• Title, Summary, Keyword: Time delay

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Active control of a nonlinear and hysteretic building structure with time delay

  • Liu, Kun;Chen, Long-Xiang;Cai, Guo-Ping
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.431-451
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    • 2011
  • Time delay inevitably exists in active control systems, and it may cause the degradation of control efficiency or instability of the systems. So time delay needs to be compensated in control design in order to eliminate its negative effect on control efficiency. Today time delay in linear systems has been more studied and some treating methods had been worked out. However, there are few treating methods for time delay in nonlinear systems. In this paper, an active controller for a nonlinear and hysteretic building structure with time delay is studied. The nonlinear and hysteretic behavior of the system is illustrated by the Bouc-Wen model. By specific transformation and augmentation of state parameters, the motion equation of the system with explicit time delay is transformed into the standard state space representation without any explicit time delay. Then the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method and instantaneous optimal control method are applied to the controller design with time delay. Finally, numerical simulations and comparisons of an eight-story building using the proposed time-delay controller are carried out. Simulation results indicate that the control performance will deteriorate if time delay is not taken into account in the control design. The simulations also prove the proposed time delay controller in this paper can not only effectively compensate time delay to get better control effectiveness, but also work well with both small and large time delay problems.

Comparison of TDC Circuit Design Method to Constant Delay Time

  • Choi, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.461-465
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    • 2010
  • This paper describes the design method of Time-to-Digital Converter(TDC) to obtain the constant delay time and good reliability. The reliability property is described with delay elements. In TDC the time signal is converted to digital value which is based on delay elements for the time interpolation. To obtain the constant delay time, the first and the last delay elements have different structure compared to the middle delay elements. In the first and the last delay elements, the driving ability could be controlled for the different delay time. The delay element can be designed by analog and digital devices. The delay time of the element using analog devices is not sensitive to process parameters than that of the element using digital devices. And the TDC circuit by the elements using analog devices shows better reliability than that by the elements using digital devices also.

Development of Delay Compensator for Network Based Real-time Control Systems (네트워크 기반 실시간 제어 시스템을 위한 지연 보상기 개발)

  • Kim, Seung-Yong;Kim, Hong-Ryeol;Kim, Dae-Won
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2004
  • This paper proposes the development of delay compensator to minimize performance degradation caused by time delays in network-based real-time control systems. The delay compensator uses the time-stamp method as a direct delay measuring method to measure time delays generated between network nodes. The delay compensator predicts the network time delays of next period in the views point of time delays and minimizes performance degradation from network through considering predicted time delays. Control output considering network time delays is generated by the defuzzification of probable time delays of next period. The time delays considered in the delay compensator are modeled by using a timed Petri net model. The proposed delay prediction mechanism for the delay compensator is evaluated through some simulation tests by measuring deviation of the predicted delays from simulated delays.

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Analysis of Response Characteristics of the CAN-Based Feedback Control System Considering the Network Delay Time

  • Jeon, Jong-Man;Kim, Dae-Won
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.119.3-119
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    • 2001
  • When building a network-based real-time control system, a network-induced delay time should be surly considered for real time schedulability to be guaranteed. The network delay time on end-to-end communication has been analyzed theoretically and modeled mathematically from many previous works. There also exist any other delay element not considered before. In this paper, the remote feedback control system using the CAN protocol is proposed to control three axes´ manipulator arm and the application layer of CAN is modeled to analyze the delay elements defined by three types of time delay: Software delay time, Controller delay time, and Access delay time, in details. The analyzed results are used as an important component to determine PID gains of the proposed system. The effect of the delay time on the control performance is evaluated by com paring the response characteristics of the control system through simulation.

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Stability Analysis of Time Delay Controller for General Plants (일반적인 플랜트에 대한 시간지연을 이용한 제어기법의 안정성 해석)

  • Kwon, Oh-Seok;Chang, Pyung-Hun;Jung, Je-Hyung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1035-1046
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    • 2002
  • Time Delay Control(TDC) is a robust nonlinear control scheme using Time Delay Estimation(TDE) and also has a simple structure. To apply TDC to a real system, we must design Time Delay Controller to guarantee stability. The earlier research stated sufficient stability condition of TDC for general plants. In that research, it was assumed that time delay is infinitely small. But, it is impossible to implement infinitely small time delay in a real system. So, in this research we propose a new sufficient stability condition of TDC for general plants with finite time delay. And the simulation results indicate that the previous sufficient stability condition does not work even for small time delay, while our proposed condition works well.

