• Title, Summary, Keyword: Turk

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Comparison of Anthropometric Method & Medical Image Method in the Lumbar Intervertebral Disc Size (신체계측 추정식과 의료영상 실계측 방법의 요추부 추간판 크기 비교)

  • Kim, Jong-Soon;Kim, Chang-Soo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.121-127
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the indirect estimation of the lumbar intervertebral disc size by two anthropometric methods(Colombini's method and Turk and Celan's method), in order to compare these indirect methods with the direct analysis by computed tomography(CT). The wrist, elbow, knee and ankle joint(right side) diameters were measured in 52 normal volunteers and intervertebral disc sizes were measured in 50 normal subjects by CT. Then the intervertebral disc sizes were calculated using two anthropometric formula. The data were analysed with ANOVA to differentiation between indirect and direct estimation of the lumbar intervertebral disc sizes. This study shows that male subjects have significantly larger L4-5 and L5-S1 intervertebral disc sizes than female subjects. In addition, disc sizes calculated by Colombini's formula were significantly larger than Turk & Celan's formula but there was no significant differences in the compared Turk & Celan's estimation with CT values. The indirect estimation of the intervertebral disc size by Turk & Celan's formula can be considered as a clinically useful method. However, further study should be conducted to compare anthropometric values according to age.

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The Analysis of Types and Historical Review of False Sleeves (False Sleeves의 유형분석과 복식사적 고잘)

  • Kwon, Soo-Hyun;Kang, Soon-Che
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.60 no.10
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    • pp.163-179
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    • 2010
  • False sleeves are 'the sleeves that are attached to clothes but exist just as a part without any function to put arms in them.' They are different from sleeves to put arms in them and are to follow the trend or a way of wearing clothes. They are mostly found in medieval Europe's decorative sleeves named 'Hanging sleeves', but they are also found in Eastern region, too. They are found in sleeves that attached women's headgear in East and Middle Asia, and also in high-class male caftan in Ottoman Turk in the 16th and 17th century. False sleeves can be divided into two kinds by shapes. The first ones are the decorative sleeves of which trunk-shaped sleeves hang around the whole or part of the arm hole but have no function to put arms in them; this is called as 'sleeve-shaped False sleeves'. These sleeves are found in women's headgear in medieval Europe, Ottoman Turk, and East and Middle Asia. False sleeves in Europe and Ottoman Turk played a role in showing wealth and power while those in East and Middle Asia had a great role in highlighting the costume's decorative effect. The second ones are the sleeves hanging down from the arms by attaching long cloth to the arm hole, in design; these are named as 'cape-shaped False sleeves.' This style is found only in medieval Europe, and presumably, these cape-shaped false sleeves may have played a role in boasting of one's wealth and power.

Recent Advances in Poly-Silicon Crystallization

  • Klene, Brian;Knowles, David S.;Bowen, M. Shane;Turk, Brandon A.
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.323-327
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    • 2006
  • We present the most recent experimental results on Thin-beam Directional X'tallization (TDX), a rapid excimer-laser-based crystallization method for creating extremely high-quality large-grained polycrystalline silicon films on glass substrates. We will present experimental data obtained with our prototype Gen 2 tool, and discuss the ability to produce different types of poly-Si material.

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The Influence of Foreign Culture Influx on Costume

  • Chun, Hei-Jung
    • International Journal of Costume and Fashion
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2011
  • Research on the influence of foreign culture influx on fashion has a significant meaning as a reference for predicting future fashion trends affected by globalization. Therefore, this study examined the transformations in Turkish costume in the 13th to 18th century when Turkey was most thriving in history. As the Ottoman Turk Empire expanded its territory, its costume changed by embracing both western and Islamic cultures and presented exotic styles in terms of fabric, pattern, color, design and details.

Recent advances in excimer-laser-based crystallization for active-matrix displays

  • Turk, Brandon A.;Herbst, Ludolf;Simon, Frank;Paetzel, Rainer
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.12-15
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    • 2007
  • Excimer-laser-based crystallization is ideallysuited for forming crystalline Si films on glass substrates for use in active-matrix displays. In this paper, we will report on recent and significant technical advances in light sources and beam delivery systems targeted at enabling ultra-uniform mura-free low-temperature polycrystalline silicon active-matrix backplanes while simultaneously lowering production costs and increasing throughput.

