• Title, Summary, Keyword: Toothpaste

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A Research on Satisfaction of Toothpaste Added Natural Herbal Extracts (천연허브추출물을 첨가한 치약의 만족도 조사)

  • Cho, Mi-Hyang;Kim, Ran;Yu, Sang-Hui
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Dental Technology
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    • v.39 no.2
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The study aims to evaluate satisfaction of toothpaste adding natural materials extracted from Zanthoxylum schinifolium and various herbs (Pine, Lemongrass, Spearmint). Methods: We performed the first survey to collect basic data for the development of natural herbal toothpaste. Participants were the general public in Jeonju and Iksan of Jeollabuk-do, and a total of 273 questionnaires were analyzed for the study. By adding anthoxylum schinifolium and herbal extracts (Pine, Lemongrass, Spearmint) to the toothpaste, four kinds of natural herbal toothpaste prototypes were manufactured. The second survey was conducted to assess the satisfaction one week after using the natural herbal toothpaste prototypes. Results: Satisfaction with current toothpaste was 3.52. The most important criterion of toothpaste was the prevention of tooth caries. 55.3% participants obtained toothpaste information through advertising. The survey indicated the most worrisome ingredient of toothpaste was surfactant, showing 55.3%. The overall satisfaction of natural herbal toothpaste was 3.99; among the four natural herbal toothpaste, toothpaste 2 (Zanthoxylum schinifolium, Lemongrass) showed the highest satisfaction as 3.99; and toothpaste 3 (Zanthoxylum schinifolium, Spearmint) showed the lowest satisfaction as 3.56. Conclusion: Four kinds of natural herbal toothpaste showed higher satisfaction as 3.99. In particular, the toothpaste adding Zanthoxylum schinifolium and Lemongrass extracts.

A Study on the Relationship between the Amount of Toothpaste Used for Children by Daycare Teachers and the Methods of Squeezing Toothpaste (세치제 짜는 방법에 따른 보육교사의 어린이용 세치제 사용량 조사)

  • Son, Jung-Hui;Park, Il-Soon;Ma, Deuk-Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the toothpaste squeezing methods and the amount of toothpaste that the daycare teachers apply for the children in order to prevent the overuse of fluoride-containing toothpaste among children, and to understand their educational experiences on oral health and their awareness of the right amount of toothpaste used. Methods: The subjects in this study were 87 teachers at 16 different daycare centers in the city of Sokcho, Gangwon Province. They were interviewed to find out whether they had ever received oral health education and whether they were cognizant of the right amount of toothpaste to be used. And a transverse technique and a pea-sized squeezing technique were selected to look for connections between their toothpaste squeezing methods and the amount of toothpaste used by them. Results: 89.7 percent of the daycare teachers investigated taught to preschoolers how to do toothbrushing after they took meals and had a snack. 36.8 percent of the daycare teachers had children squeeze toothpaste on their own. The amount of toothpaste applied by the daycare teachers at a time was 0.58g. When they utilized two other squeezing methods, transverse technique and pea-sized squeezing technique, they used each 0.38 g (p<0.005) and 0.38 g (p=0.405) of toothpaste. Conclusion: To prevent children from being overly exposed to fluoride-containing toothpaste, daycare teachers should learn about the right amount of toothpaste to be used when oral health education is provided, and the transverse technique should be recommended to ensure the use of the proper amount of toothpaste.

Addition of Hydroxyapatite to Toothpaste and Its Effect to Dentin Remineralization

  • Sadiasa, Alexander;Jang, Dong-Woo;Nath, Subrata Deb;Seo, Hyung Seok;Yang, Hyn Mo;Lee, Byong Taek
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.168-176
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    • 2013
  • In this study, hydroxyapatite (HAp) was incorporated into toothpaste and its effect on the remineralization and restoration of dental enamel was evaluated. Different sets of toothpaste were incorporated with HAp levels of 0%, 5%, 10 %, and 15 %. The filler particles of the resulting toothpaste samples were observed via SEM and XRD and compared with compositions of several commercially available toothpastes, showing that the HAp was successfully incorporated into the toothpaste samples. Different sets of human enamel were inflicted with lesions and then treated with the different fabricated toothpaste samples for five minutes three times a day for seven days. During the treatment, the teeth were subjected to demineralization and remineralization cycles to simulate the effect of natural saliva. The surface of the enamel samples were observed using SEM before and after one week of treatment, showing the formation of HAp layers on the surfaces of the enamel samples. The effect of the toothpaste on the lesions was observed using an inverted light microscope and the lesion depth was found to decrease as the concentration of HAp in the toothpaste used increased. HAp was successfully incorporated in the toothpaste and its presence was found to lessen lesion depths and improve tooth remineralization.

