• Title, Summary, Keyword: The elderly

Search Result 9,374, Processing Time 0.062 seconds

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Intention of Students Majoring fin Food and Nutrition on Working with the Elderly

  • Cha, Myeong-Hwa;Park, Jyung-Rewng
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.389-396
    • /
    • 2004
  • With the increase of elderly people, educators have begun designing experiences to prepare students to work with elderly group. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the knowledge and attitude of students majoring in food and nutrition for the elderly and their intentions to provide services for the elderly. The knowledge level of the students was in a medium range, and no relationship was found between knowledge and attitudes using Pearson correlation. The knowledge did not significantly differ across gender and academic level when compared using t-test and ANOVA, but knowledge level was significantly different based on residential experiences with elderly over 65 years of age (p < 0.05). Students had neutral attitudes toward working with elderly employees and working for elderly. Students had positive intentions to work with elderly employees, seek employment in an organization for elderly clients/customers, and seek opportunities for positive social interaction with the elderly. However, students do not have positive work preference with elderly employees. As a result of multiple regression analysis, it was found that knowledge was not a predictor of intentions to provide services to the elderly. However, attitudes toward working with elderly employees, attitudes toward elderly, residential experiences with elderly > 65 years have been predicted the intentions to work with elderly employees. Attitudes working with elderly employees and attitudes toward elderly influenced the intentions to work in the organizations to provide services to elderly. This study can be identified the need for additional didactic preparation and experiences to prepare students to work with elder aging population.

Development of the Handbook for Revitalization of Elderly-elderly Care in the Rural Area (농촌지역 노-노돌봄 활성화를 위한 핸드북 개발)

  • Chae, Hye-Seon;Yoon, Soon-Duck;Park, Gong-Ju
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-21
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was designed to figure out the results of proceeding research, to establish the recipients and service contents, and to develop handbook for elderly-elderly care in the rural area. The results of the study were as follows: The recipients of services were contained to healthy elderly from troubles elderly, solitude elderly, and old couple in the community. The range of the services by elderly-elderly carer were moral support, everyday life support and outside activity support. The handbook listed four areas of services including first meeting and observing, mind care, everyday life care, and outside activity care, and then described contents of 47 situations. The handbook will be great help to the rural elderly if it is given to participants of elderly-elderly care program along with the hall for the aged. Further efforts should be made to reflect feedbacks from rural area, and to make series to bring elderly carer up to date consistently.

  • PDF

Comparisons on Motivation for Health Behavior, Health Behaviors Practices, and Activities of Daily Living between Institutionalized and Non-institutionalized Elderly Women (시설 여성 노인과 재가 여성 노인의 건강행위 동기요소, 건강행위 및 일상생활활동 비교)

  • Son, Jung Tae;Suh, Soon Rim
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.19 no.3
    • /
    • pp.379-388
    • /
    • 2007
  • Purpose: The purposes of this study were to compare the motivation for health behavior, health behaviors practices, and ADL of institutionalized elderly women with those of non-institutionalized elderly women. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted in convenience samples of 144 aged women(80 institutionalized and 64 non-institutionalized) using structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, and ANCOVA were used for data analysis with SPSS program. Results: The institutionalized elderly reported significantly higher motivation than the non-institutionalized elderly. In subcategories of motivation, self-efficacy of the institutionalized elderly was significantly lower than that of the non-institutionalized elderly. The non-institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower perceived benefits and significantly higher perceived barriers than institutionalized elderly. The institutionalized elderly reported significantly lower health behaviors in exercise and nutrition than the non-institutionalized elderly. Among health behaviors of the non-institutionalized elderly women, stress management marked the lowest score. Conclusion: To enhance motivation of institutionalized elderly women, interventions for building self-efficacy are needed. To promote the health behavior of the non-institutionalized elderly, stress management programs are needed. All elderly women need exercise.

  • PDF

A Survey on Perceived Health Status and Health Promoting Lifestyle Patterns between Korean Elderly and Korean-American Elderly (한국노인과 미국이민 한국노인의 건강상태지각과 건강증진행위)

