• Title, Summary, Keyword: Turbo Mill

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처치온도에 따른 초미분화 산양삼의 홍삼화 연구

  • Kim, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Ki-Rok;Lee, Eun-Hee;Cha, Bae-Chun
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.117-129
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to find optimal conditions for producing red ginseng from cultivated wild ginseng using the Turbo Mill. Methods : Characteristics of powdered cultivated wild ginseng based on various temperature settings of the Turbo Mill were observed, and changes in the content was measured by HPLC for various ginsenosides. Results : 1. The diameter of cultivated wild ginseng powder ground by the Turbo Mill was around 10${\mu}m$. 2. As the temperature rose, pressure, Specific Mechanical Energy(SME), and density decreased, whileas Water Solubility Index(WSI) increased. 3. As the temperature rose, super fine powder showed tendency to turn into dark brown. 4. Measuring content changes by HPLC, there was no detection of ginsenoside Rg3 and ginsenosideRg1, Rb1, and Rh2 concentrations decreased with increase in temperature. Conclusions : Super fine powder of cultivated wild ginseng produced by the Turbo Mill promotes easy absorption of effective ingredients by breaking the cell walls. Using this mechanism to produce red ginseng from cultivated wild ginseng, it yielded less than satisfactory results under the current experiment setup. Further researches are needed to verify more suitable condition for the production of red ginseng.

Analysis of Particulate Characteristics in Licorice Milling with Different Grinding Methods (분쇄방법에 따른 감초 분쇄생성물의 특성 분석)

  • 강위수;최상근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구에서는 분쇄방법에 따른 감초 분쇄생성물의 특성을 분석한 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. Hammer mill의 경우 d$_{80}$=750$\mu\textrm{m}$로 중간미분쇄의 입도범위를 가지며 비표면적은 0.269m/g로 분석되었고, Pin mill의 경우 d$_{80}$=600$\mu\textrm{m}$로 Hammer mill보다 입자크기는 조금 작으나 중간미분쇄영역의 입도범위를 가지며 비표면적은 0.324m$^2$/g로 분석되었고, Turbo mill은 d$_{80}$=250$\mu\textrm{m}$와 비표면적은 0.370m$^2$/g로 입자의 크기가 가장 작아 다른 분쇄기보다 분쇄능이 가장 우수한 것으로 분석되었다. 2. Hammer mill의 분쇄메커니즘은 대부분 충격, 일부 전단과 마찰에 의해 분쇄가 행해지고, Pin mill은 핀 사이에서의 전단, 충격, 마찰에 의해 분쇄된다. 즉 충격과 마찰에 의한 분쇄는 전단력에 의한 분쇄메커니즘보다 분쇄 능이나 분쇄효율이 상대적으로 낮은 것을 알 수 있었으며 주로 전단력과 충격, 반발력에 의해 분쇄가 이루어지는 Turbo mill의 분쇄능 및 분쇄 효율이 우수함을 알 수 있었다. 본 연구에 의해서 감초와 같이 섬유질을 많이 함유하고 있는 원료를 분쇄할 경우 분쇄메커니즘이 전단력인 분쇄기가 가장 적합하고, 분쇄중 소요되는 동력 면에서도 기존 분쇄기보다 우수한 Turbo mill의 분쇄조건을 확립해야 한다고 사료된다. 사료된다.

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Importance Of Tribology in Positive-Displacement Type of Fluid Machinery and Heat Engine

  • Nakahara, Tsunamitsu
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 1998
  • The industrial revolution in England was based on the manufacturing systems by the power of water mill and rapidly progressed by the innovation of steam engine. It is no exaggeration to say that today's civilization is realized by the development of various types of power machinery, namely fluid machinery and heat engine. The electric energy is converted mainly from thermal energy (mainly steam) of mineral oil, coal and nuclear fuel through generator connected with steam turbine which is a kind of power machinery. There are various types of power machinery as shown in Tables 1a and 1b. They are classified into two types by use. One is absorption type of fluid and/or thermal energy, for examples, windmill and heat engine. The other is provision type of the energies for examples, pump, compressor and propulsion. By flow type, they are also classified by two types, turbo type and positive-displacement type. The turbo type began from water mill and windmill and evolve to steam turbine and finally to gas turbine. The positive-displacement type started from reciprocating water pump and developed into steam engine and changed to reciprocating combustion engine. The pumps and motors used in oil hydraulic system for power control are also positive-displacement type.

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Toughening of SiC Whisker Reinforced Al2O3 Composite (SiC 휘스커 강화 Al2O3 복합재료의 고인화)

  • Kim Yon Jig;Song Jun Hee
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.649-654
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, the fracture toughness and mechanisms of failure in a random SiC-whisker/$Al_{2}O_3$ ceramic composite were investigated using in situ observations during mode I(opening) loading. $SiC_{w}/Al_{2}O_3$ composite was obtained by hot press sintering of $Al_{2}O_3$ powder and SiC whisker as the matrix and reinforcement, respectively. The whisker and powder were mixed using a turbo mill. The composite was produced at SiC whisker volume fraction of $0.3\%$. Compared with monolithic $Al_{2}O_3$, fracture toughness enhancement was observed in $SiC_{w}/Al_{2}O_3$ composite. This improved fracture toughness was attributed to SiC whisker bridging and crack deflection. $SiC_{w}/Al_{2}O_3$ composite exhibited typically brittle fracture behavior, but a fracture process zone was observed in this composite. This means that the load versus load-line displacement curve of $SiC_{w}/Al_{2}O_3$ composite from a fracture test may involve a small non-linear region near the peak load.