• Title, Summary, Keyword: The Early 1920s

Search Result 100, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Formal Characteristics of Joseon Films in the Early 1920s (1920년대 초반 조선영화의 형식적 특징)

  • Han, Sang-Eon;Chung, Tae-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.13 no.12
    • /
    • pp.117-125
    • /
    • 2013
  • Early 1920s, Joseon film production began with Japanese colonial rule organization and expanded into civilian. These films were influenced by the documentary film what recorded the scenery and the custom also influenced by kino drama that displayed the place of a dramatic incident. So these films developed into the form emphasize on place. At that time, hollywood serial films were popular. So the first Joseon films shooted a picturesque place and a landmark of the city in the background where heros took a risk. In the style stakes, Joseon films looked very similar to Japanese films. shooted long-take and long-shot, it had rhythm with narration of benshi and emphasized on visual excitation by using color. Early 1920s Joseon films which were similar to Japanese films changed from Japanese style to Hollywood style caused by Na woon-kyu's .

A study on early industrial design in America from 1920s to 1930s (미국 산업디자인 정착기 환경에 관한 연구)

  • 신명철
    • Archives of design research
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.243-252
    • /
    • 2002
  • Industrial design has been need to made a new tool for human with adaptable to situation the age. But, at early America, it is very difficult that role of design settle down and progress than these days. It is not to he easy newly born in industrial design because of rapidly changing the America situation with multi settlers, the Depression and world wars. There was various design change in short period. So we called the step modern 1920 and the streamlined 1930. The study is background of American design by variety cultures & creatures from 1920s to 1930s. Some of Korea design has affected of America cultures at duration of 6.25 war and now. This study has included early culture & industrial life, designer activity, and at the part of rear new invention, industrial design relate to architect, four leading designers Walter Dorwin league, Norman Bel Geddes, Henry Dreyfuss, Raymond Loewy. In present world situation, It is important in all aspect to understand that early process at America industrial design. Early American culture is constructed from the building block of the puritan ethic and is sheathed by liberal mercantilism, today is became one stir it into the common molting pot.

  • PDF

Audience's Boycott Movement to the Korean Newspapers in the mid-1920s (일제 강점기의 신문불매운동 연구 : 1920년대 중반을 중심으로)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
    • /
    • v.28
    • /
    • pp.219-249
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study analyzes the historical cases of audience's boycott movement to the Korean newspapers in the mid-1920s. five historical cases from 1924 till 1927 were analyzed in this study. These cases have a few differences in comparison with the cases of the early 1920s. Firstly, the boycott movement was activated considerably, and the target of movement was diversified. The number of cases in early 1920s was only two, and the target of both cases were The Dong-A Ilbo. But we could confirm at least 7 cases in mid 1920s through this study. In addition to The Dong-A Ilbo, the target included The Chosun Ilbo, and The Namsun Ilbo published in Masan. The location of the movement was not restricted to Seoul. It was also executed at the small cities and rural areas, such as Masan, Jinnampo, Bugang. Ihe analysis of the context of the boycott reveals that most cases wert caused mainly by the conflict of interest between parties. Some parties that dissatisfied with the coverage of a newspaper resolved and executed the boycott to that newspaper.

  • PDF

A Study on American Women's Knickerbockers -from the mid-19th to the early 20th century- (여성용 니커버커스에 관한 연구 -19세기 중반부터 20세기 초까지 미국을 중심으로-)

  • Lee Yhe-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
    • /
    • v.56 no.5
    • /
    • pp.105-117
    • /
    • 2006
  • The purpose of this research was to understand the process of American women's adoption of knickerbockers from the mid-nineteenth to the early twentieth century. Articles and advertisements related to women's knickerbockers found from The New York Times were used as primary sources. Before 1920, women wore knickerbockers when they participated in sports including gymnasium, bicycling, and swimming. Knickerbockers were mostly worn with overskirts when women appeared in the public. Therefore, knickerbockers were categorized as underwear in the advertisements until the late 1910s. However, knickerbockers were even worn on the streets and in offices after American women gained suffrage in 1920. As more women adopted knickerbockers during the 1920s, the public criticisms and regulations on women's knickerbockers intensified. However, the articles on women's knickerbockers gradually disappeared from The New York Times, as they went out of fashion by the end of the 1920s. Considering the social situation and the change in womanhood during the period, I concluded that American women's adoption process of knickerbockers reflected the increase in women's mobility, and the change in gender roles and the definition of femininity.

