• Title/Summary/Keyword: Tungsten Inert Gas Welding

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Effect of PWHT on Variability of fatigue Crack Propagation Resitance in TIG Welded Al 6013-T4 Aluminum Alloy (TIG 용접된 Al6013-T4 알루미늄 합금에서 피로균열전파저항의 변동성에서의 PWHT의 영향)

  • Haryadi, Gunawan Dwi;Lee, Sang-Yeul;Kim, Seon-Jin
    • Journal of Power System Engineering
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.73-80
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    • 2011
  • The experimental investigation focuses on an influence of artificial aging time in longitudinal butt welded Al 6013-T4 aluminum alloy on the fatigue crack growth resistance. The preferred welding processes for this alloy are frequently tungsten inert gas welding (TIG) process due to its comparatively easier applicability and better weldability than other gas metal arc welding. Fatigue crack growth tests were carried out on compact tension specimens (CT) in longitudinal butt TIG welded after T82 heat treatment was varied in three artificial aging times of 6 hours, 18 hours and 24 hours. Of the three artificial aging times, 24 hours of artificial aging time are offering better resistance against the growing fatigue cracks. The superior fatigue crack growth resistance preferred spatial variation of materials within each specimen in the Paris equation based on reliability theory and fatigue crack growth rate by crack length are found to be the reasons for superior fatigue resistance of 24 hours of artificial aging time was compared to other joints. The highest of crack propagation resistance occurs in artificial aging times of 24 hours due to the increase in grain size (fine grained microstructures).

UHV Welding for The PLS Vacuum Chambers (포항가속기 저장링 진공 Chamber 용접)

  • 최만호;정상수;김효윤;김명진;이해철;한영진;최우천
    • Journal of the Korean Vacuum Society
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.275-281
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    • 1993
  • 본 논문은 포항가속기에서 건설 중인 진공 chamger의 용접에 관한 것이다. 저장링에 전자빔을 5시간 이상 저장하기 위하여 10-10torr 이하로 진공도를 유지하도록 설계되어 있기 때문에 초고진공에 적합한 TIG 용접(tungsten inert gas welding)을 하였다. 진공 chamber는 Al 5083-H321이며 flange의 재질은 Al 2219-T852이다. Sector chamber I, II의 총 용접 길이는 각각 27m, 37m이며 진공에 유해한 균열과 virtual leak가 생기지 않도록 하는 용접조건 등을 선정하였다.

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Fatigue Characteristics of Non Load-Carrying Fillet Welded Joints According to Post-Processing (용접후처리에 따른 하중비전달형 필렛용접부의 피로특성)

  • Hong, Sung-Wook
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2010
  • A series of fatigue tests have been performed on the non-load carrying fillet welded joints in order to quantitatively assess the fatigue characteristics due to the grindings and TIG(Tungsten Inert Gas) welding treatments. From the results of fatigue tests, it has been shown that the fatigue strengths at $2{\times}106$ load cycles were improved in the case of the grinding sand TIG welding treatments, and we could know that it is satisfying fatigue strength prescribed in fatigue design standard in general. Besides, from the results of fracture mechanics approaches, the geometric shape correction factors were the most dominant factors in the initial fatigue crack growth, but as the fatigue crack develops, the finite plate correction factor were became the most dominant factor, and the fatigue life on non-load carrying fillet welded joints could be relatively exactly estimated by using the relations between fatigue crack growth rate and stress intensity factor obtained from finite element analysis and existing proposed formulae.

A Study on the Bead Stability in High Speed TIG Welding (고속 TIG 용접의 비드 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • 조상명
    • Journal of Advanced Marine Engineering and Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.68-77
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    • 1994
  • TIG welding process is applied for the active metal such as aluminum and titanium, also sometimes for overlay welding of superalloy. However the welding speed to be applied is very low because of the unstable bead formed in the region of high current and high welding speed. The present study was carried out to examine the basic phenomena of high speed TIG melt run welding by the 2% Th - W electrode(dia.3.2mm) of various tip shapes.

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Study on the pulse current control of the inverter TIG welder (인버터 TIG 용접기의 펄스전류 제어에 관한 연구)

  • 서문준;김규식;원충연;민명식;최규하;목형수
    • Proceedings of the KIPE Conference
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    • pp.154-157
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    • 1998
  • In this paper, the inverter TIG(Tungsten Inert Gas) welding system with high power efficiency by means of pulse current control of welding process is presented. In TIG welding, pulse current control is utilized in order to attain less apatter and high welding performance. The four factors which determine the welding performance of the pulse current are frequency, base current, peak current, and peak current duty current, and peak current duty ratio. In this paper, we analyze these factors should be controlled to achieve minimum power input. To demonstrate the practical significance of our results, we present some experimental results as well as simulation results.

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Pulse TIG welding: Process, Automation and Control

  • Baghel, P.K.;Nagesh, D.S.
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.43-48
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    • 2017
  • Pulse TIG (Tungsten Inert Gas) welding is often considered the most difficult of all the welding processes commonly used in industry. Because the welder must maintain a short arc length, great care and skill are required to prevent contact between the electrode and the workpiece. Pulse TIG welding is most commonly used to weld thin sections of stainless steel, non-ferrous metals such as aluminum, magnesium and copper alloys. It is significantly slower than most other welding techniques and comparatively more complex and difficult to master as it requires greater welder dexterity than MIG or stick welding. The problems associated with manual TIG welding includes undercutting, tungsten inclusions, porosity, Heat affected zone cracks and also the adverse effect on health of welding gun operator due to amount of tungsten fumes produced during the welding process. This brings the necessity of automation. Hence, In this paper an attempt has been made to build a customerized setup of Pulse TIG welding based on through review of Pulse TIG welding parameters. The cost associated for making automated TIG is found to be low as compared to SPM (Special Purpose machines) available in the market.

