• Title, Summary, Keyword: UPLC-PDA

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Simultaneous Determination of Seven Compounds in Houttuynia cordata using UPLC-PDA

  • Kim, Hyo-Seon;Lee, A-Yeong;Park, Jun-Yeon;Jo, Ji-Eun;Moon, Byeong-Cheol;Chun, Jin-Mi;Kil, ki-Jung;Kim, Ho-Kyoung
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 2012
  • A UPLC method for the simultaneous determination of seven compounds was established for the quality control in H. cordata. The UPLC was performed on a $C_{18}$ HSS T3 $2.1{\times}100$ mm, 1.8 ${\mu}m$ column during a 13 minute gradient elution of 0.2% aqueous acetic acid and acetonitrile with the flow rate of 0.2 mL/min at $30^{\circ}C$. The UPLC method was validated according to the ICH guideline of analytical procedures with respect to precision, accuracy, and linearity. The limit of determination and quantitation for the seven compounds were 0.01-0.09 and 0.03-0.28 ${\mu}g/mL$, respectively. The calibration curves of all seven compounds showed good linearity ($r^2$ > 0.999). The intra-day and inter-day the RSD values used to evaluate the precision of analysis were less than 0.9%. The recoveries of quantified compounds ranged from 98.63 to 103.85%. The developed UPLC method was found to be effective, convenient and sensitivity for quantitative analysis of seven compounds in H. cordata. This work could be provided a baseline source for quality control of H. cordata.

Study on the Marker Steroids of New Zealand Deer (Cervus elaphus var. scoticus) Velvet Antler by UPLC-MS/MS and HPLC-PDA Methods - (II)

  • Lee, Nam Kyung;Jang, Kyoung Hwa;Lee, Jong Tae;Park, Hee Won;Han, Sung Tai;In, Gyo
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2019
  • Eleven steroid hormones (SHs: androstene-3,17-dione, estrone, ${\beta}$-estradiol, ${\alpha}$-estradiol, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, $17{\acute{a}}$-hydroxyprogesterone, medroxyprogesterone, megestrol acetate, progesterone, and androsterone) were detected from New Zealand deer (Cervus elaphus var. scoticus) velvet antler (NZA, 鹿茸 ). A method for the quantification of eleven SHs was established by using ultraperformance liquid chromatography (UPLC)-MS/MS. The linearities ($R^2$ > 0.991), limits of quantification (LOQ values, 0.3 ng/mL to 23.1 ng/mL), intraday and interday precisions (relative standard deviation: RSD < 2.43%), and recovery rates (97.3% to 104.6%) for all eleven SHs were determined. In addition, a method for the quantification of three 7-oxycholesterols (7-O-CSs: 7-ketocholesterol, $7{\alpha}$-hydroxycholesterol, and $7{\beta}$-hydroxycholesterol) in the NZA was established by using an HPLC-photodiode array (PDA) method. The linearities ($R^2$ > 0.999), LOQ values (30 ng/mL to 350 ng/mL), intraday and interday precisions (RSD < 1.93%), and recovery rates (97.2% to 103.5%) for the three 7-O-CSs were determined. These quantitative methods are accurate, precise, and reproducible. As a result, it is suggested that the five steroid compounds of androstene-3,17-dione, androsterone, 7-ketocholesterol, $7{\alpha}$-hydroxycholesterol, and $7{\beta}$-hydroxycholesterol could be marker steroids of NZA. These methods can be applied to quantify or standardize the marker steroids present in NZA.

Classification and Comparative Analysis of the Contents of Acorus species and Anemone altaica by UPLC-PDA Analysis (UPLC-PDA를 이용한 창포류의 분류 및 함량 분석)

  • Jo, Ji Eun;Lee, A Yeong;Kim, Hyo Seon;Moon, Byeong Cheol;Ji, Yunui;Chun, Jin Mi;Kim, Ho Kyoung
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.45 no.3
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    • pp.279-284
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    • 2013
  • A quantitative method using ultra performance liquid chromatography with a photodiode array detector (UPLCPDA) was established for the analysis of 2 major plant metabolites: ${\beta}$-asarone and ${\alpha}$-asarone from Acorus gramineus, A. tatarinowii, A. calamus and Anemone altaica, and their contents are compared with other herbs of Acorus species. The method was validated according to the International Conference on harmonization (ICH) guideline for validation of analytical procedures with respect to precision, accuracy, and linearity. The average content of ${\beta}$-asarone in Acorus gramineus was significantly higher than that in others, with the second highest concentration observed in A. tatarinowii, and only a trace amounts found in A. calamus and Anemone altaica. In contrast, the average content of ${\alpha}$-asarone in A. calamus was the highest, followed by that in Acorus gramineus and A. tatarinowii. principle component analysis (PCA) confirmed that ${\beta}$-asarone and ${\alpha}$-asarone content differed among the species. These results suggest that this UPLC-PDA method can be considered as good quality control criteria for Acorus gramineus.

