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A Study on the Types and Supply of Elderly Housing in Japan (일본 노인주거시설의 종류와 공급특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soonjung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.49-56
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    • 2010
  • In Japan, a lot of elderly housing types have been developed in order to meet various needs of the older person and the change of social situations. Elderly housings can be divided into three categories elderly housings for healthy older persons, elderly care homes for the healthy and elderly care facilities for the unhealthy. Elderly housings include public and private rental housings. Sometimes they can be designated only for the elderly. Elderly care homes for the healthy elderly include full fee charging elderly housing, elderly homes, low fee charging elderly homes and care houses. Elderly care facilities for the unhealthy elderly consist of full fee charging elderly care homes, group homes for the dementia, elderly health facilities, nursing homes, elderly hospitals, and so on. However "elderly care facilities" have been proved not to be efficient for the delivery of elderly welfare services nor satisfactory to the frail older person. Therefore, based on the concept of the "Normalization", daily services have been provided for the elderly in order that they can live at their own home in the community for themselves. As a result, Japan aims not only to reduce elderly welfare expenses but also to increase elderly users' satisfaction. Emphasis on non-institutionalization and in-home services, regional characterization, harmony between Hard and Soft, user oriented services, substantiality, universal design and so on are sought for the sake of those goals.

A Comparative Study on the Eating Behavior in Inchon : The Elderly Living in Home and the Elderly Nursing Home (인천 지역 가정 거주 노인과 시설 거주 노인의 식행동 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Ja
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.221-232
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    • 1997
  • This study is investigate the eating behavior between the elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home in Inchon City. This survey was carried out by questionaires. The result are summarized as the followings: 1. Both the elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home are not smoking and drinking. They are in good health. 2. The elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home have diseases like neuralgia, hypertension, diabetes etc. 3. Both the elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home have methods of health care of a regular eating and a good sleeping. The elderly at nursing home have a regular medical examination but the elderly living at home do not. 4. Health giving drugs are depression of blood pressure, a medicine for the stomach and bowels, an anodyne. And health giving sports are walking and jogging. 5. The elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home are significant relationship on knowledge of nutrition. 6. The elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home prefer to taste sweet, boiling, korean foods. 7. elderly living at home have meats once a week and the elderly at nursing home have twice a week. Both the elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home have fish, fruits, vegetables twice a week. The elderly at nursing home have milks twice a week. 8. The frequency of snack intake is higher the elderly at nursing home than the elderly living at home. 9. The elderly living at home and the elderly at nursing home are satisfied their dietary life.

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Background and Facility Characteristics of Service Attached Elderly Housing in Japan (일본 서비스제공 고령자주택의 도입배경 및 시설 특성)

  • Kwon, Soonjung;Ji, Junhwan
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.17-26
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study tries to explore and analyse Service Attached Elderly Housing of Japan in order to prepare new elderly housing type effectively for aged society of Korea. Service Attached Elderly Housing was introduced in 2011 and it includes existing elderly housing of Japan such as Designated Elderly Housing, Elderly Friendly Housing and Superior Elderly Housing. Methods: Historical transition of Japanese elderly housing and background of the introduction of Service Attached Elderly Housing have been reviewed first. Thereafter research team visited to 3 elderly housings of Japan providing elderly services such as elderly care, meal, cleaning, washing, safety check, entertainment, etc. Based on the literature survey and field trip, the characteristics of Service Attached Elderly Housing have been drew out. Results: As the characteristics of Service Attached Elderly Housing of Japan, mixed use facility, community based housing, generation mix, barrier free design, and provision of daily life service for the elderly have been identified. Implications: Not only physical consideration including Universal Design but also elderly services such as elderly care, meal, housework, safety check, entertainment and so on are necessary for the supply of elderly housing.

A study on the stage of elderly of the elderly households for the elderly housing (노인주거계획을 위한 노인가구의 고령기단계에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Heui;Jun, Eun-Jung
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.106-110
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study is to offer and analysis the stage of elderly in order to improve the quality of living environment of elderly in Korea. The results are as follows: Stage 1 of the early elderly appear to live with the elderly and their children, but stage2 and stage3 show the increase of the elderly couple. In case of elderly household, It showed reasons of living together, relationship between the elderly and their children for taking care of grandchildren and being dependent children. Also, residents currently had lived for a long time, especially get older, and ageing in a place has definitely. The Stage of elderly can be applied to understand the living environment for elderly in the future when housing for elderly solve a problem.

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A study on the Food Behavior and Factors Influencing the Food Behavior of the Elderly Living in Incheon (인천광역시 노인의 식생활과 식생활 관련 인자 연구)

  • Chyun, Jong-Hee;Choe, Eun-Ok;Woo, Kyung-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.424-434
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    • 2002
  • Food habit, eating-out pattern, smoking and drinking habits of 814 elderly (aged over 60) living in Incheon were surveyed by questionnaire. The ratio of the elderly who have balanced meals at moderate amount was slightly higher in urban area. Urban elderly tended to have mild foods, while rural elderly preferred hot and salty foods. Score for food habit was higher in urban elderly and there was no difference between male and female elderly. Most urban elderly had their meal at the public facilities for elderly, while most rural elderly used general restaurant and public room for elderly. Korean foods were the most favorite menu when ate out. Ratio of elderly who have difficulties in chewing was 21.2 and 39.6% for urban and rural elderly, respectively. Many elderly, especially more than 70% of female elderly, prepared the meals for themselves. Rural elderly smoked and drank more than urban elderly and male elderly did more than female elderly.

