• Title, Summary, Keyword: Unsaturated Fatty Acids

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Effect of Oxygen and Unsaturated Fatty Acids on the Ethanol Tolerance of Yeast Strains

  • Ryu, Yeon-Woo;Jang, Heang-Wook
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.6-11
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    • 1991
  • This study deals with investigation of the ethanol tolerance of yeast strains with respect to fatty acid composition and intracelluar ethanol concentration during alcohol fermentation. The cell viabilities and fermentation abilities of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Kluyveromyces fragilis were improved by aeration and addition of unsaturated fatty acids into growth medium. Aeration decreases the accumulation of ethanol, while increases unsaturated fatty acid contents inside yeast cells. Thus it was found that oxygen and unsaturated fatty acids play decisive roles in the increase of ethanol tolerance of yeasts.

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Fatty Acid Profiles of Marine Benthic Microorganisms Isolated from the Continental Slope of Bay of Bengal: A Possible Implications in the Benthic Food Web

  • Das, Surajit;Lyla, P.S.;Khan, S. Ajmal
    • Ocean Science Journal
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.247-254
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    • 2007
  • Marine bacteria, actionmycetes and fungal strains were isolated from continental slope sediment of the Bay of Bengal and studied for fatty acid profile to investigate their involvement in the benthic food-web. Fifteen different saturated and unsaturated fatty acids from bacterial isolates, 14 from actinomycetes and fungal isolates were detected. The total unsaturated fatty acids in bacterial isolates ranged from 11.85 to 37.26%, while the saturated fatty acid ranged between 42.34 and 80.74%. In actinomycetes isolates, total unsaturated fatty acids varied from 27.86 to 38.85% and saturated fatty acids ranged from 35.29 to 51.25%. In fungal isolates unsaturated fatty acids ranged between 44.62 and 65.52% while saturated FA ranged from 20.80 to 46.30%. The higher percentages of unsaturated fatty acids from the microbial isolates are helpful in anticipating the active participation in the benthic food-web of Bay of Bengal.

Concentration of Free Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Glucose in Serum of Slaughtering Swine (도살돈 혈청내의 유리불포화지방산 및 포도당농도)

  • Kwun Hae Byeng
    • Journal of the korean veterinary medical association
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    • v.16 no.1112
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    • pp.375-377
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    • 1980
  • The analysis of the free unsaturated fatty acids and glucose in the serum of the slaughtering swine obtained from a slaughter-house showed as follows: 1. The concentration of the free unsaturated fatty acids showed significantly high Concentration. $

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Identification of the SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphism) for Fatty Acid Composition Associated with Beef Flavor-related FABP4 (Fatty Acid Binding Protein 4) in Korean Cattle

  • Oh, Dong-Yep;Lee, Yoon-Seok;La, Boo-Mi;Yeo, Jung-Sou
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.25 no.7
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    • pp.913-920
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    • 2012
  • In this study, we investigated the relationship between unsaturated fatty acids influencing beef flavor and four types of SNPs (c.280A>G, c.388G>A, c.408G>C and c.456A>G) located at exon 2, 3 and 4 of the FABP4 gene, which is a fatty acid binding protein 4 in Korean cattle (n = 513). When analyzing the relationship between single genotype, fatty acids and carcass trait, individuals of GG, GG, CC and GG genotypes that are homozygotes, had a higher content of unsaturated fatty acids and marbling scores than other genotypes (p<0.05). Then, haplotype block showed strong significant relationships not only with unsaturated fatty acids (54.73%), but also with marbling scores (5.82) in $ht1{\times}ht1$ group (p<0.05). This $ht1{\times}ht1$ group showed significant differences with unsaturated fatty acids and marbling scores that affected beef flavor in Korean cattle. Therefore, it can be inferred that the $ht1{\times}ht1$ types might be valuable new markers for use in the improvement of Korean cattle.

Determination of Fatty Acid Composition and Total Trans Fatty Acids in Meat Products

  • Yilmaz, Ismail;Gecgel, Umit
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.350-355
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    • 2009
  • In this research, fatty acid composition and trans fatty acids of 22 selected meat products produced by Turkish companies were analyzed by capillary gas liquid chromatography (GLC). Total fat contents of the meat products ranged from 11.60-42.50%. Salami had the lowest fat content 11.60% and sucuk (soudjuk) the highest 42.50%. Major fatty acids were C$_{16:0}$, C$_{18:0}$, trans C$_{18:1}$, cis C$_{18:1}$, and C$_{18:2}$ in the samples. Total unsaturated fatty acid contents have changed from 38.73 to 70.71% of total fatty acids, and sausage had the highest percentage among the samples. The majority of samples contain trans fatty acids and the level ranged from 2.28 to 7.95% of the total fatty acids. The highest amount of total trans fatty acids was determined in kavurma (Cavurmas) (7.95%), and total trans fatty acids of meat products such as pastrami contained more than 5% of the total fatty acids.

Colorimetric Method of Determining Unsaturated Fatty Acids in Animal Tissues (불포화지방산(不飽和脂肪酸)의 비색정량법(比色定量法))

  • Huh,, Rhin-Sou;Chang, In-Ho
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.9-14
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    • 1982
  • The present paper describes a colorimetric method of determining the free and total unsaturated fatty acids in animal tissues. The procedure is based in three steps on the following principles : First step is that the tissue homogenates are extracted in chilled acetone in order to eliminate the interfering substance, such as phospholipids, sulfatides and proteins. At next step, after centrifugation acetone layer is decanted and evaporated to dryness. Then the extract is shaken with heptane to solve in the solvent. That the characteristic nature of copper salts of unsaturated fatty acids are freely soluble in heptane and those of saturated acids are not is the bases of separating one from another. Thus unsaturated fatty acids can be isolated in heptane as their salts from saturated acids and other lipid mixture by shaking with copper reagent. Finally the yellowish brown color developed by adding color reagent (0.2% sodium diethyldithiocarbamate in n-butanol solution) which reacts with the copper salts of the acids and produces the color is measured colorimetrically.

