• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tensile Test

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Analysis of Notched Bar Tensile Tests for Inconel 617 at Room and Elevated Temperatures (Inconel 617 노치시편의 상온 및 고온 인장실험 해석)

  • Oh, Chang-Sik;Ma, Young-Wha;Yoon, Kee-Bong;Kim, Yun-Jae
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.1818-1823
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, notched bar tensile tests of Inconel 617 were performed at room ($20^{\circ}C$) and elevated ($800^{\circ}C$) temperature. Finite element analyses are also performed. It is found that, at the room temperature, smooth bar tensile test results could be used to simulate notched bar tensile tests. However, at the elevated temperature, notched bar tensile test results can not be simulated from smooth bar tensile test results. Metallurgical examination reveals that strength weakening results from many cavities over the specimens for smooth bar test at the elevated temperature. "True" tensile properties at the elevated temperature is found using FE simulations. It also suggests that cautious should be taken to determine tensile properties of Inconel 617 at elevated temperatures using smooth bar tests.

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Numerical simulation of tensile failure of concrete using Particle Flow Code (PFC)

  • Haeri, Hadi;Sarfarazi, Vahab
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.39-51
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    • 2016
  • This paper considers the tensile strength of concrete samples in direct, CTT, modified tension, splitting and ring tests using both of the experimental tests and numerical simulation (particle flow code 2D). It determined that which one of indirect tensile strength is close to direct tensile strength. Initially calibration of PFC was undertaken with respect to the data obtained from Brazilian laboratory tests to ensure the conformity of the simulated numerical models response. Furthermore, validation of the simulated models in four introduced tests was also cross checked with the results from experimental tests. By using numerical testing, the failure process was visually observed and failure patterns were watched to be reasonable in accordance with experimental results. Discrete element simulations demonstrated that the macro fractures in models are caused by microscopic tensile breakages on large numbers of bonded discs. Tensile strength of concrete in direct test was less than other tests results. Tensile strength resulted from modified tension test was close to direct test results. So modified tension test can be a proper test for determination of tensile strength of concrete in absence of direct test. Other advantages shown by modified tension tests are: (1) sample preparation is easy and (2) the use of a simple conventional compression press controlled by displacement compared with complicate device in other tests.

Study on the Direct Tensile Test for Cemented Soils Using a Built-In Cylinder (내장형 실린더를 이용한 시멘트 고결토의 인장시험 방법에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Sik;Lee, Jun-Woo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.1505-1516
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    • 2014
  • In this study, a cylinder embedded within cemented soils was used to cause directly tensile failure of cemented soils. An existing dumbbell type direct tensile test and a split tensile test that is most general indirect tensile test were also carried out to verify the developed built-in cylinder tensile test. Testing specimens with two different sand/cement ratios (1:1 and 3:1) and two curing periods (7 and 28 days) were prepared and tested. Total 10 specimens were prepared for each case and their average value was evaluated. Unconfined compression tests were also carried out and the ratio of compressive strength and tensile strength was evaluated. The tensile strength determined by built-in cylinder tensile test was slightly higher than that by dumbbell type direct tensile test. The dumbbell type test has often failed in joint part of specimen and showed some difficulty to prepare a specimen. Among three tensile testing methods, the standard deviation of tensile strength by split tensile test was highest. It was shown that the split tensile test is applicable to concrete or rock with elastic failure but not for cemented soils having lower strength.

A new approach for measurement of anisotropic tensile strength of concrete

  • Sarfarazi, Vahab;Faridi, Hamid R.;Haeri, Hadi;Schubert, Wulf
    • Advances in concrete construction
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.269-282
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, a compression to tensile load converter device was developed to determine the anisotropic tensile strength of concrete. The samples were made from a mixture of water, fine sand and cement, respectively. Concrete samples with a hole at its center was prepared and subjected to tensile loading using the compression to tensile load converter device. A hydraulic load cell applied compressive loading to converter device with a constant pressure of 0.02 MPa per second. Compressive loading was converted to tensile stress on the sample because of the overall test design. The samples have three different configurations related to loading axis; 0, $45^{\circ}$, $-45^{\circ}$. A series of finite element analysis were done to analyze the effect of hole diameter on stress concentration of the hole side along its horizontal axis to provide a suitable criterion for determining the real tensile strength of concrete. Concurrent with indirect tensile test, Brazilian test and three point loading test were also performed to compare the results from the three methods. Results obtained by this device were quite encouraging and show that the tensile strengths of concrete were similar in different directions because of the homogeneity of bonding between the concrete materials. Also, the indirect tensile strength was clearly lower than the Brazilian test strength and three point loading test.

