• Title, Summary, Keyword: Topology Optimization

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A Latency Optimization Mapping Algorithm for Hybrid Optical Network-on-Chip (하이브리드 광학 네트워크-온-칩에서 지연 시간 최적화를 위한 매핑 알고리즘)

  • Lee, Jae Hun;Li, Chang Lin;Han, Tae Hee
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.50 no.7
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2013
  • To overcome the limitations in performance and power consumption of traditional electrical interconnection based network-on-chips (NoCs), a hybrid optical network-on-chip (HONoC) architecture using optical interconnects is emerging. However, the HONoC architecture should use circuit-switching scheme owing to the overhead by optical devices, which worsens the latency unfairness problem caused by frequent path collisions. This resultingly exert a bad influence in overall performance of the system. In this paper, we propose a new task mapping algorithm for optimizing latency by reducing path collisions. The proposed algorithm allocates a task to a certain processing element (PE) for the purpose of minimizing path collisions and worst case latencies. Compared to the random mapping technique and the bandwidth-constrained mapping technique, simulation results show the reduction in latency by 43% and 61% in average for each $4{\times}4$ and $8{\times}8$ mesh topology, respectively.

Optimal Design of Gangway Connections for the High Speed Railway Vehicle (고속철도차량 갱웨이 통로연결막의 최적설계)

  • Kim, Chul-Su
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.7
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    • pp.4087-4092
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    • 2014
  • The gangway connection of the articulated high speed railway vehicles (HSRV) is a double wrinkled rubber component to seal the air of the corridor under a range of angular deviations between the carriage end parts. From the results of non-linear structural analysis, one of the severe loading conditions for the connection is mixed mode (rolling+yawing) angular displacements while passing through the small-radius curved siding track of the HSRV depot. In this study, to ensure the safety enhancement of the component, the optimal design for the cross section of that was performed using the Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP) method. Nonlinear finite element analysis confirmed that the decreases in the maximum principal strain of the optimized design under rolling and mixed modes are 68% and 39%, respectively, compared to the initial design.

Design and Analysis of Main Bearing Assembly for Thermal Power Plant's Ventilation Equipment (화력발전소 통풍설비의 Main Bearing Assembly 설계 및 해석)

  • Ryu, Hyeong-Ryong;Cho, In-Ho;Kim, Seong-Gwan;Jeon, Seong-Il;Pyoun, Young-Sik
    • Transactions of the KSME C: Technology and Innovation
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.129-138
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    • 2013
  • Constant airflow should be kept in order to operate a constant-fired boiler of thermal power plants. Main Bearing Assembly Unit which rotates the ventilation fan does very important role to maintain constant airflow. However, the demand to the output of power is getting increased while the quality level of coal is getting worse than the initial level of design criteria. Especially cost wise operation considering increasing output and the difficulty to supply good quality coal drive increasing supply of low quality coal. As a result, the service life of Main Bearing Assembly is getting shorter till 2~3 years which is just a half of the life of original design. In this study, what causes to shorten the service life of Main Bearing Assembly Unit is analyzed through the reverse engineering and analysis and how to improve the service life more than two times to current situation is explained.

The Analysis and Design of Advanced Neurofuzzy Polynomial Networks (고급 뉴로퍼지 다항식 네트워크의 해석과 설계)