Extraction of Optimal Time-Delay in Adaptive Command Shaping Filter for Flexible Manipulator Control (유연한 매니퓰레이터 제어를 위한 적응형 명령성형 필터의 최적 시간지연 값 추출)

  • Park, Joo-Han;Rhim, Sung-Soo
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.564-572
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    • 2008
  • The performance of the direct adaptive time-delay command shaping filter depends on the select time-delay. In the previously introduced direct adaptive command shaping filter, however, the time-delay value is fixed and only the magnitudes of the impulses are learned. In this paper, the authors introduce a new scheme to adapt the time-delay which is to be used in conjunction with the direct adaptive command shaping for the improved vibration suppression in flexible motion system. In order to formulate the time-delay adaptation scheme, the authors have analyzed the effect of the time-delay value on the performance of the direct adaptive command shaping filter. By modifying the direct adaptation formula based on the analysis result the authors have established a set of equations to adapt the time-delay toward the optimal value. Simulation results show the effectiveness of the proposed time-delay adaptation approach for the improved vibration suppression.

Delay Time Reliability of Analog and Digital Delay Elements for Time-to-Digital Converter

  • Choi, Jin-Ho
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, the delay times were evaluated to develop highly reliable time-to-digital converter(TDC) in analog and digital delay element structures. The delay element can be designed by using current source or inverter. In case of using inverter, the number of inverter has to be controlled to adjust the delay time. And in case of using current source, the current for charging and discharging is controlled. When the current source is used the delay time of the delay element is not sensitive with varying the channel width of CMOS. However, when the inverter is used the delay time is directly related to the channel width of CMOS. Therefore to obtain good reliability in TDC circuit the delay element using current source is more stable compared to inverter in the viewpoint of the variation of fabrication process.

Delay Time Estimation in Frequency Selective Fading Channels

  • Lee Kwan-Houng;Song Woo-Young
    • Journal of information and communication convergence engineering
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.119-121
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    • 2005
  • This paper aims to estimate the delay time of multiple signals in a multi-path environment. It also seeks to carry out a comparative analysis with the existing delay time under the proposed algorithm to develop a new algorithm that applies the space average method in a MUSIC algorithm. Unlike the existing delay time estimation algorithm, the developed algorithm was able to estimate the delay time in 5ns low. Therefore, the algorithm proposed in this paper improved the existing delay time estimated algorithm.

Duty Ratio Predictive Control Scheme for Digital Control of DC-DC Switching Converters

  • Sun, Pengju;Zhou, Luowei
    • Journal of Power Electronics
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.156-162
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    • 2011
  • The control loop time delay caused by sampling, the zero-order-holder effect and calculations is inevitable in the digital control of dc-dc switching converters. The time delay will limit the bandwidth of the control loop and therefore degrade the transient performance of digital systems. In this paper, the quantization time delay effects with different time delay values based on a generic second-order system are analyzed. The conclusion that the bandwidth of digital control is reduced by about 20% with a one cycle delay and by 50% with two cycles of delay in comparison with no time delay is obtained. To compensate the time delay and to increase the control loop bandwidth, a duty ratio predictive control scheme based on linear extrapolation is proposed. The compensation effect and a comparison of the load variation transient response characteristics with analogy control, conventional digital control and duty ratio predictive control with different time delay values are performed on a point-of-load Buck converter by simulations and experiments. It is shown that, using the proposed technique, the control loop bandwidth can be increased by 50% for a one cycle delay and 48.2% for two cycles of delay when compared to conventional digital control. Simulations and experimental results prove the validity of the conclusion of the quantization effects of the time delay and the proposed control scheme.

X-band Microwave Photonic Filter Using Switch-based Fiber-Optic Delay Lines

  • Jung, Byung-Min
    • Current Optics and Photonics
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2018
  • An X-band microwave photonic (MWP) filter using switch-based fiber-optic delay lines has been proposed and experimentally demonstrated. It is composed of two electro-optic modulators (EOMs) and $2{\times}2$ optical MEMS-switch-based fiber-optic delay lines. By changing time-delay difference and coefficients of each wavelength signal by using fiber-optic delay lines and an electro-optic modulator, respectively, a bandpass filter or a notch filter can be implemented. For an X-band MWP filter with four channel elements, fiber-optic delay lines with the unit time-delay of 50 ps have been experimentally realized and the frequency responses corresponding to the time-delays has been measured. The measured frequency response error at center frequency and the time-delay difference error were 180 MHz at 10 GHz and 3.2 ps, respectively, when the fiber-optic delay line has the time-delay difference of 50 ps.