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Two-shot SLS of Si film for manufacturing of AMOLED displays

  • Limanov, A.B.;Chung, U.J.;Van Der Wilt, P.C.;Chitu, A.M.;Choi, J.B.;Turk, B.A.;Im, James S.
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1267-1268
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    • 2008
  • The two-shot SLS method has recently been successfully implemented in volume manufacturing of advanced LTPS-based LCDs. In this presentation, we discuss how the approach is also well suited for being implemented in high-throughput and high-yield manufacturing of large AMOLED displays on large glass substrates.

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A Study on the Style of Clothing of Turk (돌궐 의복 형태 연구)

  • Yang, Ye-Eun;Chae, Keum-Seok
    • Journal of the Korea Fashion and Costume Design Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.63-78
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    • 2017
  • The purposes of this study was to study Turkic clothing traditions as a way to shed light on cultural development via the interactions among different tribes along the Silk Road, the close correlations between the surroundings of the Turks and their costumes, and the root of Turkic culture through literature studies and empirical studies. The study results are as follows. First, the Turks were nomadic equestrian tribes in the north that dominated the cold dry steppes from the $6^{th}$ to $8^{th}$ century A.D., when they expanded their influence to Dongbei, China to the east, and Turkistan (Central Asia) to the west. The Turks formed a nomadic lifestyle and culture suited to a cold dry climate, and interacted with various other tribes via the Silk Road, while exchanging and sharing different cultural aspects. Second, given that the Turkic garments constitute a two-piece style, which is a category of the basic nomadic costume of northern tribes, and that the artifact materials manifest jackets, overcoats, pants and skirts, the garments are categorized into tops and bottoms. The tops are sub-categorized into jackets and overcoats. The bottoms are sub-categorized into pants and skirts. In light of the necklines of tops, jackets have round necklines, while overcoats have V-necklines, round necklines and lapel collars. The bottoms include narrow-legged pants, wide-legged pants and closed-hem pants. Drapery skirts are worn at the waist. Third, the Turkic V-neckline overcoat is comparable to the Huns' silk overcoat, which illustrates the ethnic link between the two tribes. Also, the Turkic narrow- and wide-legged pants are consistent with the Huns' silk pants discovered in Noin Ula. The Turkic costumes are mostly tight fitting, suitable for the nomadic lifestyle in a cold, dry climate. Also, additional patches must be attached to the crotch points of pants due to the equestrian lifestyle.

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The Construction of the Trans-Central Asian Railroad and Its Current Implications (중앙아시아 횡단철도의 건설과 그 현재적 함의)

  • Lee, Chai-Mun
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.67-85
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    • 2009
  • The Trans-Central Asian Railway consists of the Trans-Caspian Railroad, the Kazalinsk Route, the Turk-Sib, and the Trans-Kazakhstan Trunk Line. Currently, one-fifth of the residents in Central Asia are living around these railroads on which 70% of the economic activities in the region depends. The construction of the railroads in Central Asia was motivated by the Russian Empire's competition 'with its maritime rival, the United Kingdom, over the Eurasian heartland in a geostrategic sense. Using the railroads, the Russian Empire aspired to connect its central industrial regions in European Russia with the remote frontier areas in the Central Asian republics and to increase economic specialization of the region. After the breakdown of the USSR, however, the rail network, which had well been linked among the regions in the former Soviet nations, has been in a deteriorated linkage with their non-Soviet neighboring nations. Despite a lot of problems to be solved, the Trans-Central Asian rail network is expected to play a crucial role as a land bridge between East Asia and Europe as well as between Russia/the Baltic sea and the Indian Ocean/the Persian Gulf in the long-term.

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Motivations for Sharing Photos and Videos on YouTube and Flickr (YouTube와 Flickr에 사진과 비디오를 공유하는 이용자 동기 연구)

  • Oh, Sanghee;Syn, Sue Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for information Management
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.227-245
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    • 2017
  • This study mainly investigates the motivations of YouTube and Flicker users for posting videos or images/photos on each service. The motivational framework with ten factors such as enjoyment, self-efficacy, learning, personal gain, altruism, empathy, social engagement, community interest, reputation and reciprocity were used to test the motivations. Those who are users of YouTube and Flickr were recruited from Amazon Mechanical Turk to participate in online surveys. Findings show that learning and social engagement are the two most highly rated motivations. Altruism was rated relatively low, although it was strongly correlated with all other motivations. Personal gain was rated as the lowest by both users but Flickr users rated personal gain higher than YouTube users. Findings from this study could be applicable to specify user motivations for using the services and to upgrade the designs of the services in the future.