• Title, Summary, Keyword: Trust

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The Effect of Trust on the Usage of Internet Shopping Mall (신뢰형성이 인터넷쇼핑몰의 이용에 미치는 영향)

  • Son Dal-Ho;Cha Yeong-Han
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.131-157
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    • 2006
  • A lack of trust in the technical and institutional environments surrounding the web can hinder e-commerce adoption, because Internet social cues are minimal and trust is difficult th establish. Web vendors must act purposefully to overcome consumer perceptions of uncertainty and risk by building trust-both in their own web sites and in the broader Internet environments. Trust makes consumers comfortable by sharing personal information making purchases, and acting on web vendor advice-behaviors essential to wide-spread adoption of e-commerce. Understanding the nature and antecedents of trust is, therefore, a major issue for both Internet researchers and practitioners. Prior research on e-commerce trust has used diverse, incomplete, and inconsistent definitions of trust therefore, making it difficult to compare results across studies. This study tried to and the empirical relationships among the trust-related factors on the usage of Internet shooing mall. The model includes five high-level constructs-disposition to trust institution-based trust trusting beliefs, trusting intention and environmental factors. The results showed that the disposition to trust and the environmental factors had a significant effect on the web site trust however, their effect was not consistent Moreover, the model suggested in this study need to be extended including with the more sociological factors and results in this study required to be verified with those extended model.

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An Empirical Study on the Effects of Trust toward Supervisor on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Organization (조직에서 상사에 대한 신뢰가 직무만족 및 조직몰입에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증적 연구)

  • Yang, Hoon-Mo;Cho, Jin-Tak
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.139-158
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to examine antecedents and outcomes of trust toward supervisor in organization. The model is developed by reviewing previous research providing various perspectives. Antecedents consisted of three trustworthy behaviors - ability, benevolence, integrity - and three transformational leader behaviors - performance management, motivation, team-orientation -, and job satisfaction and organizational commitment is used outcome variables of trust. Data was collected from 206 employees in 6 organizations in broadcasting industry, using self-report questionnaire. Study finding is as following. First, trust in model was composed by 2 type - affect-based trust and cognition-based trust -, not divided in empirical analysis. Second, regression analysis for trust carry out independently, jointly with trustworthy behaviors and leadership behaviors. In antecedents of trust trustworthy behaviors, ability and benevolence has positive effects to trust, integrity has negative relationship with trust. It was high correlation between trustworthy behavior and leadership behavior. Especially, it has highly correlate(correlation efficient 0.69) between ability and team-orientation that influences trust strongly. Third, trust was not significant relationship with individual variables such as age, period with supervisor. Only, it found significant gap in variables and found out different relationship between variables among organizations distinctly. Fourth, job satisfaction and organizational commitment was positive influenced by trust and found out strong relationship between trust and organizational commitment.

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Building Customer Loyalty with Trust and Familarity in the Internet-based Shopping-mall (인터넷쇼핑몰에서 신뢰와 친밀감이 고객충성도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Il-Sang;Choi, Su-Jeong
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.187-207
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    • 2005
  • In the Internet-based B2C e-commerce, trust has been recognized as a critical factor to reduce uncertainties, through interacting with a well-known specific shopping mall. In this study, we view customer trust as not a unitary concept but multidimensional one consisted of the trustworthiness of trustee, familiarity with the specific shopping-mall, disposition to trust, and institution-based trust. In this study, first, we considered the trustworthiness of trustee consisted of capability, benevolence, and integrity as one of the major factors to build customer trust on the specific Internet shopping-mall. In the context of the Internet e-commerce, the role of institutional structures is very important to assure the customer trust from the various opportunistic behaviors because of the characteristics of internet-based commerce such as impersonality, the lack of information on the other party, and the transactions with a number of anonymous people. Second, we examined the effect of the institution-based trust built by institutional structures on customer trust. Third, we examined the effect of customer trust and familiarity on retaining customer loyalty. Our findings showed that customer trust and familiarity played a major role in retaining customer loyalty with the specific shopping-mall. In conclusions, we discussed the strategies to build the customer loyalty for maintaining the customer. We suggest customer trust and familiarity for the factors to bind the customer with the specific shopping-mall based on these results.

