• Title, Summary, Keyword: Unsteady flow

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A Study of Artificial Reef Subsidence in Unsteady Flow-Wave Field (비정상 흐름-파랑 공존장의 인공어초 침하특성에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Sang Jun;Kim, Heon Tae
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2001
  • The experimental studies for the artificial reef (AFR) subsidence characteristics in the unsteady flow field and in the unsteady flow-wave field were carried out. The difference of scou $r_sidence characteristics between in the steady flow field and in the unsteady flow field wad discussed and also the long-term subsidence characteristics in the unsteady flow field were investigated. AFR subsidence characteristics was discussed with Keulegan - Carpenter number(KC), Reynolds number (Re),. Shields number (Sn) and dimensionless time (t/Tt). And the difference of subsidence characteristics between in the unsteady flow and in the unsteady flow-wave field was discussed.ed.

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Unsteady Flow Rate Measurement by Using Hydraulic Pipeline Dynamics (유압관로의 동특성을 이용한 비정상 유량계측)

  • 김도태
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers Conference
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 1999
  • The measurement of unsteady flow rate is of vital importance to clarify and improve the dynamic characteristics in pipeline, hydraulic components and system. There is also demand for a real time flow sensor of ability to measure unsteady flow rate with high accuracy and fast response to realize feedback control of flow rate in fluid power systems. In this paper, we propose an approach for estimating unsteady flow rate through a pipeline and components under high pressure condition. In the method, unsteady flow rate is estimated by using hydraulic pipeline dynamics and the measured pressure values at two distant points along the pipeline. The distributed parameter model of hydraulic pipeline is applied with consideration of frequency dependent viscosity friction and unsteady velocity distribution at a cross section of a pipeline. By using the self-checking functions of the method, the validity is investigated by comparison with the measured and estimated pressure waveforms at the halfway section on the pipeline. The results show good agreement between the estimated flow rate waveforms and theroetical those under unsteady laminar flow conditions. the method proposed here is useful in estimating unsteady flow rate through an arbitray cross section in hydraulic pipeline and components without installing an instantaneous flowmeter.

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Stratified Steady and Unsteady Two-Phase Flows Between Two Parallel Plates

  • Sim Woo-Gun
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2006
  • To understand fluid dynamic forces acting on a structure subjected to two-phase flow, it is essential to get detailed information about the characteristics of two-phase flow. Stratified steady and unsteady two-phase flows between two parallel plates have been studied to investigate the general characteristics of the flow related to flow-induced vibration. Based on the spectral collocation method, a numerical approach has been developed for the unsteady two-phase flow. The method is validated by comparing numerical result to analytical one given for a simple harmonic two-phase flow. The flow parameters for the steady two-phase flow, such as void fraction and two-phase frictional multiplier, are evaluated. The dynamic characteristics of the unsteady two-phase flow, including the void fraction effect on the complex unsteady pressure, are illustrated.

A Study on Unsteady Flow measurement using Laser Doppler Velocimeter in Curved Duct (곡관에서 laser유속계를 이용한 비정상유동 계측에 대한 연구)

  • 조병기
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Engineering
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.81-89
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    • 1996
  • In the present study, the unsteady in a square-selctional 180.deg. curved duct are experimentally investigated. The experimental study using air in a square-sectional 180.deg. curved duct is carried out to measure axial velocity distributions with data acquisition and processing system. In this system, Rotating Machinery Resolver(RMR) and PHASE Software are used to obtain the results of unsteady flows. In conclusion, the exact measurement of unsteady flow using LDV system depends upon uniformity of metreials, duct thickness, and scattered particles.

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Hydraulic Behavior and Characteristic Analysis by Steady & Unsteady Flow Analysis of Natural Stream (하도 합류부의 정류.부정류해석에 따른 수리학적 변화 특성 분석)

  • Ahn, Seung-Seop;Yim, Dong-Hee;Park, Ro-Sam;Kwak, Tae-Hwa
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.957-968
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics of hydraulic behavior of the natural channel flow according to the temporal classification mode, and thus propose the hydraulic analysis method for future channel design. For analysis, the temporal flow characteristics of the channel section was divided into the steady flow and the unsteady flow. For hydraulic analysis, the HEC-RAS model, which is a one-dimensional numerical analysis model, and the SMS-RAM2 model, which is a two-dimensional model, were used and the factors used for analysis of hydraulic characteristics were flood elevation and flow rate. The flow state was analyzed on the basis of the one-dimensional steady flow and unsteady flow for review. In the unsteady flow analysis the flow rate changed by $(-)0.16%{\sim}(+)0.26%$, and the flood elevation varied by $(-)0.35%{\sim}(+)0.51%$ as compared to the values in the steady flow analysis. Given these results, in the one-dimensional flow analysis based on the unsteady flow the flood elevation and flow rate were greater than when the analysis was done on the basis of the steady flow. The flow state was analyzed on the basis of the two-dimensional steady flow and unsteady flow. In the unsteady flow analysis the flow rate varied by $(-)0.16%{\sim}(+)1.08%$, and the flood elevation changed by $(-)0.24%{\sim}(+)0.41%$ as compared to the values in the steady flow analysis. Given these analysis results, in the two dimensional flow analysis based on the unsteady flow, the flood elevation and flow rate were greater than when the analysis was done on the basis of the steady flow.

