• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vapor injection

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Performance of the Geothermal Heat Pump using Vapor Injection for Hot Water (증기분사를 적용한 고온수용 지열 히트펌프의 성능특성)

  • Park, Yong-Jung;Park, Byung-Duck
    • Transactions of the Korean hydrogen and new energy society
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.297-304
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the experimental performance characteristics of a water-to-water geothermal heat pump featuring a vapor refrigerant injection for the production of hot water. The performance of geothermal heat pump with a vapor injection was evaluated by comparing with that of a conventional geothermal heat pump without a vapor injection. For heating operation, the geothermal heat pump with a vapor injection is superior in COP and heating capacity. The vapor injection was more effective for supplying hot water while overloading. The vapor injection was effective for the improvement of the cooling capacity. However, the vapor injection was not effective for the increasing of COP according to the increased input of a compressor. The advantage of vapor injection in water-to-water geothermal heat pump become disappeared while cooling operation with lower part loading.

Effects of Vapor Injection on a Compressor in a Transcritical CO2 Cycle (초임계 CO2 사이클에서 가스 인젝션이 압축기 성능에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Woo-Young;Shim, Jae-Hwi;Lee, Yong-Ho;Kim, Hyun-Jin
    • The KSFM Journal of Fluid Machinery
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.16-21
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    • 2007
  • Potential advantages of using vapor injection in a two stage rotary compressor for a $CO_2$ heat pump water heater system were addressed in this paper by numerical simulation. Vapor separated from a flash tank in the middle of the expansion process can be used for injection into the second stage suction plenum of the compressor to improve the system performance. Vapor injection increases the intermediate pressure between the two stages, thus increasing the first stage compressor work and reducing that of the second stage. As a whole, however, the compressor input power increases due to injected mass flow rate for the second stage. Computer simulation showed that increment of the cooling capacity by vapor injection exceeded that of the compressor work, thus improving the system performance. COP improvement by vapor injection was calculated to be about 5-14% for normal operating conditions. With vapor injection, a maximum COP was found when the displacement volume of the second stage becomes 90-95% of that of the first stage of the compressor.

Analytical Study on the Heating Performance Improvement of a CO2 Heat Pump Using Vapor Injection (가스인젝션을 적용한 이산화탄소 열펌프의 난방성능 향상에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Jung, Jongho;Baek, Changhyun;Heo, Jaehyeok;Kim, Yongchan
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.767-776
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    • 2012
  • In this study, a simulation model for a $CO_2$ heat pump using vapor injection was developed and validated. It was used to predict the improvement of the heating performance of the $CO_2$ heat pump at various operating conditions. The simulation results showed consistent results with the measured data. The heating performances of the vapor injection and non-injection heat pumps were compared by varying the outdoor temperature and compressor frequency. The heating capacity of the vapor injection heat pump was 40% higher than that of the non-injection heat pump at the outdoor temperature of $-8^{\circ}C$. The performance of the vapor injection heat pump was consistently higher than that of the non-injection heat pump even when the compressor frequency was reduced to 35 Hz at the outdoor temperature of $-3^{\circ}C$.

An Experimental Study on the Heating Performance Characteristics of a Vapor Injection Heat Pump for Electric Vehicles (가스 인젝션을 적용한 전기자동차용 히트펌프의 난방성능 특성에 대한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Dongwoo;Jung, Jongho;Kim, Yongchan
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.308-314
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    • 2014
  • A heat pump has been considered as a thermal management unit for electric vehicles, including the heating and cooling of the cabin. However, the heat pump shows performance degradation at low outdoor temperatures or high compressor speeds. In this study, a R-134a heat pump for an electric vehicle was designed to improve system efficiency, by applying vapor injection with an internal heat exchanger. The heating performance characteristics of the vapor injection heat pump were analyzed at various compressor speeds and outdoor temperatures. The vapor injection heat pump showed 13.3% COP improvement over the non-injection heat pump, when the heating capacity was fixed at 5.2 kW. In addition, the heating capacity of the vapor injection system increased by 9.6%, as compared to the non-injection system.

Effects of Piston Shapes and Intake Flow on the Behavior of Fuel Mixtures in a GDI Engine

  • Kang, Jeong-Jung;Kim, Duck-Jool
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.2027-2033
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the stratification of fuel vapor with different in-cylinder flow, piston cavity and injection timings in an optically accessible engine. Three different piston shapes that are F(Flat), B(Bowl) and R(Re-entrance) types were used. The images of liquid and vapor fuel were captured under the motoring condition using Laser Induced Exciplex Fluorescence technique. As a result, at early injection timing of 270 BTDC, liquid fuel was evaporated faster by tumble flow than swirl flow, where most of fuel vapor were transported by tumble flow to the lower region and both sides of cylinder for the F-type piston. At late injection timing of 90 BTDC, tumble flow appears to be moving the fuel vapor to the intake side of the cylinder, while swirl flow convects the fuel vapor to the exhaust side. The concentration of mixture in the center region was highest in the B-type piston, while fuel vapor was transported to the exhaust side by swirl flow in F and R-type pistons. At the injection timing of 60 BTDC, the R-type piston was better for stratification due to a relatively smaller bowl diameter than the others.

