• Title, Summary, Keyword: Terror

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A Study on Influence of Terror Information on Fear of Terror (테러에 대한 정보가 두려움에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang-Woon;Cho, Seung-A
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.530-538
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of terror information on fear of terror. This study examined how indirect delivery of terror information influence on the public's fear toward terror to identify the reason for fear toward terror and to analyze the varying influence based on the information type. Terror is an unjust way where individual or group with certain purpose use various types of violence such as murder, abduction, kidnapping, sniping, and plunder to raise social fear status and accomplish their own will. When terror occurs, many people show fear toward terror and they withdraw from all life activities due to fear. Thus, terror goes beyond creation of fear by using the violence. Instead, terror has a negative influence on people's lives in all social, economic, and cultural fields. This study examined how terror information influencing on indirect terror experience influences on the fear of terror. The result showed that both confirmed information and unconfirmed information influencing on indirect experience had significant influence on the fear of terror. Also, the result showed the unconfirmed terror information had higher influence on the fear compared to the confirmed information.

The limits in legislating and the methods for improving the current 'National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities' (현행 '국가대테러활동지침'의 문제점과 입법적 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Seok;Shin, Jae-Chul
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.20
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 2009
  • Ever since the 9/11 terror attack, all the world has perceived the need and taken actions to make an anti-terror law, however The Republic of Korea has not yet come up with any relevant output. Currently, the Korean government apportions duties to each related government agency and sets up systems for cooperation among them to make preparations against and cope with terror threats, according to The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities (the presidential directive number 47 given on January 21, 1982). However, the directive has many limits and shortcomings in coping with national emergencies. In this situation, this research aims to compare the national anti-terror laws of others countries with Korea's, in order to understand the problems in Korea, i.e., that The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities, which are the only anti-terror regulations in Korea do not clearly describe the concept and range of a terror, that national anti-terror meetings and the anti-terror standing committee have problems with their operation, that the Terrorism Information Integration Center has also its own problems, and that Korea lacks in preparatory actions against terror crimes and there are still problems about investigations into terror incidents. In order to solve these problems for the future, the present author suggests that the purpose of the law on The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities shall be re-established so as to meet the current anti-terror conditions of Korea, the concept of a terror and anti-terror activities shall be clarified, anti-terror organizations shall be unified, the chair of the anti-terror standing committee shall be appointed legally and automatically according to the relevant rule and be given more rights so as to have free access to private information for anti-terror activities and terror-related information, and systems shall be supplemented for reporting terror-involved persons and funds.

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Classification of Cyber Terror & Counterplan against It (Cyber Terror의 체계분류 및 경호경비대책 방안)

  • Kim, Doo-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.3
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    • pp.33-60
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    • 2000
  • I study on the classification of cyber terror & counterplan against cyber terror The paper, purporting to consider security counterplans, comprise five chapters. Chapter I which introduction is followed by chapter II, dealing largely with the general definition and classification of cyber terror. Chapter III concerns the domestic & foreign cases of damages by cyber terror. Chapter III consider the condition of world nations against cyber terror and its actual condition. It is followed by concluding observation made in chapter V.

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A Study on the suitable Underground space for Safety against Terror (테러안전을 위한 지하공간의 예방대책)

  • Kwon, Jeong-hoon;Park, Ok-cheol;Kim, Tae-hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.34-52
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    • 2008
  • The result of all terrors causes enormous damage. In order to prevent this damage in advance and find a prompt provision after terror, we investigated a safety measure against terror on the assumption that the fire in Daegu central subway is a subway terror. The followings are the safety measures against terror based on an underground space. Frist, training systems have to be established to provide against a terror. Second, People's consciousness about safety from a terror, centering on early education, has to be raised. Third, the provisions related with underground tunnel have to be established so that people can take shelter in underground tunnel areas. Fourth, CCTV has to be established in the guest rooms of the electric motor cars. Last, cooperative systems among related organizations have to be constructed, and the networks of the organizations have to be established so that they can cope with an accident.

