• Title, Summary, Keyword: Tricalcium phosphate

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Processing and Properties of 30 wt% β-Tricalcium Phosphate/Al2O3 Composites (30 wt% β-Tricalcium Phosphate/Al2O3 복합재료의 제조 및 특성)

  • Jeong, Heecheol;Ha, Jung-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.142-147
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    • 2018
  • ${\beta}-Tricalcium$ phosphate (TCP) was added to $Al_2O_3$ to make a biomaterial with good mechanical properties. Using a TCP powder synthesized by a polymer complexation method, $Al_2O_3$ composites containing 30 wt% TCP were fabricated and characterized for densification, phase, microstructure, strength, and fracture toughness. With optimizing the powder preparation conditions, a high densification of 97 % was obtained by sintering at $1350^{\circ}C$ for 2 h. No reaction between the two components occurred and there was no transition to ${\alpha}-TCP$. TCP grains with a size of $2-4{\mu}m$ were well surrounded by $Al_2O_3$ grains with a size of $1{\mu}m$ or less. Strength 61(Brazilian) or 187(3-p MOR) MPa, and fracture toughness 1.7 (notched beam) or 2.5 (indentation) $MPa{\cdot}m^{1/2}$ were obtained, which are large improvements over the strength of $TCP/Al_2O_3$ composites and toughness of TCP and hydroxyapatite in previous studies.

Synthesis of Ultra-fine Calcium Phosphate Powders from Ca(OH)2 Suspension and Various Phosphoric Aqueous Solutions (Ca(OH)$_2$ 현탁액과 각종 인산 수용액으로부터 인산칼슘 초미분말의 제조)

  • 민경소;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.74-82
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    • 1992
  • Ultra-fine calcium phosphate powders were synthesized by the reaction of Ca(OH)2 suspension with various phosphoric aqueous solutions such as (NH4)2HPO4, H4P2O7 and H3PO4, and the characterization of powders was examined for each synthetic condition. When (NH4)2HPO4 and H3PO4 were used, hydroxyapatite powders with poor crystallinity were obtained. In the case of H4P2O7, amorphous calcium phosphate was obtained up to 0.3 mol/ι Ca(OH)2 suspension, but above the concentration, poor crystalline hydroxyapatite was produced. Crystalline phases of powders heat-treated at 80$0^{\circ}C$ were hydroxyapatite, $\beta$-tricalcium phosphate and $\beta$-tricalcium phosphate for the case of (NH4)2HPO4, H4P2O7 and H3PO4, respectively. SEM observation revealed that the shapes of synthesized powders were vigorously agglomerated spherical with the size below 100 nm, but TEM observation revealed that primary shapes of particles were rod for (NH4)2HPO4 and H3PO4 and were sphere for H4P2O7. There was no dependence of the concentration of Ca(OH)2 suspension. In the case that reaction temperature and pH of the suspension were raised, the inclination to the hydroxyapatite were remarkable. The amorphous calcium phosphate synthesized in this experiment contained water about 20% , and was crystallized to $\beta$-tricalcium phosphate at 69$0^{\circ}C$.

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Synthesis of β-tricalcium Phosphate by Using an Eggshell (달걀껍질을 이용한 생체용 β-tricalcium Phosphate 분말의 합성)

  • Kwon, Myoung-Do;Oh, Sun-Ho;Lee, Sang-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.39 no.11
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    • pp.1103-1107
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    • 2002
  • Biocompatible ${\beta}$-Tricalcium Phosphate(${\beta}$-TCP) powder was successfully synthesized by using a re-cycled eggshell and phosphoric acid. The crystallization behavior of the synthesized powder was dependent on the mixing ratio between the eggshell and phosphoric acid, the starting condition of the eggshell and calcination temperature. The ${\beta}$-TCP was stably synthesized in the 1:1.3~1:1.5 (wt%) mixing ratios of calcined eggshell and phosphoric acid. The synthesis was achieved at about $900{\circ}$ for 1h in an air atmosphere. The crystalline development and microstructure of the synthesized powder were examined by X-ray diffractometer and scanning electron microscopy.

