• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thigh Meat

Search Result 164, Processing Time 0.043 seconds

Effect of Free-range Rearing on Meat Composition, Physical Properties and Sensory Evaluation in Taiwan Game Hens

  • Lin, Cheng-Yung;Kuo, Hsiao-Yun;Wan, Tien-Chun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.880-885
    • /
    • 2014
  • Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of an outdoor-grazed raising model on meat composition, physical properties and sensory attributes of Taiwan game hens. Six hundred 1-d old female chicks were raised on a floor for 8 weeks. On day 57, 600 healthy birds, with similar body weight, were selected and randomly assigned to three treatment groups (cage, floor-pen and free-range). The results showed that different feeding models had no effect on drip loss, cooking loss, moisture, crude protein, crude fat, crude ash, zinc and calorie contents in breast meat and moisture content in thigh meat. The free-range group had the lowest fat content in both breast and thigh meat, and the lowest calorie content in thigh meat. The firmness and toughness in both thigh and breast of the free-range group were the highest values (p<0.05). The crude protein, total collagen, zinc and iron contents in thigh meat and total collagen content in breast meat of the free-range group were significantly higher than those of the cage-feeding group (p<0.05). The meat sensory scores of flavor, chewiness and overall acceptability of both thigh and breast meat of the free-range group were significantly (p<0.05) better than those of the other two groups. Moreover, the current findings also indicate that the Taiwan game hens of the free-range feeding model displayed well-received carcass traits and meat quality, with higher scores for flavor, chewiness and overall acceptability for greater sensory satisfaction in both breast and thigh meat. In addition, the thigh meat contained high protein and total collage but low fat, offering a healthier diet choice.

Effect of Dietary Supplementation of the Combination of Gallic and Linoleic Acid in Thigh Meat of Broilers

  • Lee, Kyung-Haeng;Jung, Samooel;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Kim, Il-Suk;Lee, Jun-Heon;Jo, Cheorun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.25 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1641-1648
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study was performed to investigate the combined effect of dietary supplementation of gallic and linoleic acid (GL) on the antioxidative effect and quality of thigh meat from broilers. Broilers received 3 dietary treatments: i) commercial finisher diet (control), ii) 0.5% GL (gallic:linoleic acid = 1 M:1 M), and iii) 1.0% GL during the 22 to 36 d. The pH value of broiler thigh meat was increased by GL supplementation. Water holding capacity of the thigh meat was enhanced by the 1.0% dietary GL supplementation. Antioxidative effect (total phenolic content, DPPH radical scavenging activity, $ABTS^+$ reducing activity, reducing power, and TBARS value) in the thigh from the broilers improved significantly with 1.0% GL. Linoleic acid and docosahexaenoic acids were higher in the broilers fed both levels of dietary GL. However, volatile basic nitrogen content and microbiological quality was not shown to be different between control and treated group. Results indicate that 1.0% dietary supplementation of GL can improve the antioxidant activity of broiler thigh meat and may enhance the meat quality.

Comparison of Quality Traits of Thigh Meat from Korean Native Chickens and Broilers

  • Jung, Yeon-Kuk;Jeon, Hee-Jun;Jung, Samooel;Choe, Jun-Ho;Lee, Jun-Heon;Heo, Kang-Nyeong;Kang, Bo-Seok;Jo, Cheo-Run
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.684-692
    • /
    • 2011
  • The quality attributes of thigh meat from a certified meat-type commercial Korean native chicken (WoorimatdagTM, WM) and a commercial broiler (Ross, CB) raised under the same environmental conditions, were compared. One-d-old, mixedsex WM (200), and 200 broilers (Ross, CB) each were randomly assigned to floor pens (20 chickens per pen). The production stages (I, II, and III) were selected based on similar live weight. The crude fat contents of WM thigh meat were lower than those of CB. WM thigh meat contained higher stearic and arachidonic acid contents but lower palmitoleic and oleic acid contents compared to those of CB. The thigh meat color CIE $L^*$- and CIE $b^*$-values of WM were lower, but inosine-5'-monophosphate content was higher in WM than CB in whole production stages. WM thigh meat showed higher collagen content, hardness, springiness, gumminess, and chewiness than CB. In sensory evaluation, odor, taste, and overall acceptance were higher while color was lower in WM. Based on these results, it can be concluded that even if commercial broilers are raised under the same environmental conditions as WM, the unique quality attributes of WM thigh meat are distinctively unique.

