• Title, Summary, Keyword: Unified Power Flow Controllers(UPFC)

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UPFC Control based on New IP Type Controller

  • Shirvani, Mojtaba;Keyvani, Babak;Abdollahi, Mostafa;Memaripour, Ahmad
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.664-671
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    • 2012
  • This paper presents the application of Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC) in order to simultaneous control of power flow and voltage and also damping of Low Frequency Oscillations (LFO) at a Single-Machine Infinite-Bus (SMIB) power system installed with UPFC. PI type controllers are commonly used controllers for UPFC control. But for the sake of some drawbacks of PI type controllers, the scope for finding a better control scheme still remains. In this regard, in this paper the new IP type controllers are considered as UPFC controllers. The parameters of these IP type controllers are tuned using Genetic Algorithms (GA). Also a stabilizer supplementary controller based UPFC is considered for increasing power system damping. To show the ability of IP controllers, this controller is compared with classical PI type controllers. Simulation results emphasis on the better performance of IP controller in comparison with PI controller.

The Optimal Operating Points of Multiple UPFCs for Enhancing Power System Security Level (전력시스템 안전도 향상을 위한 다기 UPFC의 최적 운전점 결정)

  • 임정욱;문승일
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.50 no.8
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    • pp.388-394
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents how to determine the optimal operating points of Unified Power Flow controllers (UPFC) the line flow control of which can enhance system security level. In order to analyze the effect of these devices on the power system, the decoupled model has been employed as a mathematical model of UPFC for power flow analysis. The security index that indicates the level of congestion of transmission line has been proposed and minimized by iterative method. The sensitivity of objective function for control variables of and UPFC has been derived, and it represents the change in the security index for a given set of changes in real power outputs of UPFC. The proposed algorithm with sensitivity analysis gives the optimal set of operating points of multiple UPECs that reduces the index or increases the security margin and Marquart method has been adopted as an optimization method because of stable convergence. The algorithm is verified by the 10-unit 39-bus New England system that includes multiple FACTS devices. The simulation results show that the power flow congestion can be relieved in normal state and the security margin can be guaranteed even in a fault condition by the cooperative operation of multiple UPECs.

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The Active and Reactive Power Control of UPFC's for Improving System Sec (계통 안전도를 향상시키기 위한 UPFC의 유효 및 무효 전력 제어)

  • Song, Sung-Hwan;Lim, Jung-Uk;Moon, Seung-Il
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.277-279
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    • 2002
  • 본 논문은 UPFC(Unified Power Flow Controi)의 유효전력 및 무효전력의 제어를 통해 시스템의 레벨을 향상시키기 위한 운용 알고리즘을 제시한다. 전력 계통에서 UPFC의 효과 분석하기 위해 분리형 모델(decoupled model)을 이용하였다. 본 논문에서는 계통의 조류 및 전압을 이용한 안전도 지수가 제시되었고, 이를 반복계산(iterative method)을 통해 최소화하였다. 이를 위해 각 안전도 지수의 민감도 벡터가 최소화되는 방향으로 UPFC의 운전점을 찾고, 이로써 시스템의 안전도를 증대시킨다. 제안된 알고리즘은 다기의 UPFC를 대상으로 IEEE 30 모선에 적용하여 시스템 안전도 레벨을 검토하였다.

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Modeling of Unified Power Flow Controllers Using a Current Injection Method for Transient Stability Analysis (전류 주입형 방식의 UPFC 모델을 이용한 과도 안정도 해석)

  • Kim, Chon-Hoe;Park, Jung-Soo;Jang, Gil-Soo;Son, Kwang-M.;Kim, Tae-Kyun
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.332-334
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    • 2005
  • This paper presents a dynamic simulation of the unified power flow controller (UPFC) using a current injection method. Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) devices give more flexibility of control for security and economic operation of power systems. Diffculties of modeling UPFC in the conventional dynamic simulation programs arise from the fact that the injected voltage by the series inverter is superimposed on the shunt inverter side voltage. A solution can be a current injection method, in which a serial part of UPFC is converted to a parallel equivalent circuit using source transformation, and two current sources affect each other at every time step. To verify efficiency of this method, the proposed model is applied for the transient analysis of an example power system.

