• Title, Summary, Keyword: Treatment Rate

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Treatment Rate-up Methods in the Oriental Medicine (한의학 치료율 제고 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee Sun-Dong
    • Journal of Society of Preventive Korean Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.35-54
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    • 1999
  • This thesis shows about the meaning of treatment rate increasing, the current treated level and the reason of low treatment rate and increasing methods. 1. Treatment rate incresing means high treat level within short time, keeping treatment effect for a long time as well as raising treatment rate. 2. The current by diseases each others completed treatment rate of oriental medicine is 14.0% to 89.7%$(mean:\;{\pm}40.0%)$. Therefore the rate is show too low. 3. The reasons of low treatment rate; low academic level of oriental, academic limitation, clinic and prevention problem of oriental medicine, lack of medical approch suitable for current diseases and symptoms, mostly incurrable diseases using oriental medicine, lack of preventive education, disappropriate medical service and nonspecialty of the treatment, etc. 4. The next methods for incresing the treatment rate must be improved; such as accurate establishment of process that diagnosis symptoms and treats them, system research of microdiagnosis, positive treatment with medicine and nonmedicine method at the same time, appropriate subdivision and actualization of clinical basic research, research of dose and response, diversity of treatment methods and forms, development of treatment service and prevention based on health level, enormous change as cure medicine and opening-up of new disease field, specialization of medical examination, reinforcement of public medical part and herbal drugs use with same origin, mental and pysical stability of patients, accurate extract and oral drinking ways, etc.

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Studies on Mass Production , Utilization and Bioactive Substance of Kudzu I. The effect of concentrated sulfate on germination rate and growth chracte in kudzu (칡의 대량 생산이용 및 생리활성물질에 관한 연구 I. 진한황산 처리가 칡 종자의 발아 및 생육에 미치는 영향)

  • 정대수;김대진
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Grassland and Forage Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.190-194
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    • 1993
  • This experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of concentrated sulfate on the germination rate, growth rate and the productivity of weight of kudzu (Pueraria thwnbergiana Bentham). The germination rate of kudzu seed by one or two treatment retreatment with the concentrated sulfate for minutes of 5. 10, 15 and 20 were determined respectively. The results obtained were summarized as follows; 1. In the time of concentrated sulfate treatment, the germination rate was the highest in the once treatment for 20 minute. and the retreatment was higher than the once treatment in the germination rate. 2. The changes of plant length by growth stage was grown gradually until for 60 day and rapidly after for 60 day. The growth rate was the highest in treatment for 15 minute than in other treatments. 3. The stem diameter. stem weight. fresh weight and root weight by the treatment with sulfate 15 minute as the treatment with once were high degree of productivity. 4. The number of branch. number of nodes and root weight by the growth stage were higher growth rate before for 90 day than after for 90 day, however stem weight and fresh weight were high degree of productivity after for 60 day.

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Effect of Flow Rate on the Continuous Cycling Electrolytic Treatment Process for Silver Ion Containing Wastewater (은 함유 폐수의 연속 순환 전해처리 시 유량변화가 회수 공정에 미치는 영향)

  • Chung, Won-Ju;Kim, Dong-Su
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.577-580
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    • 2007
  • The influence of flow rate has been investigated on the treatment efficiency of continuous cycling electrolytic process employing artificial and actual photographic wastewater which containing silver ion. For artificial wastewater, the treatment efficiency of process was found to rise ca. three times when the flow rate of wastewater was increased from 3 mL/min to 15 mL/min. The process efficiency was doubled under the same condition regarding actual wastewater. The effect of flow rate on the treatment efficiency was observed to be altered according to the metal ionic form and solution composition. The coefficient of mass transfer was estimated using model equation, which verified that the raised treatment efficiency at higher flow rate was due to the increased mobility of ionic species.

A Study on the Advanced Treatment of Wastewater by Plants (식물을 이용한 오수의 고도처리에 관한 연구)

  • 이용두;김현희
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.75-81
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    • 1999
  • In recent years increasing production and disposal of wastewater have caused an accelerated eutrophication of receiving waters. Therefore, in order to alleviate the detrimental impact of wastewater discharge, there is an increasing demand for removing the main nutrients, nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as the organic content of the waste water prior to disposal. This is effectively achieved by extended conventional treatment technology. However, the working expenses and energy requirements of such advanced treatment systems are rather high. So in a sparsely populated rural community is required development of wastewater treatment system combined with the regional characteristics. In this study, the systems are planted with Reeds and Amaryllis In A.C and estimated purification potential of system. The results obtained are as follows. BOD removal rate is 20% in the early stage, the last removal rate is 35% in A.C process and is 65% in Amaryllis+A.C process and is 50% in Reed+A.C process. T-N removal rate by Amaryllis is average 2.6g/$m^3$ㆍd, T-N removal rate by Reed is average 1.76g/$m^3$ㆍd. T-P removal rate by Amaryllis is average 0.27g/$m^3$ㆍd, T-P removal rate by Reed is average 0.25g/$m^3$ㆍd. BOD removal rate constant with retention time is 1.4494(1/d), T-N removal rate constant is 0.5428(1/d), T-P removal rate constant is 0.5287(1/d).

