• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thermo-Elastoplasticity

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Thermo-elastoplastic characteristics of heat-resisting functionally graded composite structures

  • Cho, Jin-Rae;Ha, Dae-Yul
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.49-70
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    • 2001
  • This paper is concerned with a study on thermo-elastoplastic characteristics of functionally graded composite. Compared to the classical layered composites, it shows a wide range of thermo-elastoplastic characteristics according to the choice of two major parameters, the thickness-wise volume fraction of constituents and the relative thickness ratio of the graded layer. Therefore, by selecting an appropriate combination of the two parameters, one is expected to design the most suitable heat-resisting composite for a given thermal circumstance. Here, we address the parametric investigation on its characteristics together with theoretical study on thermo-elastoplasticity and numerical techniques for its finite element approximations. Through the numerical experiments, we examine the influence of two parameters on the thermo-elastoplastic characteristics.

Thermo-Elastoplastic Analysis of Ni/Al$_2$O$_3$Heat-Resisting Functionally Graded Composites (Ni/Al$_2$O$_3$기능경사 내열복합재의 열-탄소성 해석)

  • 조진래;김병국;하대율
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.11-19
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    • 2001
  • 기능경사재(FGM)는 구성 물질의 체적분율(volume fraction)이 복합재 전체에 걸쳐 연속적 그리고 기능적으로 분포되어 있어, 기존의 이종물질 접합식(bi-material-type) 복합재보다 현저히 우수한 열기계적 특성을 가진다. 하지만, 기능경사 내열복합재의 열-탄소성 거동은 체적분율의 분포형태와 경사층이 차지하는 상대두께비에 따라 절대적으로 좌우된다. 본 연구는 기능경사 내열복합재의 열-탄소성 특성의 이들 두 설계인자에 대한 파라메트릭 FEM해석을 다룬 것이다. 열-탄소성 이론과 유한요소 근사화에 따라 연구용 2차원 FEM 프로그램을 개발하고, 대표적인 3층 구조의 2차원 기능경사 내열복합재의 열-탄소성 특성을 설계변수의 다양한 조합에 따라 분석하였다.

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Shape Design Optimization of Ship Structures Considering Thermal Deformation and Target Shape (열 변형과 목적형상을 고려한 선체구조의 형상 최적설계)

  • Park, Sung-Ho;Choi, Jae-Yeon;Kim, Min-Geun;Cho, Seon-Ho
    • Journal of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.430-437
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, we develop a shape design optimization method for thermo-elastoplasticity problems that is applicable to the welding or thermal deformation problems of ship structures. Shell elements and a programming language APDL in a commercial finite element analysis code, ANSYS, are employed in the shape optimization. The point of developed method is to determine the design parameters such that the deformed shape after welding fits very well to a desired design. The geometric parameters of surfaces are selected as the design parameters. The modified method of feasible direction (MMFD) and finite difference sensitivity are used for the optimization algorithm. Two numerical examples demonstrate that the developed shape design method is applicable to existing hull structures and effective for the structural design of ships.