• Title, Summary, Keyword: UDT

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UDT Parallel Transfer Technologies Adaptive to Network Status In High Speed Network (고속네트워크에서 네트워크 혼잡상태에 적응적인 UDT 병렬전송 기법)

  • Park, Jong Seon;Cho, Gi Hwan
    • Smart Media Journal
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.51-59
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    • 2013
  • With increasing transmission speed of backbone networks, it is getting to provide enough available bandwidth. However, the bandwidth is not effectively utilized in volumetric data transfer. This mainly comes from the transmission protocol, TCP, which is used for most applications. TCP is inherently difficult to adapt the available bandwidth because of it's own characteristic of transfer mechanism. UDT is a prominent application level data transfer protocol which is targeting high speed network. In this paper, we propose UDT parallel transfer technologies which is adaptive to network status and then evaluate their performance in two points of view. Firstly, we measure data transfer rate of UDT with rate congestion control methods, and compare them with basic UDT. Secondly, we apply parallel transfer technologies adapted to network status, and measure their performance. Experimental results showed that UDT rate congestion control method outperforms UDT with 106% improvement in RTT 100ms section set with jitter 30ms. In addition, performance of parallel transfer with rate congestion control method showed 107% improvement than that of parallel transfer in RTT 400ms section set with jitter 20ms.

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An Adaptive Congestion Control Method on Network Condition in the AR UDT Environment (AR UDT 환경에서 네트워크 상태에 적응적인 혼잡제어 기법)

  • An, Do-Sik;Cho, Gi-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.717-720
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    • 2011
  • 고속 네트워크 환경에서 AR UDT(Adaptive Rate control UDT)는 표준 전송 프로토콜인 TCP에 비해 뛰어난 성능을 보인다. UDT(UDP-based Data Transfer)를 기반으로 하는 AR UDT의 혼잡제어는 네트워크 상태를 예측하여 패킷 간 전송시간을 변화시킴으로써 기존 UDT보다 향상된 성능을 보인다. 그러나 AR UDT는 네트워크 상태 예측의 오차가 클 뿐만 아니라 rate control만을 공격적으로 조절하기 때문에 수신 버퍼의 초과로 인해 안정적인 성능을 기대하기 어렵다. 본 논문에서는 AR UDT환경에서 네트워크 상태에 따라 적응적으로 혼잡제어를 하는 기법을 제안한다. RTT(Round Trip Time)의 변화량에 따라 네트워크 상태를 예측하여 flow control과 rate control을 적응적으로 조절한다. 네트워크 시뮬레이션 결과를 통하여 AR UDT에 비해 전송속도와 안정성이 향상되었음을 보였다.

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UDT Flow Control Method based on Congestion Prediction (혼잡예측 기반의 UDT 흐름제어 기법)

  • Lee, Seung-ah;Kim, Seunghae;Cho, Gihwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1019-1022
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    • 2010
  • 네트워크 기술의 발전으로 이용할 수 있는 대역폭이 증가하고 있다. 그에 따라 증가한 대역폭을 효율적으로 사용하기 위한 전송 기술이 요구되고 있다. TCP Vegas는 RTT(Round Trip Time)를 이용해 혼잡을 미리 예측하여 윈도우 크기를 조절하는 혼잡 제어 알고리즘을 사용한다. UDT는 높은 대역폭과 큰 RTT 환경에서 대용량 데이터를 전송하기 위해 제공된 응용 기반의 전송 프로토콜이다. 본 논문에서는 UDT에 혼잡예측 알고리즘을 적용한 새로운 UDT의 혼잡제어 알고리즘을 제안한다. 혼잡예측을 통해 혼잡한 구간, 혼잡하지 않은 구간을 나누어 혼잡윈도우를 갱신한다. 혼잡하지 않은 구간에서 혼잡윈도우를 증가시키고 혼잡한 구간에서 혼잡윈도우를 감소시킴으로써 기존의 UDT보다 성능이 개선되었음을 확인 할 수 있다.