  • Sohng Kyeong-Yae;Lee So-Young
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
    • /
    • v.7 no.3
    • /
    • pp.401-414
    • /
    • 2000
  • This study was designed to explore and compare health-promoting behaviors and perceived health status between Korean elderly and Korean-American elderly. One hundred fifty Korean elderly and one ten Korean-American elderly recruited from senior centers respectively. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS program through which with a structured questionnaire. T-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients were tested. The results were followings : 1. In religion, 32.7% of Korean elderly were protestant. while 61.8% of Korean-American elderly were protestant. 61.3% of Korean elderly were living with their children, and only 17.3% of Korean-American elderly were living with their children. 2. Perceived health status of Korean elderly was 3.08 and Korean-American elderly was 3.01, there was no significant difference in those two groups. 3. The mean HPLP score of Korean elderly was 2.63, showed significant relationships with age, economic status and education, while Korean-American elderly was 2.54, showed significant relationships with education and economic status. 4. There was no significant difference in the mean HPLP score in two groups, but Korean elderly showed higher practices in health responsibility, exercise, and stress management than that of Korean-American elderly. Both two groups showed highest practices in nutrition(3.14, 3.01). and the lowest practices in exercise(2.14, 1.92). 5. The HPLP score of Korean and Korean-American elderly showed(r=.24, r=.20) positive correlations with perceived health status. To draw concrete resolution for health promotion of Korean-American elderly, this study suggests followings for future research: 1. Developing health promotion programs focused on exercise and stress management is also imperatively suggested not only for better health practices of Korean immigrant elderly population but also for enhancing their level of well-beings and life satisfaction. 2. Identifying the influences of culture on their practices of health-promoting lifestyle patterns among Korean, Korean-American and other racial elderly groups.

  • PDF

A Fundamental Study on the Planning of Elderly Housing Environment - Focused on a preference of middle-aged people for elderly housing

  • Shin, Hwa-Kyoung;Lee, Joon-min
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
    • /
    • v.10 no.3
    • /
    • pp.153-164
    • /
    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate preferences of middle-aged people for elderly housing in order to properly plan elderly housing; 1 ) To analyze the middle-aged peoples' preferences for elderly housing in each situation based on the following 4 categories; elderly couple/healthy, elderly couple/unhealthy, elderly living alone/healthy, elderly living alone/unhealthy. 2) To clarify the differences in preferences for elderly housing according to the subjects' backgrounds in each case. This research intends to understand the form of elderly housing and desire for the environment of subjects, middle-age, who will be old aged, and the change of preference to characteristics for elderly housing according to the change of situation. The data were collected through structured questionnaires. The subject were 298 middle-aged, 40-50's who will be experiencing aging, major customer of elderly housing in the future.

  • PDF

A Study on the Trends of Supply and the Physical Characteristics of Residents in For-profit elderly homes of Japan (일본 유료노인홈의 공급 및 입주자 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soonjung
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.61-69
    • /
    • 2009
  • This study has been started in order to provide basic information for the planning of Korean elderly care facilities by analysing For-profit elderly homes of Japan. Japan is famous for her high elderly proportion and also her fast aging speed. Therefore, Japanese experiences of trials and errors related to the supply of elderly homes will be a good guideline for Korea which is undergoing the sharp increase in elderly population. Data have been mainly collected from the official statistics of Japan and Korea. The outcomes of this study are as follows. At first, the definition of For-profit elderly homes of Japan has been proposed clearly. Secondly, the trends of them related to supply and operational characteristics have been analysed. Thirdly, the size and utilization rate of them have been analysed. And finally, the physical characteristics of elderly residences in For-profit elderly homes of Japan have been discussed.

  • PDF

A comparison of food frequency for the elderly regarding different family types - Based on Community Health Survey for 2008 - (가구형태에 따른 노인의 식품섭취 빈도 비교 - 2008년 경기북부 지역사회건강조사 자료를 이용하여 -)

  • Shin, Song-Kyoung;Kim, Hyun-Ja;Choi, Bo-Youl;Lee, Sang-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.45 no.3
    • /
    • pp.264-273
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study analyzes the food frequency for the elderly regarding different family types and finds the factors for nutritional risk, offers a basic reference for providing nutritional support for them. The study referred to the dietary behavioral survey data of 3,680 elderly people (1652 male and 2028 female) from 21 regions in the northern Kyeonggi province. The data was collected through the method of one-to-one interviews and was a part of the Community Health Survey for 2008 by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC). We classified family types as a household for elderly people living alone, a household of elderly people with a spouse, a household of the elderly with unmarried children and a household of the elderly with married children, and as for intakes of foods, the frequencies of taking fruits, vegetables, kimchi, rice with mixed cereals, meat, fish, bean tofu soymilk, milk and dairy products, as well as sweet beverages are calculated on a daily basis and skipped meals are calculated on a weekly basis. Elderly women showed lower income, lower education level, higher unemployment rates, and a higher rate of government healthcare subsidies than elderly men. Elderly women tend to live alone and with their children while elderly men tend to live with their spouse. In both males and females, the intake of fruits and vegetables were the least in the elderly living alone, while the elderly with married children ate the most. In both males and females, the household of the elderly living alone ate significantly less amounts of Kimchi than other family types. Elderly people living alone tended to have significantly less meat and fish, especially women. In the case of rice with mixed cereals, the elderly men living alone and the elderly men with unmarried children ate significantly less amounts than the elderly men living with a spouse. The elderly men living alone took significantly less milk and dairy products than the elderly men with unmarried children while the elderly women living with a spouse took significantly less milk and dairy products than the elderly women with married children. With regards to the frequency of meal-skipping, the elderly living alone had the highest frequency for skipping meals. From this result, having various foods is difficult for the elderly living alone. Furthermore, the elderly living with unmarried children demonstrated a low quality of dietary life compared to those of married children. Hence, it can be concluded that social support is important in order for the elderly to have a balanced diet.

