• Title, Summary, Keyword: Train Control System

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Train Operation Display and Control Techniques for Communication Based Train Control System (무선통신 기반 열차제어시스템에서의 열차운행 표시 및 제어기법)

  • 최규형
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers B
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    • v.53 no.9
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    • pp.545-551
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    • 2004
  • CBTC(Communication Based Train Control) System can improve train operation efficiency by realizing moving block system which makes a continuous train interval control in accordance with the position and speed of train. Adopting radio transmission to make a continuous detection of train position and transmit the control data from the ground to a train, CBTC needs dedicated train operation and control algorithm which should be quite different from the conventional track-circuit-based train control system. This paper provides a train operation display and control algorithm for CBTC system in making train interval control, train route control and train supervision. Signalling pattern diagram is devised to analyze the train interval control mechanism of moving block system, and interlocking logic is devised to represent the train route control mechanism of moving block system. For train supervision, train occupation status on railway are displayed by using the segment which virtually divide the whole railway. The proposed method has been successfully applied to the development of CBTC system for the standardized AGT(automatic guided transit) which is under construction now in Korea, and also can be applied to any other CBTC system.

A Study on New Train Control System of the SMRT(Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation) (서울도시철도 신 열차제어시스템에 대한 연구)

  • Yu, Guen-Gyu;Park, Jong-Hun;Ahn, Jin-Seong;Kim, Ki-Chun;Lee, Sang-Guen
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.895-903
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    • 2011
  • The Seoul Metropolitan Rapid Transit Corporation(SMRT) is studying the New Train Control System based on Wireless Communication(CBTC System : Communication Based Train Control System) to overcome the limitations of the existing system and to deal with the switch to the new system. The SMRT's New Train Control System Based on three main elements(train position detecting, radio communication and train control) is being developed in 3 stages. Currently, the development of the train position detecting element with the RFID system and the train position detecting device and the radio communication element with RTIS and DSRC had been developed and equipped on 3 stations(Songpa~Garak Market~Munjeong, 7.3km) of Subway Line 8 in the pilot. Such a basic infrastructure of the SMRT's New Train Control System is having an efficiency test by using the real-time Train Monitoring System and Currently, the third element, the train control(ATP/ATO/ATS/Interlocking) for the study is in progress. Also, the developed system is expected to validate the performance and safety in the next three stage. This paper shows about major developments of the SMRT's New Train Control System and our future plans.

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A study of system functions allocation of wireless communications based train control system (도시철도용 무선통신기반 열차제어시스템 기능배치 연구)

  • Yoon, Yong-Ki;Oh, Seh-Chan;Kim, Min-Su;Kim, Yong-Kyu;Choi, June-Young;Park, Jae-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2300-2305
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    • 2011
  • A Train control system is intended to assure train operation safety and to improve train operation efficiency. To perform these missions, the Train Control System consists of train safety space control part, train route control part and train operation management part. Train control technology changed from track circuit based to wireless based. And Wireless based train control technologies were developed by some railway signaling companies in Korea. To commercialize these control technologies, the development project is carried now. This project did analyze system requirements, and made the system development specification. Now this project finished system functions allocation, which will be performed by some subsystem. This paper describes roles of each function and the allocation of these functions to each subsystem.

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Headway Calculation and Train Control Algorithm for Performance Improvement in Radio based Train Control System (무선통신기반 열차제어시스템에서의 운전시격 계산과 간격제어 성능개선을 위한 열차간격제어 알고리즘)

  • Oh, Sehchan;Kim, Kyunghee;Lee, Sung-Hoon;Kim, Ja-Young;Quan, Zhong-Hua
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.6949-6958
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    • 2015
  • Radio based train control system performs train safe interval control by receiving in realtime the position information of trains driving in the control area of the wayside system and providing onboard system in each train with updated movement authority. The performance of the train control system is evaluated to calculate the minimum operation headway, which reflects the operation characteristics and the characteristics of the train as well as the interval control performance of the train control system. In this paper, we propose the operation headway calculation for radio based train control system and a new train interval control algorithm to improve the operation headway. The proposed headway calculation defines line headway and station headway by the estimation the safety margin distance reflecting the performance of the train control system. Furthermore the proposed Enhanced Train Interval Control(ETIC) algorithm defines a new movement authority including both distance and speed, and improves the train operation headway by using braking distance occurring inevitably in the preceding train. The proposed operation headway calculation is simulated with Korean Radio-based Train Control System(KRTCS) and the simulated result is compared to improved train interval control algorithm. According to the simulated results, the proposed operation headway calculation can be used as performance indicator for radio based train control system, and the improved train control algorithm can improve the line and station headway of the conventional radio based train control system.

A Simulation for the Train Automatic Operation Control System (전동차의 자동운전제어 시스템에 관한 시뮬레이션 기술)

  • 한성호;윤용기;안태기;김원경;조연옥
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.255-261
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    • 1998
  • The train automatic operation control system is an on-board train control system that is widely adopted in modern rapid transit systems. The control system consists of TCMS(Train Control and Monitoring System), ATC(Automatic Train Control), ATO(Automatic Train Operation) and TWC(Train to wayside communication) in the train and wayside facilities. The functions of the system is to regulate train riding comfort, to service limited speed and smoothness during start, acceleration, constant speed travel, and fixed point parking under the corresponding commands. The paper describes the simulation model of the train automatic operation control of subway system, configuration of simulator hardware and software and operational algorithms.

