• Title, Summary, Keyword: Traffic safety

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The Effects of Traffic Safety Education by Integrated Activies on Children′s Traffic Safety Knowledge (통합적 교육활동을 통한 교통안전교육이 유아의 교통안전 지식에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo Sun-Hee;Ohm Jung-Ae
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.9
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    • pp.149-160
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    • 2004
  • This study investigated the effectiveness of traffic safety education by integrated activities on children's traffic safety knowledge. Subjects were 55 kindergarten children aged 5 years old. The subjects were divided into experimental and control groups. Traffic safety education by integrated activities were applied in the experimental group for 6 weeks. The traffic safety knowledge test was administered to the experimental and control groups for pre-test and post-test analyses. ANCOVA was carried out for both groups to verify the hypothesis of this study. There were statistically significant differences of the children's traffic safety knowledge score including walking, bike, and automobile between the experimental and control groups. To conclude, traffic safety education by integrated activities was very effective to increase children's traffic safety knowledge.

A Study on Assessment of Vessel Traffic Safety Management by Marine Traffic Flow Simulation (해상교통류 시뮬레이션에 의한 해상교통안전관리평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park Young- Soo;Jong Jae-Yong;Inoue Kinzo
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2002
  • Vessel traffic safety management means the managerial technical measures for improving the marine traffic safety in general terms. The main flow of vessel traffic safety management is that: 1) Traffic Survey, 2) Replay by Marine Traffic Flow Simulation, 3) Quantitative Assessment, 4) Policy Alternatives, 5) Prediction·Verification. In the management of vessel traffic safety, it is most important to establish assessment models that can numerically estimate the current safety level and quantitatively predict the correlation between the measures to be taken and the improvement of safety and the reduction of ship handling difficulties imposed on mariners. In this paper, the replay model for traffic flow simulation was made using marine traffic survey data, and the present traffic situation became replay in the computer. An attempt was made to rate the current safety of ports and waterways by applying the Environmental Stress model. And, as a countermeasure for traffic management, by taking of, the promotion of total traffic congestion in early morning rush hour, the correlation between traffic control rate and the reduction in ship handling difficulties imposed on mariners was predicted quantitatively.

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Precedence Analysis of Traffic Safety Facilities Installation for Traffic Accidents (교통안전시설 설치의 교통사고 발생에 대한 선행성 분석)

  • Joo, Il-Yeob
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.55
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    • pp.31-55
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the precedence analysis of traffic safety facilities installation for traffic accidents. The main results were as follows. First, the precedence of the number of traffic safety signs installation for the number of traffic accident is follows. The number of traffic safety signs[total number] (time precedent 1), the number of traffic safety signs[attention] (time precedent 7), the number of traffic safety signs[regulation] (time precedent 7), the number of traffic safety signs[indication] (time precedent 4) precede the number of traffic accidents as negative(-) relationship. Second, the number of traffic signal equipments[pedestrian lamp] (time precedent 2) precedes the number of traffic accidents as negative(-) relationship. Third, the precedence of the increase/decrease rate of traffic safety facilities installation for the increase/decrease rate of traffic accident is follows. The increase/decrease rate of traffic safety signs[total number] (time precedent 1), the increase/decrease rate of traffic safety signs[attention] (time precedent 1), the increase/decrease rate of traffic safety signs[indication] (time precedent 1), the increase/decrease rate of traffic safety signs[auxiliary] (time precedent 1) precede the increase/decrease rate of traffic accidents as negative(-) relationship. Fourth, the increase/decrease rate of traffic signal equipments[pedestrian lamp] (time precedent 0) accompanies the increase/decrease rate of traffic accidents as positive (+) relationship.

