• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thermal Stress

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Study on Thermal Stress of Porcelain Insulator for T/L (송전용 자기애자의 열충격 특성 연구)

  • Han, Se-Won;Cho, Han-Goo;Choi, In-Hyuk;Lee, Dong-Ill
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers Conference
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    • pp.208-209
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    • 2006
  • This study presents the thermal stress characteristics of TL porcelain insulators(healthy and ageing) by the accelerating thermal mechanical ageing test with forced temperature gradient. The test temperature gradient is $95^{\circ}C(-35{\sim}60^{\circ}C)$, it was focused to high temperature thermal stress as compared with IEC 60575 standard. There was no a discrimination in the case of healthy aluminous porcelain insulators, dissimilarly in crystoballite insulators according to this test method. It was indicated that the long tenn reliability by thermal stress was conformed reasonably through the conventional accelerating ageing test methods.

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A Study on the Meassurement Technology of Thermal Stress in Massive Concrete Structure (매스콘크리트구조물에서의 온도응력 측정기법에 관한 연구)

  • 강석화;정철헌;이용호;박칠림
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.71-76
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    • 1994
  • Recently, constructions of huge reinforced concrete structures such as nuclear power stations have been increased. When massive concrete is placed, cracking due to the hydration heat of cement is recognized as a major problem. The development of thermal stress is influenced by the structure shape and the constraint conditions, and cracks usually occure from tensile stresses which developed due to temperature drop. In this study a protocol specimen is made to examine the distribution of temperature and thermal stress of reaction wall of Daewoo Institute Construction Technology. The size of the specimen is made by considering minimum size of real structure. In this study, concrete strain gauge, concrete stress gauge, concrete non-stress gauge, and thermocouples, are instrumented to measure thermal stress in massive concrete structure. A new measuring technique is proposed to calculate thermal stress.

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Analysis on the Elasto-Plastic Thermal Stress and Deformation of Metal Casting Mould by FEM (Finite Element Method) (FEM을 이용한 주조금형(鑄造金型)의 탄소성(彈塑性) 열응력(熱應力) 및 열변형(熱變形) 해석(解析))

  • Kim, Ok-Sam;Koo, Bon-Kwon;Min, Soo-Hong
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.81-93
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    • 1993
  • It is well-known that the analysis of elasto-plastic thermal stress and deformation are substantially important in optimal design of metal casting mould. The unsteady state thermal stress and deformation generated during the solidification process of ingot and mould have been analyzed by two dimensional thermal elasto-plastic theories. Distributions of temperature, stress and relative displacement of the mould are calculated by the finite element method and compared with experimental results. In the elasto-plastic thermal stress analysis, compressive stress occurred at the inside wall of the mould whereas tensile stress occurred at outside wall. A coincidence between the analytical and experimental results is found to be fairly good, showing that the proposed analytical method is reliable.

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A Comparative Experiment on Thermal Stress Failure of Vacuum Glazing applied in Curtain Wall at Spandrel area (커튼월 스팬드럴용 진공유리의 열파손에 대한 비교실험)

  • Kim, Seung-Chul;Yoon, Jong-Ho;Shin, U-Cheol;Ahn, Jung-Hyuk
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: The vacuum glazing should constantly retain the gap in vacuum state to maintain high thermal performance. To do so, pillars are used to prevent the glazing from clinging to each other by the atmospheric pressure and therefore surface of the vacuum glazing is consistently affected by residual stress. The vacuum glazing could be applied to curtain wall systems at spandrel area to fulfill a rigorous domestic standard on U-value of the external wall. However, this can lead to high glazing temperature increase by heat concentration at a back panel and finally thermal stress breakage. This study experimentally determined weakness of the vacuum glazing systems on the thermal stress breakage and investigated effect of the residual stress. Method: The experiment first built two scale-down mock-up facilities that replicate the spandrel area in curtain wall, and then installed single low-e glass and vacuum glazing respectively. The two mock-up facilities were exposed to outside to induce the thermal stress breakage. Result: The experiment showed that the temperature occurred the thermal stress breakage was $114.4^{\circ}C$ for the single low-e glass and $118.9^{\circ}C$ for the vacuum glazing respectively. The result also showed the vacuum glazing reached the critical point earlier than the single low-e glass, which means that the vacuum glazing has high potential to occur the thermal shock breakage. In addition, the small temperature difference between two glazing indicates that the residual stress scarcely affects breakage of the vacuum glazing.

