• Title/Summary/Keyword: Thin Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease

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Thin Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich Syndrome : Uterus Didelphys, Blind Hemivagina and Ipsilateral Renal Agenesis (비박형 사구체 기저막 질환이 동반된 중복 자궁 일측성 폐쇄질 및 동측 신장 무형성 증후군 ( Herlyn - Werner- Wunderlich syndrome ) 1례)

  • Kim, Myoung-Soo;Park, Yong-Jun;Park, Young-Jun;Park, Noh-Hyuck;Song, Ji-Sun;Kim, Pyung-Kil
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.299-305
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    • 2007
  • Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome(HWWs) is a rare variant of Mullerian ductal anomalies characterized by the presence of a hemivaginal septum, a didelphic uterus, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents after menarche with progressive pelvic pain, and palpable mass due to hemihematocolpos. If a cystic mass is detected behind the urinary bladder in children, in association with the absence of a kidney, the diagnosis of uterus didelphys with imperforate vagina and hydrocolpos should be considered. When renal agenesis is found in asymptomatic children, the small size and the tubular shape of the uterus makes it almost impossible to evaluate uterine anomalies, so follow-up should be performed until the end of puberty. Appropriate preoperative diagnosis and treatment will prevent unnecessary procedures and offer relief of symptoms. We report one case of didelphic uterus with blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis with biopsy- proven thin glomerular basement membrane disease which is not related to the above syndrome.

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Clinical and Pathologic Analysis of Thin Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease in Children (소아 비박형 기저막신증의 임상 및 병리학적 분석)

  • Ko Myoung Jin;Yang Tae Jin;Kim Young Ju;Chung Woo Yeong
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : Clinical manifestations and pathologic findings of thin glumerular basement membrane disease, recognized as a common underlying disease of benign, familaiar and asymptomatic hematuria has not been reported systemically in Korera. We analyzed clinical and pathologic findings of patients who were diagnosed as thin glomerular basement membrane disease Methods : We analyzed clinical and pathologic findings of twenty-six patients who were diagnosed as thin glomerular basement membrane disease by renal biopsy among who complained asymptomatic hematuria from 1990 to 2000. Results : The subjects were aged 9.4${\pm}$3.2 (3.0-15.8) years-old at onset of hematuria, and 11.1${\pm}$2.2 (4.7-16.3) years-old at renal biopsy. Sexual discrepancy was more common in girls (eight boys and eighteen girls). A family history of hematuria was found in 8 patients(30.7$\%$). Major clinical manifestation on admission was microscopic hematuria according to the findings of 3case(11.5$\%$) of gross hematuria, 23cases(88.5$\%$9) of microscopic hematuria, and 1 case(3.8$\%$) of proteinuria. Microscopic hematuria persisted in all cases. Kidney biopsy showed few changes by light microscopy, but IgM, C3 and fibrinogen deposit in mesangium was found by immunofluorescent microscopy in a few cases. Electron microscopic findings have revealed thinning of the glomerular basement membrane varied from 180.9${\pm}$35.8nm. Conclusion : Thin glomerular basement membrane disease might be a common cause of microscopic hematuria of children and family history was revealed in about 30$\%$. Clinical progression was good in majorities.(J. Korean Soc Pediatr Nephrol 5 : 1-8, 2001)

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A Comparative Analysis of the Clinical and Pathological features of IgA Nephropathy and Thin Glomerular Basement Membrane Disease (IgA 신병증과 비박형 기저막 신증의 임상 및 병리학적 비교 분석 - 사구체 기저막의 비박화를 중심으로 -)