Antioxidant Enzyme Activity, Iron Content and Lipid Oxidation of Raw and Cooked Meat of Korean Native Chickens and Other Poultry

  • Muhlisin, Muhlisin;Utama, Dicky Tri;Lee, Jae Ho;Choi, Ji Hye;Lee, Sung Ki
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.29 no.5
    • /
    • pp.695-701
    • /
    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to observe antioxidant enzyme activity, iron content and lipid oxidation of Korean native chickens and other poultry. The breast and thigh meat of three Korean native chicken breeds including Woorimatdak, Hyunin black and Yeonsan ogye, and three commercial poultry breeds including the broiler, White Leghorn and Pekin duck (Anasplatyrhyncos domesticus) were studied. The analyses of the antioxidant enzymes activity, iron content and lipid oxidation were performed in raw and cooked samples. The activity of catalase (CAT) in the thigh meat was higher than that of the breast meat of three Korean native chickens and the broiler, respectively. The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in the uncooked thigh meat of three Korean native chickens was higher than that of the breasts. The breast meat of Woorimatdak and Pekin duck had higher superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity than the others, while only the thigh meat of Pekin duck had the highest activity. Cooking inactivated CAT and decreased the activity of GPx and SOD. The thigh meat of Woorimatdak, White Leghorn, Yeonsan ogye and Hyunin black contained more total iron than the breast meat of those breeds. The heme-iron lost during cooking ranged from 3.2% to 14.8%. It is noted that the thigh meat had higher thiobarbituric acid reactive substances values than the breast in all chicken breeds. Though Woorimatdak showed higher antioxidant enzyme activity and lower released-iron percentage among Korean native chickens, no differences were found on lipid oxidation. We confirm that the dark meat of poultry exhibited higher antioxidant enzyme activity and contained more iron than the white meat.

Effects of Dietary $\omega$-Fatty Acids on Fatty Acids Composition and Storage Characteristics of Meats from Spent Hens (오메가 계열 지방산 급여가 산란노폐계육의 지방산 조성 및 저장성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박구부;김진형;이한기;김영직;김용곤;이정일;박태선;정태철
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.24 no.2
    • /
    • pp.73-83
    • /
    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the influence of dietary $\omega$-fatty acids on fatty acids composition and storage characteristics in meat samples of spent hens. Spent hens were randomly assigned to one of the four dietary treatments : 1) Control (commercial feed), 2) T1 (commercial feed supplemented with 10% olive oil, 3) T2 (commercial feed with 10% canola oil), and 4) T3 (commercial feed with 10% sardine oil). They were fed one of the experimental diets for three weeks and slaughtered. The meat samples were stored at 4 ${\pm}$ 1 ˚C The storage characteristics and fatty acid contents were analyzed for meat samples stored over a period of 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 days. The pH of all treatments significantly increased during the storage periods(P<0.05). The per-oxide values (POV) of all treatments were significantly increased up to 5 days ; after that the POV decreased significantly (P<0.05). The POV of treated groups were significantly higher than those of the Control in the thigh meat(P<0.05). The TBARS showed the highest POV among all treatments. Although the breast meat tended to he lower in POV than the thigh meat, no significant difference was detected between the two meats. The TBARS(thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) of all treatments were significantly increased as the storage period extended(P<0.05). After 3 days, the TB ARS of oil-treated groups were aignificantly higher than that of the Control (P<0.05). The T3 showed the highest TBARS among all treatments (P<0.05). The TBARS of the breast meat was lower than that of the thigh, but no statistical difference was found be- tween them. The unsaturated fatty acid content of the breast and thigh meats in all treatments were slightly decreased as the storage period extended. The oleic acid was higher in Ti, and the linoleic acid and linolenic acid were higher in T2 than the other treatments. The eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid were higher in T3 than the other treatments. The unsaturated fatty acid contents of the breast meat were slightly lower than those of the thigh meat. The n-6 fatty acid contents of the breast and thigh meats were slightly increased as the storage periods ex-tended. The n-3 fatty acid content of T3 was the highest among all treatments. The n-6 fatty acid content of breast meat was lower than that of thigh meat. The n-6 fatty acid content of the breast meat was slightly lower than that of the thigh meat.