Study on the Relationship between Skin Dryness and Amino Acids in Stratum Corneum (아미노산 동시분석을 통한 피부보습능과 각질 중 아미노산 함량과의 상관관계 연구)

  • Joo, Kyung-Mi;Han, Ji-Yeon;Son, Eui-Dong;Nam, Gae-Won;Jeong, Hye-Jin;Lim, Kyung-Min;Cho, Jun-Cheol
    • Journal of the Society of Cosmetic Scientists of Korea
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2012
  • Natural moisturizing factors (NMFs) are hydrophilic and water-soluble components in stratum corneum of the skin. NMFs absorb water from outer environment and enhance the water-holding capacity of stratum corneum and thereby, prevent the dryness and increase flexibility and plasticity of skin. NMFs are mainly composed of amino acids and their metabolites that are produced from the degradation of filaggrin. Here we established a simultaneous quantification method for 22 amino acids in tape-stripped stratum corneum samples using UPLC-PDA. With this method, we analyzed amino acid contents from tape-stripped stratum corneum samples of forearm and forehead regions from 15 healthy volunteers. Amino acid contents of inner (or upper) region were higher than outer (or lower) region of stratum corneum. Amino acid contents of stratum corneum of forearm were higher by 1.5 fold than forehead region. Of note, total amino acid contents were significantly and inversely correlated with trans-epidermal water loss (TEWL), an index for skin barrier function. Especially, Ser, Glu, Gly, Ala and Thr were determined to positively affect skin mositurizing activities. In conclusion, we could demonstrate that amino acid contents of stratum corneum are closely linked with skin barrier and moisturizing function, providing an important and fundamental methodology for the study of amino acids in skin physiology.

Simultaneous Analysis of Multi-Residual Pesticides Using UPLC (UPLC를 이용한 잔류농약 다성분 동시분석 연구)

  • Kim, Ki-Yu;Eom, Mi-Na;Kang, Jung-Bok;Do, Young-Suk;Moon, Su-Gyeong;Jung, Il-Hyeong;Son, Jong-Sung;Pi, Il-Seon;Park, Eun-Mi;Kim, Young-Su;Lee, Seong-Bong;Cho, Sang-Hun;Moon, Sun-Ae
    • Bulletin of Food Technology
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.49-54
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    • 2008
  • 농산물 중 잔류농약을 보다 쉽고 효율적으로 분석 할 수 있는 다성분 동시분석 방법에 따라서 UPLC-PDA을 이용하여 기기조건에 따른 검출한계 및 정량한계를 식품별 최저 MRL과 비교하여 유효성을 알아보고 회수율을 통하여 방법의 재현성을 조사한 결과 다음과 같다. 41종의 농약에 대한 검량선은 직선성이 우수하였으며 검출한계 $0.005{\sim}0.109mg/kg$으로 나타났으며 정량한계 는 $0.018{\sim}0.363ppm$으로 나타났다. Cycloprothrin 등의 경우처럼 검출기의 감응도가 최저 MRL 기준을 초과하는 농약에 대한 보완으로는 검출감도가보다 우수한 UV 검출기 등의 병행 활용이 필요하다. 회수율에 따른 재현성은 쌀의 경우 첨가 농도 0.4 mg/kg 일때 $62.09{\sim}99.58%$로 편차범위는 $1.03{\sim}13.92%$ 얻을 수 있었다.

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Analytical Characterization of Aza-Indole Alkaloids in the Biosynthesis of Catharanthus Roseus

  • Lee, Hyang-Yeol
    • Journal of the Korean Applied Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.248-256
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    • 2012
  • Aza-indoles are important pharmacophores that have similar size and biological properties of indole. Here we have synthesized 4- and 7-azaindole tryptamines and showed that they are successfully incorporated in the biosynthesis of monoterepene indole alkaloids (MIAs) to form novel azaindole alkaloids by enzymatic reactions of strictosidine synthase(STR) and strictosidine glucosidase(SDG) monitored by UPLC/MS. By using HPLC equipped with a HPLC photo diode array(PDA) detector, each of the UV spectra of azaindole alkaloids was obtained and characterized. When hydrophilicity of azaindole alkaloids was compared, 4-azaindole alkaloids were more hydrophilic than 7-azaindole alkaloids.