A Study on the Factors Influencing Health Care Expenditure of Elderly Households : Focused on the Elderly Single and Elderly Couple Households (노인가계의 보건의료비 지출에 영향을 미치는 요인의 분석 : 노인독신가게와 노인부부가게를 중심으로)

  • Oh, Ji-Yeon;Sung, Young-Ae
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.159-174
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the health care expenditure of elderly single and elderly couple households whose head is more than 60 years old. The data analyzed for the study were Korean Retirement and Income Study(KRelS) conducted in 2007 by National Pension Corporation. The major finding of this study were as follows: First, the amount of health care expenditure of elderly single households was lower than that of elderly couple households. However, ratio of health care expenditure to total consumption expenditure of elderly single households was larger than that of elderly couple households. Second, the ratio of health care expenditure in consumption expenditure in this study was larger than the ratios in past analyse showed in the previous studies. Third, common factor affecting on health care expenditure of elderly single and elderly couple households was the existence of the family member with chronic disease or handicap. The health care expenditure of elderly singer households was influenced by income, gender and the ownership of national health insurance. The influence of income for elderly singer households seemed to be greater than for elderly couple households. The variables which affected health care expenditure of elderly couple households were age and housing tenure status. The amount and ratio health care expenditure were increased as the age increases. These results show that the health care expenditures for each groups varied according to socio-demographic variables and health-related behavior variables. It is suggested that there should be a discriminative health care policy for each elderly single and elderly couple households. In addition, the health care policy for the elderly households of which member has a chronic disease is certainly necessary. Especially a health care plan for the elderly single households with lower income is in need. For the elderly couple households, the priority group of health care policy would be the high age group.

Evaluation of Clothing Colors for Elderly People (2) - Comparison between Elderly Women and Female Students in Korea -

  • Shoyama, Shigeko;Kim, Jung-Sook;Tochihara, Yutaka
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.3 no.5
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    • pp.423-436
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    • 2001
  • The present study focused on the color of clothing for elderly Korean women, from the viewpoint of helping elderly people live more interesting lives with regard to their clothing, considering that the Korean society will become elderly-oriented in the near future. We took photographs of the elderly served as the models, displayed them on a computer screen, and produced 75 colors of the clothing in the elderly using computer graphics. The 75 colors were evaluated by 2 groups, one of elderly Korean woman group and a group of female students. We compared the ideal colors for and the colors actually worn by elderly people. The evaluation of the clothing colors for elderly women differed between the elderly woman group and the female student group. Analysis of images of the clothing colors selected by the elderly women showed that they attach importance to elegance when selecting clothing colors and have a strong desire to become active. The images held by female students concerning ideal clothing colors for elderly women closely pertained to commonness and inactivity.

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A Study on the Elderly Houses in the Apartment Complexes (아파트 거주 노인의 노인정 이용에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Hwa-Kyoung;Lee, Joon-Min
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.462-466
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    • 2006
  • The korean elderly population over the age from 60's is increasing. Especially, elderly over the 60's furniture which resides at the apartment is increasing. Consequently, We are predicted by elderly furniture which resides at the apartment increasing. A life leisure of elderly is occupying big importance. We come to be high and are interested also to treat in the elderly leisure problem. The leisure equipment for elderly is important residing area. The purpose of this study is to analyze the uses of the elderly houses in Korean and to provide for some basic useful data to designing of the elderly houses. 2 elderly houses located in the apartment complexes in Seoul were sampled, and interview with questionnaire was conducted for 14 elderly people. The questionnaire, consisted ; conditions of the elderly houses, users' satisfaction and users' characteristics.

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Image toward the elderly among dental hygiene students in Gangwon province (강원지역 A대학 치위생과 학생들의 노인에 대한 이미지 연구)

  • Jung, Sang Hee;Kim, Eun Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.1071-1077
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the image toward the elderly among dental hygiene students. Methods : The subjects were 348 college students. A self-reported questionnaire was filled out by the students from May 15 to June 15, 2013. The questionnaire included general characteristics of the elderly people and image toward the elderly. Results : As for the elderly people-related general characteristics of the students, 79.9 percent of the students had never received education on the elderly. Approximately more than half of the students replied that they lived with elderly people and gave positive answers to living with elderly people out of filial duty and respect for the elderly. They got a mean of $79.78{\pm}10.60$ out of 140 in image toward the elderly. Those who believe in religion and have more siblings tended to have a positive image toward the elderly people. Conclusions : In order to have a positive image toward the elderly people, volunteer activity for the elderly people in senior welfare centers can make the students more positive to the elderly people.

Leisure Activity of the elderly : Focused on the Elderly Education- (노년기 여가활동 : 노년기 여가 교육을 중심으로)

  • Cho, Myoung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.209-222
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    • 2007
  • This study aimed to investigate leisure activity of the elderly, focused on the elderly education. Two hundred thirty nine elderly persons in the region of Cheongju were selected, and questionnaire was utilized for collecting data. As statistical methods, frequency, %, crosstabs analysis with spsswin was used. Five principle results emerged from this study. First, the elderly education was based on law of welfare of the aged and law of life long education. Second, the elderly education programs consist of four subcategories- intellectual, emotional, social, physical subcategories. Third, many of the elderly participated in physical subcategories. Fourth, the levels of elderly participating in leisure activity was relatively high and differed significantly according to age, time level and cause of participating in leisure activity. Fifth, they were segmented into eight groups by level of education, health and economic status. Among them, the group of positive attitudes and participated on elderly education was more likely to be higher level of education, health and economic status. Based on the results of this study, participating elderly education provides solution of problem and self development for the elderly. In order to prepare Korean society for the aged society, the government need to offer a basis on law and policy for the elderly education, as well as program the elderly education.