A Study on the Preparation and Properties of Hydroxyapatite Bioceramics (Hydroxyapatite Bioceramics의 합성 및 물성에 관한 연구)

  • 이석곤;고형열;이구종;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.171-178
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    • 1989
  • In order to develope hydroxyapatite ceramics which has mechanical strength as bio-implant materials and get the basic data for the study and application of biocompatibility, hydroxyapatite was synthesized at Ca/P=1.67~1.75, pH 7~11 by precipitation method. Using prepared powders, the sintered body, fluorine substituted body and the porous body was formed and their properties were investigated. The sample obtained in condition of Ca/P=1.67, pH 7 and sintering at 1,15$0^{\circ}C$ was decomposed to $\beta$-tricalcium phosphate, and co-existed with hydroxyapatite. Hydroxyapatite synthesized at pH 11 was not easily decomposed to $\beta$-tricalcium phosphate at sintering process. The substitution of a small amount of fluorine for hydroxyapatite prevented hydroxyapatite from being decompsed to $\beta$-tricalcium phosphate. Hydroxyapatite ceramics which substited of 10% fluorine was prepared at 1,15$0^{\circ}C$, and the valueof bending strength for this body were found to be 112MPa.

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Hydration Properties of $\alpha$-Tricalcium Phosphate in Tris. Solution ($\alpha$-Tricalcium Phosphate의 Tris. Solution에서의 수화특성)

  • 인경필;최상흘
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.30 no.11
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    • pp.905-910
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    • 1993
  • $\alpha$-tricalcium phosphate($\alpha$-TCP) powders were synthesized and their hydration properties were investigated in Tris. solution. Two kinds of $\alpha$-TCP powder samples were prepared; the one is reaction product of CaHPO4.2H2O and CaCO3, and another is that of hydroxyapatite(HAp) and $\beta$-Ca2P2O7. They were satisfied with Ca/P mole ratio 1.5 and were heated at 150$0^{\circ}C$ for 5 hours. In the hydration of $\alpha$-TCP samples the powder which was synthesized from HAp and $\beta$-Ca2P2O7 was hydrated faster than that from CaHPO4.2H2O and CaCO3. The hydration reaction of $\alpha$-TCP powder transformed rapidly into HAp accompanying setting and hardening. It was realized that the hydration reaction of $\alpha$-TCP was due to the solution-precipitation mechanism and the hydrates from the reaction were Ca-deficient HAp having funtional group HPO42-.

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The Thermal Changes of Precipitated Hydroxyapatite (습식 합성 Hydroxyapatite의 가열 분해성)

  • Kim, Chang-Eun;Park, Hoon;Kim, Bae-Yeon;Lee, Dong-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.907-915
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    • 1990
  • The hydroxyapatite powder was prepared by the precipitation method. The obtained powder was heat-treated and its products were investigated in order to characterize its decomposition process. The powder was Ca-deficient hydroxyapatite with no relation to the Ca/P mole ratio in the initial solution. The obtained hydroxyapatite was thermally decomposed into tricalcium phosphate [Ca3(PO4)2, TCP] after heat-treatment above 80$0^{\circ}C$ and the extent of the decomposition was dependent on the nonstoichiometry of obtained hydroxyapatite, and the resultant hydroxyapatite and tricalcium phosphate maintained stable forms up to 120$0^{\circ}C$. The hydroxyapatite powder had the better stability with the samller the nonstoichinometry of hydroxyapatite. And the quantities of tricalcium phosphate obtained after decomposition were decreased, and also the corresponding decomposition temperatures were increased with decreasing extent of nonstoichiometry in precipitated hydroxyapatite.