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A Study of Systematization for Train Control Technique (열차제어기술 체계화 방안에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Ho;Shin, Duc-Ko;Lee, Kang-Mi
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2010-2016
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    • 2009
  • Before introducing high speed train, train signal system was operated passively depending on a driver by signal lamp display. Now it is changing to onboard signaling system because of train speed increased(conventional track is 230km/h, high speed track is 380km/h), high speed. low speed freight train operation mixed, operation for high speed train in conventional track and dense operation. ie. ETCS(European Train Control System) Level 1 is introducing. Also, in case of high speed train, the train control system of France was introduced and has operated from 2004, now we have a difficulty for rising speed more than 300km/h because of commercial operation speed limited as 300km/h. Therefore, it need to establish the train control technique according to trackside surroundings and develope standard system like European ERTMS/ETCS, China CTCS(Chinese Train Control System), Japan D-ATC(Digital Automatic Train Control). In this paper, we derive the systematization method for Korea train technique by network-oriented, information-oriented, intelligence-oriented and combination-oriented corresponding train development direction. Proposed method has a merit to prevent cross by mixed operation with existing system and improvement after validity demonstration and system development and supply train system to meet user requirement in exporting.

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A Study of a comfortable ride for ATO train control system in a driverless operation (ATO 무인운전 열차제어시스템의 승차감 제어 연구)

  • Park, Gie-Soo;Kim, Ja-Young;Park, Chae-Jung;Lee, Sung-Hoon;Ryou, Myung-Seon
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2292-2299
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    • 2011
  • The CBTC(Communication Based Train Control) system, a recent train control system, is a wireless communication based train control system that is operated in the moving block system control by tracking trains in real time. In additioin, the system helps to increase the volume of traffic by shortening driving headways through controlling moving block system control. Furthermore, driverless modes are performed by controlling ATP(Automatic Train Protection)/ATO(Automatic Train Operation). In this paper, controllable elements in ATO driverless train control system, affecting comfortable ride, will be analysed and applied to CBTC train control system that developed by POSCO ICT. Finally, the test results of improved comfortable ride will be showed by appling the developed system to the Gyeong-san light rail transit test track.

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Train Control System (ETCS Level 2) Development Status and Future Challenges (열차제어시스템(ETCS Level 2)개발 현황과 향후 과제)

  • Lee, See-Bin;Kim, Cheol-Hwan;Lee, Seoung-Cheol;Kim, Bum-Gon;Kang, Byung-Wook
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1066-1076
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    • 2011
  • The subsystems of HSR train control system in each country has developed and operated till early 2000, however 2001/16/EC ERTMS is issued for inter-operability among European train control systems in 2001. So it is trend that ERTMS/ETCS has been applied to not only low-speed train system but high-speed train system over 300km/h in many countries of Europe. According to the government policies of the Honam HSR, metropolitan HSR and test lines, incoming on-board signal control system has been required caused by speed limit to 160km/h on the ground signal system. As ETCS-Level 1 system has applied in our railways from 2003, so our train control system has depended on foreign technologies. In this paper, we analyzed to localize train control system for being ready to protect foreign policies and obtaining core technologies of HSR train control system for instance ETCS-Level2.

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A Study on Improving the Train Radio Call Using Continuous Digit Recognition (연속숫자음 인식을 이용한 열차무선호출방식 개선방안 연구)

  • Choi, Yoon-Seog;Lee, Sang-Bae
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2775-2781
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    • 2011
  • Urban Transit Train Radio is Radio Communication system that is used official business as leading motive for train safety running among the train crew and the central control center and drive-caring-chamber on main line and branch line. This system is operated that organizes talking path on handset of terminal after the train crew receives audio and understands call voice on speaker of terminal at calling the train of the central control center. When the central control center calls the specific train uses all call radio form, the train crew doesn't recognize the call cause the train situation, noise and action as train control. So there is a delay response cause reset call at the central control center. This research discusses the management of subway radio system and describes the call the train system that recognize train call number of all-call used between the central control center and the train crew.

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Failure Analysis of Train Control System for Hign Speed Line by CAMS (CAMS에 의한 고속선 열차제어시스템의 장애 분석)

  • Kim, Yong-Kyu;Baek, Jong-Hyun;Kim, Jong-Ki;Shin, Duck-Ho
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.973-974
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, Computer-aided Maintenance Equipments, which are being used in maintenance, are applied to analyze failures in train control systems, resulting in long time delays of trains. It can be expected to extend and apply CAMS (Computer Aided Maintenance System) in the hereafter efficient operation and maintenance of high-speed railway train control systems, by comparison between the analysis result of fundamental causes, from high-speed railway train control system failures occurred during the operational process, and predictive result of failure causes, based on the recording data of CAMS when failures were occurred.

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