• 제목, 요약, 키워드: Track irregularity

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일반철도 유지보수 합리화를 위한 궤도틀림 기준 연구방향 (A Study of Track Irregularity Standard for Rational Track Maintenance)

  • 김수정;이병혁;이두재;엄종우
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1624-1630
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    • 2011
  • Currently the train operating environment to affect track irregularity is changed rapidly such as speed-up, linear improvement and rolling stack upgrade. The recent track maintenance criteria of track irregularity was quoted from past Japan's, and the needs of revision of criteria are increased because of the rapid change in train operating environment. In case of enhance the track irregularity criteria, it secure driving safety and riding comfort but maintenance cost are increase. And also decrease ballast durability by frequent corrective work. In case of mitigate the criteria, it decrease driving safety and riding comfort, but save the maintenance cost. The study for enacting rational criteria did not carry out so far. In this study, survey the domestic and international track irregularity and case study for track irregularity inspection results and maintenance history for guideline of enacting irregularity criteria study.

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도시철도 궤도시스템별 틀림진전에 대한 분석 (An Analysis of the Track Irregularity Progress on the Various Track System in Urban Transit)

  • 고재현;김만철;이지하;조준곤;박용걸
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.311-319
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    • 2011
  • Track accompanies the process that track alignment by traffic loads is changed. A change of track alignment affects the running safety and riding comfort of train. This is called a track irregularity. The most important task in maintaining the track is to manage these track irregularity within quality parameters. Today, track maintenance of urban transit is enforcing immediate maintenance about section exceeding a safety standard by applying track recording data got through Integrated Measurement. This method is advantage of being easy of the maintenance assesment in case of the running safety, but is disadvantage of being difficult in case of the riding comfort of train. In this study, we propose track irregularity deviation of each track system depending on the time series and present about utilization plans of the Track Irregularity Progress Rate.

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궤도틀림의 검측값과 측량결과 비교 (Comparison of Track Recording with Surveying in Track irregularity Measurement)

  • 이지하;최일윤;김박진
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1090-1095
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    • 2008
  • Track geometry changes by traffic loads. The bigger the changes are, the worse the riding comfort and running stability of train. This is so-called track irregularity and is the most important quality parameters of ballasted track. To objectively assess track irregularity, track geometry should be able to be measured. Practically, railway companies use moving chord method, which determine versine values via a chord. The versine is the vertical distance to curve measured in the middle of the chord. This type of method measures only versine of track irregularity curve by transfer function from the characteristics of measuring device. In this report, review the characteristics of two types of measuring tools by comparing the measurements. The one is GRP-1000 system, optical surveying system with Total station and lazar prism trolley. This calculates track geometry by surveying absolute coordinates of two points each on both rail heads. The other is EM-120, measures versine with 10m of symmetrical chord length.

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NARX 신경망을 이용한 철도 궤도틀림 추정 (Estimation of track irregularity using NARX neural network)

  • 김만철;최배성;김유희;신수봉
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.275-280
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    • 2011
  • Due to high-speed of trains, the track deformation increases rapidly and may lead to track irregularities causing the track stability problem. To secure the track stability, the continual inspection on track irregularities is required. The paper presents a methodology for identifying track irregularity using the NARX neural network considering non-linearity in the train structural system. A simulation study has been carried out to examine the proposed method. Acceleration time history data measured at a bogie were re-sampled to every 0.25m track irregularity. In the simulation study, two sets of measured data were simulated. The second data set was obtained by a train with 10% more mass than the one for the first data set. The first set of simulated data was used to train the series-parallel mode of NARX neural network. Then, the track irregularities at the second time period are identified by using the measured acceleration data. The closeness of the identified track irregularity to the actual one is evaluated by PSD and RMSE.

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차량고속주행시 차량 및 궤도거동에 미치는 궤도틀림의 영향 (Influence of track irregularity on train and track behaviours on high speed rail)

  • 이진욱;양신추;홍진완
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.307-314
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    • 1998
  • In this paper, a numerical method for analyzing the interactions between train and track is presented. The effect of track irregularity on high speed running trains and track is examined by parametric studies. Two types of vertical track irregularity are considered. The first one is ideally assumed to a sine wave to investigate train and track behaviors with the change of its shape feasibly, The second one is artificially generated from PSD of track irregularity which was established from the measured data on real railways. In the track dynamic model, rail is considered to have a distributed mass and to be supported discretely at sleepers above ballast divided into three layers. Then, the contact between wheel and rail is modeled by a nonlinear Hertzian spring.