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A Rate Control Method for Sync-Interval Period based on RTT Estimation in the UDT Environment (UDT 환경에서 RTT 예측에 의한 Sync-Interval 구간의 Rate Control 기법)

  • An, Do-sik;Wang, Gi-cheol;Cho, Gi-hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1038-1041
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    • 2010
  • 오늘날 대부분의 네트워크는 수십 Gb/s 를 지원하는 광네트워크다. 이러한 고속 네트워크에서 대부분 TCP 전송 프로토콜을 사용하고 있다. TCP 전송 프로토콜은 AIMD 방식의 특성으로 인해 고속 네트워크에 적합하지 않다. 반면 UDT 는 DAIMD 방식을 사용하기 때문에 고속 네트워크에서 가용대역폭을 충분히 활용 가능하다. 그러나 UDT 는 sync-interval 간격으로 rate control 이 이루어 지기 때문에 sync-interval 동안 가용 대역폭을 충분히 활용하지 못하는 문제점이 발생한다. 본 논문에서는 RTT 예측을 통한 sync-interval 구간에서의 rate control 기법을 제안한다. sync-interval 구간 동안 RTT 예측을 통해 rate control 을 함으로써 기존 UDT에 비해 고속 네트워크 환경에서 보다 빠르게 가용대역폭을 활용할 수 있다. 네트워크 시뮬레이션 결과 기존 UDT 에 비해 throughput 및 안정성이 향상되었다.

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A UDT Throughput Improvement Method based on Network Delay Prediction (네트워크 지연 예측을 통한 UDT 성능향상 기법)

  • Park, Jong-Seon;Koh, Kwang-Sin;Cho, Gi-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.721-724
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    • 2011
  • UDT(UDP-based Data Transfer protocol)는 연구망과 같은 대용량 고속 네트워크에서 신속하고 안정적인 데이터 전송에 효율적인 전송 프로토콜이다. 하지만 네트워크가 혼잡한 상황이거나 데이터 패킷 손실이 발생할 경우 매우 공격적인 전송 메커니즘으로 인해 오히려 성능이 감소하는 경우가 발생한다. 본 논문에서는 네트워크 지연 예측을 통해 혼잡을 제어하는 TCP-Vegas 기법을 UDT에 적용하여 네트워크 상황에 보다 적응적인 UDT 혼잡제어 기법을 제안한다. 즉, 네트워크 라우터 큐에 빌드된 Diff 값을 미리 예측하고 Diff 값에 따라 UDT rate control을 조절하여 기존 방법보다 향상된 성능을 얻는다. 네트워크 시뮬레이터인 NS2를 통해 실험한 결과 패킷 손실이 없는 상황에서 최대 11%, 손실률 0.01%인 상황에서는 최대 31%의 성능 향상을 확인하였다.

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An Adaptive UDT Rate Control Method on Network Traffic Condition (네트워크 트래픽 상태에 적응적인 UDT Rate Control 기법)

  • An, Do-Sik;Wang, Gi-Cheol;Kim, Seung-Hae;Cho, Gi-Hwan
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.19-27
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    • 2011
  • Due to the growth of optical fiber network technologies, most networks recently support several tens of Gb/s bandwidth. UDT(UDP-based Data Transfer protocol) is an optimized protocol for bulk data transmission on the network, which has the high bandwidth and long delay time. It periodically controls the sending rate on the fixed sync-interval, 0.01 sec. Here, if the network traffic status varies quickly, available network bandwidth is not able to be properly utilized in-between the sync-intervals. In this paper, we propose an adaptive rate control method with considering the network traffic status in-between the sync-interval periods. The network traffic status is determined based on the RTT variances. With dividing the network status into four classes, the proposed method performs a new rate control by adjusting the inter-packet sending period for a corresponding class. As a simulation result, the proposed method improves the message delivery throughput as well as stability than that of the existing UDT Protocol.

An UDT(Up-Down Tree) Routing Algorithm for Energy-Efficient Topology Construction in Wireless Sensor Networks (무선 센서 네트워크에서 에너지 효율적인 토폴로지 구성을 위한 Up-Down Tree 라우팅 알고리즘)

  • Roh, Tae-Ho;Chung, Kwang-Sue
    • Journal of KIISE:Information Networking
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.360-369
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    • 2007
  • Since wireless sensor networks consist of nodes with the constrained battery, it is important to construct the topology performing energy-efficient routing while maximizing the whole network lifetime. Previous works related to this do not take into consideration the specific communication pattern in wireless sensor networks. In this paper, we propose a novel routing algorithm, called Up-Down Tree(UDT), which first constructs the tree topology based on distance and then adjusts the transmission range determined by the two different phases, tree setup and data gathering, to adapt the specific communication pattern in wireless sensor networks. Therefore, the UDT can improve energy efficiency, maximize the network lifetime, and block network partition Simulation results show that the UDT has the improved energy efficiency by constructing the optimal topology.