  • PDF

Lipid and Fatty Acid Composition of Broiler (male , female) Breast and Thigh Meat (부로일러육의 지질함량 및 지방산 조성)

  • 문윤희;공양숙;정인철
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.247-251
    • /
    • 1988
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate comparison of total cholesterol, lipid and fatty acid composition of breast and thigh from female and male broiler meats. Total lipid and neutral lipid content of female and male broiler breast meats were lower, but phospholipid and glycolipid contents were highter than thigh meats. Unsaturated fatty acid composition of broiler thigh meats were higher than breast meats on neutral and phospholipid, but breast meat was higher than thigh meat on glycolipid. Glycolipid content in total lipid was lower in female than male broiler meat. Contents of palmitic acid in neutral lipid, palmitic stearic linolenic arachidic and arachidonic acid in phospholipid, palmitic and stearic acid in glycolipid were higher than male broiler meat. The highest content of total cholesterol in defatted tissue was thigh tissue of male and undefatted thigh tissue of female.

  • PDF

Xanthophyll을 급여한 계육 모델 시스템에서의 항산화 효과

  • 김혜정;민병진;이규호;이성기
    • Proceedings of the Korea Society of Poultry Science Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.87-89
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was designed to investigate the antioxidant effects of dietary xanthophylls supplementation in broiler breast and thigh meat homogenates during incubation at 37$^{\circ}C$ for 0, 2, 4, 8, 16 hours respectively. Experimental treatments were divided into control, lutein, canthaxanthin, astaxanthin and capxanthin fed meats. The supplementation levels of to chicks were adjusted to 30 ppm in feeds. The 30 ${\mu}$M FeCl$_3$ and 100 ${\mu}$M ascorbic acid were added to meat homogenates in order to catalyze lipid oxidation. In breast meat homogenates, the TBARS(O.D) of all treatments at 2 hour was significantly(p〈0.05) increase. In thigh meat homogenates, the highest TBARS(O.D) value of all treatments appeared at 16 hour incubation and TBARS(O.D) value of all treatments was significantly(p〈0.05) lower than that control during incubation time. The TBARS(O.D) of lutein treatment in breast meat homogenate at 8 hour and 16 hour were significantly(p〈0.05) lower than those of treatments. Also, astaxanthin treated in thigh meat homogenate of the 2 hour and 4 hour and lutein treatment in thigh meat homogenate at 8 hour and 16 hour were significantly(p〈0.05) lower than other treatments. In conclusion, dietary xanthophyll treatments in breast and thigh meat homogenates showed more antioxidant effect to lipid oxidation than control. Especially, lipid oxidation inhibited significantly in lutein fed breast meat, and lutein and astaxanthin fed thigh meat homogenates.

  • PDF

Effects of Hot Environment and Dietary Protein Level on Growth Performance and Meat Quality of Broiler Chickens

  • Gu, X.H.;Li, S.S.;Lin, H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.21 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1616-1623
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to determine the effect of hot environment and dietary crude protein level (CP) on performance, carcass characteristics, meat visual quality, muscle chemical composition and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration of tissues in broilers. Two hundred and sixteen 21-d old Arbor Acre broilers were used in a $4\times3$ factorial arrangement and randomly reared in 4 environmental chambers and fed on 3 diets with different CP levels for 3 weeks. The results showed: (1) when air temperature (AT) rose to $33^{\circ}C$, average daily feed intake, average daily gain, carcass weight, right breast meat weight, left thigh and drumstick meat weight decreased (p<0.05) and feed conversion rate decreased (p<0.05), but the ratio of carcass to live weight and of left thigh and drumstick meat weight to carcass weight increased (p<0.05). (2) There were significant differences in pH and shear force in breast meat, and shear force, L* and a* in thigh meat (p<0.01 or 0.05) among hot environments. Dietary CP level tended to affect breast meat pH and pH and L* of thigh meat (p<0.06 or 0.09). Compared to the normal temperature ($22^{\circ}C$), low temperature ($15^{\circ}C$) and hot humid (AT $33^{\circ}C$, relative humidity (RH) 80%) treatments significantly (p<0.05) decreased the tenderness of thigh meat. L* and a* value in thigh meat under high temperature treatments, regardless of RH, were higher (p<0.05) than those under normal temperature. (3) Protein content in breast and thigh meat of broilers fed under high temperature ($33^{\circ}C$) was lower (p<0.05) than that under $22^{\circ}C$, but fat content had an adverse change. High temperature ($33^{\circ}C$) increased the moisture of breast meat significantly (p<0.05). Protein content in breast meat increased significantly (p<0.05), in which fat content had an adverse change (p<0.05), when the dietary protein rose. (4) MDA concentration in liver and breast meat under hot humid (AT $33^{\circ}C$, RH 80%) treatment increased markedly (p<0.05). (5) High humidity could sharpen the bad effect of high temperature on performance, carcass yield and choice cuts, crude protein and moisture content in breast meat. It was concluded that a hot environment could affect the performance and meat quality of broiler chicks more significantly than CP level and that high humidity would aggravate the bad influence of high temperature on the broiler.