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측량과 현방식 궤도틀림 측정 비교 (Comparison of Chord method with Surveying in Track irregularity Measurement)

  • 이지하;이상진
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1647-1652
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    • 2008
  • Track geometry consists of tangent and curved lines, which caused undesirable changes in initial track geometry by traffic loads. The bigger the changes are, the worse the riding comfort and running stability of train. This is so-called track irregularity and is the most important quality parameters of ballasted track. To be able to objectively assess track irregularity, track geometry should be able to be measured. Practically, railway companies use moving chord method, this method determine versine values via a chord. The versine is the vertical distance to curve measured in the middle of the chord. This type of method measures only versine of track irregularity curve by transfer function from specific property of measuring tool. In this report, review the characteristics of two types of measuring tools by comparing the measurements. The one is GRP-1000 system, optical surveying system with Total station and lazar prism trolly. This calculates track geometry by surveying absolute coordinates of two points each on both rail heads. The other is Trackmaster, measures versine with 2m of chord length.

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교량신축부에서의 궤도틀림 저감을 위한 활동체결구 및 침목결속 효과 (The Effect of the ZLR and Tied Sleeper to Reduce the Track Irregularity in the Bridge Expansion Joint Zone)

  • 강태구;민경주;임남형
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.2405-2408
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    • 2011
  • In recent time, the cause analysis and the reduction of the track irregularity have become the most important issue in the ballasted track on the high-speed railway bridge. This is because that the frequency of the maintenance work at the bridge expansion joint zone is on the rise. The track irregularity on the railway bridge starts at the end of the bridge-deck and spreads along the bridge. Due to the dynamic vibration and the thermal expansion of the bridge, the compaction of the ballast gravel on the bridge expansion joint zone become loose and then the progress of the track irregularity result from the train-induced dynamic impact is accelerating further. Among the several options for reducing the track irregularity on the bridge expansion joint zone, the application and efficiency of the zero longitudinal restraint(ZLR) and tied sleeper are investigated in this paper. Field test construction has been conducted, then the progress of the track irregularity and the frequency of the maintenance work are analyzed before and after the filed test construction. Of the two methods, it is shown that the installation of the ZLR seems to be better than the tied sleeper.

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도시철도 인접굴착공사에 따른 운행선 궤도의 궤도틀림 분석 (Evaluation of Track irregularity due to Adjacent Excavation Work on Serviced Urban Transit)

  • 최정열;이호현;강유송;정지승
    • 문화기술의 융합
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.481-487
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 도시철도 선로를 인접하여 시공되는 대형굴착공사에 따른 기존 지하철 선로구조물의 구조적 안정성을 검토하고자 수치해석을 수행하였다. 수치해석을 바탕으로 단계별 시공과정에서 발생되는 궤도틀림의 영향을 해석적으로 도출하였으며 관련 기준과의 비교를 통해 궤도변형측면에서의 안정성을 검토하였다. 분석결과, 줄틀림과 면틀림과 같이 일정거리에서의 상대변위차를 바탕으로 평가되는 궤도틀림 항목의 경우 인접굴착공사 시종점부와 같이 기존 구조물의 변형이 시작되는 위치에서 가장 명확하게 발생되었다. 반면 궤도의 전반적인 연직 및 수평변위는 공사구간의 중심에서 최대변형이 발생되었다. 인접굴착공사에 따른 기존 구조물의 변형측면의 취약위치는 공사구간의 중심과 같이 구조물의 변형이 크게 발생되는 위치뿐만 아니라 궤도틀림 측면에서는 공사 시종점 구간이 취약위치가 될 수 있음을 해석적으로 입증하였다.

궤도검측데이터를 활용한 궤도품질지수 산출 방법론 고찰 (Introduction of Track Quality Index(TQI) Methods using Track Induction Data)

  • 김남홍;이승열;원용환;김관형;이성욱
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.66-72
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    • 2009
  • In order to forecast the progress of the track irregularity, we should observe the long-term track quality and divide a track into some separated divisions which have homogeneous property. For this, we define the division of track which has homogeneous property as a 'Segment' and manage the 'TQI(Track Quality Index)' using track induction data based on each segment. In this study, we introduce some methods of estimating track quality and figure out the TQIs of sample section using new FRA TQI method. In addition, we conducted a basic study of the forecasting model for the progress of track irregularity by analyzing track maintenance data.

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크리너 작업구간 선로안정화 상태평가에 관한 연구 (A Study on the Assessment of Track Stabilization on Ballast Cleaning work site)

  • 전일식;이승열;최형수;김한집
    • 한국철도학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.268-274
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    • 2011
  • In railway, Ballast plays an essential role as intermedium in transmitting train load to subgrade safely. Gyoung-Bu HSL 1st phase consists of ballasted track except for over 5km long tunnels. Ballast track occurred track irregularity by train loads and requires periodic maintenance work. However, Repetitive train operation and tamping work cause to accelerate track irregularity and ballast deterioration such as abrasion and crushing. For these reason, Track irregularity areas had occurred ballast cleaning work to improve track quality. However, for the train to run safety, ballast cleaner working area needs train speed reduction and track stabilization work due to ballast relaxation and initial settlement. In this study, according to train speed-up and cumulative traffic tonnage, we measured and analyzed the track settlement and acceleration of sleepers to evaluate of track stabilization in order to keep the ballast condition stable after cleaning work.

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