Congestion Degree Based Available Bandwidth Estimation Method for Enhancement of UDT Fairness (UDT 플로우 간 공평성 향상을 위한 혼잡도 기반의 가용대역폭 추정 기법)

  • Park, Jongseon;Jang, Hyunhee;Cho, Gihwan
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics and Information Engineers
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    • v.52 no.7
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 2015
  • In the end to end data transfer protocols, it is very important to correctly estimate available bandwidth. In UDT (UDP based Data Transfer), receiver estimates the MTR (Maximum Transfer Rate) of the current link using pair packets transmitted periodically from sender and, then sender finally decides the MTR through EWMA (Exponential Weighted Moving Average) algorithm. Here, MTR has to be exactly estimated because available bandwidth is calculated with difference of MTR and current transfer rate. However, when network is congested due to traffic load and where competing flows are coexisted, it bring about a severe fairness problem. This paper proposes a congestion degree based MTR estimation algorithm. Here, the congestion degree stands a relative index for current congestion status on bottleneck link, which is calculated with arriving intervals of a pair packets. The algorithm try to more classify depending on the congestion degree to estimate more actual available bandwidth. With the network simulation results, our proposed method showed that the fairness problem among the competing flows is significantly resolved in comparison with that of UDT.

A Design and Implementation of Bulk Data Transmission Tool based on UDT (UDT 기반의 대용량 데이터 전송도구 설계 및 구현)

  • Park, Jong-Seon;Kim, Seung-Hae;Hwang, Gun-Joon;Cho, Gi-Hwan
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
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    • v.49 no.2
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2012
  • With advance of high bandwidth network infrastructure, the requirement is dramatically increasing to cooperate between the users who are far from each other and make use of bulk data. However, as the prominent data transmission protocol, it is well known that TCP suffers some degrees of inefficiency for bulk data transmission when RTT is relatively big. So, some works are on going to suggest a new transmission method to utilize the bandwidth in effective. UDT(UDP-based Data Transfer protocol) is one of these. It is a UDP based application level protocol which can guarantee reliability and stability. much like as TCP. In this paper, we present a design and implementation of UDT based bulk data transmission tool by applying parallel and compressive techniques. The implementation result is examined to measured its performance improvement on a real test-bed, and then compared with existing bulk data transmission tools. Experimental results show that proposed tool is more stable and shows greater performance than that of native UDT. Especially, the performances show 244% improvement in RTT 400ms without losses and 229% in RTT 250ms with 0.005% losses respectively.

A Performance Improvement Method with Considering of Congestion Prediction and Packet Loss on UDT Environment (UDT 환경에서 혼잡상황 예측 및 패킷손실을 고려한 성능향상 기법)

  • Park, Jong-Seon;Lee, Seung-Ah;Kim, Seung-Hae;Cho, Gi-Hwan
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.69-78
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    • 2011
  • Recently, the bandwidth available to an end user has been dramatically increasing with the advancing of network technologies. This high-speed network naturally requires faster and/or stable data transmission techniques. The UDT(UDP based Data Transfer protocol) is a UDP based transport protocol, and shows more efficient throughput than TCP in the long RTT environment, with benefit of rate control for a SYN time. With a NAK event, however, it is difficult to expect an optimum performance due to the increase of fixed sendInterval and the flow control based on the previous RTT. This paper proposes a rate control method on following a NAK, by adjusting the sendInterval according to some degree of RTT period which calculated from a set of experimental results. In addition, it suggests an improved flow control method based on the TCP vegas, in order to predict the network congestion afterward. An experimental results show that the revised flow control method improves UDT's throughput about 20Mbps. With combining the rate control and flow control proposed, the UDT throughput can be improved up to 26Mbps in average.