• Title/Summary/Keyword: UHT milks

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Quality Changes in Various Heat-treated Market Milks during Storage (열처리를 달리한 시유의 저장중 품질 변화)

  • Kwon, Soon-Ha;Ahn, Joung-Jwa;Kwak, Hae-Soo
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.90-97
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to investigate changes of microbiological and sensory properties in various heat-treated market milks (LTLT, HTST, and UHT milks) stored at 10$^{\circ}C$ during 15d. Titratable acidity (TA) increased with storage, while pH tended to decrease. During the initial 9d, no difference was found in TA, however, after 9d, it was slightly higher in HTST and UHT milks than that in LTLT milk. In LTLT and HTST milks, total viable cells and psychrotrophs were dramatically increased during storage, In addition coliform and pathogenic bacteria were found at 12 and 15d. In UHT milk, total viable cells were found only at 15d. In sensory evaluation, LTLT and HTST milks developed a negligible off-flavor until 9d. At 12d, it became stronger in HTST milk than that in LTLT milk. In UHT milk, off-flavor was detected at 9d and increased rapidly there-after. The degree of off-flavor was little higher in HTST and UHT milks, compared with that of LTLT milk after 9d storage. These observations indicated that LTLT and HTST milks may not be microbiologically acceptable after 5d, while off-flavor was not detectable until 9d, In comparison, UHT milk keeps a good quality in microorganism until 15d, however, it may not be accepted in sensory aspect after 9d storage.

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Comparison of the Keeping Quality of UHT Pasteurized Milks in Korea (국내 시판 우유의 보존성 비교)

  • Chung, Chung-Il;Kim, Kwag-Tae;Cho, Nam-Yong;Jung, Min-Jung;Oh, Hyun-Suk;Lee, Gil
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.247-251
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    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to investigate the keeping quality of market milks collected from several dairy processing companies. Microbiological, chemical, and sensory properties of Intra-high temperature(UHT) treated milks stored at 5, 10, 15t were evaluated during the storage of 154days. No significant difference during the storage was shown in bacterial counts, pH and titratable acidity. Standard plate count(SPC) was remained less than 20,000 cfu/ml after 15 day storage at 5, 10, 15$^{\circ}C$. Also, Psychrotrophic bacterial count and Coliform count were not detected or detected at low level. The pH ranged from 6.55 to 6.83 and the titratable acidity ranged from 0.13% to 0.16%. In sensory evaluation, UHT milks showed normal flavor until 10days, but thereafter off-flavor was slightly developed. Consequently, UHT milks remained in good quality when stored at 5$^{\circ}C$,10$^{\circ}C$t until 15days except sensory properties. According to this experiment, the shelf-life of UHT milk can be extended to 10 days, even though maintaining the storage temperature strictly below 10 t in milk market is not easy.

Comparison of Total RNA Isolation Methods for Analysis of Immune-Related microRNAs in Market Milks

  • Oh, Sangnam;Park, Mi Ri;Son, Seok Jun;Kim, Younghoon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.459-465
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    • 2015
  • Bovine milk provides essential nutrients, including immunologically important molecules, as the primary source of nutrition to newborns. Recent studies showed that RNAs from bovine milk contain immune-related microRNAs (miRNA) that regulate various immune systems. To evaluate the biological and immunological activity of miRNAs from milk products, isolation methods need to be established. Six methods for extracting total RNAs from bovine colostrums were adopted to evaluate the isolating efficiency and expression of miRNAs. Total RNA from milk was presented in formulation of small RNAs, rather than ribosomal RNAs. Column-combined phenol isolating methods showed high recovery of total RNAs, especially the commercial columns for biofluid samples, which demonstrated outstanding efficiency for recovering miRNAs. We also evaluated the quantity of five immune-related miRNAs (miR-93, miR-106a, miR-155, miR-181a, miR-451) in milk processed by temperature treatments including low temperature for long time (LTLT, 63℃ for 30 min)-, high temperature for short time (HTST, 75℃ for 15 s)-, and ultra heat treatment (UHT, 120-130℃ for 0.5-4 s). All targeted miRNAs had significantly reduced levels in processed milks compared to colostrum and raw mature milk. Interestingly, the amount of immune-related miRNAs from HTST milk was more resistant than those of LTLT and UHT milks. Our present study examined defined methods of RNA isolation and quantification of immune-specific miRNAs from small volumes of milk for use in further analysis.

