• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thermodynamic parameters

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A Model for the $3_{10}$/$\alpha$ Helix Transitions of $\alpha$-Aminoisobutyric Acid-Alanine Oligopeptide ($\alpha$-아미노이소부틸산-알라닌 올리고 펩티드의 $3_{10}$/$\alpha$ 나선 전이에 관한 모형)

  • Kim, Yeong Gu;Park, Hyeong Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.38 no.10
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    • pp.710-718
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    • 1994
  • We suggest a statistical thermodynamic theory for the conformational transition of a synthetic alanine (Ala), ${\alpha}$-aminoisobutyric acid (Aib) alternative oligopeptide, Buo-(Ala-Aib)$_n$-oMe, where the terminal groups Buo and oMe stand for t-butoxy and methoxy, respectively. Pure Aib homo-oligomers have always been found to adopt $3_{10}$ helical conformations, while polyalanine has always $\alpha$ helical conformation. In an organic solvent (e.g. $CD_3$CN) it shows that the length for the $3_{10}$/${\alpha}$ helix transitions of Buo-(Ala-Aib)$_n$-oMe, is 8 at room temperature. In an aqueous solution oligopeptide has always coil conformation at room temperature. In an organic solution, helical structures of the oligopeptide are more stable than coil structure, so we studied the $$3_{10}/\alpha$ helix transitions, considering coiled-conformations, coiled and $3_{10}$ helical conformations, and coiled and $\alpha$ helical conformations by using the zipper model. We determined the values of parameters ($\sigma_A$, $\sigma_T$, $\xi_A$, $\xi_T$) from the relating published data; $\sigma_A$ = 0.00011, $\sigma_T$ = 0.0060, $\xi_A$ = 10.1, $\xi_T$ = 3.90. The distributions of $\alpha$ helical length can be N-2, N-3, N-4, ${\cdots}$, 3, 2, 1 (N = 2n) while those of $3_{10}$ helical length, N-1, N-2, N-3, N-4, ${\cdots}$, 3, 2, 1.

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Development of Mixed-bed Ion Exchange Resin Capsule for Water Quality Monitoring (수질 중 질소와 인 모니터링을 위한 혼합이온교환수지 캡슐의 개발)

  • Park, Chang-Jin;Kim, Dong-Kuk;Ok, Yong-Sik;Ryu, Kyung-Ryul;Lee, Ju-Young;Zhang, Yong-Seon;Yang, Jae-E
    • Applied Biological Chemistry
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.344-350
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to develop and assess the applicability of mixed-bed ion exchange resin capsules for water quality monitoring in small agricultural watershed. Recoveries of resin capsules for inorganic N and P ranged from 96 to 102%. The net activation energies and pseudo-thermodynamic parameters, such as ${\Delta}G^{o\ddag},\;{\Delta}H^{o\ddag},\;and\;{\Delta}S^{o\ddag}$ for ion adsorption by resin capsules, exhibited relatively low values, indicating the process might be governed by chemical reactions such as diffusion. However, those values increased with temperature coinciding with the theory. The reaction reached pseudo-equilibrium within 24 hours for $NH_4-N\;and\;NO_3-N$, and only 8 hours for $PO_4-P$, respectively. The selectivity of resin capsules were in the order of $NO_3\;^-\;>\;NH_4\;^+\;>\;PO_4\;^{3-}$, coinciding with that of encapsulated Amberlite IRN-150 resin. At the initial state of equilibrium, the resin adsorption quantity was linearly proportional to the mass of ions in the streams, but the rate of movement leveled off, following Langmuir-type sorption isotherm. The overall results demonstrated that the resin capsule system was suitable for water quality monitoring in small agricultural watershed, judging from the reaction mechanism(s) of the resin capsule and the significance of model in field calibration.

Determination of Adsorption Isotherms of Hydrogen at an Ir Electrode Interface Using the Phase-Shift Method and Correlation Constants (Ir 전극 계면에서 위상이동 방법 및 상관계수를 이용한 수소의 흡착동온식 결정)

  • Jeon, Sang-K.
    • Journal of the Korean Electrochemical Society
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.132-140
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    • 2007
  • The phase-shift method and correlation constants for studying a linear relationship between the behavior ($-{\varphi}\;vs.\;E$) of the phase shift ($0^{\circ}{\leq}-{\varphi}{\leq}90^{\circ}$) for the optimum intermediate frequency and that (${\theta}\;vs.\;E$) of the fractional surface coverage ($1{\geq}\theta{\geq}0$) have been proposed and verified to determine the Langmuir, Frumkin, and Temkin adsorption isotherms (${\theta}\;vs.\;E$) at noble metal/aqueous electrolyte interfaces. At an Ir/0.1 M KOH aqueous electrolyte interface, the Langmuir and Temkin adsorption isotherms (${\theta}\;vs.\;E$), equilibrium constants ($K=3.3{\times}10^{-4}\;mol^{-1}$ for the Langmuir and $K=3.3{\times}10^{-3}{\exp}(-4.6{\theta})\;mol^{-1}$ for the Temkin adsorption isotherm), interaction parameter (g = 4.6 for the Temkin adsorption isotherm), and standard free energies (${\Delta}G_{ads}^0=19.9kJ\;mol^{-1}\;for\;K=3.3{\times}10^{-4}\;mol^{-1}$ and $16.5<{\Delta}G_{\theta}^0<23.3\;kJ\;mol^{-1}\;for\;K=3.3{\times}10^{-3}{\exp}(-4.6{\theta})\;mol^{-1}\;and\;0.2<\theta<0.8$) of H for the cathodic $H_2$ evolution reaction are determined using the phase-shift method and correlation constants. The inhomogeneous and lateral interaction effects on the adsorption of H are negligible. At the intermediate values of ${\theta},\;i.e,\;0.2<{\theta}<0.8$, the Temkin adsorption isotherm (${\theta}\;vs.\;E$) correlating with the Langmuir or the Frumkin adsorption isotherm (${\theta}\;vs.\;E$), and vice versa, is readily determined using the correlation constants. The phase-shift method and correlation constants are accurate and reliable techniques to determine the adsorption isotherms (${\theta}\;vs.\;E$) and related electrode kinetic and thermodynamic parameters(K, g, ${\Delta}G_{ads}^0, {\Delta}G_{\theta}^0$).