• Title, Summary, Keyword: Transcultural nursing

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Current Status of Transcultural Nursing Education in Nursing Baccalaureate Programs (간호학과 교과과정 내의 횡문화 간호 교육 현황)

  • Jang, Seon Mi;Kim, Jeongeun
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.181-189
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study presents the current status of transcultural nursing education in nursing baccalaureate programs. Methods: The nursing curricula from 185 out of 194 nursing colleges that received accreditation were collected and analyzed. Results: 109 (58.9%) nursing colleges offered 117 transcultural nursing-related courses. The courses were offered as elective (68.4%) as well as major (78.6%) courses. All courses were offered as a theoretical delivery class without any field experiences. The courses were offered mainly for sophomore (41.9%) and freshman students (33.3%), and most of them (79.5%) were two-credit courses. Instead of the term "transcultural nursing," "multicultural nursing" is mostly used in the title of courses. An inconsistency between the title of courses and their content was found. After analyzing the title of courses based on four nursing meta-paradigms, courses related to the environment were most common (41.9%). Conclusion: Transcultural nursing education has developed during the last decade. However, teaching methods and course content have not developed enough. Thus, a greater effort is needed to increase awareness of the importance of transcultural nursing education and to develop courses for it.

Development of Educational Program for Cultural Competence in Nursing for Nursing Students and its Effects (간호대학생을 위한 문화간호역량 교육 프로그램의 개발 및 효과)

  • Kim, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.580-593
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to develop and implement an educational program for cultural competence in nursing for nursing students, and to evaluate its effects on transcultural self-efficacy, intercultural communication competence, and state anxiety. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used with an experimental group (n=22) and a control group (n=27). Outcome variables were measured by transcultural self-efficacy, intercultural communication competence, and state anxiety before and after the program. The experimental group participated in an educational course for cultural competence in nursing for 14 weeks while the control group did not participate in any course. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact probability test, t-test, MANCOVA, and ANCOVA were performed to analyze the data. Results: The experimental group showed significantly higher posttest scores in the transcultural self-efficacy score (F=19.76, p<.001, partial ${\eta}^2=.34$, observed power .99) and the intercultural communication competence score (F=17.56, p<.001, partial ${\eta}^2=.32$, observed power .98) than that of the control group. The experimental group showed a significantly lower state anxiety score (F=5.30, p=.027, partial ${\eta}^2=.12$, observed power .61) than that of the control group. Conclusions: This educational program was effective on nursing students' cultural competence. Therefore, it is suggested that this program be used for other nursing students. It is also necessary to evaluate its effects after a longer period.

A proposed cultural competence training program for nurses based on their transcultural self-efficacy

  • Jin, Ju-hyun;Cleofas, Jerome V.
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.86-99
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    • 2018
  • This study examined the relationship between the demographic profiles of 260 staff nurses in the SPC Health Care Ministry Hospitals and their Transcultural Self-Efficacy (TSE) level on the Cognitive, Practical and Affective dimensions. To obtain the result, among the nine (9) demographic profile items, three (3) common positive predictors were considered, namely, 1) Educational attainment level; 2) Age; and 3) Willingness to work abroad in all three dimensions. While in the Practical and Affective dimensions, the number of years employed were a common negative predictor and in the Affective dimension, Gender of participants was added as the positive predictor. Therefore, there are some significant demographic characteristics of respondents influence to the transcultural self-efficacy. Further, based on the results of this diagnostic study, the researcher designed the One (1) year Cultural Competence Training Program for staff nurses. For future research, the researcher recommended to conduct a further study that will evaluate the effectiveness of the educational intervention by approaching a longitudinal study form administering the test and retest of TSET.

