• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Thick Composite Laminates

검색결과 27건 처리시간 0.044초

유리섬유 강화 후판 복합재료의 경화공정 해석 (Cure simulation for a thick glass/epoxy laminate)

  • 오제훈;이대길
    • 한국복합재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 2000
  • During the curing process of thick glass/epoxy laminates, a substantial amount of temperature lag and overshoot at the center of the laminates is usually experienced due to the large thickness and low thermal conductivity of the glass/epoxy composites. Also, it requires a longer time for full and uniform consolidation. In this work, temperature, degree of cure and consolidation of a 20mm thick unidirectional glass/epoxy laminate were investigated using an experiment and a 3-dimentional numerical analysis considering the exothermic reaction. From the experimental and numerical results, it was found that the experimentally obtained temperature profile agreed well with the numerical one and the cure cycle recommended by the prepreg manufacturer should be modified to prevent a temperature overshoot and to obtain full consolidation.

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Dynamics of thick hygrothermal viscoelastic composite laminates through finite element method

  • Assie, Amr E.;Mahmoud, Fatin F.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.727-734
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    • 2004
  • An uncoupled computational model for analyzing the hygrothermal dynamic response of composite laminates has been developed. The constitutive equations, expressed in an integral form, and involving relaxation moduli are adopted, to describe the non-aging hygrothermorheologically simple materials. A Prony series represents the relaxation moduli is exploited in order to derive a recursive relationship, and thereby eliminate the storage problem that arises when dealing with material possessing memory. The problem is formulated in a descritized variational form. Mindlin and higher order finite elements are employed for spatial descretization, while the Newmark average acceleration scheme is exploited for temporal descritization. The adopted recursive formula uses only the details of the previous event to compute the details of the current one. Numerical results of the displacement fields of both thin and thick viscoelastic laminates problems are discussed to show up the effectiveness of Mindlin and higher-order shear theories.

균일분포 온도하의 두꺼운 복합 재료 적층판의 열적 좌굴 해석 (Thermal Buckling of Thick Laminated Composite Plates under Uniform Temperature Distribution)

  • 이영신;이열화;양명석;박복선;이종수
    • 대한기계학회논문집
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.1686-1699
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    • 1993
  • In this paper, the thermal buckling of thick composite angle-ply laminates subject to uniform temperature distribution is studied. For the plates of 4-edges simply supported condition and those of 4-edges clamped condition, the critical buckling temperatue is derived, using tile finite element method based on the shear deformation theory. The effects of lamination angle, layer number, laminate thickness, plate aspect ratio and boundary constraints upon the critical buckling temperature are presented.

Dynamic analysis for anti-symmetric cross-ply and angle-ply laminates for simply supported thick hybrid rectangular plates

  • Benhenni, Mohamed Amine;Daouadji, Tahar Hassaine;Abbes, Boussad;Adim, Belkacem;Li, Yuming;Abbes, Fazilay
    • Advances in materials Research
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.119-136
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, static and vibration analysis for anti-symmetric cross-ply and angle- ply carbon/glass hybrid laminates rectangular composite plate are presented. In this analysis, the equations of motion for simply supported thick laminated hybrid rectangular plates are derived and obtained through the use of Hamilton's principle. The closed-form solutions of anti-symmetric cross-ply and angle- ply laminates are obtained using Navier solution. The effects of side-to-thickness ratio, aspect ratio, and lamination schemes on the fundamental frequencies loads are investigated. The study concludes that shear deformation laminate theories accurately predict the behavior of composite laminates, whereas the classical laminate theory over predicts natural frequencies. The excellent accuracy of the present analytical solution is confirmed by making some comparisons of the present results with those available in the literature. It can be concluded that the proposed theory is accurate and simple in solving the free vibration behaviors of anti-symmetric cross-ply and angle- ply hybrid laminated composite plates.

층간수직응력을 고려한 두꺼운 복합적층판의 적층방법 (Stacking method of thick composite laminates considering interlaminar normal stresses)

  • 김동민;홍창선
    • 대한기계학회논문집
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.944-951
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    • 1988
  • 본 연구에서는 두꺼운 복합적층판에 대한 응력해석을 할 수 있는 통합-세부 변분 모델(globallocal Variational Model)을 이용하여, 이 방법으로 섬유각도와 적 층순서가 다른 여러 유한폭을 가진 복합적층판의 층간응력해석을 수행하여 층간수직 응력의 거동을 살펴 보았다. 그리고 0, 90, 45, -45도 층들로 이루어진 준등방성 (quasiisotropic) 복합적층판에 대한 응력해석 결과로 층간수직응력의 근사해에 의한 결과와 상호 비교하며 근사해의 한계성을 검토 설명하였다. 또한, 층간분리에 큰 영향을 주는 층간수직응력을 고려한 두꺼운 복합적층판에 대한 최적의 적층방법으로 포와송 비에 대하여 대칭인 부적층판을 반복하는 적층방법을 제시하였으며, 통합-세부 변분 모델을 이용한 해로 이 적층방법에 의한 적층판의 층간수직 응력의 거동을 살펴 보았다. 그리고 이 적층방법에 의한 적층판과 다른 적층순서를 가진 적층판의 층간 수직응력을 서로 비교하여, 이 적층방법에 의한 적층판의 층간수직응력의 감소를 조사 하여 그 유용성을 보였다.

