• Title, Summary, Keyword: Uplift behavior

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Experimental and numerical investigation of uplift behavior of umbrella-shaped ground anchor

  • Zhu, Hong-Hu;Mei, Guo-Xiong;Xu, Min;Liu, Yi;Yin, Jian-Hua
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.165-181
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    • 2014
  • In the past decade, different types of underreamed ground anchors have been developed for substructures requiring uplift resistance. This article introduces a new type of umbrella-shaped anchor. The uplift behavior of this ground anchor in clay is studied through a series of laboratory and field uplift tests. The test results show that the umbrella-shaped anchor has higher uplift capacity than conventional anchors. The failure mode of the umbrella-shaped anchor in a large embedment depth can be characterized by an arc failure surface and the dimension of the plastic zone depends on the anchor diameter. The anchor diameter and embedment depth have significant influence on the uplift behavior. A finite element model is established to simulate the pullout of the ground anchor. A parametric study using this model is conducted to study the effects of the elastic modulus, cohesion, and friction angle of soils on the load-displacement relationship of the ground anchor. It is found that the larger the elastic modulus and the shear strength parameters, the higher the uplift capacity of the ground anchor. It is suggested that in engineering design, the soil with stiffer modulus and higher shear strength should be selected as the bearing stratum of this type of anchor.

Uplift Capacity and Creep Behavior of Concrete Pile Driven in Clay (점토지반에 타입된 콘크리트 말뚝의 인발저항 및 크리프 거동)

  • 신은철;김종인;박정준;이학주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Geotechical Society Conference
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    • pp.371-378
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    • 2001
  • The working load at pile is sometimes subjected to not only compression load but also lateral load and uplift forces. Pile foundation is essential and uplift load can be applied because of buoyancy, a typhoon, wind or seismic forces. This study was carried out to determine the uplift capacity of concrete pile foundation driven in clay. Pile was driven in clay, between pile and clay adhesion factor was estimated, and it is the mean value between the cast-in-situ-pile and steel pipe pile. When pile foundation is loaded for long time, creep behavior occurs. The behavior of creep is originated from the clay creep contacted with pile. The creep behavior of pile foundation embedded in clay is heavily depended on the thickness of clay around the pile shaft, pore water pressure in clay, and creep behavior of clay.

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Analysis of Loading Rate Capacity of Plate Anchor in Sand (사질토 지반에 설치된 판앵커의 인발속도에 따른 저항력 분석)

  • Ryu, Dong-Man;Seo, Young-Kyo
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.31-39
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    • 2012
  • Anchors are primarily designed and constructed to resist outwardly directed loads imposed on the foundation of a structure. These outwardly directed loads are transmitted to the soil at a greater depth by the anchors. Buried anchors have been used for thousands of years to stabilize structures. Nowadays, various types of earth anchors are used for the uplift resistance of transmission towers, utility poles, submerged pipelines, and tunnels. Anchors are also used for the tieback resistance of earth-retaining structures, waterfront structures, at bends in pressure pipelines, and when it is necessary to control thermal stress. In this research we analyzed the uplift behavior of plate anchors in sand using a laboratory experiment to estimate the uplift behavior of plate anchors under various conditions. To achieve the research purpose, the uplift resistance and displacement characteristics of plate anchors caused by the embedment ratio, plate diameter, and loading rate were studied, compared, and analyzed in various cases.

Numerical Analysis of Peak Uplift Resistance of Buried Pipeline in Sand and Soft Clay (연약 점토와 사질토에 묻힌 파이프라인의 극한 인발저항력 산정)

  • Kwon, Dae-Hean;Seo, Young-Kyo
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2017
  • Subsea pipelines are one of the most important structures used to transport fluids such as oil and natural gas in offshore environments. The uplift behavior of the pipeline caused by earthquakes and buoyancy can result in a pipeline failure. The objective of this study is to examine the peak uplift resistance through parametric studies with numerical modeling by PLAXIS 3D Tunnel. The effects of the embedment ratio and pipe diameter were first examined for uplift resistance in sand and soft clay conditions. Then the length of geogrid layers and the number of geogrid layers were examined in terms of ability to resist uplift behavior.

Numerical Analysis of Peak Uplift Resistance for Pipelines Buried In Sand

  • Kwon, Dae-Hean;Seo, Young-Kyo
    • Journal of Advanced Research in Ocean Engineering
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.158-164
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    • 2017
  • A pipeline is one of the most important structures for the transportation of fluids such as oil, natural gas, and wastewater. The uplift behavior of pipelines caused by earthquakes and buoyancy is one of the reasons for the failure of pipelines. The objective of this study is to examine the peak uplift resistance using parametric studies with numerical modeling of PLAXIS 3D Tunnel. The effects of burial depth and pipe diameter on the uplift resistance of loose and dense sand were first examined. Subsequently, the effects of the length of geogrid layers and the number of geogrid layers were examined to prevent uplift behavior.

