• Title, Summary, Keyword: Traffic accident(TA)

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The Study of Differences between Traffic Accident and Non-traffic Accident Patients in the Early Stage - by Analysis of Heart Rate Variability(HRV) and Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) - (교통사고 환자와 비교통사고 환자의 심박수 변이도와 통증 지수 차이 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Min;Hong, Seo-Young
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between traffic accident and non-traffic accident patients in the early stage, by analysis of the heart rate variability(HRV) and visual analogue scale(VAS). Methods : This study carried out on 38 patients who complained of nuchal or lower back pain. They have received hospital treatment in Dae-Jeon Univ. Cheonan Oriental Hospital. In the TA(Traffic accident) group, the pain caused by TA and in non-TA group, the pain caused by other reasons. We measured HRV and VAS twice(pre-treatment(Tx.) and post-Tx.). Then we analyzed the data. Results : As time goes by, patients who complained of pain showed the inclination to improve ability to balance autonomic nerve system. And fatigue and pain were improved. But they showed the inclination to increase stress index. At pre-Tx., TA group had more stress and worse ability to balance autonomic nerve system, but showed lower fatigue index than non-TA group. But, as time goes by, in TA group the fatigue and autonomic balance got worse. At pre-Tx., non-TA group complained of more severe pain than TA group, but at post-Tx., TA group complained of more severe pain than non-TA group. In other words, in TA group, the decreasing rate of pain was lower than non-TA group. Conclusions : Results from this investigation showed that TA have a negative effect on stress index, ability to balance autonomic nerve system, fatigue index and decreasing rate of pain. These results are expected to consider characteristics of patients who complained of pain caused by TA.

The Clinical Study of the Ferguson's Angle, Lumbar Lordotic Angle, Lumbar IVD Angle of Low Bcak Pain Patients Induced in Traffic Accident (교통사고로 유발된 요통 환자의 요천각, 전만각 및 IVD각에 대한 임상적 고찰)

  • Lee, Gil-Jae;Park, Kyung-Moo;Lim, Je-Yeon;Song, Yun-Kyung;Lim, Hyung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.227-239
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to investigate the relation of Ferguson's angle, Lumbar lordotic angle, Lumbar IVD angle in traffic accident patients. Methods : Total patients were classified into TA(traffic accident) inpatients and non-TA(lumbago) inpatients. We analyzed the characteristics of each group Ferguson's angle, Lumbar lordotic angle, L4-5 IVD angle, L5-S1 IVD angle on X-ray film. Results : 1. Ferguson's angle and Lumbar lordotic angle were smaller than normal range. Non-TA group's angles were smaller than TA group's angles. 2. L4-5 IVD angle of female showed smaller than that of male in TA groups. The older age was, the smaller L4-5 IVD angle was at non-TA groups. 3. L5-S1 IVD angle of female showed smaller than that of male in total groups. The older age was, the smaller L5-S1 IVD angle was at non-TA groups. 4. Ferguson's angle, Lumbar lordotic angle, Lumbar IVD angle were related with direct proportion in total groups. 5. Non-TA groups showed more effective VAS variation than TA groups. Conclusions : Lumbar angles were intimately related with each others. And lumbar angles have an effect on curative value.

The Characteristics of Traffic Accident Admission Patients in Oriental Medicine Hospital (한방병원에 입원한 교통사고 환자의 일반적 특성)

  • Kim, Se-Jong;Kang, Jun-Hyuk;Park, Jang-Woo;Hong, Seo-Young;Heo, Dong-Suk;Yoon, Il-Ji;Oh, Min-Seok
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.133-137
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to classify the TA(traffic accident) patients who admissed in Oriental Medical Hospital. Methods : We divided TA patients who admissed in Oriental Medical Hospital by age, sex, visited period after onset, impact region, disease, and chief complaint according to a patient classification table, and analyzed their characteristics. Results and Conclusion : The patients who visited within 1 week after TA numbered most(65.4%) in classification by period. Most impact region was neck(80%). Most of TA patients were suffered and treated by cervical(80%) and lumbar(56.9%) sprain.

The clinical study on one case of cervical sprain patient due to traffic accident in pregnancy (임신 중 교통사고로 인한 경추 염좌 환자 1례 증례보고)

  • Baek, Seung-hun;Na, Hyo-seok;Park, Hyun-jae;Jung, Eun-a;Choi, Soon
    • The Journal of Korean Obstetrics and Gynecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.207-217
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    • 2005
  • Purpose : With the development of society, traffic accident(TA) rate is increasing accordingly. And the number of women in pregnancy who are damaged by TA is increasing as more women are involved in economical and social activities. TA victim in pregnancy cannot get proper treatment(Tx) in western medicine. Oriental medicine Tx is noted as alternative in treating TA victims recently. The main purpose of this clinical study is to make a survey of effective way of the oriental gynecological Tx about TA victim in pregnancy. Methods : The patient in this case, 28-year-old, was admitted for 14days(27th/May/2004 - 9th/June/2004) to cure severe neck pain and limitaion of cervical ROM(range of motion) occured from TA on the 4th week of pregnancy. This patient was treated with the acupunture, herbal medicine and physical treatment. Result and Conclusion : The symptoms of patient in this case are remarkable alleviated. And we think that the TA victims in pregnancy can be managed effectively by oriental gynecological Tx due to consider preservation of fetus and pregnant woman. After this, further study, approach and case will be needed about oriental gynecological Tx of TA victims in pregnancy.

