• Title, Summary, Keyword: Track irregularity

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Characteristics of Resilient Modulus of Reinforced-Roadbed Materials Using Large Repetitive Triaxial Test (대형반복삼축시험에 의한 강화노반 재료의 회복탄성계수 특성 분석)

  • Lim, Yu-Jin;Lee, Jin-Ug;Hwang, Jung-Kyu;Park, Mi-Yun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1115-1122
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    • 2011
  • Reinforced-Roadbed materials are usually composed of crushed stones. Repeated load application can induce deformation in the reinforced-roadbed layer so that it causes irregularity of track. Thus it is important to develop a prediction model of elastic modulus based on stress-strain relation under repeatitive load in order to investigate behavior of reinforced roadbed. The prediction model of elastic modulus of the material can be obtained from repeated triaxial test. However, a proper size of the sample for the test must be used. In this study, a large repeatitive triaxial test apparatus with the sample size of diameter of 30 cm and height of 60cm was adapted for performing test of the crushed stone reinforced-roadbed considering large particle size to get resilient modulus Mr. The obtained resilient modulus was compared to shear modulus obtained from mid size resonant column test. The sample size effect is somewhat large enough so that it is required to design a scale factor based on similarity law in order to use smaller samples for getting elastic modulus of the crushed stone reinforced-roadbed material. A scale factor could be obtained from this study.

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The Improvement of Incompatible Sliding Contact Problem Using Mesh Refinement And Its Application to Railway Skewed Culvert Problem (요소 세분화를 이용한 비적합 미끄러지는 접촉문제의 개선과 철도 사각암거 문제에의 적용)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Yeo, In-Ho;Chung, Keun-Young;Lee, Gye-Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.435-444
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    • 2017
  • The vehicle-track structure dynamic interaction analysis problem can be treated as sliding contact problem, and it is assumed that vehicle run at a constant speed over a rail modeled as beam elements. Unfortunately, Salome-Meca can not satisfy the compatibility condition for the beam master elements, which are consist of the elements with higher order polynomial shape function, in sliding contact problem. In this study, it is suggested to use more finer beam master element mesh as the remedy for incompatibility in sliding contact problem, and the accuracy of the solution is secured. For this, the effect of beam element mesh refinement consisting runway is analysed through simple examples, and the applicability to the dynamic interaction analysis is evaluated. Finally, the dynamic interaction analysis of railway skewed culvert transition problem is carried out to evaluate the effect of supporting stiffness due to backfill pattern changes and track irregularity due to uneven subgrade settlement.

Dynamic Performance Evaluation of New Type PSC Railroad Bridges (신형식 PSC 철도교량의 동적성능 평가)

  • Choi, Sanghyun
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.259-265
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    • 2011
  • After the commercial opening of the KTX in 2005, the high speed railroad has been rapidly emerged as the major transportation means due to its high energy efficiency. Recently, the government has announced its plan to build the future transportation system around the high speed railroad. Based on this policy, the existing lines as well as the lines under construction or design are planning to increase design speed. In this paper, the suitability of the mid-span PSC girder bridges for the high speed railroad is evaluated via dynamic analysis. IT, Precom, and WPC girder bridges are considered for the purpose of this study and, for comparison, the identical modeling method and the analysis technique are utilized. The performance indices used for dynamic performance evaluation are the natural frequency, the vertical displacement, the end axial displacement, track irregularity, etc. The KTX train is utilized as a dynamic load, and the dynamic analysis is performed up to the train speed of 420km/hr with the increment of 10km/hr.

A Study on the Dynamic Characteristics on the Test Line for Korean High Speed Train (한국형 고속전철의 주행진동 특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김영국;김석원;박찬경
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.555-560
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    • 2003
  • Korean High Speed Train(KHST) has been tested on the high speed test line in Osung site of Korea High Speed Rail Construction Authority (KHRC). since it was developed as G7 Project Plan In 2002. This paper introduces the dynamic test devices in KHST and shows the comparison between the results of test and theoretical computing results which derive from the new model for KHST dynamic behavior. Previous computer simulation model for KHST was developed to review wether the vehicle system was satisfied with the dynamic performance requirements during the design procedure. But It should be applied the results of the parts test for suspension elements in order to compare between the results of computation and real test. Using VAMPIRE Program made by AEA Technology in UK. the new model also was modified. This paper shows that the static wheel loads calculated from new model is similar to test results. For test on high speed line, we prepared the test devices for evaluating the dynamic performances. which was consisted of the accelerometers( based on Kisler Co.) and the data aquisition systems (based on National instrument Co.), and test program coded by LabView 6i program. These lest devices and programs are flexible to extension the channels for adding sensors and connect to the ethernet network. The acceleration of car bodies, bogie frames and axle boxes were compared between the results of computation and test at 150km/. This paper shows that the results of test were high in high frequency band range but similar frequency band range. It might be considered that these differences were caused by the test which did not performed at constant speed for comparison analysis. Also. It will be able to understand the differences and make better results through a lot of tests planed in future.

