• Title, Summary, Keyword: Thin-walled Cylinder

Search Result 18, Processing Time 0.061 seconds

Two-dimensional Stress Analysis Using Boundary Element Method (경계요소법(境界要素法)에 의한 2차원(次元) 응력해석(應力解析))

  • Chang-Doo,Jang;Sung-Hoon,Lee
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.23 no.4
    • /
    • pp.11-18
    • /
    • 1986
  • The fundamental theory and application of boundary element method for two-dimensional problem are introduced in this paper. Based on this boundary element procedure, several numerical calculations such as circular cavity problem, a thin plate with hole under tension and a long thick-walled cylinder under internal pressure are performed. The numerical results show fairly good agreement with exact solutions or results of finite element method.

  • PDF

Seismic behavior of Q690 circular HCFTST columns under constant axial loading and reversed cyclic lateral loading

  • Wang, Jiantao;Sun, Qing
    • Steel and Composite Structures
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.199-212
    • /
    • 2019
  • This paper presents an investigation on seismic behavior of out-of-code Q690 circular high-strength concrete-filled thin-walled steel tubular (HCFTST) columns made up of high-strength (HS) steel tubes (yield strength $f_y{\geq}690MPa$). Eight Q690 circular HCFTST columns with various diameter-to-thickness (D/t) ratios, concrete cylinder compressive strengths ($f_c$) and axial compression ratios (n) were tested under the constant axial loading and reversed cyclic lateral loading. The obtained lateral load-displacement hysteretic curves, energy dissipation, skeleton curves and ductility, and stiffness degradation were analyzed in detail to reflect the influences of tested parameters. Subsequently, a simplified shear strength model was derived and validated by the test results. Finally, a finite element analysis (FEA) model incorporating a stress triaxiality dependent fracture criterion was established to simulate the seismic behavior. The systematic investigation indicates the following: compared to the D/t ratio and axial compression ratio, improving the concrete compressive strength (e.g., the HS thin-walled steel tube filled with HS concrete) had a slight influence on the ductility but an obvious enhancement of energy dissipation and peak load; the simplified shear strength model based on truss mechanism accurately predicted the shear-resisting capacity; and the established FEA model incorporating steel fracture criterion simulated well the seismic behavior (e.g., hysteretic curve, local buckling and fracture), which can be applied to the seismic analysis and design of Q690 circular HCFTST columns.

금속 성형 공정의 준정적 변형 예측을 위한 외연적 시간 적분 유한 요소법의 적용성 연구

  • 유요한;양동열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.192-197
    • /
    • 1995
  • 소재의 손실을 최소한 줄이면서 원하는 형상의 제품을 가공하는 가장 기본적인 금속 가공 방법은 금형을 이용하는 금속 성형(metal forming)이다. 본 논문에서는 준정적 금속 성형 문제 해석 에대한 외연적 시간 적분 유한 요소법의 적용성을 평가 하기 위하여 변형모드가 복잡한 박판튜브 (thin-walled tube)의 좌굴문제를 해석하여 변형과정이 이론 및 실험결과와 비교적 잘 일치하는지 살펴보기로 한다. 또한 준정적 금속 성형 문제 해석에 외연적 시간 적분 유한 요소법을 사용할 때 계산 시간을 줄이기 위하여 많이 사용되는 가압속도 조절법(loading velocity control technique) 의 타당성을 평가하기 위하여 박판 튜브와 중실 실린더(solid cylinder)의 변형 속도에 따른 변형 모드의 변화를 비교 관찰하여 기하학적 형상에따른 가압속도 조절법의 적용 가능 여부를 분석하여 보겠다.

  • PDF

Approximate formulation for bifurcation buckling loads of axially compressed cylindrical shells with an elastic core

  • Sato, Motohiro;Shimazaki, Kenta
    • Interaction and multiscale mechanics
    • /
    • v.4 no.4
    • /
    • pp.313-320
    • /
    • 2011
  • This paper proposes an approximate formulation to estimate the bifurcation buckling loads of cylindrical shells with soft elastic cores under the conditions of axial compression. In general, thin-walled, axially compressed cylindrical shells buckle into a diamond pattern in the elastic range. However, buckling symmetrical with respect to the axis of the cylinder may occur when the cylindrical shell is supported by an elastic medium. By considering this characteristic, we introduce the simplified approximate formulation that can give sufficiently accurate results for the bifurcation buckling loads of cylindrical shells. Moreover the results are compared with the exact buckling loads in order to confirm the accuracy of the proposed approximate formulation.