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Characteristics of Traffic Accident for the Primary School Students and Its Affecting Factors (초등학교학생의 교통사고 발생특성 및 요인)

  • Park, Am;Lee, Yeon-Kyeong;Kim, Jeong-Yun;Lee, Tae-Yong;Lee, Sok-Goo;Cho, Young-Chae;Lee, Dong-Bae
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.372-383
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    • 1998
  • For the purpose to analysis the characteristics of traffic accidents(TA) and investigate the relationship between traffic accidents and children attention problem rating scale(CAP) and, family environment scale(FES), this questionnaire survey was conducted to the 16 primary school students in Taejon from July 14 to August 26, 1997. The number of study subjects who had an experience of traffic accidents from July 1, 1996 to June 30, 1997 were 195, and the number of control sujects were 512. The main results were as follows; 1. The traffic accident rates was 0.9% as a whole, but those were 1.4% in boys, 0.7% in girls, 1.3% in low (1st-3rd) grade, and 0.8% in high (4th-6th) grade. 2. The rates of traffic accidents were high in spring, friday, afternoon and a drive-way around home. TA occurred during walking with friends most frequently. 3. In CAP the score of inattention was lower in TA group than control group, and hyperactivity was higher in TA group but they didn't showed significantly different. In FES, cohesion score was higher in TA group than control group, but Conflict score and Expressiveness score were in control group, but they didn't showed significantly different. 4. In CAP the odds ratio of inattention score for TA group was 0.84, but that of hyperactivity score was 1.15. In FES, the odds ratio of cohesion score was 1.06, but that of expression score and conflict score was 0.94 and 0.96, respectively. In conclusion, the relationships between TA and CAP, TA and FES in this study were not clear to explain personal characteristics and environmental conditions.

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Clinical Study on Pain Index, Radiological Evaluation and MMPI of Traffic Accident Patient (교통사고 환자의 MMPI 및 통증, 영상평가에 대한 임상연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Tae;Song, Min-Young;Kim, Dae-Hun;Lee, Eun-Ji;Kwon, Min-Goo;Sul, Jae-Uk;Kim, Sunjong;Bae, Giljun;Choi, Jin-Bong
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2015
  • This study analyzed the MMPI (Minnesota Multiphashic Personality Inventory), VAS (Visual Analogue Scale), cervical and lumbar curvature (Cervical angle, Ishihara Index, Lumbar angle, Ferguson angle) and satisfaction score of patient of traffic accident. About 59 cases of patients admitted to the Korean Medicine hospital, MMPI and pain levels (VAS) cervical and lumbar curvature (Cervical angle, Ishihara Index, lumbar angle, Ferguson angle) and satisfaction score were measured and statistically analyzed. Depending on the type of accident divided into two groups of In car TA and Out car TA. After hospitalization, patient's pain index was improved as a whole. Pain index and evaluation of the cervical and lumbar curvature, according to the accident types, the difference was not statistically significant. In the analysis of the MMPI validity scales, In car TA group was analyzed by 'V-shaped', Out car TA group was analyzed by umbrella- shaped, 'inverted V-shaped'. Clinical scales of out car TA group were analyzed by 3-1 profile compared to the In car TA group. Results of multiple regression analysis showed no association between factors and MMPI scales. In the case of a traffic accident patients, damage to the body, as well as emotional and psychological factors are thought to affect the condition or prognosis of patients. In the future, for the management and treatment of these parts will be needed to complement the academic or institutional.

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Profile of Headache Patients after Traffic Accident (교통사고 후 두통을 호소하는 환자들의 다면적 인성검사 프로파일(Profile))

  • Kim, Ji-Young;Heo, Seong;Heo, Su-Jeong
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.15-29
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    • 2009
  • Objectives : This study was investigated to find out psychological characteristics of headache patients after traffic accident(TA). also It was identified headache after TA as predictor of posttraumatic stress disorder(PTSD). Methods : Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory(MMPI) was administered to 26 TA patients, We divided them into four groups according to headache and sex and headache duration. Results : 3-1 profile was found by total mean of T score of each MMPI scale in all patients. 3-4 profile was found in headache group, 1-3 profile was found in female Group, female to have headache group. 3-1 profile was found in headache to continue more than 7 days. Conclusions : Female group, female to have a headache group, headache to continue more 7 days group showed 1-3/3-1 profile. it was similar to PTSD profile. The results indicate that in the above three groups, headache was predictor of PTSD and they must be treated more carefully.