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The Influence of Bioactive Inorganic Materials on Osteopontin Expression in Rat Calvarial Osteoblast Culture

  • Mun, Byung-Bae;Jung, Kyoung-Hwa;Chai, Young-Gyu;Kim, Ho-Kun
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.652-656
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    • 2007
  • Hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, HAp] and titanium(Ti) metal are known to be excellent materials with high affinities for natural bone through the apatite. Tricalcium phosphate [Ca3(PO4)2, TCP] is a promising alternative material because it is similar to HAp in its physical properties and biocompatibility. To examine the influence of hydroxyapatite, tricalcium phosphate, pure titanium and pre-treated titanium on osteopontin expression in osteoblasts, RNA was extracted from proliferated and cultured osteoblast cells and OPN mRNA expression was observed by RT-PCR.

THE EFFECT OF THE TRICALCIUM PHOSPHATE AND VITAPEX ON THE DOGS' PERIAPICAL TISSUES (Tricalcium phosphate와 Vitapex가 치근단 조직에 미치는 영향에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Choi, Gi-Won
    • Restorative Dentistry and Endodontics
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.71-84
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    • 1989
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of tricalcium phosphate and Vitapex on the dogs' periapical tissues. Twenty mandibular premolars from 5 healthy dogs were used for this study. After the animals were anesthetized intramuscularly, pulp chambers were open and pulp tissue was extirpated with a barbed broach and H-file. Then the working length of the root canal was measured with H-file and pulp tissue was completely removed. Before the actual canal filling, the root canals of twenty teeth have been experimentally infected with opening the pulp chamber for 5 weeks. Periapical radiographs of the experimental teeth were taken to monitor the periapical pathological condition. Each root apex of 20 premolars was perforated with engine reamer and the root canals were enlarged with No. 30-60 H-files. They were divided into treated as follows. Control group: The root canal was filled with gutta-percha. Experimental group 1: The canal was dried with sterile paper points and mixture of tricalcium phosphate and physiological saline was overfilled beyond the root apex with a lentulo spiral. Then the root canal was filled gutta-percha and lateral condensation and the pulp chamber was filled with Caviton. Experimental group 2: The root canals were overfilled with Vitapex and were treated in the same manner as those in experimental group 1 At 1,2,3, and 8 weeks after experiment, the periapical tissues including the alveolar bone were fixed with 10% formalin solution for I week and decalcified with Plank-Rycho solution for 5 weeks. The specimens were embedded in paraffin and serial sections were cut into a thickness of 6 ${\mu}m$ at the plane of the root apex. Hematoxyline-eosin and Masson's trichrome stain were made for the histo-pathological examinations. The results were as follows: 1. Ingrowth of collagen fiber was observed from 1 week in control group and experimental groups. 2. The rate of bone formation of experimental group 1 was accelerated more than that of experimental group 2. 3. Resorption of cementum was seen in control group, but apposition of cementum was seen in experimental groups.

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Influence of thermal treatment on the dissolution of hydroxyapatite powders in simulated body fluid (수산화아파타이트 분말의 열처리가 유사생체용액 내 용해거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Dae-Sung;Seo, Dong-Seok;Lee, Jong-Kook
    • Journal of the Korean Crystal Growth and Crystal Technology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2005
  • Commercial hydroxyapatite (HA) powders were calcined at the temperature range of $1000{\sim}1350^{\circ}C$ in air, for 2h, and the calcined powders were immersed in simulated body fluid (SBF) of pH 7.4 at $37^{\circ}C$ for 3 or 7 days. Thermal decomposition and their related dissolution behaviors of hydroxyapatite were investigated by XRD, FT-IR, and TEM. At the temperature of $1200^{\circ}C$, HA gradually releases its $OH^-$ ions and transforms to OHAP((oxyhydroxyapatite, ($Ca_{10}(PO_4)_6O_x(OH)_{2-2x}$)). HA thermally decomposes to ${\alpha}-TCP$ (${\alpha}-tricalcium$ phosphate) and TTCP (tetracalcium phosphate) phase at $1350^{\circ}C$. It was found that the surface dissolution of the hydroxyapatite powders was accelerated by non-stoichiometric composition and decomposed to ${\alpha}-TCP$ and TTCP.