The Effects of EEG Power and Coherence on Cognitive Function in Normal Elderly, Non-Demented Elderly With Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Demented Elderly During Working Cognition Task

  • Han, Dong-Wook
    • Physical Therapy Korea
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.70-79
    • /
    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to find out the effects of electroencephalograph (EEG) power and coherence on cognitive function in normal elderly, non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment, and demented elderly during working cognition tasks. Forty elderly women (19 demented elderly, 10 non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment, 11 norma1 elderly) participated in this study, All subjects performed working cognition tasks with Raven's CPM while EEG signal was recorded, EEGs were measured continuously at rest and during the working cognition task. EEG power and coherence was computed over 21 channels: right and left frontal, central, parietal, temporal and occipital region. We found that there were more correct answers among normal elderly women than in other groups Owing the working cognition task, ${\Theta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2 and F8, a wave at Fp2, ${\beta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2. F4 and F8 of the frontal region was increased significantly in the demented elderly group. On the other hand. ${\Theta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2 and F7, ${\beta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2, F3 and F7 of the frontal region was increased significantly in the group of non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment. In contrast. in the normal elderly group, all of the ${\Theta}$ wave and ${\beta}$ wave at Fp1, Fp2, F3, F4, F7 and F8 of the frontal region (except ${\beta}$ wave at F3) was increased significantly, These results suggest that the nerves in prefrontal and right hemisphere regions were most active in the demented elderly group during problem solving, and the nerves in the prefrontal and left hemisphere lobe were most active in the group of non-demented elderly with mild cognitive impairment. In contrast, me majority of nerves in the frontal region were active in the normal elderly group.

  • PDF

A Study on the Awareness & Preferences about the Elderly Care Facilities (노인 요양시설에 대한 의식 및 선호도 연구)

  • Shin, Hee-Sik;Chu, Yeon-Cheol;Youn, Chung-Yeul
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
    • /
    • v.11 no.4
    • /
    • pp.51-58
    • /
    • 2009
  • The senior adults which are a central manpower of economic activity of the nation decreased and the elderly sustenance allowance already went over 10%. And the economic activity participation of the woman which are the supporter of the unpaid the elderly within the family is increasing. This big change is expected to support awareness. To respond to these changes, the improvement of social welfare system for elderly with the job of retirement lifestyles of the elderly, a figure that is needed for the ceremony. The elderly medical treatment facility that began in 2008 the elderly long-term medical treatment law enforcement because of the demand is expected to grow. It is forecast with the fact that the data which is fundamental is most important will become that old person medical treatment facility of the middle-aged layer which is a central role of the protector who decides the facility use of the preliminary consumer of the elderly care facility and currently the very the elderly and manhood ceremony and the preference to plan of the elderly welfare facility. The purpose of this study is to present the fundamental data about the elderly care facility for comparative analysis the awareness & perfernces of the elderly care facilities of the senior adults & the elderly.

  • PDF

The Effects of Decision-Making Power of the Elderly to Home Management on the Life Satisfaction (가정경영에 대한 노인의 의사결정관이 생활만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • 문숙재
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.203-217
    • /
    • 1993
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate relations of decision-making power of the elderly to home management and life satisfaction by applying a social behavior theory and exchange theory and to find out the device which improve the elderly life satisfaction at the home management view. For these research tasks the data was collected through the questionaire and interview those respondents were 273 woman elderly living with one of their married children in Seoul. It was analyzed by various statistical methods such as Frequency Percentile ANOVA F-test t-test Pearson's Corrdlation Analysis Multiple Regression Analysis. The results of this study are as follows: 1) Decision-making power of the elderly to home management had significant differences according to all of th variables except for religion job status of the elderly and education income of the children. 2) Decision-making power of the elderly to home management had the significant differences according to the variable such as income of the elderly solidarity between the elderly and their adult children age of the elderly The most influencial factor was income of the elderly. 3) Elderly life satisfaction had significant differenced according to all of the variables except for age job status of the elderly and education income of the children inmate children 4) In the result of analyzing the elderly life satisfaction the most influencial factor was decision-making power to home management and the explanary power to home management and the explanary power of those variables for the elderly life satisfaction was 56.2%.

  • PDF