  • Park, Byeong-Jun;O, Seong-Gwon
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea CI
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.18-31
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    • 2002
  • In this study, we introduce a concept of advanced neurofuzzy polynomial networks(ANFPN), a hybrid modeling architecture combining neurofuzzy networks(NFN) and polynomial neural networks(PNN). These networks are highly nonlinear rule-based models. The development of the ANFPN dwells on the technologies of Computational Intelligence(Cl), namely fuzzy sets, neural networks and genetic algorithms. NFN contributes to the formation of the premise part of the rule-based structure of the ANFPN. The consequence part of the ANFPN is designed using PNN. At the premise part of the ANFPN, NFN uses both the simplified fuzzy inference and error back-propagation learning rule. The parameters of the membership functions, learning rates and momentum coefficients are adjusted with the use of genetic optimization. As the consequence structure of ANFPN, PNN is a flexible network architecture whose structure(topology) is developed through learning. In particular, the number of layers and nodes of the PNN are not fixed in advance but is generated in a dynamic way. In this study, we introduce two kinds of ANFPN architectures, namely the basic and the modified one. Here the basic and the modified architecture depend on the number of input variables and the order of polynomial in each layer of PNN structure. Owing to the specific features of two combined architectures, it is possible to consider the nonlinear characteristics of process system and to obtain the better output performance with superb predictive ability. The availability and feasibility of the ANFPN are discussed and illustrated with the aid of two representative numerical examples. The results show that the proposed ANFPN can produce the model with higher accuracy and predictive ability than any other method presented previously.

Performance Analysis of the IEEE 802.11 Broadcast Scheme in a Wireless Data Network (무선 데이터 망에서 IEEE 802.11 브로드캐스트 기법의 성능 분석)

  • Park, Jae-Sung;Lim, Yu-Jin;Ahn, Sang-Hyun
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.46 no.5
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    • pp.56-63
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    • 2009
  • The IEEE 802.11 standard has been used for wireless data networks such as wireless LAN, ad-hoc network, and vehicular ad-hoc network. Thus, the performance analysis of the IEEE 802.11 specification has been one of the hottest issues for network optimization and resource management. Most of the analysis studies were performed in a data plane of the IEEE 802.11 unicast. However, IEEE 802.11 broadcast is widely used for topology management, path management, and data dissemination. Thus, it is important to understand the performance of the broadcast scheme for the design of efficient wireless data network. In this contort, we analyze the IEEE 802.11 broadcast scheme in terms of the broadcast frame reception probability according to the distance from a sending node. Unlike the other works, our analysis framework includes not only the system parameters of the IEEE 802.11 specification such as transmission range, data rate, minimum contention window but also the networking environments such as the number of nodes, network load, and the radio propagation environments. Therefore, our analysis framework is expected to be used for the development of protocols and algorithms in a dynamic wireless data network.

Dynamic Characteristic Analysis Procedure of Helicopter-mounted Electronic Equipment (헬기 탑재용 전자장비의 동특성 분석 절차)

  • Lee, Jong-Hak;Kwon, Byunghyun;Park, No-Cheol;Park, Young-Pil
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.23 no.8
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    • pp.759-769
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    • 2013
  • Electronic equipment has been applied to virtually every area associated with commercial, industrial, and military applications. Specifically, electronics have been incorporated into avionics components installed in aircraft. This equipment is exposed to dynamic loads such as vibration, shock, and acceleration. Especially, avionics components installed in a helicopter are subjected to simultaneous sine and random base excitations. These are denoted as sine on random vibrations according to MIL-STD-810F, Method 514.5. In the past, isolators have been applied to avionics components to reduce vibration and shock. However, an isolator applied to an avionics component installed in a helicopter can amplify the vibration magnitude, and damage the chassis, circuit card assembly, and the isolator itself via resonance at low-frequency sinusoidal vibrations. The objective of this study is to investigate the dynamic characteristics of an avionics component installed in a helicopter and the structural dynamic modification of its tray plate without an isolator using both a finite element analysis and experiments. The structure is optimized by dynamic loads that are selected by comparing the vibration, shock, and acceleration loads using vibration and shock response spectra. A finite element model(FEM) was constructed using a simplified geometry and valid element types that reflect the dynamic characteristics. The FEM was verified by an experimental modal analysis. Design parameters were extracted and selected to modify the structural dynamics using topology optimization, and design of experiments(DOE). A prototype of a modified model was constructed and its feasibility was evaluated using an FEM and a performance test.