Unsteady Flows Arising in a Mixed-Flow Vaneless Diffuser System

  • Tsurusaki, Hiromu
    • International Journal of Fluid Machinery and Systems
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.92-100
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    • 2008
  • The main objective of this study was to clarify the origin of the unsteady flows arising in a mixed-flow vaneless diffuser system and also the effects of physical components of the system. The testing equipment consists of a straight tube, a swirl generator, and a mixed-flow vaneless diffuser. Pressure fluctuations of the flow through the tube and diffuser were measured by using a semiconductor-type pressure transducer and analyzed by an FFT analyzer. In the experiment, the velocity ratio (axial velocity/peripheral velocity) of the internal flow, and the geometric parameters of the diffuser were varied. Two kinds of unsteady flows were measured according to the combination of the components, and the origin of each unsteady flow was clarified. The fundamental frequencies of unsteady flows arose were examined by two-dimensional small perturbation analysis.

The effects of axial spacing on the unsteady secondary and performance in one-stage axial turbine (1단 터빈에서 축간격 변화가 비정상 이차유동 및 성능에 미치는 영향)

  • Park Junyoung;Baek JeHyun
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.537-540
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    • 2002
  • Flow through turbomachinery has a very complex structure and is intrinsically unsteady. Especially, recent design trend to turbomachinery with short axial spacing makes the flow extremely complex due to the interaction between stator and rotor. Therefore, it is very necessary to clearly understand the complex flow structure to obtain the high efficiency turbomachinery. So, in this paper, the effects of axial spacing on the unsteady secondary flow performance in the one stage turbine are investigated by three-dimensional unsteady flow analysis. The three-dimensional solver is parallelized using domain decomposition and Message Passing Interface(MPI) standard to overcome the limitation of memory and the CPU time in three-dimensional unsteady calculation. A sliding mesh interface approach has been implemented to exchange flow information between blade rows.

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Flood Analysis by Unsteady Flow on Tidal River Estuary (부정류에 의한 감조하천의 홍수분석)

  • 김현영
    • Magazine of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.81-88
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    • 1990
  • The flow in a river reach where is influenced by tidal motion is characterized by unsteady flow. The flood analysis in the river reach needs depending upon the theory based on the complete unsteady flow equations. In this study the unsteady flow model which is called CRIUM (Channel Routing by Implicit Unsteady Flow Model) was developed and was applied to the Mankyong and Dongjin river in order to analyze the flood characteristics. The results, which were calibrated and verified by the flood records to be measured in the two rivers, show that unsteady flow mode] can be used for the derivation of the flood hydrograph. The peak flood discharges were estimated as 4,960 and $2,870m^3$/sec in 100 year frequency at the estuary of the Mankyong and Dongjin river, respectively. In addition, it was analyzed that the river reaches were not influenced by tidal motion when the discharge magnitude was larger than approximately $3,000m^3$/sec.

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Unsteady Flow Rate Measurement Based on Distributed Parameter Pipeline Model (분포정수계 관로모델을 이용한 비정상 유량계측)

  • Kim, Do-Tae;Hong, Sung-Tae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.8-13
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    • 2008
  • The paper proposes a model-based measurement of unsteady flow rate by using distributed parameter pipeline model and the measured pressure values at two distant points along the pipeline. The distributed parameter model of hydraulic pipeline is applied with consideration of frequency dependent viscosity friction and unsteady velocity distribution at a cross section of a pipeline. By using the self-diagnostics functions of the measurement method, the validity is investigated by comparison with the measured and estimated pressure and flow rate wave forms at the halfway section on the pipeline. The results show good agreement between the estimated flow rate wave forms and theoretical those under unsteady laminar flow conditions. The method proposed here is useful in estimating unsteady flow rate through an arbitrary cross section in hydraulic pipeline and components without installing an instantaneous flowmeter.

A Study of Artificial Reef Subsidence in Unsteady Flow Field (비정상 흐름장의 인공어초 침하특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 윤상준;김헌태
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.234-239
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    • 2001
  • The subsidence characteristics of artificial reef in the unsteady flow such as tidal flow were investigated. The scour and subsidence characteristics were confirmed in the steady flow field, wave field and steady flow-wave field. In a main study, the interaction of Flow-Sediment Movement-Structure Behavior and scour.subsidence mechanism were discussed in the unsteady flow field and the unsteady flow-wave field. Most of all, the continuous artificial reef subsidence from the scour was occurred by periodic behavior of artificial reef. This behavior is result from the asymmetric ground, and is influenced by maximum velocity, duration time and direction of flow.

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