Concentration Distribution of Liquid/vapor Phases under In-Cylinder Flow Field with Different Injection Timings (엔진 유동장에서 분사시기에 따른 혼합기의 기ㆍ액상 농도 분포에 관한 연구)

  • 김한재;최동석;김덕줄
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.96-104
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    • 2001
  • The present study experimentally investigates the concentration distribution of liquid and vapor phase with different injection timings in the in-cylinder flow field of a optically accessible engine. The conventional MPI, DOHC engine was modified into DI gasoline engine. The images of liquid and vapor phases in the motoring engine were captured by using exciplex fluorescence method. Dopants used in this study were 2% fluorobenzene and 9% DEMA(diethyl-methyl-amino) in 89% solution of hexane by volume respectively. Two dimensional spray fluorescence images of liquid and vapor phases were acquired to analyze spray behaviors and fuel distribution in the in-cylinder flow field. Measurements were carried out fur four different injection timings, namely BTDC 270$^{\circ}$, 180$^{\circ}$, 90$^{\circ}$, and 50$^{\circ}$. Experimental results indicate that behaviors and distribution of vapor phase were largely affected by in-cylinder tumble flow, and mixture formation process was also greatly affected by in-cylinder flow at early injection mode and by ambient pressure at late injection mode.

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The Effects of Tumble and Swirl Flow on the Behavior of Liquid/Vapor Phases in a DI Gasoline Engine (직분식 엔진에서 실린더 내 연료의 액.기상 거동에 미치는 텀블과 스월의 영향)

  • 강정중;최동석;김덕줄
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.23-30
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    • 2002
  • This present study experimentally investigates the behavior of liquid and vapor phase of fuel mixtures with changing the in-cylinder air motion in an optically accessible engine. The conventional MPI/DOHC engine was modified to gasoline direct injection engine with swirl motion. The images of liquid and vapor phases were captured in the motoring operation condition using exciplex fluorescence method. Two dimensional spray fluorescence images of liquid and vapor phases were acquired to analyze spray behaviors and fuel distribution inside of cylinder respectively, In early injection timings $(BTDC\;270^{\circ},\;180^{\circ})$, tumble flow transported most of vapor phase to the lower region and the both sides of cylinder, so vapor phase didn't become uniform distribution up to the half of the compression stroke. In the case of swirl flow, the fuel mixture was confined near the swirl origin in upper region of cylinder. In late injection timings $(BTDC\;90^{\circ})$, tumble flow transported vapor phase to the intake valve and swirl flow to the exhaust valve.

Comparison of Liquid- and Vapor-Phase Spray Characteristics of E85 Fuel using Schlieren Visualization Technique (쉴리렌 가시화 기법을 이용한 E85 연료의 액상 및 기상 분무 비교)

  • Park, Suhan;Chang, Mengzhao
    • Journal of Institute of Convergence Technology
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.9-13
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the liquid- and vapor-phase spray characteristics, such as spray tip penetration and spray angle using gasoline direct injection (GDI) injector with multi-hole. The vapor-phase spray was captured by the Schlieren visualization system, which consists of high-speed camera, LED lamp, concave mirrors, and knife-edge. The liquid-phase spray was visualized by Mie-scattering techniques. Both spray images of vapor- and liquid-phase were visualized under 373 K of ambient temperature, 1 bar of ambient pressure, and 100/200 bar of injection pressure. The energizing duration was fixed at 1.5 ms. From the analysis of experimental results, it revealed that the increased injection pressure induced an early vaporization due to the improvement of droplet atomization. The spray tip penetration and spray angle in vapor-phase were higher than those in liquid-phase. The difference in the spray tip penetration between vapor- and liquid-spray gradually increased with the time elapsed after the injection. Even with the spray angle characteristics, it was found that the difference between the spray angle of liquid and vapor spray gradually grew after they entered steady-state conditions.

Numerical Analysis of the Effect of Injection Pressure Variation on Spray Characteristics (분사압력변화가 분무특성에 미치는 영향에 관한 수치적 고찰)

  • Park K.
    • Journal of computational fluids engineering
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.89-96
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    • 1997
  • High injection pressure system has been developed as a measure to reduce harmful exhaust gases. In order to understand the effect of pressure on diesel spray injection process, wide range of high injection pressure was tested. The gas phase is modelled by the Eulerian continuum conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy and fuel vapour fraction. The liquid phase is modelled following the discrete droplet model approach in Lagrangian form. The droplet distributions, vapor fractions and gas flows are analyzed in various injection pressure cases. The distributions of spray and vapor increase and the Sauter mean diameter decreases with increasing injection pressure quickly in a low pressure area but slowly in a high pressure area.

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Performance Characteristics of a Vapor Injection Heat Pump System with Different Sub-cooler Capacity (과냉각 열교환기 용량 변화에 따른 인젝션 히트펌프의 성능 특성)

  • Choi, Jong Min;Park, Yong-Jung;Kang, Shin-Hyung
    • Transactions of the Korea Society of Geothermal Energy Engineers
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2014
  • One major breakthrough in the field of heating, ventilation and air conditioning has been the development of heat pumps. Heat pump systems offer economic alternatives for recovering heat from different sources for use in various industrial, commercial and residential applications. In recent years, the heat pump has been tipped to have a very good potential for hot water production. This paper investigated the performance of a vapor injection heat pump with the variation of sub-cooler capacity at heating mode. The heating capacity of the vapor injection heat pump slightly increased with an increment of sub-cooler capacity, while COP didn't increase continuously. The 20% capacity of sub-cooler comparing with system capacity could be used as a standard to select sub-cooler capacity.