전단하중을 받는 복합재료 다중 노치의 파괴강도 (Strength of composite notches under shear load)

  • 이재광;황병선;박승범;박인서;윤한기
    • 한국복합재료학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.50-53
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    • 2001
  • An experimental research work for the fracture and notch strength of thick laminates has been performed to develop high quality composite notches for structural use. Thus, the multi-directional laminates are designed and compared to the baseline aluminum. The difference of notch strength caused by manufacturing techniques is also discussed. The notches of selected materials are evaluated by the static test and low-velocity impact test. Failure modes are also observed and assessed. Material design is evaluated by the FEA(finite element analysis) and confirmed by experiments. The successful results are obtained for thick composite notches, which shows higher strength than aluminum notches.

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최대 열적 좌굴하중을 갖는 두꺼운 복합재료 적층판의 설계 (Design of Thick Laminated Composite Plates for Maximum Thermal Buckling Load)

  • 이영신;이열화;양명석;박복선
    • 대한기계학회논문집
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.1761-1771
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    • 1993
  • In this paper, the design of thick laminated composite plate subjected to thermal buckling load under uniform temperature distribution is presented. In the design procedures of composite laminated plates for maximum thermal buckling load. the finite element method based on shear deformed theory is used for the analysis or laminated plates. One-demensional search method is used to find optimal fiber orientation and, in the next step, optimal thickness is investigated. Design variables such as fiber orientation and ply thicknesses coefficient of plates are adopted. The optimal design for the symmetric or antisymmetric laminated plates consisted of 4 layers with maximum thermal buckling load is performed.

적층복합판의 충격에 의한 모재균열 및 층간분리에 관한 연구 (Matrix Cracking and Delmaination in Laminated Composite Plates Due to Impact)

  • 김문생;박승범
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.317-326
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    • 1997
  • An investigation was performed to study the matrix cracking and delamination in laminated composite plates due to transverse impact. A model was developed for predicting the initiation of the matrix cracking and the shape and size of impact-induced delamination in laminated composite plates resulting from the ballistic impact. The model consists of a stress analysis and a failure analysis. A transient finite element analysis which was based on the higher-order shear deformation theory was adopted for calculating the stresses inside the laminated composite plates during impact. A failure analysis was used to predict the initial intraply matrix cracking and the shape and size of the interface delamination in the laminates. As a results, a shear matrix cracking which was governed by the transverse interlaminar shear stress occured at the middle layer near the midplane of laminates and a bending matrix cracking which was governed by the transverse inplane stress occured at the bottom layer near the surface of laminates. In a thick laminates, a shear matrix cracking generated first at the middle layer of laminates, but in a thin laminates, a bending matrix cracking generated first at the bottom layer of laminates.

유리섬유/에폭시 후판 복합재료의 경화공정 및 압밀해석 (Cure simulation and Consolidation for a Thick Glass/Epoxy Laminate)

  • 오제훈;이대길
    • 대한기계학회논문집A
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.2853-2865
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    • 2000
  • During the curing process of thick glass/epoxy laminates, a substantial amount of temperature lag and overshoot at the center of the laminates is usually experienced due to the large thickness and low thermal conductivity of the glass/epoxy composites. Also, it takes a longer time for full and uniform consolidation. In this work, temperature, degree of cure and consolidation of a 20 mm thick unidirectional glass/epoxy laminate were investigated using an experiment and a 3-dimentional numerical analysis. From the experimental and numerical results, it was found that the experimentally obtained temperature profile agreed well with the numerical one, and the cure cycle recommended by the prepreg manufacturer should be modified to prevent a temperature overshoot and to obtain full consolidation.

열응력에 의한 얇은 복합적층판의 자유경계단 부위 파손 (Thermal Stress-induced Edge Failure of Thin Composite Laminates)

  • 이성혁;최낙삼
    • Composites Research
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.28-36
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구에서는 얇은 탄소섬유/에폭시 복합적층판(두께 1mm)의 냉각열응력으로 인한 자유경계단 근처의 파손을 유한요소 수치해석과 초음파 C-scan, 광학 및 전자현미경 관찰을 통하여 검토하였다. 수치해석 결과, 복합적층판의 자유단 근처의 내부층에서 층냄 및 층간응력이 크게 나타났다. 액체질소에 의한 저온담금질 실험결과, 적층강도가 $[0_2/90_2]_s,\;[45_2/-45_0]_s,\;[0_2/60_2]_s$인 적층판의 층간근처의 내부층 쪽에서만 모재 및 계면부에서 진전하는 층내균열이 발생하였다. 이들 결과는 위의 수치해석 결과와 일치했다.

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