• 제목, 요약, 키워드: The elderly

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노인전문병원의 개념설정 및 건축계획방향에 대한 연구 - 요양병원을 중심으로 - (A Study on the Conceptualization and Architectural Planning Strategy of Elderly Hospitals - Focused on Nursing Hospitals -)

  • 권순정
    • 의료ㆍ복지 건축 : 한국의료복지건축학회 논문집
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.5-12
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    • 2009
  • According to the rapid increase of the elderly population, especially frail older population, many kinds of elderly care facilities have been supplied within a relatively short period. Among them, elderly hospitals and elderly welfare facilities have occupied a major portion. The elderly hospital, which had emerged from 1994, has recorded sharp increase in facility numbers and bed numbers by the support of Korean government together with the increase of care demand. However, the concept and fundamental planning criteria of elderly hospitals have not yet been set up. This paper has derived the concept of the elderly hospital from the Medical Law and Elderly Welfare Law, and prospected the supply of it from domestic and international statistics. Also this paper has explored the fundamental design issues of elderly hospitals by analysing precedent studies and designs, and by surveying some facilities.

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편마비 노인과 편마비 청장년의 장애수용과 관련요인 (Acceptance of Disability and Related Factors of Hemiplegic Elderly and Non-Elderly)

  • 김미희
    • 성인간호학회지
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.547-558
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to study the acceptance of disability and influential factors between hemiplegic elderly and non-elderly after stroke. Methods: Data were collected with questionnaires from 104 elderly and 134 non-elderly with hemiplegia. Data were analyzed by $x^2$-test, t-test, ANOVA, ANCOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and multiple regression. Results: Significant predictors of acceptance of disability were family support, activities of daily living, and age, and these factors accounted for 24.2% of variance in acceptance of disability in the hemiplegic elderly. On the other hand, the significant predictors were family support and employment, and these factors accounted for 32.3% of variance in acceptance of disability in the non-elderly. Family support was the most influential variable in both the elderly and the non-elderly. Conclusion: An acceptance of disability program for the hemiplegic elderly should be designed differently from that for the non-elderly.

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노인의 자녀와의 상호간 지원 교환이 성공적인 노후생활에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of the Mutually Supportive Relationship with their Children on the Successful Lives of the Elderly)

  • 곽인숙
    • 한국가족자원경영학회지
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.107-127
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study is to examine demographic characteristics, psychological characteristics and patterns of supportive relationships with their children that affect the successful lives of the elderly. A survey was conducted of 410 people aged between 65 and 85, and 405 samples were used for the analysis. First, the supportive relation between the elderly and their children was categorized into four groups depending on the total amount and direction of support. The four groups consisted of the elderly who exchanged little or no support, those who only received support from their children, those who only gave support, and those who both gave and received support. Second, the more the elderly exchanged support and gave emotional support to their children, the better the chance that the elderly would lead a successful life in later years. Third, subjective health conditions most significantly affected the successful lives of the elderly who exchanged little or no support. The level of education was most significant for the elderly who only received support. The level of housing satisfaction mostly affected the elderly who only gave support. Mutual support primarily affected the elderly who both gave and received. Thus, we should provide health programs for the elderly who exchange little or no support to encourage a healthier lifestyle. In addition, opportunities for continuing education should be provided for the elderly who only receive support to make up any deficiency in education. Because spouses are mostly affected for those elderly who exchange little or no support and the elderly who only receive support, we should provide educational programs about how to be better lifetime companions to each other and also provide medical and in-home care for the remaining spouse even after the other partner is gone. Because housing satisfaction greatly affects the elderly who only give support, improvements in the residential environment are essential. Since the level of mutual support is crucial to the elderly who both give and receive support, programs on the development of human resources are needed for the elderly to interact dynamically and intimately with their children.

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농촌노인에게 적합한 부업직종 개발에 관한 연구 (Development on the New Kinds of Occupation Suitable for Elderly in Rural)

  • 윤순덕;박공주
    • 한국지역사회생활과학회지
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.21-36
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    • 2005
  • New occupational types, suitable for the elderly, have been developed in order to extend job opportunities for that demographic. However, it was mainly done from the perspective of the urban elderly and did not take into account the rural elderly's needs and the special conditions in rural areas. Especially, as 53.4% of the rural elderly 60 years old and over has engaged in economic activities and 88.7% of them are working in the field of agriculture or forestry, the development on the new kinds of job for the rural elderly is more meaningful as secondary jobs rather than as new occupations. Therefore, this study aimed at developing the new kinds of occupation suitable for the rural elderly. For this purpose, data were collected from 279 elderly farmers 60 years old and over working currently or have ever worked in something other than farming work. Questionnaires were composed to measure preferences for jobs by work characteristics and evaluations on the appropriateness of the jobs for the elderly selected by the Ministry of Labor in Korea. The results showed that the rural elderly preferred work doing at home, together with the elderly, in groups, and light physical labor to technical or office work that must commute regularly. Also, they evaluated that most of the occupations suitable for the elderly announced by the Ministry of Labor were more suitable for the male than the female elderly. Based on these findings, this study selected 18 kinds of individual and 11 common jobs by sex. It may contribute to creating job opportunities for the rural elderly by applying it to the policy or extension, and to revitalizing the rural elderly's lives and increasing their incomes.