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Survey on Satisfaction of Korean Medicine Treatment in 131 Cases by Traffic Accident (교통사고 환자 131례에 대한 한방치료 만족도 조사)

  • Chiang, Suo-Yue;Park, Jin-Wu;Shin, Hyun-Gun;Shin, Jun-Huk;Lee, Sang-Young;Koh, Yong-Jun;Youn, Hun-Jung;Ryu, Hye-Seon;Sul, Jae-Uk
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.67-79
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    • 2012
  • Objectives : We investigate to identify the satisfaction degree of patients by traffic accident(TA) for improving the quality of services and fortifying the competitiveness of Korean medical hospital on TA patients. Methods : The survey used by preceding articles was accepted for assessment of the satisfaction degree of patients in this study. All data were coded by SPSS v18.0 and analyzed by descriptive maneuver, ${\chi}^2$-test, T-test and correlation. Results : According to the survey, 84% of patients included this study were hospitalized in the Korean medical hospital within 2 weeks from TA and 92.3% were satisfied with the current medical service. The answer that Korean medicine is superior to western medicine for TA treatment was the main reason for selecting Korean medical hospital. 35.1% of patients satisfied Chuna treatment and 42.9% unsatisfied herbal medicine. There were no differences in the satisfaction degree with sex, age, education and occupation. The satisfaction degree of the current Korean medical service was significantly correlated with doctor's service, use the procedure and reuse intention. Conclusions : It is necessary to develop and to apply the customer satisfaction program for the Korean medicine hospital on TA patients.

A Study on the Effectiveness of Herbal Medicine Treatment for 755 Traffic Accident Patients-A Retrospective Review According to the Type of Herbal Medicine Prescription

  • Bae, Jae Ryong;Ahn, Hun Mo;Roh, Ju Hee;Jo, Min Gun;Kim, Hye Ryeon;Kim, Seon Hye;Sung, Won Suk;Kim, Eun Jung
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.62-73
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study conducted a retrospective review to compare the effectiveness of herbal medicine, while confirming the effectiveness of Korean medicine (KM) in traffic accidents (TA). Methods: We investigated the medical records of TA patients who were hospitalized at Muuido Korean medicine hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 retrospectively. Medical records included general characteristics (Gender, age), TA & treatment-related information (Collision type, chief complaint, hospitalization period, and herbal medicine prescription), and clinical scales (Five-scale improvement, numerical rating scale (NRS)). Statistical analysis was performed for data distribution and effectiveness comparison. Results: 755 TA patients showed 0.78:1 gender ratio. 20-50s years old, rear collision, pain in the cervical and lumbar spine, and hospitalization period within 14 days were the majority. KM improved 83.18% of 755 TA patients' symptoms and ROM over 'improvement' level, which indicated 30-70% improvement. With common KM treatments including acupuncture, cupping, heat therapy, and manipulation therapy, TA patients received various herbal medicines and herbal medicine for breaking severe blood stasis (Tongdo-san) showed improvement in both five-scale improvement and NRS change at the same time. Conclusions: We could confirm the effectiveness of KM, particularly herbal medicine in TA. It would be necessary to develop new herbal medicines such as Tongdo-san to treat TA-related symptoms.

Safety Improvement of Centrally Installed "Hi-pass" Lane of Express Highway (고속도로 중앙하이패스차로 안전성 개선에 관한 연구 - 서울외곽순환고속도로 본선영업소를 중심으로 -)

  • Yoo, Bong-Seok;Lee, Soo-Beom;Park, Wan-Yong;Do, Hyun-Gu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.30 no.1D
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2010
  • Safety improvement has been a continuous challenge, especially at toll gate of express highway where traffic conflict often occurs due to frequent lane change by drivers of "Hi-pass" lane and regular "TCS" lane. As a part of research on safety at toll gate, this study videotaped traffic conflict data between vehicles using centrally located "Hi-pass" lane and regular "TCS" lane and analyzed accident risk. According to the correlation analysis of vehicle speed, relative vehicle speed, and sudden vehicle deceleration rate due to traffic conflict, when the relative vehicle speed between centrally located "Hi-pass" lane and regular "TCS" lane increases, sudden vehicle deceleration rate also increases. One of the findings is that centrally located "Hi-pass" lane at toll gate shows different location for traffic conflict, and frequency of traffic conflict and the relative vehicle speed was also different based on vehicle lane use. TA (Time to Accident) analysis shows that accident rate is high at toll gate where Hipass lane is installed in center lane, when the occurrence of sudden vehicle deceleration and deceleration time of vehicles rise for vehicles on "Hi-pass" lane. Furthermore, if the expressway entrance/exit point is closely located to toll gate, TA showed a low value. Thus, it is necessary to reduce the relative vehicle speed in order to improve safety. The Study presents reduction of the relevant vehicular speed and prevention of accidents at the centrally installed "Hi-pass" lane as an important strategy for safety improvement at toll gate.