Changes in public recognition of parabens on twitter and the research status of parabens related to toothpaste (트위터(twitter)에서의 파라벤(parabens) 관련 대중의 인식 변화와 치약내 파라벤에 대한 연구 현황)

  • Oh, Hyo-Jung;Jeon, Jae-Gyu
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.154-161
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in public recognition of parabens on Twitter and the research status of parabens related to toothpaste. Methods: Tweet information between 2010 and October 2016 was collected by an automatic web crawler and examined according to tweet frequency, key words (2012-October 2016), and issue tweet detection analyses to reveal changes in public recognition of parabens on Twitter. To investigate the research status of parabens related to toothpaste, queries such as "paraben," "paraben and toxicity," "paraben and (toothpastes or dentifrices)," and "paraben and (toothpastes or dentifrices) and toxicity" were used. Results: The number of tweets concerning parabens sharply increased when parabens in toothpaste emerged as a social issue (October 2014), and decreased from 2015 onward. However, toothpaste and its related terms were continuously included in the core key words extracted from tweets from 2015. They were not included in key words before 2014, indicating that the emergence of parabens in toothpaste as a social issue plays an important role in public recognition of parabens in toothpaste. The issue tweet analysis also confirmed the change in public recognition of parabens in toothpaste. Despite the expansion of public recognition of parabens in toothpaste, there are only seven research articles on the topic in PubMed. Conclusions: The general public clearly recognized parabens in toothpaste after emergence of parabens in toothpaste as a social issue. Nevertheless, the scientific information on parabens in toothpaste is very limited, suggesting that the efforts of dental scientists are required to expand scientific knowledge related to parabens in oral hygiene measures.

The effects of hydroxyapatite toothpaste on tooth hypersensitivity (수산화 인회석 함유 치약이 지각과민증에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, So-Jin;Kwon, Young-Hyuk;Park, Joon-Bong;Heer, Yeek;Chung, Jong-Hyuk
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.9-16
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: The present study was performed to evaluate the effect of hydroxyapatite dental paste on tooth hypersensitivity compared to other materials. Materials and methods: In the general fluoride dental paste, strontium fluoride dental paste and hydroxyapatite dental paste, patient-performed VAS and VAS(ice test) were measured at baseline, 1weeks and 4weeks. Results: 1. In patient-performed VAS, there were significant differences reducing of tooth hypersensitivity between general fluoride toothpaste and hydroxyapatite toothpaste. 2. In operator-performed VAS(ice test), there were significant differences reducing of tooth hypersensitivity among each group, between general fluoride toothpaste and hydroxyapatite toothpaste and between general fluoride toothpaste and strontium fluoride toothpaste. Conclusion: In conclusion, hydroxyapatite toothpaste can be applied for control of tooth hypersensitivity.

A study on the amount of toothpaste used among some college students (일부 대학생의 세치제 사용량 조사)

  • Park, Il-Soon;Lee, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.577-584
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of toothpaste-squeezing methods to the amount of toothpaste used among adults. Methods : The subjects in this study were 227 freshmen in a local college. After the intent of a survey was explained by this researcher, how much dentifrice they used was checked to ensure statistical objectivity, and then a survey was conducted. The collected data were analyzed with a SPSS WIN 13.0 program. Results : The findings of the study were as follows:1. As for connections between the way of squeezing and the amount used, the usual amount used, the amount used by horizontal squeezing and the amount used by pea-sized squeezing were respectively 1.12g, 0.66g and 0.46g. The amount used by horizontal squeezing and pea-sized squeezing was less than the usual amount used by 0.46g(41%) and 0.66g(59%) respectively.2. Gender, residential area, educational experiences and daily mean toothbrushing frequency made no differences to the amount of toothpaste used.3. The students who normally used a larger amount of toothpaste used a greater amount of toothpaste as well when they utilized horizontal squeezing and pea-sized squeezing, and the larger amount used by horizontal squeezing led to the greater amount used by pea-sized squeezing. Conclusions : As there were large disparities in the amount of toothpaste used according to the squeezing methods, systematic research efforts should be directed into setting the standard for the recommended amount of toothpaste used for adults and into squeezing method so that they could brush their teeth in an effective manner by using the minimum amount of toothpaste.

Factors affecting usage of toothpaste in infants and preschoolers (영유아의 세치제 사용에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Choi, Min-Ji;Park, Ji-Young;Lim, Mi-Young;Shuai, Jianfei;Heo, Jung;Jung, Da-Young;Ryu, Hyeon-Su;Oh, Na-Rae;Kim, Sun-Shin;Yang, Won-Ho
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.49-62
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to suggest the necessity of education about toothpaste usage to infants, preschoolers, and their parents. Also, another purpose is to provide basic data that is necessary for oral health education about accurate cognition and usage of toothpaste. Methods: From October to December 2015, we conducted a survey on parents of 0~4 years old infants and preschoolers about toothpaste usage based on the data of a questionnaire with a total of 505 subjects. The survey questions were composed of general characteristics of infants, preschoolers and their parents, and toothpaste usage. Results: Usage frequency of toothpaste for infants and preschoolers increased with age (p<0.001), and infants and preschoolers in homes with monthly income under 4 million won showed high frequency of toothpaste usage (p<0.001). Toothpaste mouth rinsing of infants and preschoolers increased with age (p<0.001), while on the other hand, toothpaste swallowing decreased (p<0.001). Conclusions: In this study, it was shown that the factors that effect toothpaste usage in infants and preschoolers were age and average monthly income of the family. This suggests the necessity of oral health education to parents about usage of toothpaste in infants and preschoolers.