A Study on the Buckling and Ultimate Strength for Cylindrically curved plate subject to combined load (조합하중을 받는 원통형 곡판구조의 좌굴 및 최종강도 거동에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Young-Cheol;Ko, Jae-Yong;Lee, Kyoung-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.25-26
    • /
    • 2007
  • Ship are typically thin-walled structures and consists of stiffened plate structure by purpose of required design load and weight reduction etc. Also, a hull structural characteristics are often used in structures with curvature at deck plating with camber, side shell plating at fore and aft parts and bilge circle parts, It have been believed that these structures can be modelled fundamentally by a part of cylinder. Structural component with curvature subjected to combined loading regimes and complex boundary conditions, which can potentially collapse due to buckling. Hence, for more rational and safe design of ship structures, it is crucial importance to better understand the interaction relationship of the buckling and ultimate strength for cylindrically curved plate under these load components. In this study, the ultimate strength characteristic of curved plate under combined load(lateral pressure load + axial compressive load) are investigated through using FEM series analysis with varying geometric panel properties.

  • PDF

Accurate Free Vibration Analysis of Launcher Structures Using Refined 1D Models

  • Carrera, Erasmo;Zappino, Enrico;Cavallo, Tommaso
    • International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.206-222
    • /
    • 2015
  • This work uses different finite element approaches to the free vibration analysis of reinforced shell structures, and a simplified model of a typical launcher with two boosters is used as an example. The results obtained using a refined one-dimensional (1D) beam model are compared to those obtained with commercial finite element software. The 1D models that are used in the present work are based on the Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF), which assumes a variable kinematic displacement field over the cross-sections of the beam. Two different sets of polynomials that correspond to Taylor (TE) or Lagrange (LE) expansions were used. The analyses focused on three reinforced structures: a stiffened panel, a reinforced cylinder and the complete structure of the launcher. The frequencies and natural modes obtained using one-dimensional models are compared to those obtained from classical finite element analysis. The classical FE models were built using a beam-shell or solid elements, and the results indicate that the refined beam models can in fact be used to investigate the behavior of very complex reinforced structures. These models can predict the shell-like modes that are typical of thin-walled structures that cannot be detected using classical beam models. The refined 1D models used in the present work provide results that are as accurate as those from solid FE models, but the 1D models have a much lower computational cost.

Nonhomogeneous atherosclerotic plaque analysis via enhanced 1D structural models

  • Varello, Alberto;Carrera, Erasmo
    • Smart Structures and Systems
    • /
    • v.13 no.4
    • /
    • pp.659-683
    • /
    • 2014
  • The static analysis of structures with arbitrary cross-section geometry and material lamination via a refined one-dimensional (1D) approach is presented in this paper. Higher-order 1D models with a variable order of expansion for the displacement field are developed on the basis of Carrera Unified Formulation (CUF). Classical Euler-Bernoulli and Timoshenko beam theories are obtained as particular cases of the first-order model. Numerical results of displacement, strain and stress are provided by using the finite element method (FEM) along the longitudinal direction for different configurations in excellent agreement with three-dimensional (3D) finite element solutions. In particular, a layered thin-walled cylinder is considered as first assessment with a laminated conventional cross-section. An atherosclerotic plaque is introduced as a typical structure with arbitrary cross-section geometry and studied for both the homogeneous and nonhomogeneous material cases through the 1D variable kinematic models. The analyses highlight limitations of classical beam theories and the importance of higher-order terms in accurately detecting in-plane cross-section deformation without introducing additional numerical problems. Comparisons with 3D finite element solutions prove that 1D CUF provides remarkable three-dimensional accuracy in the analysis of even short and nonhomogeneous structures with arbitrary geometry through a significant reduction in computational cost.

Shielding effects and buckling of steel tanks in tandem arrays under wind pressures

  • Portela, Genock;Godoy, Luis A.
    • Wind and Structures
    • /
    • v.8 no.5
    • /
    • pp.325-342
    • /
    • 2005
  • This paper deals with the buckling behavior of thin-walled aboveground tanks under wind load. In order to do that, the wind pressures are obtained by means of wind-tunnel experiments, while the structural non linear response is computed by means of a finite element discretization of the tank. Wind-tunnel models were constructed and tested to evaluate group effects in tandem configurations, i.e. one or two tanks shielding an instrumented tank. Pressures on the roof and on the cylindrical part were measured by pressure taps. The geometry of the target tank is similar in relative dimensions to typical tanks found in oil storage facilities, and several group configurations were tested with blocking tanks of different sizes and different separation between the target tank and those blocking it. The experimental results show changes in the pressure distributions around the circumference of the tank for half diameter spacing, with respect to an isolated tank with similar dimensions. Moreover, when the front tank of the tandem array has a height smaller than the target tank, increments in the windward pressures were measured. From the computational analysis, it seems that the additional stiffness provided by the roof prevents reductions in the buckling load for cases even when increments in pressures develop in the top region of the cylinder.