• Title, Summary, Keyword: UMt-domain

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UPPERS TO ZERO IN POLYNOMIAL RINGS OVER GRADED DOMAINS AND UMt-DOMAINS

  • Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • Bulletin of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.55 no.1
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    • pp.187-204
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    • 2018
  • Let $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}\;R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain, H be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, and ${\star}$ be a semistar operation on R. The purpose of this paper is to study the properties of $quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ and UMt-domains of graded integral domains. For this reason we study the graded analogue of ${\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains called $gr-{\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains. We study several ring-theoretic properties of $gr-{\star}-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains. As an application we give new characterizations of UMt-domains. In particular it is shown that R is a $gr-t-quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain if and only if R is a UMt-domain if and only if RP is a $quasi-Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain for each homogeneous maximal t-ideal P of R. We also show that R is a UMt-domain if and only if H is a t-splitting set in R[X] if and only if each prime t-ideal Q in R[X] such that $Q{\cap}H ={\emptyset}$ is a maximal t-ideal.

GRADED INTEGRAL DOMAINS AND PRÜFER-LIKE DOMAINS

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.54 no.6
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    • pp.1733-1757
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    • 2017
  • Let $R={\oplus}_{{\alpha}{\in}{\Gamma}}R_{\alpha}$ be an integral domain graded by an arbitrary torsionless grading monoid ${\Gamma}$, ${\bar{R}}$ be the integral closure of R, H be the set of nonzero homogeneous elements of R, C(f) be the fractional ideal of R generated by the homogeneous components of $f{\in}R_H$, and $N(H)=\{f{\in}R{\mid}C(f)_v=R\}$. Let $R_H$ be a UFD. We say that a nonzero prime ideal Q of R is an upper to zero in R if $Q=fR_H{\cap}R$ for some $f{\in}R$ and that R is a graded UMT-domain if each upper to zero in R is a maximal t-ideal. In this paper, we study several ring-theoretic properties of graded UMT-domains. Among other things, we prove that if R has a unit of nonzero degree, then R is a graded UMT-domain if and only if every prime ideal of $R_{N(H)}$ is extended from a homogeneous ideal of R, if and only if ${\bar{R}}_{H{\backslash}Q}$ is a graded-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain for all homogeneous maximal t-ideals Q of R, if and only if ${\bar{R}}_{N(H)}$ is a $Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domain, if and only if R is a UMT-domain.

t-SPLITTING SETS S OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN D SUCH THAT DS IS A FACTORIAL DOMAIN

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.455-462
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    • 2013
  • Let D be an integral domain, S be a saturated multi-plicative subset of D such that $D_S$ is a factorial domain, $\{X_{\alpha}\}$ be a nonempty set of indeterminates, and $D[\{X_{\alpha}\}]$ be the polynomial ring over D. We show that S is a splitting (resp., almost splitting, t-splitting) set in D if and only if every nonzero prime t-ideal of D disjoint from S is principal (resp., contains a primary element, is t-invertible). We use this result to show that $D{\backslash}\{0\}$ is a splitting (resp., almost splitting, t-splitting) set in $D[\{X_{\alpha}\}]$ if and only if D is a GCD-domain (resp., UMT-domain with $Cl(D[\{X_{\alpha}\}]$ torsion UMT-domain).

LOCALLY DIVIDED DOMAINS OF THE FORM $D[X]_N_v$

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2010
  • Let D be an integral domain, X be an indeterminate over D, and $N_v=\{f{\in}D[X]{\mid}(A_f)_v=D\}$. In this paper, we introduce the concept of t-locally divided domains, and we then prove that $D[X]_{N_v}$ is a locally divided domain if and only if D is a t-locally divided UMT-domain, if and only if D[X] is a t-locally divided domain.

LOCALLY PSEUDO-VALUATION DOMAINS OF THE FORM D[X]Nv

  • Chang, Gyu-Whan
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.45 no.5
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    • pp.1405-1416
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    • 2008
  • Let D be an integral domain, X an indeterminate over D, $N_v = \{f{\in}D[X]|(A_f)_v=D\}.$. Among other things, we introduce the concept of t-locally PVDs and prove that $D[X]N_v$ is a locally PVD if and only if D is a t-locally PVD and a UMT-domain, if and only if D[X] is a t-locally PVD, if and only if each overring of $D[X]N_v$ is a locally PVD.

ON ALMOST PSEUDO-VALUATION DOMAINS, II

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.343-349
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    • 2011
  • Let D be an integral domain, $D^w$ be the $w$-integral closure of D, X be an indeterminate over D, and $N_v=\{f{\in}D[X]{\mid}c(f)_v=D\}$. In this paper, we introduce the concept of $t$-locally APVD. We show that D is a $t$-locally APVD and a UMT-domain if and only if D is a $t$-locally APVD and $D^w$ is a $PvMD$, if and only if D[X] is a $t$-locally APVD, if and only if $D[X]_{N_v}$ is a locally APVD.

GRADED PRIMITIVE AND INC-EXTENSIONS

  • Hamdi, Haleh;Sahandi, Parviz
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.397-408
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    • 2018
  • It is well-known that quasi-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains are characterized as those domains D, such that every extension of D inside its quotient field is a primitive extension and that primitive extensions are characterized in terms of INC-extensions. Let $R={\bigoplus}_{{\alpha}{{\in}}{\Gamma}}$ $R_{\alpha}$ be a graded integral domain graded by an arbitrary torsionless grading monoid ${\Gamma}$ and ${\star}$ be a semistar operation on R. The main purpose of this paper is to give new characterizations of gr-${\star}$-quasi-$Pr{\ddot{u}}fer$ domains in terms of graded primitive and INC-extensions. Applications include new characterizations of UMt-domains.

ALMOST SPLITTING SETS S OF AN INTEGRAL DOMAIN D SUCH THAT DS IS A PID

  • Chang, Gyu Whan
    • Korean Journal of Mathematics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.163-169
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    • 2011
  • Let D be an integral domain, S be a multiplicative subset of D such that DS is a PID, and D[X] be the polynomial ring over D. We show that S is an almost splitting set in D if and only if every nonzero prime ideal of D disjoint from S contains a primary element. We use this result to give a simple proof of the known result that D is a UMT-domain and Cl(D[X]) is torsion if and only if each upper to zero in D[X] contains a primary element.

Analysis of AKA and handover between UMTS and GSM (UMTS와 GSM사이의 AKA와 핸드오버 분석)

  • 이세광;조승환;이옥연;서창호
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information Security & Cryptology
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.109-127
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    • 2003
  • In this paper, we analyze the network architecture, authentication, and key agreement of GSM and UMTS to compare the handover between the systems. And then, we divide authentication and key agreement procedure of mobile subscribers into several cases and finally analyze the key agreement procedure when a handover occurs in a CS-Domain and a PS-Domain.