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A Cost/Worth Approach to Evaluate UPFC Impact on ATC

  • Rajabi-Ghahnavieh, Abbas;Fotuhi-Firuzabad, Mahmud;Shahidehpour, Mohammad;Feuillet, Rene
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.389-399
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    • 2010
  • Available transfer capability (ATC) is a measure of the transfer capability remaining in a transmission system. Application of unified power flow controllers (UPFCs) could have positive impacts on the ATC of some paths while it might have a negative impact on the ATC of other paths. This paper presents an approach to evaluate the impacts of UPFCs on the ATC from a cost/worth point of view. The UPFC application worth is considered as the maximum cost saving in enhancing the ATC of the paths due to the UPFC implementation. The cost saving is considered as the cost of optimal application of other system reinforcement alternatives (except for UPFC) to reach the same ATC level obtained by UPFC application. UPFC application costs include the maximum cost of alleviating the probable negative impact on the ATC of some paths caused by implementing UPFCs. Optimal system reinforcement is used for systems with UPFCs to determine the aforementioned cost. The proposed method is applied to the IEEERTS and the results are evaluated through a sensitivity analysis. The cost/worth of UPFC application is also used to develop an index for optimal UPFC location and the results are compared with those of other indices. A comparison is finally made with the results obtained using an existing ATC allocation profit-based approach to determine UPFC application worth.

Modeling and Control of VSI type FACTS controllers for Power System Dynamic Stability using the current injection method

  • Park, Jung-Soo;Jang, Gil-Soo;Son, Kwang-M.
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.495-505
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    • 2008
  • This paper describes modeling Voltage Sourced Inverter (VSI) type Flexible AC Transmission System (FACTS) controllers and control methods for power system dynamic stability studies. The considered FACTS controllers are the Static Compensator (STATCOM), the Static Synchronous Series Compensator (SSSC), and the Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC). In this paper, these FACTS controllers are derived in the current injection model, and it is applied to the linear and nonlinear analysis algorithm for power system dynamics studies. The parameters of the FACTS controllers are set to damp the inter-area oscillations, and the supplementary damping controllers and its control schemes are proposed to increase damping abilities of the FACTS controllers. For these works, the linear analysis for each FACTS controller with or without damping controller is executed, and the dynamic characteristics of each FACTS controller are analyzed. The results are verified by the nonlinear analysis using the time-domain simulation.

Analysis of Control Conflict between UPFC Multiple Control Functions and Their Interaction Indicator

  • Wang H. F.;Jazaeri M.;Cao Y. J.
    • International Journal of Control, Automation, and Systems
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    • v.3 no.spc2
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    • pp.315-321
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    • 2005
  • Interactions among multiple control functions of a UPFC installed in a power system have been observed in power system simulation and been reported in authors' previous publications [1,2]. This paper presents new analytical results about these observed interactions and concludes that they are due to the control conflict between the series and shunt part of the UPFC, which are connected through the internal common capacitor inside the UPFC. Investigation in the paper reveals, for the first time as far as the authors are aware of, that the linkage pattern of UPFC series and shunt part decides whether the control functions implemented by the UPFC series and shunt part conflict each other or not. This linkage pattern of UPFC series and shunt part can be described by the flow of active power through the UPFC at steady-state operation of the power system. Hence in order to predict the possible interactions among multiple control functions of the UPFC, an interaction indicator is proposed in the paper which is the direction and amount of active power flow through the internal link of the UPFC series and shunt part at steady-state operation of the power system. This proposed interaction indicator can be calculated from power system load flow solution without having to run simulation of the power system with UPFC controllers installed. By using the indicator, the interactions among multiple control functions of the UPFC caused by badly set controller's parameters are excluded. Therefore the indicator only identifies the possible existence of inherent control conflict of the UPFC.