Analysis of Ultimate Capacity of Plate Anchor on Loading Rate Capacity in Clay (점토 지반에서 인발속도에 따른 판앵커의 극한 인발저항력 분석)

  • Seo, Young-Kyo;Ryu, Dong-Man
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.27 no.3
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2013
  • Anchors are primarily designed and constructed to resist outwardly directed loads imposed on the foundation of a structure. These outwardly directed loads are transmitted to the soil at a greater depth by the anchors. Buried anchors have been used for thousands of years to stabilize structures. Various types of earth anchors are now used for the uplift resistance of transmission towers, utility poles, submerged pipelines, and tunnels. Anchors are also used for the tieback resistance of earth-retaining structures, waterfront structures, at bends in pressure pipelines, and when it is necessary to control thermal stress. In this research, we analyzed the uplift behavior of plate anchors in clay using a laboratory experiment to estimate the uplift behavior of plate anchors under various conditions. To achieve the research purpose, the uplift resistance and displacement characteristics of plate anchors caused by the embedment ratio, plate diameter, and loading rate were studied, compared, and analyzed for various cases.

Uplift response of multi-plate helical anchors in cohesive soil

  • Demir, Ahmet;Ok, Bahadir
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.615-630
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    • 2015
  • The use of helical anchors has been extensively beyond their traditional use in the electrical power industry in recent years. They are commonly used in more traditional civil engineering infrastructure applications so that the advantages of rapid installation and immediate loading capability. The majority of the research has been directed toward the tensile uplift behaviour of single anchors (only one plate) by far. However, anchors commonly have more than one plate. Moreover, no thorough numerical and experimental analyses have been performed to determine the ultimate pullout loads of multi-plate anchors. The understanding of behavior of these anchors is unsatisfactory and the existing design methods have shown to be largely inappropriate and inadequate for a framework adopted by engineers. So, a better understanding of helical anchor behavior will lead to increased confidence in design, a wider acceptance as a foundation alternative, and more economic and safer designs. The main aim of this research is to use numerical modeling techniques to better understand multi-plate helical anchor foundation behavior in soft clay soils. Experimental and numerical investigations into the uplift capacity of helical anchor in soft clay have been conducted in this study. A total of 6 laboratory tests were carried out using helical anchor plate with a diameter of 0.05 m. The results of physical and computational studies investigating the uplift response of helical anchors in soft clay show that maximum resistances depend on anchor embedment ratio and anchor spacing ratio S/D. Agreement between uplift capacities from laboratory tests and finite element modelling using PLAXIS is excellent for anchors up to embedment ratios of 6.

Experimental and numerical modeling of uplift behavior of rectangular plates in cohesionless soil

  • Niroumand, Hamed;Kassim, Khairul Anuar
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.341-358
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    • 2014
  • Uplift response of rectangular anchor plates has been investigated in physical model tests and numerical simulation using Plaxis. The behavior of rectangular plates during uplift test was studied by experimental data and finite element analyses in cohesionless soil. Validation of the analysis model was also carried out with 200 mm and 300 mm diameter of rectangular plates in sand. Agreement between the uplift responses from the physical model tests and finite element modeling using PLAXIS 2D, based on 200 mm and 300 mm computed maximum displacements were excellent for rectangular anchor plates. Numerical analysis using rectangular anchor plates was conducted based on hardening soil model (HSM). The research has showed that the finite element results gives higher than the experimental findings in dense and loose packing of cohesionless soil.

Comparative field tests on uplift behavior of straight-sided and belled shafts in loess under an arid environment

  • Qian, Zeng-zhen;Lu, Xian-long;Yang, Wen-zhi;Cui, Qiang
    • Geomechanics and Engineering
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.141-160
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    • 2016
  • This study elucidates the uplift behaviors of the straight-sided and belled shafts. The field uplift load tests were carried out on 18 straight-sided and 15 belled shafts at the three collapsible loess sites under an arid environment on the Loess Plateau in Northwest China. Both the site conditions and the load tests were documented comprehensively. In general, the uplift load-displacement curves of the straight-sided and belled shafts approximately exhibited an initial linear, a curvilinear transition, and a final linear region, but did not provide a well defined peak or asymptotic value of the load, and therefore their uplift resistances should be interpreted from the load test results using an appropriate criterion. Nine representative uplift resistance interpretation criteria were used to define the "interpreted failure load" for each of the load tests, and all of these interpreted uplift resistances were normalized by the failure threshold, $T_{L2}$, obtained using the $L_1-L_2$ method. These load test data were compared statistically and graphically. For the straight-sided and belled shafts, the normalized uplift load-displacement curves were respectively established by the plots that related the mean interpreted uplift resistance ratio against the mean displacement at the corresponding interpreted criteria, and the comparisons of the normalized load-displacement curves were made. Specific recommendations for the designs of uplift belled and straight-sided shafts in the loess were given, in terms of both capacity and displacement.

Study on Pullout Behavior and Determination of Ultimate Uplift Capacity of Pile Driven in Small Pressured Chamber (소형 압력 토조내에 타입된 말뚝의 인발 거동과 극한 인발 지지력 결정에 관한 연구)

  • 최용규
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 1995
  • Based on the various test data acquired in the field, the large pressure chamber and the small pressure chamber, uplift behaviors and method of determining the ultimate uplift capacity of pile driven in small pressure chamber were studied. After uplift pile experienced 2 or 3 sudden slip due to increase of uplift load, complete pullout failure was occurred. Thus, it appears that the ultimate uplift capacity could be identified as the load at displacement where first slip occurs. The ultimate uplift capacity might be determined in every test and the disturbance after first uplift test could be recovered by adding one blow of the drop hammer, which had to depend on the model pile capacity.

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