A survey on pesticide residues of imported fruits circulated in Gyeonggido (경기도내 유통 수입과실류의 잔류농약 실태조사)

  • Cho, Yun-Sik;Kang, Jeong-Bok;Kim, Yang-Hee;Jeong, Jin-A;Huh, Jeong-Weon;Lee, So-Hyun;Lim, Young-Sik;Bae, Ho-Jeong;Kang, Heung-Gyu;Lee, Jeong-Hee;Jung, Eun-Sook;Lee, Byoung-Hoon;Park, Yong-Bok;Lee, Jong-Bok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2012
  • We tested for pesticide residues in 124 samples of 22 different items of imported fruits circulated in Gyeonggido. Total 218 pesticides were analyzed by multi-residue method using gas chromatography/nitrogen phosphorus detector-electron capture detector (GC/NPD-ECD), time of flight/mass spectrometer (TOF/MS), ultra performance liquid chromatography/photo diode array (UPLC/PDA), high performance liquid chromatography/fluorescence detector (HPLC/FLD) and mass spectrometer (LC/MS/MS). The pesticides were detected in 18 fruits samples, ranging 0.003~0.3 mg/kg and no samples had violative residue. The separation test to 14 sample pesticides detected was conducted to monitor the current status of pesticide residues according to the partial characteristic. The pesticides were detected in 14 peels ranging 0.03~1.5 mg/kg and 2 fleshes in less than detection limits. These results indicate that imported fruits are safe when the human takes normally but even the small amount of pesticides is harmful when the human takes it in a prolonged period. Therefore, the pesticide residual amounts of imported friuts should be constantly monitored for food safety.

Quantitative Analysis about Phenolic Compounds of Dendranthema Species in Korean Native Plants (국내 자생 구절초속 중 페놀화합물 함량분석)

  • Kim, Kyeong Mi;Lee, Seon Yu;Jo, Ara;Kang, Byoung Man;Ham, Seongho;Cho, Junghee;Lee, Gukyeo
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.70-76
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    • 2017
  • Dendranthema spp are distributed in various regions in Korea. This report is the quantitative results of phenolic compounds on the 5 resources collected from all over the country. It was known that it has phenolic compounds, as an anticoagulant activities and immunoadjuvant activity of contribute to the cardiovascular effects. This was used for quantitative analysis of chlorogenic acid(CA), 3,5-Dicaffeoylquinic acid(3,5-DCA), 4,5-Dicaffeoylquinic acid(4,5-DCA) and linarin, with UPLC-PDA and LC-IT-TOF-MS. Extraction efficiency of compounds was compared by using ultrasonic extraction and reflux extraction with different extraction conditions (methods and time). In 50% MeOH extracs (30 mins) of Dendranthema zawadskii (Herb.) Tzvelev (SDZ), Dendranthema zawadskii var. yezoense (Maek.) Y.M.Lee & H.J.Choi (NDZ), Dendranthema zawadskii (Herb.) Tzvelev var. teuisectum (Kitag.) J. H. Pak (GDZ), Dendranthema careanum (H. $L{\acute{e}}v$. & Vaniot) Vorosch. (HDC) and Dendranthema zawadskii var. tenuisectum Kitag (PDZ), chlorogenic acid contents were 1.14‰, 6.95‰, 7.27‰, 1.47‰ and 2.64‰, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid contents were 3.30‰, 5.60‰, 10.81‰, 2.67‰ and 1.50‰, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid contents were 0.74‰, 1.93‰, 3.36‰, 0.61‰ and 0.43‰ and linarin contents were 3.90‰, 10.15‰, 0.15‰, 0.73‰ and 0.21‰, respectively.

Simultaneous determination of 30 ginsenosides in Panax ginseng preparations using ultra performance liquid chromatography

  • Park, Hee-Won;In, Gyo;Han, Sung-Tai;Lee, Myoung-Woo;Kim, So-Young;Kim, Kyung-Tack;Cho, Byung-Goo;Han, Gyeong-Ho;Chang, Il-Moo
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.457-467
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    • 2013
  • A quick and simple method for simultaneous determination of the 30 ginsenosides (ginsenoside Ro, Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1, 20(S)-Rg2, 20(R)-Rg2, 20(S)-Rg3, 20(R)-Rg3, 20(S)-Rh1, 20(S)-Rh2, 20(R)-Rh2, F1, F2, F4, Ra1, Rg6, Rh4, Rk3, Rg5, Rk1, Rb3, Rk2, Rh3, compound Y, compound K, and notoginsenoside R1) in Panax ginseng preparations was developed and validated by an ultra performance liquid chromatography photo diode array detector. The separation of the 30 ginsenosides was efficiently undertaken on the Acquity BEH C-18 column with gradient elution with phosphoric acids. Especially the chromatogram of the ginsenoside Ro was dramatically enhanced by adding phosphoric acid. Under optimized conditions, the detection limits were 0.4 to 1.7 mg/L and the calibration curves of the peak areas for the 30 ginsenosides were linear over three orders of magnitude with a correlation coefficients greater than 0.999. The accuracy of the method was tested by a recovery measurement of the spiked samples which yielded good results of 89% to 118%. From these overall results, the proposed method may be helpful in the development and quality of P. ginseng preparations because of its wide range of applications due to the simultaneous analysis of many kinds of ginsenosides.