VSI FACTS Modeling Using Newton-Type Current Injection Method for Studying Power System Dynamics (전력시스템 동특성 해석을 위한 전압원 FACTS 기기의 Newton 전류 주입형 모델링에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jung-Soo;Son, Kwang-M.;Jang, Gil-Soo
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers A
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    • v.55 no.7
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    • pp.281-289
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    • 2006
  • Advanced controllers among Flexible AC Transmission System(FACTS) devices employ self-commutated switching converters, VSI (Voltage Sourced Inverters), as the synchronous voltage source. Such controllers are SSSC (Static Synchronous Series Compensator), STATCOM (Static Synchronous Compensator) and UPFC (Unified Power Flow Controller). UPFC is series-shunt combined controller. Its series and shunt inverters can be modeled as SSSC and STATCOM but the dependant relation between the inverters is very complex. For that reason, the complexity makes it difficult to develop the UPFC model by simply combining the SSSC and STATOM models when we apply the model for conventional power system dynamic simulation algorithm. Therefore, we need each relevant models of VSI type FACTS devices for power system analysis. This paper proposes a modeling approach which can be applied to modeling of VSI type FACTS devices. The proposed method using Newton-type current injection method can be used to make UPFC, SSSC, and STATCOM models. The proposed models are used for 2-area test system simulation, and the results verify their effectiveness.

An Adaptive UPFC Based S tabilizer forDamping of Low Frequency Oscillation

  • Banaei, M.R.;Hashemi, A.
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.197-208
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    • 2010
  • Unified power flow controller (UPFC) is the most reliable device in the FACTS concept. It has the ability to adjust all three control parameters effective in power flow and voltage stability. In this paper, a linearized model of a power system installed with a UPFC has been presented. UPFC has four control loops that by adding an extra signal to one of them, increases dynamic stability and load angle oscillations are damped. In this paper, after open loop eigenvalue (electro mechanical mode) calculations, state-space equations have been used to design damping controller and it has been considered to influence active and reactive power flow durations as the input of damping controller, in addition to the common speed duration of synchronous generators as input damper signal. To increase stability, further Lead-Lag and LQR controllers, a novel on-line adaptive controller has been used analytically to identify power system parameters. Closed-loop calculations of the electro mechanical mode verify the improvement of system pole placement after controller designing. Suitable operation of adaptive controller to decrease rotor speed oscillations against input mechanical torque disturbances is confirmed by the simulation results.

Coordinated Control Modeling and Simulation among the Voltage Compensation Equipments Using Python (Python을 이용한 전압보상설비의 상호 협조제어 모델링 및 시뮬레이션)

  • Lee, Sang-Deok;Baek, Young-Sik;Seo, Gyu-Seok
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.59 no.1
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 2010
  • The ultrafashionable machinery that require high quality electricity power has been daily come into being. Because domestic power system has been larger and more complicated in accordance with raising power demand by power market requirement. Because of these power market situations, The FACTS (Flexible AC Transmission System) which is power transmission system for the next generation to meet flexible supply the power and reliability has been applied. If they, compensators and FACTS, are used inter-efficiently in range that does not affect the stability and a badly influence the security, they might be increase in the voltage stability of system, supply reliability and also achieve the voltage control in a suddenly changed power system. Therefore we describe and suggest on this treatise that a plan for coordination control between UPFC, Shunt elements (Sh. Capacitors & Sh. Reactors) among compensators and also describe the method to keep or control the voltage of power system in allowable ranges. The method follows that, we used characteristics of each equipment, UPFC would be also settled to keep the identified voltage range in change of load bus, Shunt elements also would be settled to supply the reactive power shortage in out of operating range of UPFC to cope actively with change of the power system. As the result of simulation, it is possible to keep the load bus voltage in limited range in spite of broad load range condition. This helps greatly for the improvements of supply reliability and voltage stability.