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노인가구 유형별 주거만족도 영향요인 비교연구 (A Study on Factors Influencing Residential Satisfaction by Elderly Household Types)

  • 천현숙;오민준
    • 한국주거학회논문집
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2013
  • Because of rapid aging, housing stability of elderly household is becoming an important social problem. The population of the elderly people was 11.3% and that of the elderly household was 23.2%, about 407 million, in 2010. Yet, social policies for elderly people are focusing on the household who takes care of the elderly people, not on the elderly headed households. These policies fail to reflect the reality. Housing satisfaction of the elderly household is different based on the tenure type and the satisfaction can be further affected by the types of elderly household within the same tenure group. Thus, strengthening the policies for the elderly headed households as well as differentiating the policies based on the types of household is required in order to meet the needs of the elderly households. For the elderly household living in a rent house in a city, a housing voucher is needed and for the low income elders who own their houses, housing renovation is required. Public housing affects only the residential satisfaction of single elderly households, not for all elderly households probably because public housing does not meet the demand of the elderly households appropriately. Since the elderly households wanting to move is noticeably small, a policy that provides proper facilities within the elders' neighborhood is most necessary. Also, in order to lessen the burden of housing expenses of the elders with low income, a public housing policy, in which 2-3 people living together in one public housing, needs to be examined.

재가노인과 시설노인의 수면양상에 대한 비교연구 (Comparison of Sleep Patterns between Home and Institute Elderly People)

  • 김귀분;석소현;김인숙
    • 동서간호학연구지
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.65-74
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    • 2000
  • This study was attempted to show basic data for search of nursing intervention about sleep improving in home and institute elderly peoples. Research design was cross-sectional survey method for comparison of sleep patterns and another variables between home and institute elderly peoples. Subjects were sampled by purpose as home and institute elderly peoples at age of 65 or older in Seoul or nearly. The survey questionnaire was used by modification of sleep questionnaire which Kim, O, Song & Bak(1997) developed. Data were collected between December, 1999 and April, 2000. And data were analyzed by SPSS PC+ for purpose of research. Results are as follows: 1. Home and institute elderly peoples, all were change of sleep patterns and sleep pattern was showed early sleeping down. But institute elderly peoples slept earlier than home elderly peoples. 2. As rest of morning, difficulty of falling asleep and disturbance of re-asleep, subjective thinking and feeling were showed more negative thing home elderly peoples than institute elderly peoples. As frequency of falling asleep within 5 min in 1 week, frequency of falling asleep over 30 min in 1 week and frequency of awakening in a day, objective frequency were showed more insomnia institute elderly peoples than home elderly peoples. Home elderly peoples didn't nap most and institute elderly peoples napped on very short time. 3. Regarding sleep-disturbing factors, physical factor was popularly joint-disturbance in all, home and institute elderly peoples. Environmental factor was popularly noise, particularly institute elderly peoples. Emotional factor wasn't all. 4. Practiced strategies for better sleep was popularly TV/Radio in home elderly peoples and were popularly regular sleep and religious action in institute elderly peoples. From the results of this study, home elderly peoples need nursing intervention of improving self-satisfaction on sleep and institute elderly peoples need nursing intervention of decreasing falling asleep-disturbing and decreasing frequency of awakening in sleep.

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노인과 예비노인의 가정건강성과 행복에 관한 연구 (Study on Family Strength and Happiness of the Pre-Elderly and the Elderly)

  • 곽인숙
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the relative influence of various characteristics that affect the happiness and family strength of pre-elderly and the elderly. This study also shows the differences between the two age groups. The National Survey of Korean Families has been done by the Ministry of Equality and Family on 2010. Respondents selected from national survey were 1016 pre-elderly and 629 elderly. The results of this study are as follows; first, 66% of the respondents chose health as the condition is being the important elements of their happiness following money, work (job), children, spouse and family life. Second, the group of people considering work and health as important elements of their happiness is happiest, but the group considering money and health as the important elements of their happiness feels a lower level of happiness. Third, the pre-elderly chose health as the most important condition, but the elderly chose subjective economic condition, among the factors affecting family strength. Fourth, family strength affects most on in regard to the happiness of pre-elderly and the elderly. Next, the more they are financially stable, physically healthier and living in rural areas, they feel the happier they feel. Based on the results of this study, further studies are needed to determine components of family strength that both pre-elderly and the elderly consider as important elements of their happiness. Support programs for the elderly without a spouse will increase the well-being of the elderly.