A Tree-Based Routing Algorithm Considering An Optimization for Efficient Link-Cost Estimation in Military WSN Environments (무선 센서 네트워크에서 링크 비용 최적화를 고려한 감시·정찰 환경의 트리 기반 라우팅 알고리즘에 대한 연구)

  • Kong, Joon-Ik;Lee, Jae-Ho;Kang, Ji-Heon;Eom, Doo-Seop
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.37 no.8B
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    • pp.637-646
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    • 2012
  • Recently, Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) are used in many applications. When sensor nodes are deployed on special areas, where humans have any difficulties to get in, the nodes form network topology themselves. By using the sensor nodes, users are able to obtain environmental information. Due to the lack of the battery capability, sensor nodes should be efficiently managed with energy consumption in WSNs. In specific applications (e.g. in intrusion detections), intruders tend to occur unexpectedly. For the energy efficiency in the applications, an appropriate algorithm is strongly required. In this paper, we propose tree-based routing algorithm for the specific applications, which based on the intrusion detection. In addition, In order to decrease traffic density, the proposed algorithm provides enhanced method considering link cost and load balance, and it establishes efficient links amongst the sensor nodes. Simultaneously, by using the proposed scheme, parent and child nodes are (re-)defined. Furthermore, efficient routing table management facilitates to improve energy efficiency especially in the limited power source. In order to apply a realistic military environment, in this paper, we design three scenarios according to an intruder's moving direction; (1) the intruder is passing along a path where sensor nodes have been already deployed. (2) the intruders are crossing the path. (3) the intruders, who are moving as (1)'s scenario, are certainly deviating from the middle of the path. In conclusion, through the simulation results, we obtain the performance results in terms of latency and energy consumption, and analyze them. Finally, we validate our algorithm is highly able to adapt on such the application environments.

An additive manufacturing oriented design approach to mechanical assemblies

  • Sossou, Germain;Demoly, Frederic;Montavon, Ghislain;Gomes, Samuel
    • Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.3-18
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    • 2018
  • Firstly introduced as a prototyping process, additive manufacturing (AM) is being more and more considered as a fully-edged manufacturing process. The number of AM processes, along with the range of processed materials are expanding. AM has made manufacturable shapes that were too difficult (or even impossible) to manufacture with conventional technologies. This has promoted a shift in engineering design, from conventional design for manufacturing and assembly to design for additive manufacturing (DFAM). Research efforts into the DFAM field have been mostly dedicated to part's design, which is actually a requirement for a better industrial adoption. This has given rise to topologically optimized and/or latticed designs. However, since AM is also capable of manufacturing fully functional assemblies requiring a few or no assembly operations, there is a need for DFAM methodologies tackling product's development more holistically, and which are, therefore, dedicated to assembly design. Considering all the manufacturing issues related to AM of assembly-free mechanisms and available post-processing capabilities, this paper proposes a top-down assembly design methodology for AM in a proactive manner. Such an approach, can be seen as the beginning of a shift from conventional design for assembly (DFA) to a new paradigm. From a product's concept and a selected AM technology, the approach first provides assistance in the definition of the product architecture so that both functionality and successful manufacturing (including post-processing) are ensured. Particularly, build-orientation and downstream processes' characteristics are taken into account early in the design process. Secondly, for the functional flow (energy, material, signal) to be appropriately conveyed by the right amount of matter, the methodology provides guidance into how the components can be designed in a minimalism fashion leveraging the shape complexity afforded by AM. A mechanical assembly as case study is presented to illustrate the DFAM methodology. It is found that clearances and material (be it raw unprocessed material or support structures) within them plays a pivotal role in a successful assembly's design to be additively manufactured. In addition, the methodology for components' design proves to be an efficient alternative to topology optimization. Though, the approach can be extended by considering a strategy for part consolidation and the possibility to manufacture the assemblies with more than one AM process. As regards components' design, considering anisotropy can also improved the approach.