  • Chi, Geun-Ha;Ha, Chang-Woo;Kim, Young-Ju;Yoon, Hye-Kyung;Chung, Woo-Yeong
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.147-155
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    • 2001
  • Purpose : IgA nephropathy(IgAN) and thin glomerular basement membrane disease(TGBMD) are common glomerular diseases that cause hematuria in childhood. IgAN has characteristics of IgA deposit as the sole or predominantly localized to the mesangium Recently, it has been reported that thinning of glomerular basement membrane(GBM) is commonly accompanied with precipitation of electron dense deposits in IgAN. We performed this study to examine the frequency of thinning of GBM among children with IgAN and to analysis tile correlation between urinary abnormalities and GBM thickness and furthermore to conduct comparative analysis of the clinical and pathological features of IgAN and TGBMD. Methods : This study summarizes data collected from Department of Pediatrics, Busan Paik Hospital, Inje Medical College. Data include 51 cases who were diagnosed as IgAN from 1995 to 2000, and 26 cases who were diagnosed as TGBMD from 1990 to 2000 by percutaneous renal biopsy. Results : Males accounted for 29/51($56.9\%$) patients with IgAN and 8/26($30.8\%$) of those with TGBMD. The clinical and laboratory features between IgAN and TGBMD were significantly different regarding the incidence of proteinuria(IgAN vs TGBMD: $43.1\%\;vs\;3.8\%$, p=0.001), the incidence of co-appearance of proteinuria with hematuria ($41.2\%\;vs\;3.8\%$, p=0.001), total amount of protein in 24 hours collected urine ($808{\pm}\;mg\;vs\;251{\pm}200.7\;mg$, p=0.001) and the incidence of proteinuria more than 1 gm in 24 hours collected urine ($23.5\%\;vs\;3.8\%$, p=0.01). On the contrary, there were no significant differences in the levels of serum albumin, creatinine, BUN, and Ccr between two groups. The mean thickness of GBM in patients with IgAN was $293.0{\pm}79.2\;nm$(139.7-461.9 nm) and $180.9{\pm}35.8\;nm$(110.5-229.5 nm) in patients with TGBMD. The mean GBM thickness revealed significantly thinner in TGBMD compared than those with IgAN (P=0.0001). The frequency of thickness being less than 250 nm was $37.4{\pm}34.4\%$ in IgAN and $93.0{\pm}7.0\%$ in TGBMD (P=0.0001). But there were no correlations between urinary abnormalities and GBM thickness in patients with IgAN. Conclusion : The thinning of GBM would be one of the common pathological findings in IgAN Moreover, there is no significant correlations between urinary abnormalities and GBM thickness in patients with IgAN, However, patients with IgAN tend to have significantly higher possibilities of proteinuria, co-appearance of proteinuria with hematuria and higher total amount of protein in 24 hours collected urine compared those with TGBMD. These differences might be play all important role as progressive prognostic indicators in patients with IgAN. (J Korean Soc Pediatr Nephrol 2001;5 : 136-46)

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Correlation between glomerular filtration rate and urinary N acetyl-beta-D glucosaminidase in children with persistent proteinuria in chronic glomerular disease

  • Hong, Jeong-Deok;Lim, In-Seok
    • Clinical and Experimental Pediatrics
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    • v.55 no.4
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    • pp.136-142
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Urinary excretion of N acetyl-beta-D glucosaminidase (NAG) and ${\beta}_2$-microglobulin (${\beta}_2$-M) was increased in the presence of proximal tubular damage. Based on these urinary materials, we investigated the ability of expecting renal function in chronic glomerular diseases. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between glomerular filtration rate (GFR) urinary NAG, and urinary ${\beta}_2$-M. Methods: We evaluated 52 children with chronic kidney disease at the Chung-Ang University Hospital between January 2003 and August 2009. We investigated the 24-hour urinalysis and hematologic values in all 52 patients. Serum creatinine, creatinine clearance (Ccr), serum cystatin C, urinary ${\beta}_2$-M and urinary NAG were measured. Results: Out of 52 patients, there were 13 children with minimal change in disease, 3 children with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, 17 children with immunoglobulin A nephropathy, 15 children with Henoch-Sch$\ddot{o}$nlein purpua nephritis, 3 children with poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, and 1 child with thin glomerular basement membrane disease. In these patients, there were significant correlation between the Ccr and urinary NAG (r=-0.817; $P$ <0.01), and between the GFR (as determined by Schwartz method) and urinary NAG (r=-0.821; $P$ <0.01). In addition, there was a significant correlation between the GFR (as determined by Bokencamp method) and urinary NAG (r=-0.858; $P$ <0.01). Conclusion: In our study, there was a significant correlation between the GFR and urinary NAG, but there was no correlation between the GFR and urinary ${\beta}_2$-M, suggesting that the GFR can be predicted by urinary NAG in patients with chronic glomerular disease.