Thermal stress of concrete structure at high temperature considering inelastic thermal strain change (고온에서의 비선형 변형도를 고려한 콘크리트 구조물에서의 열응력 분포)

  • 강석원;홍성걸;신영수
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.1145-1150
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    • 2000
  • Concrete behaves as ductile material at high temperature. The existing stress-strain relationship is not valid at high temperature condition. Thus, stress-strain curve of concrete at high temperature is re-established by modifying Saenz's suggestion in this study. A constitutive model of concrete subjected to elevated temperature is also suggested. The model consists of three components; free thermal stain, mechanical strain and thermal creep strain. As the temperature increase, the thermal creep becomes more critical to the failure of concrete. The thermal creep strain of concrete is derived from the modified power-law relation for the steady state creep. The proposed equation for thermal creep employs a Dorn's temperature compensated time theorem

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Thermal stress Intensity Factors for the Interfacial Crack on a Cusp-Type Inclusion (커스프형 강체함유물 상의 접합경계면 균열에 대한 열응력세기계수)

  • 이강용;장용훈
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.1255-1265
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    • 1992
  • Under uniform heat flow, the thermal stress intensity factors for the interfacial crack on a rigid cusp-type inclusion are determined by Hilbert problem expressed with complex variable. The thermal stress intensity factors are expressed in terms of the periodic function of heat flow angle. When the tip of the interfacial crack meets that of the cusp crack, the thermal stress intensity factors have singularities. The thermal stress intensity factors at the interfacial crack tip located in the distance from the cusp crack tip vary with the location of the interfacial crack tip. From the results of the analysis, the complex potential functions and the thermal stress intensity factors for the cusp-type inclusion without the interfacial crack are derived under the cusp surface boundary conditions insulated or fixed to zero relative temperature.

A Study on the Evaluation of Thermal Stress of Massive Concrete Structure (매스콘크리트구조물의 온도응력평가에 관한 연구)

  • 강석화;정철헌;정한중;이용호;박칠림
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.126-135
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    • 1995
  • Thermal cracks are occured when thermal stress due to the hydration of cement exceeds the tens~le strength of concrete. Since crackmg causes poor durability of concrete, the effect of ther ma1 cracking should be includod for the design and construction of massive concrete structures. In this study, an experiment is performed for the investigation of time dependent thermal stress history. In order to evaluate thermal stress. two methods are employed. One 1s the evaluation method of thermal stress based on the measurement from embedment stram gauge with non-stress strain gauge and the other 1s based on the measurement from concrete stress gauge. As a result of this study, the value corrected by the former shows good agreement with the latter. The validity of the proposed method for the evaluation of thermal stress 1s explored.

Stress Dependence of Thermal Stability of Nickel Silicide for Nano MOSFETs

  • Zhang, Ying-Ying;Lee, Won-Jae;Zhong, Zhun;Li, Shi-Guang;Jung, Soon-Yen;Lee, Ga-Won;Wang, Jin-Suk;Lee, Hi-Deok;Lim, Sung-Kyu
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.110-114
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    • 2007
  • Dependence of the thermal stability of nickel silicide on the film stress of inter layer dielectric (ILD) layer has been investigated in this study and silicon nitride $(Si_3N_4)$ layer is used as an ILD layer. Nickel silicide was formed with a one-step rapid thermal process at $500^{\circ}C$ for 30 sec. $2000{\AA}$ thick $Si_3N_4$ layer was deposited using plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition after the formation of Ni silicide and its stress was split from compressive stress to tensile stress by controlling the power of power sources. Stress level of each stress type was also split for thorough analysis. It is found that the thermal stability of nickel silicide strongly depends on the stress type as well as the stress level induced by the $Si_3N_4$ layer. In the case of high compressive stress, silicide agglomeration and its phase transformation from the low-resistivity nickel mono-silicide to the high-resistivity nickel di-silicide are retarded, and hence the thermal stability is obviously improved a lot. However, in the case of high tensile stress, the thermal stability shows the worst case among the stressed cases.

Evaluation of High Temperature Strength Characteric in Joint Metal (접합재의 고온강도 특성 평가)

  • Huh, Sun-Chul;Park, Young-Chul;Yun, Han-Ki;Park, Won-Jo
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.103-108
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    • 2000
  • Since the ceramic/metal joint material is made at a high temperature, the residual stress development when it is cooled from bonding temperature to room temperature due to remarkable difference of thermal expansion coefficient between ceramic and metal. As residual stress at ceramic/metal joints influences the strength of joints, it is important to estimate residual stress quantitatively. In this study, it is attempted to estimate joint residual stress of $Si_3N_4/STS304$ joints quantitatively and to compare the strength of Joints. The difference of residual stress is measured when repeated thermal cycle is loaded under the conditions of the practical use of the ceramic/metal joint. And 4-point bending test is performed to examine the influence of residual stress on fracture strength. As a residual it is known that the stress of joint decreases as the number of thermal cycle increases.

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Thermal Crack Creation Process in an Automotive Brake Disk (자동차 브레이크 디스크의 열 균열 생성)

  • Ahn, S.;Lee, B.;Cho, C.
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.143-147
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    • 2000
  • This describes thermal crack creation process in automotive disks. Thermal cracks have been serious defects which induced disastrous accidents during traveling. The thermal cracks must be regularly eye-inspected. The cracks have been experimentally analysed; but they were not reported by analytic means yet. This paper proposed thermal crack creation process by a computer simulation which enlightened how to investigate thermal crack by cheap means. We explained the disk thermal crack creation and calculated stress intensity factor of an assumed surface crack in an automotive disk.

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