A Study on a Tubular-Steel Chair Design applied to European Multipole Dwelling Space in 1920s (1920년대 유럽의 집합주택에 적용된 강관의자디자인의 특성연구)

  • 정신원;신홍경
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
    • /
    • no.17
    • /
    • pp.136-142
    • /
    • 1998
  • In early 20th Century Neo Art Movement and Fuctionalim in Europe effected to create new tendency as Modern Design and technical development through Industrial Revolution offered technical background to realize Modern Design. All these things were basic to establish 1920s and the concept as Modern Design had been established at this time in field of Architecture and design. Thubular-steel Chair which used industrial material based on social andtechnical circumstance came out as an epochal event and which symbolize Modern Design have enlarged their concept with 1920s European Dwelling Space. According to each tendency arrange characteristics as classifying on the society-cultural spatial plastic technical sides multiple dwelling house and tubular-steel chair for low income brackets have characteristic of (1) the pursuit of social functionalism design for public(socity-cultural characteristics) (2) the pursuit of simplicity based on functionalism (plastic charcteristics) (3) the standardization for mass production (technical characteristc). In conclusion the characteristics of tubular-steel chair which correspond with dwelling space in 1920's is presented a type for relation between furniture and space which correspond with formating in the formative period of Modern-design.

  • PDF

Study of Chinese & Japanese Literary Modernism in Early 20th century (중일(中日) 모더니즘 소설의 수용과 전개에 대한 시론(試論) - 신감각파(新感覺派)를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Kyung-Seog
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
    • /
    • v.31
    • /
    • pp.177-196
    • /
    • 2013
  • This paper is the study of literary modernism school(新感覺派 xinganjuepai), appeared in the early 20th century in China and Japan. This literary modernism, developed in Japan in the 1920s, was developed in China after 10 years in the 1930s. Chinese literary modernism was influenced by the Japanese school. However, the following occurs the difference in modernism caused by background of the two countries. Japanese school of literary modernism was formed by a backlash against the proletarian literature. The rivalry between Japanese proletarian literature and literary modernism occurred in 1920's. Literary modernism in China occurred in the course of the development of the proletarian literature, as part. In addition, China's literary writers of modernism have expressed their support proletarian literature for the position. This difference between the two countries can be caused by the difference of historical background (imperial and colonial) in early 20th century.

The Changes of the Garbage Problem Importance through the Number of Articles, Column Headings and Contents of Dong A Ilbo (동아일보 기사 수, 단수, 내용을 통한 쓰레기 문제의 중요도 변천분석 : 1920-1990년사이)

  • 신경주
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-9
    • /
    • 2002
  • Desolation of the earth due to environmental pollution is rising as a world wide problem and concern. At this point we need to look into the problem and set up a direction for the future. In order to reveal the change of garbage problems in our county's civil life, a researcher analyzed 369 garbage related articles from the first edition of Dong A Ilbo up to 1990. The following is the result of data from garbage related articles. It is organized by age and era(10 years). 1) Number of articles by year roses in 1921 after first publication of garbage problem article. In the 1930s, the number of articles drastically increased in 1937. From then on, the number of articles declined until early 1970s but roses again from 1978. 2) Yearly change in articles was a mere 1.2 columns in between 1920 to 1960. In the 1970's, relative importance increased and over 5 columns were published. Articles rose in the 1980s with over 3.4 and 5 columns. 3) The contents of the articles can be classified into cleaning problems, collecting and transporting, expenses, and recycling. Garbage disposal problems continued until the 1970s. Regarding garbage collecting problems, form of collecting container and location was discussed. Laws were revised after garbage disposal areas were discussed in the 1920s. Expenses were levied from the 1930s and rising cost and double charge problems were subjected. Garbage recycling began in the 1920s and continued until 1900s.

Audience's Boycott Movement to the Korean Press in the Early 1920s (1920년대 초반의 신문불매운동 연구)

  • Chae, Baek
    • Korean journal of communication and information
    • /
    • v.22
    • /
    • pp.249-272
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study discusses on the historical origin of audience's boycott movement to the Korean press. Two historical cases of audience's boycott movement in the early 1920s were analyzed in this study. The first boycott was resolved by the counterforce to the public funeral of Yunsik Kim in February of 1922. This case can be estimated as the historical origin of audience's boycott movement in the Korean media history. The second case was carried out by the National Convention of the Youth Parties in March of 1923. The target of these two cases were The Dong-A Ilbo. And these boycott movement were caused by the conflict and competition between nationalists and socialists in the national independence movement. These two parties were incompatible in the ideology and method of national independence struggle. In the course of their conflict and competition for the initiative socialist party resolved and carried out the boycott movement to The Dong-A Ilbo, because it was regarded as the advocate of the nationalist party.