Trust-based business model in trust economy: External interaction, data orchestration and ecosystem value

  • Minzheong, Song
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.32-41
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study is to formulate a trust-based business model of Internet services in so called the "trust economy." For it, firstly concepts of trust and trust economy are discussed. Then, we present previous literatures' review of trust in social science prism and trust economy in economic prism. This study classified the literatures' stances with two viewpoints of the 'system' and the 'user'. With this backdrop, we discuss three contradictory stances: Internal optimization vs. external interaction, personal data control vs. orchestration, and end-user vs. ecosystem value. In the result, we formulate a trust-based business model framework with three trust issues in user perspective and suggests three strategic directions related three issues along with representative use cases.

A Comparative Study on Policies Related To Trust Services in e-Business (전자상거래 신뢰서비스를 활성화시키기 위한 선진국들의 정책에 관한 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Woo;Lee, Jong-Sung
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.213-234
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    • 2003
  • "Trust" becomes a focal issue in e-business. Unlike traditional business environment, virtual situation requires new trust-ensuring mechanism other than face-to-face meetings and other related means of confirmation. Many countries are trying to foster trust services industry in order to increase e-business transactions and activities. This paper compares and contrasts these countries' policies on trust services. Conclusions of this comparative research includes: (1) trust services industry will be tightly integrated horizontally and increase their scope vertically towards trust in business sense over and beyond the mere technical level trust, (2) necessity of reciprocal trust authentication exchange is calling for an international standard in a near future, and (3) two different types of policies are under development: government-led and industry-led. Advantages and disadvantages of different approaches are presented with details of legal implications and structures of operations.

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Bidimensionality of Trust In the Electronic Commerce (전자상거래에서 신뢰의 이차원성)

  • Kim, Jong-Ki;Kim, Sang-Hee
    • Journal of Information Technology Services
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-20
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    • 2011
  • Due to the wide use of internet, electronic commerce market is gradually increasing but consumers still conceive various transaction-related problems. Various studies argue that those problems are obstructing trust in electronic commerce. Most studies on electronic commerce address that trust is measured as a Single dimension in which factors obstructing trust are same as those of increasing distrust. However, this study doesn't view trust as a single dimensional level but understands trust and distrust are bidimensional. This study also holds a viewpoint that they are influenced by different antecedents. According to the results of empirical analysis, the antecedents of trust have a significant explanatory power to trust and those of distrust have it to distrust. Other relations among the notions of trust and distrust, perceived risk and purchase intention as depicted in the research model are all statistically significant except the relation between distrust and purchase intention. This study shows a strong evidence of the bidimensionality of trust with separate antecedents.

The effect of dual information sources perspective in online shopping malls: information satisfaction, trust, and loyalty (온라인 쇼핑몰에서 기업과 고객들의 차별화된 정보만족과 신뢰의 구분이 로열티에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ju-Min
    • The Journal of Information Systems
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.13-34
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    • 2010
  • As consumers participate in sharing their experiences, they become a powerful information source in online shopping malls. Previous studies have investigated information service in the company-created information perspective and trust in the company perspective. This study extends the perspective of company-consumers to consumers-consumer perspective in information satisfaction and trust. Also, this study suggests loyalty as voluntary behaviors and adds helping behavior to the loyalty. Our results show that information satisfactions influence trust in the information sources such as company and consumers. Moreover, trust in company and trust in consumers influence loyalty differently. While trust in company influences recommending stronger than trust in consumers, trust in consumers influence helping and repurchasing stronger than trust in company.

Formation of Trust by Duration of Relationship in Services Setting (서비스 환경에서 관계기간에 따른 신뢰의 형성)

  • Choi, Chul-Jae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.347-360
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    • 2011
  • This paper is to identifies relationship between service quality, trust toward employees, trust toward store and store loyalty by investigate how service quality influences on trust toward employees and trust toward store, and its, in turn, influence on store loyalty and explain the moderating effect in relationships between service quality and trust toward employees, and service qualty and trust toward store in bank services setting. A survey study was conducted to collect the data with the actual service purchasers at domestic mayor banks. Analysis of structural equation modeling with AMOS 18.0 was performed to test the research hypothesis. The results of the study are as follows: First, it was found to the moderating effect in relationships between empathy dimension of service quality and trust toward employees, and assurance dimension of service quality and trust toward store. Second, service quality shows differential effects on both trust toward employees and trust toward store by dimension but trust toward employees influence on both trust toward store and it, in turn, influence on store loyalty. To sum up, it have to build empathy of service quality for increase of trust toward their customer who have high duration of relationship and have to build assurance of service quality for increase of trust toward store in bank service settings.

