• Title, Summary, Keyword: Traditional Knowledge

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The web service system of traditional knowledge about oriental medicine and database of old traditional documents (전통의학(傳統醫學) 분야 지식정보화(知識情報化) 사업과 고문헌(古文獻) DB 구축)

  • Ahn, Sangwoo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.35-64
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    • 2003
  • Traditional Knowledge[TK] is a concept which summings up all the knowledge of traditionally inherited, includes traditional medicine, therapy, food and environments. Such traditional knowledge has been perished and neglected through industrial development. We, Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine, promotes digitalization of this traditional knowledge to support and maximize its application, principally in Traditional korean medicine. We can get opportunity of reorganize the traditional knowledge to more practical and available form by this project. And also we introduce briefly its meaning and worth, and seek for application to the study of medical history.

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Protection and Utilization of Traditional Knowledge Resources through Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal(KTKP) (한국전통지식포탈을 통한 전통지식의 보호 및 활용)

  • Shin, Jin-Seop;Lee, Yu-Seon;Lee, Myung-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.422-426
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    • 2010
  • In recent years, multinational companies' pirate cases for traditional knowledge and genetic resources are growing. Meeting of International Authorities(MIA) agreed that traditional knowledge documentation should be included in the non-patent literature part of the Patent Cooperation Treaty(PCT) minimum documentation as a means of protection. In Korea, Korean Intellectual Property Office(KIPO) and Rural Development Administration(RDA) have played a leading role in traditional knowledge-related protection activities. KIPO's Korean Journal of Traditional Knowledge(KJTK) was selected as a PCT minimum documentation in 2008, and has been serviced through Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal(KTKP) since 2007. RDA has published several books which contain traditional agricultural knowledge and Korean local food information compiled from 1997 to now. Traditional knowledge of RDA is searchable in KTKP from 2010.In this paper, we introduce overview of activities for protection and utilization of traditional knowledge.

Definition of Traditional Knowledge and Development of a Tool for the Classification of Korean Traditional Knowledge Resources (전통지식의 개념과 한국전통지식자원 분류도구 개발)

  • Ahn, Yoon-Soo;Kim, Mi-Hee;Ahn, Ok-Sun
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2006
  • Most countries recognize traditional knowledge as an economical resource in recent years, and so are actively participating in WIPO discussions for making sure of their intellectual property rights. In this study, the definition of traditional knowledge was discussed for making clear its categories and relative subjects. A tool for Korean Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification(KTKRC) was developed for putting the data of the resources in order, and was indispensable for searching for and examining cultural artifacts within the system of international intellectual property rights. KTKRC covers comprehensively our various traditional knowledge resources and has a similar structure to IPC for international searching, examining, and information exchange. KTKRC consists of a section of traditional knowledge(A), and three subsections: production technology(A0), living technology(A2) and creative technology(A4). The subsections include 8 classes, 28 subclasses, 105 groups, and a great number of subgroups.

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Grope for a Summary Program about Intellectual Property Protection of Traditional Knowledge (TK)etc. Discussed in WIPO (전통적 임상기술의 지적재산권 보호에 대한 고찰)

  • Choi Hwan-Soo;Kim Yong-Jin;Lee Je-Hyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.20-31
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    • 2004
  • The 21/sup st/ century is a society based on knowledge, so in economic activities, it has emphasized the importance of information such as intellectual property or intangible asserts. Especially, according to the agreement on trade related as parts of intellectual property rights in WTO, it is used as the method of commercial entente and monopoly for intellectual property in an advanced nation. For this reason, WIPO and UNESCO discussed a complement for intellectual property on the foundation of traditional knowledge such as traditional knowledge (TK), genetic resources (GR) and traditional cultural expressions (TCE, folklore). Korea has a lot of knowledge falling under TK, GR, and TCE because of the long history of the country. In the case of traditional medical care, it has been used in the public health system. It is hard to apply these rights to traditional medical care of Korea because the laws of intellectual property have been established under the ideas of western culture. It is necessary to improve the classification system of traditional knowledge and patents. In the patent classified system of IPC, it needs to be related to the research between the classified system for massive technology and the classified system for traditional clinic technology.

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The application of knowledge management in teaching Korean traditional dance for elderly people (노인 대상 한국무용 교육의 지식경영 프로세스 도입 방안 연구)

  • Jung, Seunghye;Lee, Jiwon;Kang, Inwon
    • Knowledge Management Research
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.81-90
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    • 2011
  • This paper aims at the application of knowledge management in teaching Korean traditional dance (KTD) for elderly people. KTD has been taught using the traditional method of individual verbal instructions. Applying the traditional method in teaching a group of elderly people has limitations for both instructors and for the elderly people. Because there is no uniform method in teaching KTD, each instructor has to create his or her own teaching plan. Also, due to diminishing memory among the elderly people, it is difficult for them to recall what they were verbally instructed. To overcome these limitations in teaching KTD, we propose the application of knowledge management (KM) process. The KM process will allow collecting, storing, sharing, and optimizing the tacit knowledge of KTD. The findings and implications in this study would provide insights not only for the KTD instructors but for the silver industry as well.

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A Study on the Actual Utilization of Traditional Knowledge Resources (전통지식 자원의 활용실태 연구)

  • 김행란;최배영;유명님;김미희;강경하
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.93-106
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    • 2003
  • The main purpose of this research was to study and analyze the actual utilization of traditional knowledge resources and to search for methods to activate local communities through utilization of traditional knowledge resources best suited for us. For this study, data listed on the internal web sites during August 2002 to October 2002 were searched and analyzed. In terms of statistical analysis, frequency, percentage, and x$^2$-test were operated using the SPSS 10.0 program. The major results of this study are as follows: 1) Traditional knowledge resources utilized throughout the nation totaled to 8,906 cases. These utilized resources composed of 48.0% of tangible resources, 32.3% of environmental resources, and 19.8% of intangible resources and such utilized resources were in order of life-skill, scenery, ruins and relics, community activity, exhibition, and folklores. 2) Tourism, merchandising, and festival were the major types of utilization of traditional knowledge resources, while education was the relatively minor portion in utilization type. 3) Compound linking of traditional knowledge resources, utilization type, and utilizing body showed links such as life skill-merchandising-civilian, ruins and relics-tourism-government, folklore-festival-civilian, scenery-tourism-government, and exhibition-education-civilian.