Transcultural Self-efficacy and Educational Needs for Cultural Competence in Nursing of Korean Nurses (간호사의 문화간호 자기효능감과 문화간호역량 교육 요구)

  • Kim, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.43 no.1
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    • pp.102-113
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the level of transcultural self-efficacy (TSE) and related factors and educational needs for cultural competence in nursing (CCN) of Korean hospital nurses. Methods: A self-assessment instrument was used to measure TSE and educational needs for CCN. Questionnaires were completed by 285 nurses working in four Korean hospitals. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Results: Mean TSE score for all items was 4.54 and score for mean CCN educational needs, 5.77. Nurses with master's degrees or higher had significantly higher levels of TSE than nurses with bachelor's degrees. TSE positively correlated with English language proficiency, degrees of interest in multi-culture, degree of experience in caring for multi-cultural clients, and educational needs for CCN. The regression model explained 28% of TSE. Factors affecting TSE were degree of interest in multi-culture, degree of experience in caring for multi-cultural clients, and educational needs for CCN. Conclusion: The results of the study indicate a need for nurse educators to support nurses to strengthen TSE and provide educational program for TSE to provide nurses with strategies for raising interests in cultural diversity and successful experiences of cultural congruent care.

Factors Affecting Cultural Competency of Elementary School Nurses (초등학교 보건교사의 문화적 역량 영향요인)

  • Shin, Jungeun;Park, Suin;Lee, Hyejung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of School Health
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the cultural competency of elementary school nurses. Methods: Data were collected from a convenience sample of 109 school nurses who were recruited from elementary schools across three large cities in South Korea. The daata were analyzed with independent t-tests, a one-way ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: School nurses who had experience caring for multicultural students showed a significant difference in the cultural competency (t=8.75, p=.004). Factors affecting their cultural competency were awareness of multicultural families (${\beta}=.17$, p=.006) and transcultural self-efficacy (${\beta}=.69$, p<.001), which explained 58.6% of the total variance. Conclusion: The findings suggest that it is necessary to provide more training and educational programs for school nurses to improve their awareness of multiculcural families, including interventions to enhance transcultural self-efficacy, in order to enhance their cultural competence and to help them provide tailored care for multicultural students with diverse cultural backgrounds.

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Transcultural Self-efficacy Scale for Nurses (간호사의 범문화효능감 측정도구 개발 및 타당화)

  • Oh, Won-Oak;Park, Eun Sook;Suk, Min Hyun;Im, Yeo Jin
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.293-304
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: This methodological study was conducted to develop and psychometrically test the Transcultural Self-efficacy scale (TCSE-scale) for nurses. Methods: Initial 41 items for the TCSE-scale were generated based on extensive literature reviews and in-depth interviews with 18 nurses who had experience in caring for foreign patients. Cultural Competence and Confidence model was used as a conceptual framework. Content validity was evaluated by an expert panel. Psychometric testing was performed with a convenience sample of 242 nurses recruited from four general hospitals in the Seoul metropolitan area and Gyeonggi-do province of South Korea. To evaluate the reliability of TCSE-scale, a test-retest reliability and an internal consistency reliability were analyzed. Construct validity, concurrent validity, criterion validity, convergent validity and discriminative validity were used to evaluate the validity. Results: The 25-item TCSE-scale was found to have three subscales-Cognitive, Practical, and Affective domain-explaining 91.5% of the total variance. TCSE-scale also demonstrated a concurrent validity with the Cultural Competence Scale. Criterion-related validity was supported by known-group comparison. Reliability analysis showed an acceptable-to-high Cronbach's alpha-.88 in total, and subscales ranged from .76 to .87. The ICC was .90, indicating that the TCSE-scale has internal consistency and stability of reliability. Conclusion: This preliminary evaluation of the psychometric scale properties demonstrated an acceptable validity and reliability. The TCSE-scale is able to contribute to building up empirical and evidence based on data collection regarding the transcultural self-efficacy of clinical nurses. We suggest further testing of the applicability of TCSE-scale in different settings and community contexts.