Evaluation of Tensile Properties of Cast Stainless Steel Using Ball Indentation Test

  • Kim Jin Weon
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.237-247
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    • 2004
  • To investigate the applicability of automated ball indentation (ABI) tests in the evaluation of the tensile properties of cast stainless steel (CSS), ABI tests were performed on four types of unaged CSS and on 316 stainless steel, all of which had a different microstructure and strength. The reliability of ABI test data was analyzed by evaluating the data scattering of the ABI test and by comparing tensile properties obtained from the ABI test and the tensile test. The results show that the degree of scattering of the ABI test data is reasonably acceptable in comparison with that of standard tensile data, when two points data that exhibit out-of-trend are excluded from five to seven points data tested on a specimen. In addition, the scattering decreases slightly as the content of ${\delta}-ferrite$ in CSS increases. Moreover, the ABI test can directly measure the flow parameters of CSS with error bounds of about ${\pm}10\%$ for the ultimate tensile stress and the strength coefficient, and about ${\pm}15\%$ for the yield stress and the strain hardening exponent. The accuracy of the ABI test data is independent of the amount of ${\delta}-ferrite$ in the CSS.

Linear Structural Analysis and Simple Tensile Test of Plastic Injection Molding Tensile Specimen (플라스틱 사출인장시편의 단순인장시험 및 선형구조해석)

  • Lee, D.M.;Han, B.K.;Lee, Sung-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Technology of Plasticity Conference
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    • pp.230-233
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    • 2006
  • In this study, the effects of residual stress induced by plastic injection molding process on the tensile behavior of plastic tensile test specimen were investigated. To manufacture plastic tensile test specimens, an injection mold based on the international standard system was designed and made. Cavity pressure and temperature sensors were installed inside of the presented mold to monitor pressure and temperature values during the cycle of injection molding. Injection molding simulation was performed with the same condition of experiment and linear structural tensile analysis was also performed with the initial condition of the residual stress. It was shown that the residual stress induced by injection molding has an effect on the experiment of tensile test and linear structural tensile simulation.

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A Study on Double - Punch Test for Tensile Strength of Concrete (Double-Punch Test에 의한 콘크리트의 인장강도 시험에 관한 연구)

  • 이우종;고재군
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.82-94
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    • 1988
  • The purpose of this study is to introduce the Double Punch test method which is an indirect testing method of tensile strength of concrete, and to compare with the tensile strength of concrete as determined by the split-cylinder test, a practical method for performing the Double Punch test to obtain the tensile strength of concrete is proposed and recommended for general use. In this study, the dimensions of cylindrical specimens used in the Double-Punch test were 15X30cm, 15X15cm, 10${\times}$(20cm, and 5${\times}$l0cm, and in the split-cylinder test were 15${\times}$(30cm, 15${\times}$(15cm, and 10${\times}$(20cm. And the diameters of loading punches used in the Double-Punch test were 1.5cm, 2.5cm, and 3.5 cm. The results obtained from tests are summarized as follows ; 1. In the split-cylinder test, the tensile strength of concrete by the linear elasticity theory is similar to that of plasticity theory. 2. Both split-cylinder test and Double-Punch test, tensile strength of concrete is increased with decreasing specimen size. This tendency is identical when the ratio of specimen diameter to height is 1: 2, but that tendency is quite different when the ratio is 1: 3. In the Double-Punch test, if specimen size is constant, by increasing the punch size, tensile strength of concrete is increased, too. 4. Using a 15 ${\times}$( 15 cm cylinder specimen and 3.5 cm diameter punch in the Double Punch test would give the most uniform and consistent result in tensile strength, and the result showed a gQod correlation with splitting tensile strength from 15 x 30cm specimen. 5. In order to obtain satisfactory results and to nuninuze variability, it is proposed that specimens of 15 cm in diameter and 15 cm in height with two 3.5 cm diameter punches should be used. It seems, therefore, reasonable tt) take f't=0.0024 P(kg / cm$^2$) as a working formula for computing the tensile strength in the Double Punch test for concrete.