The level of expertise and awareness of information on toothpaste in dental hygienists (치과위생사의 치약에 관한 정보 인지도와 전문지식수준)

  • Kwon, Min-Ju;Son, Si-Eun;Kang, Jae-Kyoung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.917-923
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of expertise and awareness of information on toothpaste in dental hygienists and to give patients information on toothpaste. Methods : The subjects was 205 dental hygienists working at dental clinic, dental hospital or college dental hospital in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. They filled out the questionaire from 13th to 27th April, 2013. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0 program and significant level was set at p=0.05. Results : The awareness of information on toothpaste was the highest in dental hygienists having under 3 years career and working at dental clinics(p<0.001). The level of expertise on toothpaste was the highest in those having over 5 years career and working at general hospital or college dental hospital(p<0.001). In association with the effect of toothpaste(p<0.05), experienced dental hygienists had a higher knowledge(1.68 point) that those who had no experience(2.27 point). Instruction of the oral care devices included 27.5% of dental floss, 27.1% of toothbrush and 25.4% of proxabrush, and 4.9% of toothpaste. Conclusions : The results revealed that the right choice of the toothpaste would be the best prevention of dental caries and it is necessary to educate the dental hygienists for the toothpaste information.

Investigation of bacteremia after toothbrushing in orthodontic patients

  • Hussein, Emad Ahmad;Acar, Ahu;Dogan, Alev Aksoy;Kadir, Tanju;Caldemir, Seniz;Erverdi, Nejat
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2009
  • Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence rate of bacteremia following toothbrushing with toothpastes composed of several antibacterial agents and compare the results with the conventional oral hygiene maintaining methods in orthodontic patients. Methods: This clinical study included 100 adult orthodontic patients who were divided into 4 groups. Each group comprised of 25 patients, wearing fixed orthodontic appliances. In the first group, bacteremia was assessed after toothbrushing without using any toothpaste. In the second group, a 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthrinse was used before brushing with no toothpaste. In the third group, subjects brushed with a commonly used toothpaste which did not include an additional antimicrobial agent. The fourth experimental group used toothpaste which included tea tree oil, clove oil, peppermint oil and bisabolol as antimicrobial elements. Pre- and post-brushing blood samples were obtained using a strict aseptic technique. All samples were microbiologically evaluated using blood culture bottles. Results: Toothbrushing in orthodontic patients yielded to an increase in the occurrence rate of bacteremia when using normal toothpaste or no toothpaste at all. Conclusions: The use of chlorhexidine mouthwash before toothbrushing, and brushing with antimicrobial toothpaste did not show a statistically significant difference in preventing the occurrence of bacteremia (p > 0.05).

A Study on the Use of Dentifrice among Infants and Preschoolers (영유아의 세치제 사용에 관한 연구)

  • Chun, Ju-Yeon;Kang, Yung-Hee;Lee, Kyeong-Hee
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.267-274
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the use of dentifrice among children in a bid to provide information on dentifrice including its function to children's parents, the major consumers of dentifrice for child. And it's additionally meant to offer useful information on the production of toothpaste for kid. The subjects in this study were parents with children, who dwelled in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. After a self-administered survey was conducted for about three months from May to July 2007 to gather data on their use of dentifrice for child, a comparative analysis was implemented. The findings of the study were as follows: 1. Concerning the state of the use of their children's dentifrice, the largest number of the children(58.1%) started to use toothpaste at the age of one or down, and the most common first toothpaste they used was dentifrice for preschooler(86.8%). As for whether to use fluoride-containing toothpaste, the largest group of the parents(58.1%) gave an affirmative answer. Regarding the form of the toothpaste in use, the majority of their children used toothpaste of cream type(86.2%). The greatest group of the children used the amount of toothpaste that was as large as the three-tenths or four-tenths of the bristles(35.9%). 2. As for the state of the use of dentifrice for kid, the greatest group used that kind of toothpaste(81.4%). In the event of those who didn't use it, the last time when their children used toothpaste for kid was when they were at the western age of 3(33.9%) and 4(33.9%). Concerning the reason why they replaced toothpaste for kid with one for adult, the largest group of the parents did that on their own judgment(58.1%). As to the right time for replacing toothpaste for kid by one for adult, the greatest group considered it advisable for children to start using toothpaste for adult at the western age of 4 or 5(43.2%). 3. In relation to the state of the purchase of toothpaste for their children, the largest group was under the moderate influence of the children when they bought it(45.2%). The greatest group attached importance to the ingredients of toothpaste(41.6%), and the most preferred ingredient was fluoride(56.3%). 53.0 percent took consideration on the content of ingredients or the instructions. 4. In regard to priorities for the choice of toothpaste for their children, they gave top priority to brand(16.7%), followed by quality(14.6%) and ingredients(13.5%). The age of the parents made a statistically significant difference to the children's age when they started using toothpaste, and how they started to do that and whether they used fluoride-containing toothpaste were statistically significantly different according to that as well(p < 0.01). In regard to the impact of the occupation of the parents, the use of fluoride-containing toothpaste was more common among the stay-at-home mothers(p < 0.01).

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