Helium Leak Test for the PLS Storage Ring Chamber (포항가속기 저장링챔버의 헬륨누설검사)

  • Choi, M.H.;Kim, H.J.;Choi, W.C.
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.31-38
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    • 1993
  • The storage ring vacuum system for the Pohang Light Source (PLS) has been designed to maintain the vacuum pressure of $10^{-10}Torr$ which requires UHV welding to have helium leak rate less than $1{\times}10^{-10}Torr{\cdot}{\ell}/sec$. In order to develop new technique (PLS) welding technique), a prototype vacuum chamber has been welded by using Tungsten Inert Gas welding method and all the welded joints have been tested with a non-destructive method, so called helium leak detection, to investigate the vacuum tightness of the weld joints. The test was performed with a detection limit of $1{\times}10^{-10}Torr{\cdot}{\ell}/sec$ for helium and no detectable leaks were found for all the welded joints. Thus the performance of welding technique is proven to meet the criteria of helium leak rate required in the PLS Storage Ring. Both the principle and the procedure for the helium leak detection are also discussed.

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Investigation on Nd:YAG Laser Weldability of Zircaloy-4 End Cap Closure for Nuclear Fuel Elements

  • Kim, Soo-Sung;Lee, Chul-Yung;Yang, Myung-Seung
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.175-183
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    • 2001
  • Various welding processes are now available for end cap closure of nuclear fuel element such as TG(Tungsten Inert Gas) welding, magnetic resistance welding and laser welding. Even though the resistance and TIG welding processes are widely used for manufacturing commercial fuel elements, they can not be recommended for the remote seal welding of a fuel element at a hot cell facility due to the complexity of electrode alignment, difficulity in the replacement of parts in the remote manner and a large heat input for a thin sheath. Therefore, the Nd:YAG laser system using optical fiber transmission was selected for Zircaloy-4 end cap welding inside hot cell. The laser welding apparatus was developed using a pulsed Nd:YAG laser of 500 watt average power with optical fiber transmission. The weldability of laser welding was satisfactory with respect to the microstructures and mechanical properties comparing with TIG and resistance welding. The optimum operation processes of laser welding and the optical fiber transmission system for hot cell operation in a remote manner have been developed The effects of irradiation on the properties of the laser apparatus were also being studied.

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Effect of Welding Processes on Corrosion Resistance of UNS S31803 Duplex Stainless Steel

  • Chiu, Liu-Ho;Hsieh, Wen-Chin
    • Corrosion Science and Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.36-40
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    • 2003
  • An attractive combination of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties in the temperature range -50 to $250^{\circ}C$ is offered by duplex stainless steel. However, undesirable secondary precipitation phase such as $\sigma$, $\gamma_2$ and $Cr_2N$ may taken place at the cooling stage from the welding processes. Therefore, this paper describes the influence of different welding procedures such as manual metal arc welding (MMA), tungsten inert gas welding (TIG) and vacuum brazing on corrosion resistance of the welded joint for UNS S31803 duplex stainless steel. Microstructure and chemical compositions of the welded joint were examined. The weight loss of specimens immersed in 6% $FeCl_3$ solution at $47.5^{\circ}C$ for 24-hours was determined and used to evaluate the pitting resistance of duplex stainless steel and their welds. The region of heat-affected zone of specimen obtained by the MMA is much wider than that resulted from TIG, therefore, the weight loss of welds by MMA was larger than that of weld by TIG. The weight loss of brazed specimens cooled from slow cooling rate was larger than those of specimens cooled from high cooling rate, because the precipitation of $\sigma$ phase. Beside that, the weight loss of brazed specimen is greater than those of the welded specimens. The galvanic corrosion was observed in brazed duplex stainless steel joints in the chloride solution.

Design and Output Characteristic of AC Pulse Current for MIG Welding of Ai Sheet (박판 Al MIG 용접용 AC펄스 전류 파형의 설계 및 출력특성)

  • 조상명;김태진;이창주;임성룡;공현상;김기정
    • Journal of Welding and Joining
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2003
  • Since new types of vehicles or structures made from thin aluminum alloy are under rapid development and some products are already on the market, welding of aluminium sheet is increasing. MIG(Metal Inert Gas), MIG-Pulse, TIG(Tungsten Inert Gas) welding are the typical Ai welding. MIG welding has the advantage of high speed, but it is difficult to apply to the thin plate, because of bum-through by the high heat input and spatter. MIG-Pulse welding can weld without spatter and burn-through, but when the gap exists at the welding joint, there is quite a possibility of bum-through. TIG welding is difficult to weld at a high speed. AC Pulse welding alternates between DCEP(Direct Current Electrode Positive) and DCEN(Direct Current Electrode Negative). DCEN is higher wire melting rate than DCEP, while lower temperature of droplet than DCEP. In AC Pulse welding, far fixed welding current, wire melting rate increases as the EN ratio increases. For fixed wire feed rate, welding current decreases as the EN ratio increases. Because of these features, the temperature of droplet, the depth of penetration, the width of bead decrease and the reinforcement height increases as EN ratio increases, and these are able to weld at a high speed, lower heat input. It is the purpose of this study that design of AC pulse current waveform for MIG welding of Al sheet and estimation of output characteristic.