The Effect of Trust and Distrust on the Purchase Intention at Internet Shopping Malls - Focusing on the Chinese Users - (인터넷 쇼핑몰에서 신뢰와 불신이 구매의도에 미치는 영향 - 중국 인터넷 쇼핑몰 사용자를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Hye-Ryung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.741-752
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    • 2009
  • As a major obstacle to active online purchase at the level of consumer in China, distrust is raised in this study. Most of previous studies showed that trust is a major variable to cause a relational unity between company and consumer, on the other hand, this study attempts to show that according to the two dimensional point of view regarding trust each dimension of both trust and distrust distinctly contributes to marketing achievement. Interaction, perceived popularity, information usefulness, perceived security risk and perceived dealing risk were created as preceding variable, trust and distrust were constituted as parameter and relation absorption and purchase intention as consequential variable. These variables were analyzed with structural equation modeling (SEM) in LISREL 8.3 program. The results for this study are as follows. First, relation between exchange actors in marketing is divided into two concepts of trust and distrust differently from the previous studies. On the assumption that trust and distrust might exist simultaneously and they would distinctly have an influence on marketing consequency such as relation absorption and repurchase intention, it is identified that trust and distrust are a different dimension in online context. Second, the formative factor of online trust-distrust is identified and it is shown what relationship between internet shopping mall and relation absorption and foregoing purchase intention resulting from online trust-distrust exists. Third, it is shown that in online context the formative factor of online trust-distrust is distinctly contributed to relation absorption and repurchase intention. It is suggested that trust needs to be managed two-dimensionally separating from trust and distrust. Fourth, it is shown that both trust and distrust factor in terms of relation absorption and repurchase intention of consumer in internet shopping mall are significant variables. Trust is linked with repurchase intention through relation absorption, however, distrust is not directly linked with repurchase intention through relation absorption. Thus, the ripple effect of distrust appears to be much higher than that of trust.

The Relationship between Offline Trust and Online Transaction in Internet Banking (인터넷 뱅킹에서 오프라인 신뢰와 온라인 거래의 관계)

  • Lee, Woong-Kyu
    • Asia pacific journal of information systems
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.29-47
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    • 2007
  • Owing to the rapid growth of using the Internet, not only click-and-mortar companies but also brick-and-mortar ones have been expanding their distribution channels into online, Moreover, since online channels are more attractive than offline ones in control and maintenance, switching customers into online ones is emerged as one of very important managerial issues in a view of reduction of cost as well as expansion of services. However, the switched customers should be faced by uncertainties which could not have been experienced in offline. Specifically, in online channels, buyers and sellers are separated temporally and spacially and there are always so many kinds of threat for security as well as not enough systems and conventions for them yet. Therefore, trust has been considered as one of the most critical mechanisms for resolution of such uncertainties in online transactions. However, it is not easy to build and maintain the relationships in online since most of them are virtual and indirect generally. Therefore, in order to switch offline customers into online ones, it is very important to make strategies based on identification of the relationship between online transaction and offline trust which has been built in offline business. Generally offline trust, which has been built independent of online, could not include trust for online-dependent activities such as payment security during or after transactions, while most of online trust include it. Therefore, a customer with high offline trust does not always perceive high security and assure safe transactions. Accordingly, while online trust, where technical capabilities for online security is one of main bases, includes control trust implicitly or explicitly, offline trust does not. However. in spite of such clear discrimination and independence between offline trust and perceived security, there can be the significant dependency between these two beliefs. The customers with high offline trust believe that the company would do some activities for online security for customers' safe transactions since it has been believed of doing well for customers' trust. Theoretically, users' perception of security is interpreted as a kind of control trus, which is trust for company's technical control capacities in order to resolve technical uncertainties in online. Therefore, the relationship between two beliefs can be considered as transference from offline trust to another type trust. that is, control trust. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of offline trust on online transaction uses mediated by perceived security. For this purpose, we suggest a research model based on technology acceptance model (TAM). Reuse intention is adopted as a dependent variable and TAM is modified by adding perceived risk (PR) as well as two beliefs of using Internet banking, perceived usefulness (PU) and perceived ease of use (PEOU). Moreover, perceive security (PS) is adopted as an external variable for PR and PU, while offline trust (OT) is an antecedent of PS. For an empirical test, sampling from 108 visitors to the banks in Daegu, Korea, we analyze our model by partial least square (PLS) approach. In result, our model is shown to explain 51.4% of the variance in reuse intention and all hypothesis are supported statistically. A theoretical implication of this study is to identify a role of PS between offline trust and reuse intention of using online transaction services. According to our result, PS can be considered as a mediation variable for bridging between two different concepts: trust that explains social aspects of customers and companies, and TAM that explains customers' reuse intention.