Factors Influencing Cultural Sensitivity among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 문화적 민감성에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Oh, Won-Oak
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.222-229
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    • 2011
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the predictors of cultural sensitivity for nursing students in Korea. Methods: The participants in this study were 332 nursing students. Data collection was conducted through the use of questionnaires which were constructed to include a Cultural Sensitivity Scale, Knowledge of Culture, Interpersonal Reaction Index, and Self-efficacy Scale. Results: Results showed that cultural sensitivity of nursing students was middle range. Knowledge level of culture was very low. There was a significant positive correlation between cultural sensitivity and knowledge of culture, empathy, and self-efficacy. The significant factors influencing cultural sensitivity of nursing students were empathy, self-efficacy, experience of an overseas trip and awareness of cultural education. These four factors explained 23.8% of the variance in cultural sensitivity of nursing students. Conclusion: These results indicate that cultural sensitivity is an important link with empathy and self-efficacy in nursing students. For nursing students to enhance cultural sensitivity, a transcultural nursing curriculum needs to develop for appropriate and effective services in cross-cultural situations of the multicultural families in Korea.

The Perception of Multicultural Families on Hospital Nurses (종합병원 간호사의 다문화 가정에 대한 인식)

  • Lee, Jae Young;Ju, Hyeon Ok
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.30-36
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the perception of nurses on multicultural families. Methods: The study population consisted of 493 nurses from eight general hospitals in B city. Data collection was done from June 1 to July 31, 2012. The Perception for Multicultural Family Inventory developed by Jun and Kim (2010) was used as the study instrument. The collected data were analyzed by t-test and ANOVA using SPSS/WIN version12.0. Results: Perception of nurses for multicultural families was 3.64 points out of 5. Most of the nurses considered that multicultural education is necessary. However, there were only a small number of nurses received training on multiculturalism. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that education and support on multiculturalism for nurses are needed to improve health related quality of life for the multicultural families.

Cultural Awareness of Students in a Nursing Education Program (간호학 전공학생의 교육과정에 대한 문화적 자각)

  • Oh, Hyun-Jin;Kim, Hyun-Jee
    • The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.446-454
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: South Korea is rapidly changing into a multicultural society; the nursing discipline faces the need to educate its students in cultural competence to meet the health care needs of an ethnically diverse population. However, there is little evidence suggesting that nursing programs provide this education. The purpose of this study was to measure nursing students' cultural awareness in a nursing education program. Methods: Four hundred thirty-three nursing students at 4 universities in Daejeon participated in this cross-sectional descriptive study, which was held from August to September 2012. Data collection was conducted via questionnaires based on the Cultural Awareness Scale(CAS), and demographics included general and cultural characteristics. Results: The mean cultural awareness score was 4.54, which was relatively low compared to studies completed in other countries. The highest rating was in the cognitive awareness subscale, and the lowest was in the general education experiences subscale in CAS. The level of cultural awareness was significantly different in those who had experienced overseas travel. Those students also perceived a greater need for cultural education. Conclusion: The study's finding suggest the need for a transcultural nursing education program designed to enhance the level of cultural awareness in Korea's nursing students.

Analysis of the Sexual Health Education Curriculum of Nursing Schools in Korea using Posner's Theory (한국 간호교육기관의 성 건강 이론 교육과정 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun-Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.223-233
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to analyze the sexual health curriculum for the nursing baccalaureate and associate's degrees in Korea. The curriculum proper based on Posner's theory presented the analysis of purpose, content, organization, and underlying assumption. Methods: This study was conducted with sexual health education guidelines, nursing practice standards, 181 curriculums, and teaching materials. Data were collected through literature, online homepage from 181 nursing school, and textbooks from July to September, 2013. Data were analyzed using percentage and mean with SPSS 12.0. Results: The purposes were mostly included in the low grade cognitive learning domain. The contents included 20 key elements among 22, so the scope was not inclusive. There was an unbalance between content's depth and scope, because total mean credit of sexual health nursing education was only 19.81 hours. The spiral structure of organization showed continuity, sequence, and integration with international standards. The interdisciplinary integration and transcultural value were advantages of the curriculum. Conclusion: This study provided a view on understanding sexual health nursing curriculum and implication for advanced education. The proclaiming of the standard and concept mapping of sexual health curriculum may contribute to the curriculum development for the advanced nursing.