directly, but the equation appeared to be proper, if the stress ratio was modified to zero. (3) The experimental results confirmed that residual stress was relaxed by repeated tensile loading and the relaxing trend was greater in case of compressive residual stress than that of tensile residual stress.

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ESTIMATION OF RESIDUAL STRESS IN CYLINDER HEAD

  • KIM B.;EGNER-WALTER A.;CHANG H.
    • International Journal of Automotive Technology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.69-74
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    • 2006
  • Residual stresses are introduced in aluminum cylinder head during quenching at the end of the T6 heat treatment process. Tensile residual stress resulted from quenching is detrimental to fatigue behavior of a cylinder head when it is overlapped with stresses of engine operation load. Quenching simulation has been performed to assess the distribution of residual stress in the cylinder head. Analysis revealed that in-homogeneous temperature distribution led to high tensile residual stress at the foot of the long intake port, where high stresses of engine operation load are expected. Measurements of residual stress have been followed and compared with the calculated results. Results successfully proved that high tensile residual stress, which was large enough to accelerate fatigue failure of the cylinder head, are formed during quenching process at the end of heat treatment at the same critical position. Effect of quenching parameters on the distribution of residual stress in cylinder head has been investigated by choosing different combination of heat treatment parameters. It was demonstrated that changes of quenching parameters led to more homogeneous temperature distribution during cooling and could reduce tensile residual stress at the critical region of the cylinder head used in this study.

Analysis of the Effects of Laser Shock Peening under Initial Tensile Residual Stress Using Numerical Analysis Method (수치해석기법을 이용한 초기 인장잔류응력에 대한 레이저 충격 피닝 효과 분석)

  • Kim, Juhee;Lee, Jongwoo;Yoo, Samhyeun
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.608-619
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    • 2017
  • In this paper, the effects of parameters related to the residual stress induced due to laser shock peening process to determine mitigation of the initial tensile residual stresses are discussed, such as the maximum pressure, pressure pulse duration, laser spot size and number of laser shots. In order to estimate the influence of the initial tensile residual stresses, which is generated by welding in 35CD4 50HRC steel alloy, the initial condition option was employed in the finite element code. It is found that $2{\times}HEL$ maximum pressure and a certain range of the pressure pulse duration time can produce maximum mitigation effects near the surface and depth, regardless of the magnitudes of tensile residual stess. But plastically affected depth increase with increasing maximum pressure and pressure pulse duration time. For the laser spot size, maximum compressive residual stresses have almost constant values. But LSP is more effective with increasing the magnitudes of tensile residual stress. For the multiple LSP, magnitudes of compressive residual stresses and plastically affected depths are found to increase with increasing number of laser shots, but the effect is less pronounced for more laser shots. And to conclude, even though the initial tensile residual stresses such as weld residual stress field are existed, LSP is enough to make the surface and depth reinforcement effects.

A study on the residual stresses in circumferential welds of the pipes (파이프 원주방향 용접부의 잔류응력 연구)

  • 남궁재관;홍재학
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.693-702
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    • 1991
  • The existence of residual stress in the circumferential butt welded pipes is one of the most important problems concerning stress corrosion cracking in service. In this paper, the residual stress distributions in three kinds of circumferential butt welded pipes were measured by the hole drilling strain gage method and calculation using finite element method is performed and its results are compared with the experiments. At the inner surface of the pipe region near the center line of welding is under high tensile residual stress. However, as the distance from the center line of welding increases, the tensile component decreases and finally becomes compressive residual stress at region far away from the center line of welding. The longitudinal residual stress at the outer surface is compressive regardless of the diameter of pipe and the circumferential stress is changed rom compressive to tensile as pipe diameter increases. The results also demonstrate that the residual stress is mainly caused by self restraint bending force in the pipe welding.

An Analysis of the Redistribution of Residual Stress Due to Crack Propagation Initially Through Residual Tensile Stress Field by Finite Element Method (인장잔류응력장으로부터 피로균열이 전파하는 경우 잔류응력의 재분포거동에 대한 해석적 검토)

  • 김응준;박응준;유승현
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.21 no.7
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    • pp.71-77
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    • 2003
  • In this study, an investigation based on the superposition principle to predict residual stress redistribution caused by crack propagation itself initially through residual tensile stress field was performed by finite element method. The tendency in residual stress redistribution caused by crack propagation recognized both from the analytical results and experimental result was the residual stress concentration consecutively occurred in the vicinity of crack tip even the situation that the crack propagated to the region initially residual compressive stress existed. The software for the analysis is ABAQUS, which is a general purpose finite element package. The analytical method that attempt to take the plastic deformation at the crack tip due to tensile residual stress into the consideration of residual stress redistribution caused by crack propagation was proposed. The plastic zone size at the tip of fatigue crack and redistributed residual stresses were calculated by finite element method on the bases of the concept of Dugdale model. Comparing these analytical results with experimental results, it is verified that the residual stress redistribution caused by crack propagation can be predicted by finite element method with the proposed analytical method.

Reduction of residual stress for welded joint using vibrational load

  • Aoki, Shigeru;Nishimura, Tadashi;Hiroi, Tetsumaro
    • Steel and Composite Structures
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.355-365
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    • 2004
  • A new reduction method of residual stress in welding joint is proposed where welded metals are shaken during welding. By an experiment using a small shaker, it can be shown that tensile residual stress near the bead is significantly reduced. Since tensile residual stress on the surface degrades fatigue strength for cumulative damage, the proposed method is effective to reduction of residual stress of welded joints. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by the response analysis using one mass model with nonlinear springs.

A Study on the Residual Stresses by the Hole Drilling Measuring in the WeldZone (용접부의 천공 측정법에 의한 잔류 응력에 관한 연구)

  • NamKoong, Chai-Kwan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.115-121
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    • 2008
  • A knowloedge of the residual stress distribution at circumferential welds can increase the prediction accuracy of a fracture assessment in pipe lines. In this study, in order to predict the residual stress distribution in the circumferential butt-welded pipes were measured, using the hole-drilling strain gauge method. Their practical applications were performed in to two kinds of pipes. As the results, the following characteristics were found. On the inner surface of pipes, the circumferential and axial residual stresses were both tensile near the center line of welding and both of them changed from tensile to compressive as the distance from the center line increased. On the outer surface, however, the circumferential residual stress was shown to be tensile wile the axial residual stress was compressive near the center line of welding, and later they were revered at the region far away from the centerline.