A Histological and Clinical Study of the Children with Thin Glomerular Basement Membrane (사구체 기저막 비박화를 보인 소아들의 조직학적 및 임상적 고찰)

  • Kim Young-Chol;Lee Dong-Won;Cho Min-Hyun;Kwak Jung-Sik;Ko Cheol-Woo
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.31-37
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    • 2005
  • Puruose : Thin glomerular basement membrane disease(TGBMD) is found in patients with family history of hematuria. TGBMD is autosomal dominant and is known to be one of the commonest causes of asymptomatic hematuria. This study was conducted to evaluate the histological and clinical features of patients with TGBMD. Methods : 150 cases diagnosed with TGBMD by renal biopsy while admitted in the department of pediatrics, Kyungpook National University Hospital between January 1999 and December 2003 comprised the study group. The following parameters were retrospectively anaIyzed age of onset, hematuria pattern, existence of proteinuria, process of diagnosis, laboratory findings, thickness and character of basement membrane and family history. Results : The mean age at the time of diagnosis was 7.9 years. The male to female ratio was 65:77. 94 patients or 66% visited the hospital with a chief complaint of persistent microscopic hematuria. Gross hematuria accounted for 13 cases or 9%. 78 cases(55%) were found to have hematuria for the first time from a routine school urinalysis screening. The renal biopsy showed the thickness of basement membrane to be 186$\pm$36 nm. Focal lamellation of the basement membrane was found in eight cases. In the family history, hematuria was shown in 10 cases on the Paternal side, 13 on The maternal side and none on both sides. In seven cases, hematuria was shown among siblings. No significant differences were found among the laboratory test results which were conducted at an average interval of fifteen months. Conclusion : TGBMD is one of the major causes of asymptomatic hematuria in children, which was diagnosed in increasing numbers since school urinary mass screening test started in 1998. In cases with familial progressive renal disease or focal duplication in the basement membrane Alport syndrome should be considered.

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A Clinicopathological Analysis of 52 Cases of Renal Biopsy in Children (소아에서 시행한 신장 조직검사 52례에 대한 임상병리적 분석)

  • Yang Jong-Il;Lee Jae-Ho
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.205-213
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: To evaluate the clinical manifestations of various glomerular diseases in children, a clinicopathological study was performed in 52 children who had renal biopsy. The type and relative incidence of the glomerular pathologies were analyzed, and the clinical predictability and usefulness of renal biopsy in glomerular diseases were assessed. Methods: Medical records of fifty two children with renal disease who had undergone percutaneous renal biopsy under ultrasonic guidance at Chungnam University Hospital from October 1995 to August 2003 were reviewed. In addition, we compared the clinical findings before renal biopsy with the pathological diagnosis. Results: The male to female ratio was 1.6:1 and they were $9.8\pm2.6$ years old on average. The chief complaints for biopsy were hematuria in 22 cases which was the most common (42.3%), proteinuria in 16 cases(30.8%), and hematuria & proteinuria(26.9%). Among the 22 cases of hematuria, there were 15 cases of gross hematuria(68.2%) and 7 cases of microscopic hematuria(31.8%). In terms of histopathologic diagnosis, most of them were primary glomerular diseases(84.6%), which included IgA nephropathy(28.8%), thin glomerular basement membrane disease(25.0%), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis(FSGS)(11.5%), membranous proliferative glomerulonephritis(7.7%), minimal change lesion(3.8%), acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis(3.8%) and membranous glomerulonephritis(3.8%). The clinical manifestations and pathologic diagnosis were not correlated. Conclusion: The clinical manifestations could not predict the pathological diagnosis. Therefore, renal biopsy would be inevitable in diagnosis of glomerular diseases for effective management and assessment of prognosis.

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