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A system analysis research for a terrorism law of prevention enactment of the foreign country (대테러방지법 제정을 위한 외국과의 제도 분석 연구)

  • Kwon, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Tae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.3-21
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    • 2007
  • Every country finds a way to respond a lot of terrors to keep her safe in many ways. Our country, before a terror outbreaks, makes various countermeasures such as strengthening international cooperative systems, strengthening informational ability to countermeasure terror, restricting for terrorists to enter or exit from our country, restricting other countries to input weapons in our country to prevent from terror in the aspect of precaution. A terror is more grave than any other one in behavior, and the criminals have to be punished so much and be discriminated from other ones, too. So, a concept of general crime and terror has to be defined. It is finished in the academic area to some extent, but, it is not sufficient in lawful area so much. Afterwards, it is necessary to establish counter-terror protection laws regulating terror crimes directly. In addition, it is necessary to define concretely and clearly the terror activity and deduce the definition of terrorism.

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Effective Response Methods for the Prevention of Cyber-terror in South Korea (한국 사이버테러 방지를 위한 효과적 대응방안)

  • Sung, Yong-Eun;Youn, Byoung-Hoon
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this research is to explore the effective response methods for the prevention of cyber-terror in South Korea. This research used an analysis of literature research. From the result of this research, the researchers suggested 1) enactment of the 'Cyber-terror Prevention Act' in order to enhance the effectiveness against cyber-terror; 2) establishment of practical control tower for cyber-terror; 3) expansion of the expert training for cyber-terror. The limitations of this research and the recommendations for future research were discussed at the last part of this research.

A Study on the Countermeasure of Traffic Terror (대중교통테러의 대응방안)

  • Kim, Jin-Hyeok
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.14
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    • pp.109-123
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    • 2007
  • Traffic terror is one of the terror types subject on transportation means. However, unlike the aircraft or ship, there is no case of negotiating with passengers as hostage but to unconditionally attack that the human casualty would be much greater. In act, the terror on subway or bus would have much bigger damage than the terror on aircraft or ship. Because of such fact, there is a need for full preparation thereto, however, there is no preparation of advance preventive measure, particularly, when comparing to the cases involving aircraft. In addition, the passengers who use railway and others in the position of citizens do not have any defense mechanism against any terror activity to make the problem even more serious. Therefore, in order to prevent traffic terror, the first thing is to implement the identity confirmation of passengers, followed by the through search of cargos of the passengers, supplement the capability against the terror by the security team members, strengthen the responsive capability of citizens, thorough check on facilities, expansion of social security network and others. All terrors are within the reach of our neighborhood at the time when we neglect it, and the most secured and safe way to prevent the terror is to check and prepare at all times beginning from our familiar facilities or means.

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A preparation and Strategy against Chemical and Biological Terrorism (화생방 테러의 양상과 예방대책)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hoe
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.5
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    • pp.19-40
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    • 2002
  • For front, aspect of terror may have to prepare indeed even chemical terror or rocket and small size missile and radioactivity terror because is predicted to become various. Furthermore, when see motion of every countries about nuclear engineerses' bringing round and illicit sale of plutonium, our country may have to prepare in terrorism which is expected thus. So that can finish international event successfully because the United States of America supports great manpower and budget since New York's World Trade Center terror and when see that is considering terror prevention countermeasure, we operate temporarily bursting tube state complete charge team such as terror by each field specialist such as a concern interested including special CBR complete charge moving team among 2002 World Cups soccer game period ahead of international event, must consider safety countermeasure. Specially, biology weapon of chemical weapon and cholera etc. 13 kinds of 5000ton that North Korea plans CBR terror society confusion that North Korea that to terror support nation as well as nuclear weapons development suspicion is defending South Korea communization strategy as real condition that is amplified as well as is saving production brand gets imprinted uses CBR terror at normal times, when see that is planing powerlessness communization unity using CBR weapon at time of war, must operate until bias 2002 World Cups international event finishes cooperation safety countermeasure utensil safely under closer talk between the South Korea ${\cdot}$ Japan ${\cdot}$ North Korea. As for us which must serve 2002 World Cup successfully to accomplish perfectly preparedness of CBR terror firstly, all inhabitants knows well CBR protection trick, and secondly, CBR existing formation that solidify realignment CBR complete charge moving team which of course is consisted of CBR specialist compose and keeping immediate going out attitude operating, by third, that expand CBR individual protection equipment and CBR evacuation equipment and establish individual and group protection attitude naturally, supplement as there is main room that actualize CBR pollution patient's slogan countermeasure by fourth, and develop standard model for CBR terror provision by fifthBecause constructing infra of CBR safety establishing CBR preparedness that utilize it, must minimize damage and contribute inhabitants' life and property protection.