A Factor Analysis of Traffic Accidents Through Traffic Safety Diagnosis Results - Driver Factor - (교통안전진단 결과분석을 통한 교통사고 요인분석 - 사고자 요인을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Hwan-Seung;Ahn, Byung-Jun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.128-137
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    • 2006
  • Traffic accidents occur due to complex influences of transportation companies, drivers, and road environment. This study found that education and surroundings for transportation companies, driving habits of drivers, and road safety facilities and accessory facilities were main factors that affected strongly traffic accidents. Also, it found that driving habits of drivers could affect accidents heavily more than two other factors. Road safety and accessory facilities were analysed that they affected traffic accidents independently with transportation companies and their own drivers. Therefore, in order to achieve a traffic accident prevention as our main target, those companies need to produce atmosphere that their own drivers can have safety awareness, and related institutions for the above target should run parallel with policy assistance and strict traffic enforcement. In the end, this study suggests that transportation companies should secure manpower wholly being charged with traffic safety and financial resources investing in it.

A Study on Development of Traffic Accident Merging Index for Local Governments (지방자치단체 교통사고통합지수 개발방안에 관한 연구)

  • Rim, Cheoul-Woong;Cho, Jeong-Kwon;Kim, Su-Yeol;Kim, Ju-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.147-152
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    • 2012
  • Traffic Accident Merging Index (TAMI) is developed for TMACS (Traffic Safety Information Management Complex System). TAMI is calculated by combining 'Severity Index' and 'Frequency'. The existing indexes are Traffic deaths per 100,000 population, Traffic deaths per 100,000 inhabitants/per billion veh-km, etc. However, there is no consistency in using them among local governments, so it can create confusion. Moreover, the index level is too complicated to understand. Therefore, this study suggests new traffic safety index, TAMI. It will work to improve the weaknesses and present accurate status of traffic safety in local governments.

A Study on Forecasting Traffic Safety Level by Traffic Accident Merging Index of Local Government (교통사고통합지수를 이용한 차년도 지방자치단체 교통안전수준 추정에 관한 연구)

  • Rim, Cheoulwoong;Cho, Jeongkwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.108-114
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    • 2012
  • Traffic Accident Merging Index(TAMI) is developed for TMACS(Traffic Safety Information Management Complex System). TAMI is calculated by combining 'Severity Index' and 'Frequency'. This paper suggest the accurate TAMI prediction model by time series forecasting. Preventing the traffic accident by accurately predicting it in advance can greatly improve road traffic safety. Searches the model which minimizes the error of 230 local self-governing groups. TAMI of 2007~2009 years data predicts TAMI of 2010. And TAMI of 2010 compares an actual index and a prediction index. And the error is minimized the constant where selects. Exponential Smoothing model was selected. And smoothing constant was decided with 0.59. TAMI Forecasting model provides traffic next year safety information of the local government.

A Study on the Development of Road Traffic Safety Moderator Robot using AHP (AHP분석을 통한 도로 교통안전지킴이 로봇 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young Woo;Kwon, Hyuck Jun
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.159-167
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    • 2014
  • PURPOSES : The purpose of this study is to analyze the requirements of the road traffic safety moderator robot when road repairing. The road traffic safety moderator robot is road traffic safety equipment and to conversions mechanical engineering and IT when road repairing. METHODS : The study used AHP based on the survey from road repair related expert that field engineers, design engineers, public officials and professors. The survey used paired comparison. The survey items were safety, convenience and economics. The safety is classified as visibility or efficiency, the convenience is classified as utility or mobility and the economics is classified as initial investment cost or maintenance $ management cost. The survey alternatives were the road traffic safety moderator robot, traffic regulation by human, traffic regulation by mannequin and traffic signs. The software for AHP is Expert Choice 2000. RESULTS : The results of AHP analyze, the weighted value of safety was analyzed with the highest at 0.488 of survey items. The weighted value of convenience was analyzed at 0.295, the weighted value of economics was analyzed at 0.218. The results of the road traffic safety moderator robot, the weight value of efficiency and utility were analyzed with the highest at 0.284 and 0.259 of alternatives. The weighted value of initial investment cost and maintenance & management cost were analyzed with the lowest at 0.203 and 0.211 of alternatives. The consistency test results of each items, null hypothesis is rejected because the CR values were 0.000 respectively. Therefore, the study results are consistency. CONCLUSIONS : The result of this study, overall value of the road traffic safety moderator robot came off second-best of other alternatives. The road traffic safety moderator robot has been received highest praise by the result of the study as good road traffic safety equipment when road repairing because the weighted values of efficiency and utility were analyzed with the highest of survey items. The efficiency mean securing safety and the utility mean practical assistance when road repairing. The results of this study showed that the road traffic safety moderator robot will effective for traffic safety when road repairing. economics and visibility are that supplementation of the road traffic safety moderator robot because the weighted values of economics and visibility were analyzed with the lowest of survey items. The consistency test results are consistency because the CR values were 0.000 respectively.

