• 제목, 요약, 키워드: UMt-domain

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UPPERS TO ZERO IN POLYNOMIAL RINGS OVER GRADED DOMAINS AND UMt-DOMAINS

  • Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • 대한수학회보
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.187-204
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    • 2018
  • Let $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}\;R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain, H be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, and ${\star}$ be a semistar operation on R. The purpose of this paper is to study the properties of $quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ and UMt-domains of graded integral domains. For this reason we study the graded analogue of ${\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains called $gr-{\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains. We study several ring-theoretic properties of $gr-{\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains. As an application we give new characterizations of UMt-domains. In particular it is shown that R is a $gr-t-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain if and only if R is a UMt-domain if and only if RP is a $quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain for each homogeneous maximal t-ideal P of R. We also show that R is a UMt-domain if and only if H is a t-splitting set in R[X] if and only if each prime t-ideal Q in R[X] such that $Q{\cap}H ={\emptyset}$ is a maximal t-ideal.

GRADED INTEGRAL DOMAINS AND PRÜFER-LIKE DOMAINS

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • 대한수학회지
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.1733-1757
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    • 2017
  • Let $R={\oplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}R_{\alpha}$ be an integral domain graded by an arbitrary torsionless grading monoid ${\Gamma}$, ${\bar{R}}$ be the integral closure of R, H be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, C(f) be the fractional ideal of R generated by the homogeneous components of $f{\in}R_H$, and $N(H)=\{f{\in}R{\mid}C(f)_v=R\}$. Let $R_H$ be a UFD. We say that a nonzero prime ideal Q of R is an upper to zero in R if $Q=fR_H{\cap}R$ for some $f{\in}R$ and that R is a graded UMT-domain if each upper to zero in R is a maximal t-ideal. In this paper, we study several ring-theoretic properties of graded UMT-domains. Among other things, we prove that if R has a unit of nonzero degree, then R is a graded UMT-domain if and only if every prime ideal of $R_{N(H)}$ is extended from a homogeneous ideal of R, if and only if ${\bar{R}}_{H{\backslash}Q}$ is a graded-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain for all homogeneous maximal t-ideals Q of R, if and only if ${\bar{R}}_{N(H)}$ is a $Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain, if and only if R is a UMT-domain.

t-SPLITTING SETS S OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN D SUCH THAT DS IS A FACTORIAL DOMAIN

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.455-462
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    • 2013
  • Let D be an integral domain, S be a saturated multi-plicative subset of D such that $D_S$ is a factorial domain, $\{X_{\alpha}\}$ be a nonempty set of indeterminates, and $D[\{X_{\alpha}\}]$ be the polynomial ring over D. We show that S is a splitting (resp., almost splitting, t-splitting) set in D if and only if every nonzero prime t-ideal of D disjoint from S is principal (resp., contains a primary element, is t-invertible). We use this result to show that $D{\backslash}\{0\}$ is a splitting (resp., almost splitting, t-splitting) set in $D[\{X_{\alpha}\}]$ if and only if D is a GCD-domain (resp., UMT-domain with $Cl(D[\{X_{\alpha}\}]$ torsion UMT-domain).

LOCALLY DIVIDED DOMAINS OF THE FORM $D[X]_N_v$

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2010
  • Let D be an integral domain, X be an indeterminate over D, and $N_v=\{f{\in}D[X]{\mid}(A_f)_v=D\}$. In this paper, we introduce the concept of t-locally divided domains, and we then prove that $D[X]_{N_v}$ is a locally divided domain if and only if D is a t-locally divided UMT-domain, if and only if D[X] is a t-locally divided domain.

LOCALLY PSEUDO-VALUATION DOMAINS OF THE FORM D[X]Nv

  • Chang, Gyu-Whan
    • 대한수학회지
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.1405-1416
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    • 2008
  • Let D be an integral domain, X an indeterminate over D, $N_v = \{f{\in}D[X]|(A_f)_v=D\}.$. Among other things, we introduce the concept of t-locally PVDs and prove that $D[X]N_v$ is a locally PVD if and only if D is a t-locally PVD and a UMT-domain, if and only if D[X] is a t-locally PVD, if and only if each overring of $D[X]N_v$ is a locally PVD.

ON ALMOST PSEUDO-VALUATION DOMAINS, II

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.343-349
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    • 2011
  • Let D be an integral domain, $D^w$ be the $w$-integral closure of D, X be an indeterminate over D, and $N_v=\{f{\in}D[X]{\mid}c(f)_v=D\}$. In this paper, we introduce the concept of $t$-locally APVD. We show that D is a $t$-locally APVD and a UMT-domain if and only if D is a $t$-locally APVD and $D^w$ is a $PvMD$, if and only if D[X] is a $t$-locally APVD, if and only if $D[X]_{N_v}$ is a locally APVD.

GRADED PRIMITIVE AND INC-EXTENSIONS

  • Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • 대한수학회논문집
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.397-408
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    • 2018
  • It is well-known that quasi-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains are characterized as those domains D, such that every extension of D inside its quotient field is a primitive extension and that primitive extensions are characterized in terms of INC-extensions. Let $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{{\in}}{\Gamma}}$ $R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain graded by an arbitrary torsionless grading monoid ${\Gamma}$ and ${\star}$ be a semistar operation on R. The main purpose of this paper is to give new characterizations of gr-${\star}$-quasi-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains in terms of graded primitive and INC-extensions. Applications include new characterizations of UMt-domains.

ALMOST SPLITTING SETS S OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN D SUCH THAT DS IS A PID

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2011
  • Let D be an integral domain, S be a multiplicative subset of D such that DS is a PID, and D[X] be the polynomial ring over D. We show that S is an almost splitting set in D if and only if every nonzero prime ideal of D disjoint from S contains a primary element. We use this result to give a simple proof of the known result that D is a UMT-domain and Cl(D[X]) is torsion if and only if each upper to zero in D[X] contains a primary element.

UMTS와 GSM사이의 AKA와 핸드오버 분석 (Analysis of AKA and handover between UMTS and GSM)

  • 이세광;조승환;이옥연;서창호
    • 정보보호학회논문지
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.109-127
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    • 2003
  • 본 논문은 GSM(유럽형 2세대 이동통신) 시스템과 UMTS(유럽형 3세대 이동통신) 시스템 사이의 키 일치 관점에서의 핸드오버를 알아보기 위해 GSM 시스템과 UMTS 시스템의 네트워크 구조를 분석하고, 무선구간에서의 안전한 통신을 위해 필요한 각 시스템의 인증과 키 일치(AKA)과정을 분석하였다. 서비스를 이용하고자 하는 이동통신 가입자가 위치해 있는 시스템에서 인증과 키 일치가 이루어지는 과정을 가능한 여러 가지 경우로 나누어 분석하고, 핸드오버 시 무선 구간에서 안전하게 사용자 데이터를 주고받기 위해 키 일치가 이루어지는 과정을 CS-Domain과 PS-Domain으로 나누어 분석하였다.