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Indigenous Knowledge on the Utilization of Medicinal Plant Diversity in the Siwalik Region of Garhwal Himalaya, Uttarakhand

  • Gaur, R.D.;Sharma, Jyotsana
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2011
  • Ever since the dawn of civilization, the ambient vegetation and the resources constituted major source of human existence for various substantial requirements. Our present knowledge on plant resources emerged from the traditional heritable knowledge descended from generation to generation. However, traditional knowledge pertaining to several aspects remained untapped from various remote localities or populations. Furthermore, with the present trends of excessive exploitation of natural resources and degradation of habitats, conservation and ecological management require coherence of traditional skills and modern approaches. Therefore, the present study is to record traditional plant based knowledge among the inhabitants of Siwalik region of Uttarakhand Himalaya. Extensive field survey was made for the collection of data on the medicinal aspects of plant species in the study area covering the parts of districts Pauri, Dehradun and Haridwar. During the course of study 130 plant species belonging to 65 families are reported, used as traditional medicine by the local inhabitants of this region.

A New Direction and Its Challenges for Linkage of Agricultural Research and Extension As a Traditional Knowledge Development in Rural Korea: Agricultural Knowledge Systems (농업지식체계 구축에 의한 전통지식개발 방법으로서의 농업연구지도 연계의 방향)

  • Park, Duk-Byeong;Kang, Kyeong-Ha;Lee, Min-Soo
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.15-29
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    • 2003
  • The study uses agricultural knowledge system theory to explore how traditional knowledge applies to the linkage system of agricultural research and extension in rural Korea. By agricultural knowledge system we emphasize the dynamic networks of actors, processes of negotiation, and the diverse ways in which knowledge is constructed and performed. The knowledge systems reflect the idea that the boundaries between knowledge groups are not closed and that there could be considerable overlap between knowledge system. The results of this study are the following : First, we should know that some extension agents clearly value farmer knowledge and try to facilitate farmer-to-farmer communication. Extension plays a significant role in the knowledge-creation process and shaping communities because knowledge processes are embedded in social processes that involve aspects of power, authority, and legitimization. Third, the constructions of agricultural knowledge systems thus include social interactions, communication, and the diverse processes individuals employ create, use, and evaluate multiple types and sources of information through the linkage between agricultural colleges and Rural Development Administration (RDA), establishing the research institution of research and extension linkage, exchange research agent with extension agent, and bottom-up approach. Second, we should know that the focus of traditional knowledge development is rural community development as a community process. Nowadays the sessions of the Intergovernmental Committee of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) cover two lines of inquiry, which are the use of existing standards of intellectual property for the protection of traditional knowledge and that of new legal standards, eventually in the from of sui generis mechanisms of protection.

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A Study on International Exchange of Traditional Herb Medicine (전통 약물의 국제 교류에 관한 소고(小考))

  • Cho, Sunyoung;Kim, Jiyeon;Kang, Yeonseok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2013
  • Traditional medicine has been exchanged constantly from prehistoric times up to the present. As the global market trade on traditional medicine increases, people now emphasized the importance of traditional medicine. Previously, knowledge about herbal medicines are taught or learned indirectly. Most of it was learned through medical books. But in these contemporary times, herbal medicine's knowledge is shared through journals, congress and some other events in where traditional medicine's information are shared. In the international congress gathering; traditional medicine's experts from many countries shared some additional knowledge. First, "an attitude to medicine that emphasizes on Naturalism". Second, "respect for experienced in traditional medicine". Third, "respect for locality on traditional medicine". Fourth, "a protection for domestic traditional medicine industry" Fifth, "acceptance of traditional medicine from other countries according to domestic health care system".

Requirements Engineering for Digitizing Traditional Medical Knowledge: The Case of Building Phytomedicine Mobile-Web Application in Tanzania

  • Beebwa, Irene Evarist;Dida, Mussa Ally;Chacha, Musa;Nyakundi, David Onchonga;Marwa, Janeth
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.95-114
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    • 2019
  • The digitization of traditional medical knowledge in Tanzania will greatly enhance its preservation and dissemination. This is especially important given the challenges facing the current methods of preserving and managing such knowledge. This study presents the requirements engineering approaches and requirements for a web-mobile application that would successfully digitize indigenous knowledge of phytomedicine and relevant practitioners licensing and registration processes. To establish the requirements of such a digital system application, the study sought the opinion of 224 stakeholders whose suggestions were used to analyze and model the requirements for designing such a web-mobile tool. The study was carried out in Arusha, Kagera and Dar es Salaam regions of Tanzania which involved ethnobotanical researchers, herb practitioners, curators from herbaria and registrar officers from Traditional and Alternatives Health Practice Council. Structured interview, survey, observation and document review were employed to find out the basic functional and non-functional requirements for possible designing and implementation a web-mobile application that would digitize indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants. The requirements were modelled using the use case and context diagrams. Finally, the study came up with a list of items for both functional and non-functional requirements that can be used as guidelines to develop a web-mobile application that will capture and document traditional medical knowledge of medicinal plants in Tanzania and, enabling relevant authorities to regulate and manage stakeholders.