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Increasing the Treatment Success Rate of Tuberculosis in a Private Hospital through Public-Private Mix (PPM) Project (공공민간협력사업을 통한 한 민간병원의 결핵치료 성공률 향상)

  • Park, Jae-Seuk
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.70 no.2
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 2011
  • Background: Stopping medical treatment by tuberculosis (TB) patients prior to completing treatment period is a major concern in private hospitals. We evaluated the impact of public-private mix (PPM) project on increasing treatment success rate of TB in a private tertiary hospital in Korea. Methods: Starting in February 2009, TB patients treated at Dankook University Hospital received health education and case monitoring activities by specially trained public health nurses (PPM project). On a retrospective basis, we reviewed medical records and compared the treatment outcome of TB patients treated under the PPM project (PPM group) to patients treated without the PPM project (control group) between January 2008 and June 2010. In addition, we also evaluated the risk factors treatment non-completion. Results: The number of patients in the PPM group and control group were 123 (85 pulmonary TB and 38 extrapulmonary TB) and 146 (101 pulmonary TB and 45 extra-pulmonary TB), respectively. The PPM group had demographic and clinical findings comparable to those of control group. The PPM group showed a significantly higher treatment success rate (93.5%) compared to the control group (77.9%). However, development of complications, proximity to the hospital, and presence of co-morbid disease did not influence the treatment success rate. Conclusion: The PPM project was effective at increasing the TB treatment success rate. An effort to improve and to expand the PPM project is needed in private Korean hospitals.

Analeptic Effects of Doxapram after Succinylcholine Treatment in Dog (Succinylcholine Chloride로 근이완된 견에 있어서 Doxapram Hydrochloride에 의한 회복효과)

  • Kim Myung-Cheol
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.407-414
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    • 1990
  • This study was performed to evaluate the effects of doxapram after succinylcholine treatment. Succinylcholine was administered intravenously at a dose rate of 0.07 mg per kg of body weight and then ten minutes after the injection of succinylcholine doxapram was administered intravenously at a dose rate of 2 mg per kg of body weight. The results obtained were as follows : 1. Recovery time in dog given doxapram after succinylcholine treatment was shortened comparing with control group. 2. The changes in respiratory rate revealed a maximal increase immediately after the injection of doxapram. Thereafter respiratory rate gradually decreased, and revealed normal levels 20 minutes after the injection of doxapram. 3. The changes in heart rate revealed a maximal increase immediately after the injection of doxapram. Thereafter heart rate gradually decreased, but remained above the levels of control group. 4. Although arrhysthmias were observed after treatment of succinylcholine, these were disappeared after doxapram treatment. And there was no another change on electrocardiograms.

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Ignition and Heat Release Rate of Wood-based Materials in Cone Calorimeter Tests

  • Park, Joo-Saeng;Lee, Jun-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2008
  • This study was performed to evaluate the burning characteristics of wood-based materials and the effect of surface treatment of fire retardant using cone calorimeter. Four types of wood-based materials, such as Plywood, Oriented Strand Board (OSB), Particle Board (PB) and Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF), were tested at a constant heat flux of $50kW/m^2$ to investigate the time to ignition, mass loss rate, heat release rate, effective heat of combustion, etc. In addition, each type of wood-based material was tested at the same heat flux after fire retardant treatment on the surface to evaluate the effect of this treatment on the burning characteristics. The surface treatment of fire retardant, by the amount of $110g/m^2$, delayed the time to ignition almost twice. However, it was indicated that heat release rate, mass loss rate, and effective heat of combustion were not significantly affected by fire retardants treatment for all types of wood-based materials.