  • PDF

'Media Influence' Discourses Articulated for Crowd Control in Colonial Korea (식민지 '미디어 효과론'의 구성 대중 통제 기술로서 미디어 '영향 담론')

  • Yoo, Sunyoung
    • Korean journal of communication and information
    • /
    • v.77
    • /
    • pp.137-163
    • /
    • 2016
  • In the early 1900, photography, magic lantern and cinema were simultaneously introduced and experienced until the mid-1910s as mysterious and magical symbol of modern science and technology. The technology of vision, cinema in particular demonstrated its commercially expandable potentials through serial films in the mid-1910s, silent cinema in the 1920s and talkies in 1930s. I argue that a metaphor 'like a movie' which was would be spoken out by peoples as a cliche ever since the late 1910s whenever they encountered something uncanny, mysterious, and looking wholly new phenomena informs how cinematic technology worked in colonial society at the turning point to the early 20th century. Mass in colonial society accepted cinema and other visual technologies not only as an advanced science of the times but as texts of modernity that is the reason why cinema had so quickly taken cultural hegemony over the colony. Until the mid-1920s, discourse on cinema focused not on cinema itself, rather more on the theatre matters such as hygiene, facilities for public use, disturbance, quarrels and fights, theft, and etc. Since the mid-1920s and especially in wartime 1930s, discourses about negative influences and effects of cinema on behavior, mind and spirit of masses, bodily health, morality and crime were articulated and delivered by Japanese authorities and agencies like as police, newspapers and magazines, and collaborate Korean intellectuals. Theories and research reports stemming from disciplines of psychology, sociology, and mass-psychology that emphasized vulnerability and susceptibility of the crowd and mass consumers who would be exposed to visual images, spectacles and strong toxic stimulus in everyday lives. Those negative discourse on influences and effects of cinema was intimately associated with fear of the crowd and mass as well as new technology which does not allow clear understanding about how it works in future. The fact that cinema as a technology of vision could be used as an apparatus of ideology and propaganda stirred up doubts and pessimistic perspectives on cinema influence. Discourse on visual technology cinema constructed under colonial governance is doomed to be technology of mass control for empire's own sake.

  • PDF

A Study of Housing Environment Problems through the Daily newspapers ( II ) -Centering around a excretion and fixing process of lavatory- (일간지를 통해 본 주거환경문제의 연구 ( II ) - 분뇨에서 변소의 정착과정을 중심으로 -)

  • 신경주
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.89-99
    • /
    • 1992
  • We discussed the change of housing environmental problems from the early 1900s to the present in Study(I). This study(II) which secendly research of study(I) analyzed the fixing precess of a lavatory centering around a excretion which was a serious housing environmental problem in 1920 to 1940. The documentary research method was used for this study. Articles of content analysis(N=185) were published in 1920 to 1990 which were The Deng-A daily news article about a excretion and a lavatory. The main content of this study was examined the change, such as the number of whole article, the column number of article by time series. and the content of article by subject. 1. The number of whole article by time series was collected mainly in1920s-1930s. In 1940s-1960s, one-two column of article was appeared generally and three-four, five column of article was appeared in 1970-1980. 2. Contents of article was divided into two classes, excretion and lavatory. Contents of excretion was 1) a use of fertilizer 2) the method of transportation 3) a cost of gathering 4) a place of disposal 5) the problem of cleaning. Contents of lavatory was 1) a public lavatory 2) a flush toilet 3) a sanitary conditions 3. 1) A use of fertilizer was concentrated in 1920s-1930s, and problems of it was solved more or less by change of management method. Transportation of excretion developed such as \ulcornerGue\ulcorner->a coach of tank style->underground transportation->a dung car of absorption style. Disposal place of excretion was a cause of dissatisfaction in 1920s and it is serious problem Today. A duty of excretion gathering was transfered to a private worker in 1978. The accunulation problem of excretion was continued until 1940s-1950s. The management law of waste matters was proclaimed in 1986. 2) A public lavatory was planned in 1924 for the first time, and it is insufficient in these days, A settlement of public lavatory in building which has upward of 20pyung became obligation in 1973. The problem of water contamination which by poor septic tank was happened in 1970s-1980s.

  • PDF