Analysis of the Effect of Traffic Safety Investment on Traffic Accident Reduction Using Panel Data (패널자료를 이용한 교통안전투자 종류별 사고감소 효과)

  • Gang, Su-Cheol;Bae, Hyeong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.19-32
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    • 2011
  • There are many investment budget drafts in the filed of a road traffic safety. The traffic safety budget is spitted into following three major areas: 1) traffic safety facility (Engineering), 2) traffic enforcement (Enforcement), and 3) traffic safety education & public relation (Education). The three area are known as so-called 3E policy. This study investigates the effect of the investment in the 3E policy on the reduction of traffic accidents analyzing the data annually collected from the 15 local governments during 1992 to 2007. The analysis employing the traffic accidents as the dependent variable reveals that the effect of the investment is higher if same amount of investment is made on areas of the traffic safety education and public relation than the area of facility improvement. The similar conclusions are resulted from the separate investigation of traffic accidents data by 6 different types. All the results consistently indicate that the current traffic safety investment being primarily made on traffic safety facility needs to shift to the areas of traffic safety education and public relation budget.

Traffic Accident Research Using Panel Analysis - Focusing on Seoul Metropolitan Area - (패널분석을 이용한 서울시 교통사고분석 연구)

  • Park, Jun-Tae;Lee, Soo-Beom;Kim, Do-Kyung;Sung, Jung-Gon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.130-136
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    • 2011
  • Since out of a lot of traffic problems traffic accidents cause damage to life and properties of people, it stands out as one of traffic problems which needs improvement, and the loss due to traffic accident negatively affects not only the parties to the accident but also the national economy. Thus, continual concern of the government toward traffic safety is getting bigger and lately each local government is preparing a basic plan for traffic safety and vitalizing traffic safety policies. As expanding the responsibility and role of local governments for traffic safety, traffic safety measures which are based on the characteristics of each local government should be studied. Most of analytical methods in the existing traffic accidents prediction models with macroscopic vision focus on socioeconomic variables such as local population and the number of registered vehicles, and present a great deal of prediction error when they are applied in practice. In this context, this study proposed a traffic accident prediction model in respect of macroscopic level for autonomous districts (administrative districts) of Seoul City. The model development was not based on the entire city but on the type of local land usage (development density) whose relationship with traffic accident frequency was analyzed.

A Study on the Relationship between Air Traffic Controllers' Safety Culture and Their Complex Mitigation Strategies: Using a Safety Culture Measurement Tool with Intrinsic and Extrinsic Levels (항공교통관제사의 안전문화와 업무복잡성 완화전략의 관계성 연구: 안전문화의 내재적 및 외재적 수준 측정도구를 활용하여)

  • Jeon, Jong-Duk;Lee, Nam-Ryung;Kim, Geun-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.22-33
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    • 2020
  • Due to recent increased air traffic,, air traffic controllers in charge of en-route and approach control have faced huge increase in both workload and its intensity. The purpose of this paper is to analyze how much safety culture of air traffic controllers has effect on their complexity mitigation strategies during their duties. It could be expected complexity mitigation improve air traffic flow resulting in enhancing safety eventually. According to empirical analysis against air traffic controllers in civil aviation and air force in South Korea, it was proven safety culture had a statistically positive effect on complex mitigation strategies through safety behavior. In safety culture among air traffic controllers, intrinsic culture had a positive effect on extrinsic value of safety culture. Intrinsic value of safety culture led to air traffic controllers' safety behavior which created work complexity mitigation strategies. Among work complexity mitigation strategies, communication and cooperation was proven to be the most important factor effected by safety culture and behavior. It was implied that enhancing the intrinsic values of safety culture would cause to improve extrinsic safety culture and air traffic controller's work efficiency.