Effect of Packing Method on Physico-chemical Properties of Frozen Chicken (포장방법이 동결계육의 이화학적 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 박구부;하정기;박범영;이상진;박용윤;박태선;신택순;이정일
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.193-201
    • /
    • 1996
  • This experiment was carried out to find out the effect of packing methods on physico-chemical properties of breast and thigh meats in chicken, which was dried by air spray chilling method. The chicken carcass was cut into breast and thigh muscles, which were either vacuum packed or atmosphere packed, and stored at -2O˚C for 1, 4, 8, 12 and 16 wk after quick freezing at -45˚C for 35 min. The pH values of atmosphere-packed breast meat and vacuum-packed breast meat after one wk of storage were higher than those of atmosphere-packed thigh meat and vacuum-packed thigh meat(P< .05). The pH values increased as storage period extended, but no significant difference was detected between two packing method(vacuum vs. atmosphere). Total moisture contents of breast meats after one wk of storage were higher than those of thigh meats. The total moisture contents decreased slowly as storage period extended, but no significant difference was detected between two packing method(vacuum vs. atmosphere). The shear force value of thigh meat was higher than that of breast meat. The shear force values of both meats decreased as storage period extended, regardless of packing method. The water soluble protein extractability of thigh meats was higher than that of breast meat, and the water soluble protein extractability of all treatments decreased until 8 wk after storage, but increased gradually after 8 wk of storage period. The salt soluble protein extractability of breast meat was higher than that of thigh meat, and the salt soluble protein extractability of all treatments decreased as storage period extended. With regard to the packing method, the vacuum packing showed higher value than that of atmosphere packing method until 8 wk of storage. Total lipid contents of atmosphere- and vacuum-packed thigh meats at 1 wk of storage were higher than those of breast meats, and the total lipid contents of all of treatments decreased as storage period extended. However, no significant difference was detected between two packing methods. The fatty acid contents of breast and thigh meats were in order of o1eic(33,5~42.4), palmitic(19.7~30.8) and linoleic acid(10.8~17.4).

  • PDF

Comparison of the Chemical Composition, Textural Characteristics, and Sensory Properties of North and South Korean Native Chickens and Commercial Broilers

  • Jeon, Hee-Joon;Choe, Jun-Ho;Jung, Yeon-Kook;Kruk, Zbigniew A.;Lim, Dong-Gyun;Jo, Cheo-Run
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.171-178
    • /
    • 2010
  • The objective of this study was to compare the quality characteristics of chicken breast and thigh meat from North Korean native chickens (NKNC), South Korean native chickens (SKNC, woorimotdak), and commercial broilers (CB). NKNC thigh meat had a higher crude protein content than CB. In addition, the breasts of NKNC and CB had higher pH values than that of SKNC, but the cooking loss was higher in NKNC. The surface color of the breast and thigh meat of NKNC was darker and redder than that of SKNC and CB. The total collagen content of the breast and thigh muscles was the highest in NKNC, followed by SKNC and CB. A similar trend occurred with breast meat hardness. The content of arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids was higher in both the breast and thigh muscles of NKNC than in those of the other groups, while the concentrations of linoleic and linolenic acids were higher only in thigh meat. Sensory evaluation did not show any differences among the three different strains of chicken except for the meat color. Sensory panelists preferred thigh meat from SKNC and CB to that of NKNC due to the strong dark color of the NKNC. Based on these results, NKNC had harder breasts based on texture, as well as a darker surface color and higher composition of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids than CB. The quality characteristics of SKNC tested in this study were intermediate between NKNC and CB; however, SKNC may have a better chance of acceptance by Korean consumers due to the undesirable color of NKNC.