The Increase of Seeds Germination in Albizzia julibrissin, Lespedeza cyrtobotrya and Lespedeza cuneata by Microbial Treatment (미생물에 의한 자귀나무·참싸리·비수리 종자의 발아촉진)

  • Cha, Go-Woon;Hur, Young-Jin;Ahn, Tae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.107-115
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    • 2008
  • Herbs and plants widely used for the ecological restoration were selected for germination rate analysis under treatment of microorganisms to determine ideal treatment conditions and medium for enhanced germination rate. Albizzia julibrissin, when submerged in a nutrient medium or distilled water, presented a decrease in germination period rather than increase in germination rate. When treated with microorganism culture solution (JM-2) for 24 hours, 90% germination was achieved in two days, which is sufficient evidence to conclude that such treatment accelerates the germination of Albizzia julibrissin. Germination period decreased for Lespedeza cyrtobotrya samples submerged in microorganism solution for 15 and 48 hours, however, increases in germination rates were not observed. Sample treated in the solution for 24 hours had increased germination rate and enhanced germination period. Microorganism solution treatment had a negative effect on germination for Lespedeza cuneata, unlike Lespedeza cyrtobotrya and Albizzia julibrissin. Microorganism treated seeds of Lepsedeza cuneata had a lower germination rate than that of the control with no treatment. However, submerging treatments in a nutrient medium or distilled water for 24 to 48 hours were proven effective with higher germination rates than control sample with no treatment. Herbs and plants widely used for the ecological restoration were selected for germination rate analysis under treatment of microorganisms to determine ideal treatment conditions and medium for enhanced germination rate. Albizzia julibrissin, when submerged in a nutrient medium or distilled water, presented a decrease in germination period rather than increase in germination rate. When treated with microorganism culture solution (JM-2) for 24 hours, 90% germination was achieved in two days, which is sufficient evidence to conclude that such treatment accelerates the germination of Albizzia julibrissin. Germination period decreased for Lespedeza cyrtobotrya samples submerged in microorganism solution for 15 and 48 hours, however, increases in germination rates were not observed. Sample treated in the solution for 24 hours had increased germination rate and enhanced germination period. Microorganism solution treatment had a negative effect on germination for Lespedeza cuneata, unlike Lespedeza cyrtobotrya and Albizzia julibrissin. Microorganism treated seeds of Lepsedeza cuneata had a lower germination rate than that of the control with no treatment. However, submerging treatments in a nutrient medium or distilled water for 24 to 48 hours were proven effective with higher germination rates than control sample with no treatment.

A study on Duration of Treatment and Its Outcome by Characteracterstics of Tuberculosis Patients Registered at the Health Center (보건소등록(保健所登錄) 결핵환자(結核患者)의 특성별(特性別) 치료기간(治療期間) 및 치료귀결(治療歸結)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Kwang-Tae
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.285-292
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    • 1974
  • It is well known fact that many tuberculosis patients have often experienced interuption of treatment while their treatment. Because most of cases were inproved subjective symptome by adequate treatment for 3-6 months and patients misunderstood to be heal completely by their own dicision, It become the cause of emergency of drug resistance and chronic incurable diseases. The author intended to clarify the duration of treatment and its outcome by some characteristics of tuberculosis patients. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The rate of treatment for tuberculosis patients by each duration with 1-6, 7-12, 13-13, 19-24 and 25 or more months were 16, 23, 20, 14 and 25 percents respectively. The duration of treatment increased in patients with advancing age, better educated and registered at health center between 7-12 months after diagnosis for tuberculosis. 2. The rate of complete treatment, defaulters, death and migration were 43, 13, 8, and 10 percents respectively. The rate of complete treatment were high in older, better educated and registered at health center between 7-12 months after diagnosis. The rate of defaulters were high in younger, no educated and registered within 1 month after diagnosis. The rate of death was high in older and migration was high in younger.

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Effects of Light Environment on Dry Matter Production and Growth of Zoysia japonica (광환경이 한국들잔디(Zoysia japonica)의 물질생산과 생장에 미치는 영향)

  • 도봉현
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to investigate the interaction between productivity and light condition and to analyze the material productivity and productive charactaristics under different hours of light in Zoysia japonica. 1. Rate increasement of leaf number and total leaf length was remarkably high at the early growth stage in the control and 9 hour light treatment. The rate gradually decreased as growth proceeded. But 3 hour treatment was very low in the rate from its early growth stage through the whole test period. 2. The increasing rate of leaf area ratio (LAR) in all the experimental plots was remarkably high at the early growth stage after transplanting the grass. The shorter photoperiod resulted remarkable lower increasement of LAR. 3. The rhizome growth rate of the 9 hour photoperiod was high contrast to the 3 hour photoperiod treatment. The increasing rate of node number was also showed similar trend. 4. Chlorophyll content was very high at the 36 days after transplanting and then decreased gradually. Chlorophyll content on 3 hours photoperiod plot severely decreased. The ratio of chlorophyll a to b was decreased significantly at short day treatment. 5. The content of soluble sugar was increased at shorter photoperiod. The highest ratio of sugar content was on August, 28 by HPLC method. Such a result was attributed to accumulation of sugar in spite of low synthesis of ploysacchrides, translocation by low consumption. 6. The increasing rate of standings in all light treatment was high at the early growth stage after transplanting. Short photoperiod treatment by 3hour showed especially low prganic productivity on Zoysia japonica.

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