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A Study on Trend of Aviation Terrors and Countermeasures (항공테러의 추세와 대응에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, M.S.;Choi, Y.C.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.117-128
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    • 2005
  • Since terrorist attacks on the United States in 9/11, the aviation terror has been rapidly reduced while having an enormous amount of expenses invested in the aviation terror prevention. The aviation terror indicates itself the problem, and by the same token, the aviation terror prevention requires a huge investment. However, the available resources are limited, which raises concern over the effective use of the limited resources. Therefore, in order to contribute to the establishment of effective aviation security measures, this study examines and analyses the aviation terror types and changes, with the forecast of the aviation terror types with high occurrence potentiality, and suggests the countermeasures for the aviation terror prevention.

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The Changing Aspects of North Korea's Terror Crimes and Countermeasures : Focused on Power Conflict of High Ranking Officials after Kim Jong-IL Era (북한 테러범죄의 변화양상에 따른 대응방안 -김정일 정권 이후 고위층 권력 갈등을 중심으로)

  • Byoun, Chan-Ho;Kim, Eun-Jung
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.39
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    • pp.185-215
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    • 2014
  • Since North Korea has used terror crime as a means of unification under communism against South Korea, South Korea has been much damaged until now. And the occurrence possibility of terror crime by North Korean authority is now higher than any other time. The North Korean terror crimes of Kim Il Sung era had been committed by the dictator's instruction with the object of securing governing fund. However, looking at the terror crimes committed for decades during Kim Jung Il authority, it is revealed that these terror crimes are expressed as a criminal behavior because of the conflict to accomplish the power and economic advantage non powerful groups target. This study focused on the power conflict in various causes of terror crimes by applying George B. Vold(1958)'s theory which explained power conflict between groups became a factor of crime, and found the aspect by ages of terror crime behavior by North Korean authority and responding plan to future North Korean terror crime. North Korean authority high-ranking officials were the Labor Party focusing on Juche Idea for decades in Kim Il Sung time. Afterwards, high-ranking officials were formed focusing on military authorities following Military First Policy at the beginning of Kim Jung Il authority, rapid power change has been done for recent 10 years. To arrange the aspect by times of terror crime following this power change, alienated party executives following the support of positive military first authority by Kim Jung Il after 1995 could not object to forcible terror crime behavior of military authority, and 1st, 2nd Yeongpyeong maritime war which happened this time was propelled by military first authority to show the power of military authority. After 2006, conservative party union enforced censorship and inspection on the trade business and foreign currency-earning of military authority while executing drastic purge. The shooting on Keumkangsan tourists that happened this time was a forcible terror crime by military authority following the pressure of conservative party. After October, 2008, first military reign union executed the launch of Gwanmyungsung No.2 long-range missile, second nuclear test, Daechung marine war, and Cheonanham attacking terror in order to highlight the importance and role of military authority. After September 2010, new reign union went through severe competition between new military authority and new mainstream and new military authority at this time executed highly professionalized terror crime such as cyber/electronic terror unlike past military authority. After July 2012, ICBM test launch, third nuclear test, cyber terror on Cheongwadae homepage of new mainstream association was the intention of Km Jung Eun to display his ability and check and adjust the power of party/military/cabinet/ public security organ, and he can attempt the unexpected terror crime in the future. North Korean terror crime has continued since 1980s when Kim Jung Il's power succession was carried out, and the power aspect by times has rapidly changed since 1994 when Kim Il Sung died and the terror crime became intense following the power combat between high-ranking officials and power conflict for right robbery. Now South Korea should install the specialized department which synthesizes and analyzes the information on North Korean high-ranking officials and reinforce the comprehensive information-collecting system through the protection and management of North Korean defectors and secret agents in order to determine the cause of North Korean terror crime and respond to it. And South Korea should participate positively in the international collaboration related to North Korean terror and make direct efforts to attract the international agreement to build the international cooperation for the response to North Korean terror crime. Also, we should try more to arrange the realistic countermeasure against North Korean cyber/electronic terror which was more diversified with the expertise terror escaping from existing forcible terror through enactment/revision of law related to cyber terror crime, organizing relevant institute and budget, training professional manpower, and technical development.

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