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Experimental study on the tensile strength of gravelly soil with different gravel content

  • Ji, Enyue;Chen, Shengshui;Zhu, Jungao;Fu, Zhongzhi
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.271-278
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    • 2019
  • In recent years, the crack accidents of earth and rockfill dams occur frequently. It is urgent to study the tensile strength and tensile failure mechanism of the gravelly soil in the core for the anti-crack design of the actual high earth core rockfill dam. Based on the self-developed uniaxial tensile test device, a series of uniaxial tensile test was carried out on gravelly soil with different gravel content. The compaction test shows a good linear relationship between the optimum water content and gravel content, and the relation curve of optimum water content versus maximum dry density can be fitting by two times polynomial. For the gravelly soil under its optimum water content and maximum dry density, as the gravel content increased from 0% to 50%, the tensile strength of specimens decreased from 122.6 kPa to 49.8 kPa linearly. The peak tensile strain and ultimate tensile strain all decrease with the increase of the gravel content. From the analysis of fracture energy, it is proved that the tensile capacity of gravelly soil decreases slightly with the increasing gravel content. In the case that the sample under the maximum dry density and the water content higher than the optimum water content, the comprehensive tensile capacity of the sample is the strongest. The relevant test results can provide support for the anti-crack design of the high earth core rockfill dam.

Investigation on the thermal butt fusion performance of the buried high density polyethylene piping in nuclear power plant

  • Kim, Jong-Sung;Oh, Young-Jin;Choi, Sun-Woong;Jang, Changheui
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.1142-1153
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    • 2019
  • This paper presents the effect of fusion procedure on the fusion performance of the thermal butt fusion in the safety class III buried HDPE piping per various tests performed, including high speed tensile impact, free bend, blunt notched tensile, notched creep, and PENT tests. The suitability of fusion joints and qualification procedures was evaluated by comparing test results from the base material and buttfusion joints. From the notched tensile test result, it was found that the fused joints have much lower toughness than the base material. It was also identified that the notched tensile test is more desirable than the high speed tensile impact and free bend tests presented in the ASME Code Case N-755-3 as a fusion qualification test method. In addition, with regard to the single low-pressure fusion joint performances, the procedure given by the ISO 21307 was determined to be better that the one specified in the Code Case N-755-3.

Performance Evaluation of Cold-Recycling Asphalt Mixtures with an Inorganic Additive (무기질 첨가제를 사용한 상온 재활용 아스팔트 혼합물의 공용성 평가)

  • Kim, kyungsoo;Kim, HyunKyum;Kim, WonJae;Park, ChangKyu;Lee, HyunJong
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSES : The purpose of this study is to estimate the optimum content of an inorganic additive for cold-recycled asphalt mixtures and evaluate its performance. METHODS : An indirect tensile test, a tensile-strength ratio test, and an indirect tensile-fatigue test were conducted on cold-recycling asphalt mixtures with various additives. RESULTS : The laboratory performance tests indicated that granulated blast-furnace slag mixed with inorganic and cement activators provided optimum performance. The performance results of the cold-recycled asphalt pavement were similar to the inorganic and cement activators' performance in terms of the indirect tensile strength, tensile strength ratio, and indirect tensile-fatigue test. CONCLUSIONS : Overall, the performance of a cold-recycled asphalt mixture using inorganic additives and emulsion asphalt was comparable to a warm-recycled asphalt mixture. However, more experiments aimed at improving its performance and studying the effect of the inorganic additives must be conducted.