제도와 정책에 따른 노인복지시설의 건축계획 방향 (Architectural Planning of Elderly Facilities with the Institution and Policy)

  • 남윤철
    • 한국디지털건축인테리어학회논문집
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2013
  • The elderly in South Korea in 2012 to 11.8% now aging fast-paced world, which is older than most countries. That is, as long as the elderly people lack the time to respond on the issue could cause many problems. According to the principle of social solidarity, long-term care insurance was introduced for the elderly since July 2008 and facility and sanction salaries were supported for the level 1 (the most serious illness) - level 3 (serious illness) elderly. On the other hand, in the fields of architecture, it is difficult to receive the contents of the unified related articles when the design and construction of the elderly welfare facilities take propel commissioned. This paper not only presents the elderly welfare facilities operated according to the institution and policy of elderly welfare facilities in terms of architecture, but also provides the criteria summarized by building facilities in the field of construction of elderly welfare facilities planning, planning, design is intended to provide basic information. This study addresses are as follows: First, the aging population of South Korea and welfare facilities for the elderly are addressed. Second, in terms of architecture, the institution and policy of elderly welfare facilities in South Korea, are addressed. Third, the construction criteria of elderly welfare facilities is summarized to help architectural practitioners understand. Fourth, the future direction of the architectural design of welfare facilities for the elderly is presented.

농촌지역 노인가구의 특성 및 변화 분석에 관한 연구 (The Characteristics and Changes on Elderly's Living Arrangement in Rural Area)

  • 정재훈
    • 한국농촌건축학회논문집
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics and changes of elderly households in rural area. The elderly were classified as elderly living alone, elderly couple living together, and elderly living with their children. Data from the survey of Ministry of Health and Welfare conducted in 1998, 2008, 2017 were used for the analysis. The subjects of the study included a sample of 9,401 respondents who represent aged 65 or more in Korea. The result of analysis was as follows; First, over the past 20 years, there has been no significant difference in the composition of the sexes of elderly in rural area, and aging is becoming more serious. Second, elderly living with children continue to decrease, and elderly couple are increasing. The number of elderly living alone is on the increase, but it tends to decrease in 2017. Third, the proportion of houses in elderly households is still very high, but it is gradually decreasing and the proportion of apartments is increasing. Fourth, the frequency of communication with children tended to increase slightly in all household types, while the frequency of encounter decreased slightly in 2008 and then increased in 2017. Fifth, the health status and economic status of the elderly have been gradually improved over the past 20 years. Finally, the emotional support in all elderly households is maintained constantly, but the instrumental support is gradually weakened.

거동 불편 노인의 가족관계와 의.식생활에 관한 연구 -(제2보) 거동 불편 노인의 가족 관계 및 지지 실태 연구- (Studies on Family Caregiving, Clothing and Nutrition of Disabled Elderly -(Part 2) Family Relationship and Caregiving of Disabled Elderly-)

  • 박충선
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.71-83
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    • 1991
  • This study examines a pattern of family caregiving and its effect on life satisfaction of disabled elderly people. Data were gathered through the use of face-to-face interview method from a sample of 135 elderly aged over 60. One-third of the elderly respondents have no family caregiver. Most of caregivers provide routine household chores and physical help, but persnal care such as bathing and changing clothes was taken by elderly people themselves. The caregiver in an elderly couple is most likely the wife. When a spouse is unavailable, daughters-in law usually assume the role of a primary caregiver. Sex difference has been found in the most comfortable caregiver for the elderly. The most comfortable caregiver for the elderly men is shown to be their spouse, whereas the one for the elderly women is show to be their daughter-in-law. Most of the disabled elderly are emotionally dependent on their son(usually their eldest son), but physically dependent on their spouse, daughter-in-law, or daughter. The caregivers are dominated by women. Among those elderly receiving care from their children, the relationship between the aged their caregiver is found to be closer than the past when the aged were healthy: however, this relationship is found to be almost the same as the past among those elderly receiving care from their spouse. Finally, the degree of family solidarity, satisfaction with received cares, and the relationship with caregivers are found to be closely related to life satisfaction of the elderly respondents.

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