Detection of Gelation in Ultra-high Temperature Treated Milks During Storage (초고온 멸균유의 저장중 겔 형성의 추적)

  • Park, In-Duck;Hong, Youn-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.404-406
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    • 1993
  • In order to detect the gelation of ultrahigh temperature (UHT) treated market milks during storage at 20+1C, the free amino groups were quantified with 2,4,6-trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid, and the measurement of pH values and the alcohol test were monthly carried out. The average tree amino groups were $0.94{\sim}1.11{\mu}M$ at 1 month, $1.95{\sim}2.17{\mu}M\;at\;5{\sim}6$ month and $4.95{\sim}6.36{\mu}M$ at 12 month. The pH values at the same time as above were $6.72,\;6.49{\sim}6.55\;and\;6.14{\sim}6.16$, respectively. The alcohol test showed positive results at $5{\sim}6$ month, which could indicate the casein instability and beginning of gelation. These results suggest that the gelation of UHT market milks could he predicted through checking some chemical parameters weekly and be helpful for quality control.

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Microbiological Qualities and Post-Pasteurization Contaminations of UHT Milk Produced in Korea (한국에서 생산되는 UHT 우유의 살균 후 오염과 미생물학적 품질)

  • Park, Seung-Young;Park, Jung-Min;Yang, Jin-Oh;Jung, Hoo-Kil;Chun, Ho-Nam;Lee, Byong-Hoon
    • Journal of Dairy Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2006
  • Total 150 packs of UHT milk and UHT-ESL milk, produced by different domestic milk companies, were compared at refrigerated and room temperature for 35 days in terms of microbiological qualities such as incidence date, number of incidence packs, and numbers of bacteria, and post-pasteurization contamination. Overall qualities of UHT-ESL milk were slightly better than that of UHT milk in relations to total bacteria in milk. No coliforms were detected in two groups of UHT milk samples after 35 days. Aerobic spores were more common in two brands of UHT milks stored in 20$^{\circ}$C than those in 7$^{\circ}$C, in which spores were broken out at 7 and 14 day. No incidences of thermoduric bacteria were founded until 14 days in two groups of UHT milks, but high level of counts (<300${\sim}$<3,000 CFU/ml) after 21 days at 20$^{\circ}$C and 40${\sim}$3,600 CFU/ml at 7$^{\circ}$C were detected, respectively. Psychrotrophic bacteria were higher in UHT milk than in UHT-ESL milk, in which began to detect at 28 days. No post-pasteurization contamination by salmonella spp. and staphylococcus aureus were found throughout the experimental periods. One may conclude that the shelf life of UHT milk under cold-chains system can be extended up to 21days, as long as UHT treated milk are filled in sterilized containers by aseptic packaging system.

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Changes of Indicative Substances According to Heat Treatment of Milk (우유의 가열처리에 따른 지표물질의 변화)

  • 김경미;홍윤호;이용규
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.390-397
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    • 1992
  • This study was carried out to analyze the physicochemical properties of bovine milks, which were heated with LTLT, HTST, UHT pasteurization and UHT sterilization methods and to compare the heat intensity among the heating methods and samples. The mean HMF values per liter milk were measured as 0.66~1.62 $\mu$M (LTLT), 0.9~1.78$\mu$M (HTST), 3.53$\mu$M(UHT pasteurized) and 7.43~8.97$\mu$M (UHT sterilized) in samples, re- sportively. The available Iysine contents per 100ml milk showed 293.2 mg (Raw), 289.2~291.2 mg (LTLT), 298.4~292.4mg (HTST), 272.4~261.6mg (UHT pasteurized) and 279.0mg (UHT sterilized), respectively. The rates of whey protein denaturation were 9.5~11.4% (LTLT), 9.5~17.1% (HTST), 89.3~95% (UHT pas-tsterilized) and 62.7% (UHT sterilized), respectively. The contents of SH groups per g protein were determined as 2.86$\mu$M (Raw) and 2.95~3.15$\mu$M (LTLT), 3.08~3.18$\mu$M (HTST), 3.26~3.42$\mu$M (UHT Pasteurized) and 3. 36$\mu$M (UHT sterilized), respectively, The SS groups Contents per g protein were 28.93$\mu$M (Raw), 25.72~26. 51 $\mu$M (LTLT), 26.93~26.79$\mu$M (HTST), 23.65~23.04 $\mu$M (UHT pasteurized) and 24.69$\mu$M (UHT sterilized), respectively. The ascorbic acid contents per liter milk were measured 6.05mg (Raw), 1.47~1.65mg (LTLT), 2.50~3.85mg (HTST), 2.87~3.69mg (UHT pasteurized) and 4.50mg (UHT sterilized). The changes of some in-dices in milk samples depend on the heating temperature and time ; the HMF values, SH groups, whey protein denaturation rates increased, while the available lysine contents and SS groups decreased in LTLT, HTST, UHT pasteurized and UHT sterilized milks. No remarkable differences were found in heating indicators between LTLT and UHT milks.

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