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Development of Permanent Deformation Prediction Model for Trackbed Foundation Materials based on Shear Strength Parameters (강화노반 쇄석재료의 전단강도특성을 고려한 영구변형예측모델 개발)

  • Lim, Yujin;Hwang, Jungkyu;Cho, Hojin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.623-630
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    • 2012
  • Formation used as trackbed foundation for providing vertical bearing capacity onto rail foundation are composed of crushed stones usually with certain type of grain size distribution. Permanent deformation in trackbed foundation can be generated by increasing number of load repetition due to train traffic increases, causing track irregularity. In this study, a specially prepared trackbed foundation materials (M-40) used in Korea has been tested using a large repetitive triaxial compression apparatus in order to understand resilient and permanent deformation characteristics of the material. From these test results, resilient and permanent deformation characteristic are analyzed so that a permanent deformation model is developed which can consider number of load repetition N, confining stress (${\sigma}_3$), shear stress ratio(${\tau}/{\tau}_f$) and stiffness of the material.

Development of a dynamic sensing system for civil revolving structures and its field tests in a large revolving auditorium

  • Luo, Yaozhi;Yang, Pengcheng;Shen, Yanbin;Yu, Feng;Zhong, Zhouneng;Hong, Jiangbo
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.993-1014
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    • 2014
  • In civil engineering, revolving structures (RS) are a unique structural form applied in innovative architecture design. Such structures are able to revolve around themselves or along a certain track. However, few studies are dedicated to safety design or health monitoring of RS. In this paper, a wireless dynamic sensing system is developed for RS, and field tests toward a large revolving auditorium are conducted accordingly. At first, a wheel-rail problem is proposed: The internal force redistributes in RS, which is due to wheel-rail irregularity. Then the development of the sensing system for RS is presented. It includes system architecture, network organization, vibrating wire sensor (VWS) nodes and online remote control. To keep the sensor network identifiable during revolving, the addresses of sensor nodes are reassigned dynamically when RS position changes. At last, the system is mounted on a huge outdoor revolving auditorium. Considering the influence of the proposed problem, the RS of the auditorium has been designed conservatively. Two field tests are conducted via the sensing system. In the first test, 2000 people are invited to act as the live load. During the revolving process, data is collected from RS in three different load cases. The other test is the online monitoring for the auditorium during the official performances. In the end, the field-testing result verifies the existence of the wheel-rail problem. The result also indicates the dynamic sensing system is applicable and durable even while RS is rotating.

A Study on Scenario to establish Coastal Inundation Prediction Map due to Storm Surge (폭풍해일에 의한 해안침수예상도 작성 시나리오 연구)

  • Moon, Seung-Rok;Kang, Tae-Soon;Nam, Soo-Yong;Hwang, Joon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.492-501
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    • 2007
  • Coastal disasters have become one of the most important issues in every coastal country. In Korea, coastal disasters such as storm surge, sea level rise and extreme weather have placed many coastal regions in danger of being exposed or damaged during subsequent storms and gradual shoreline retreat. A storm surge is an onshore gush of water associated with a tow pressure weather system, typically in typhoon season. However, it is very difficult to predict storm surge height and inundation due to the irregularity of the course and intensity of a typhoon. To provide a new scheme of typhoon damage prediction model, the scenario which changes the central pressure, the maximum wind radius, the track and the proceeding speed by corresponding previous typhoon database, was composed. The virtual typhoon scenario database was constructed with individual scenario simulation and evaluation, in which it extracted the result from the scenario database of information of the hereafter typhoon and information due to climate change. This virtual typhoon scenario database will apply damage prediction information about a typhoon. This study performed construction and analysis of the simulation system with the storm surge/coastal inundation model at Masan coastal areas, and applied method for predicting using the scenario of the storm surge.