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Identification of the SNP (Single Necleotide Polymorphism) of the Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase (SCD) Associated with Unsaturated Fatty Acid in Hanwoo (Korean Cattle)

  • Oh, Dong-Yep;Lee, Yoon-Seok;Yeo, Jung-Sou
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.757-765
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    • 2011
  • Fatty acid composition of beef intramuscular tissue is an important trait because high proportions of mono-unsaturated fatty acid are related to favorable beef flavor. In this study, we investigated the effects of genetic factors, such as stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD), on beef carcass traits, including fatty acid composition, in the Hanwoo. Analysis of fatty acids in Hanwoo was performed using a breed raised in Gyeonbuk province (n = 395). Compared to the homozygote, the GA, CT, and CT genotypes of exon 5 in the SCD polymorphism showed a higher content of oleic acid (p<0.05) and higher contents of mono-unsaturated fatty acid (p<0.05) and marbling scores (p<0.05) in intramuscular fat. Results of haplotype analysis showed a significant presence of unsaturated fatty acids and marbling score in the $ht1^*ht2$ and $ht2^*ht2$ groups (p<0.05). Furthermore, haplotype effects more powerful than a single gene were also observed. These ht1 and ht2 types also showed a significant difference in unsaturated fatty acids and marbling score, affecting beef flavor in the Hanwoo groups. Therefore, it can be inferred that the ht1 and ht2 types might be valuable new markers for use in improvement of Hanwoo.

Dietary Manipulation and Increase in Plasma Unsaturated Fatty Acids in Sheep

  • Rajion, M.A.;Goh, Y.M.;Dahlan, I.;Salam Abdullah, A.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.14 no.8
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    • pp.1073-1077
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    • 2001
  • Forty three 7-month old, Barbados Black $Belly{\times}Malin$ crossbred sheep were used for the trial. They were allotted into three treatment groups fed varying levels of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) frond pellets and commercial sheep pellets. Treatment diets were 80% commercial pellet+20 % (% w/w) oil palm frond pellet (CON group, n=15), 50% commercial pellet+50% oil palm frond pellet (% w/w) (HAF group, n=14) and 80% oil palm frond pellet+20% (% w/w) commercial pellet (OPF group, n=14). The plasma fatty acid profiles from these animals were compared before and after 14 weeks of feeding. Results showed that total unsaturated fatty acid content in the CON group had increased by 10% (p<0.01) from the pre-treatment values. All three treatment groups had significantly different plasma n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid contents at the end of the trial. In fact, the CON group had significantly (p<0.01) more n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid content compared to its own initial values, and also the values from the HAF and OPF groups. However there was a significant (p<0.01) decline in plasma n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in all groups. The final total unsaturated to saturated fatty acid content ratio was significantly (p<0.01) highest in the CON group, demonstrating the high plasma unsaturated fatty acid content in these animals. This study shows the plasma unsaturated fatty acids in sheep can be increased by dietary manipulation.

Lipid Peroxidation and the Thiobarbituric Acid Assay: Standardization of the Assay When Using Saturated and Unsaturated Fatty Acids

  • Rael, Leonard T.;Thomas, Gregory W.;Craun, Michael L.;Curtis, C. Gerald;Bar-Or, Raphael;Bar-Or, David
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.749-752
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    • 2004
  • Saturated fatty acids are less vulnerable to lipid peroxidation than their unsaturated counterparts. In this investigation, individual fatty acids of the $C_{16}$, $C_{18}$ and $C_{20}$ families were subjected to the thiobarbituric (TBA) assay. These fatty acids were chosen based on their degree of saturation and configuration of double bonds. Interestingly, an assay threshold was reached where increasing the fatty acid concentration resulted in no additional decrease in the TBARS concentrations. Therefore, the linear range of TBARS inhibition was determined for fatty acids in the $C_{16}$ and $C_{20}$ families. The rate of TBARS inhibition was greater for the saturated than for unsaturated fatty acids, as measured from the slope of the linear range. These findings demonstrate the need to standardize the TBARS assay using multiple fatty acid concentrations when using this assay for measuring in vitro lipid peroxidation.

Conversion of Unsaturated Food Fatty Acids into Hydroxy Fatty Acids by Lactic Acid Bacteria

  • Kim, Myung-Hee;Park, Mee-Seung;Chung, Chang-Ho;Kim, Cheong-Tae;Kim, Youn-Soon;Kyung, Kyu-Hang
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.360-365
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    • 2003
  • The ability of 19 lactic acid bacteria to produce hydroxy fatty acids (HFAs) from unsaturated food fatty acids (USFAs) was tested. HFAs are related to human ailments, including steatorrhea. All the cultures produced HFAs from USFAs, unless their growth was inhibited by free USFAs. Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis KFRI 131 converted oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acid into 10-hydroxyoctadecanoic acid (10-HODA), 10-hydroxyoctadecaenoic acid (10-HODEA), and 10-hydroxyoctadecadienoic acid (10-HODDEA), respectively. Both a USFA and a surfactant were needed for the bacterium to convert the fatty acid into the corresponding HFA. It was apparent that the production of 10-HODA was growth-related, while that of 10-HODDEA was not. It was unclear whether the production of 10-HODEA was growth-related.