• Title, Summary, Keyword: Vegetable cultivation

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Fundamental Research for Establishing Job-Exposure Matrix (JEM) of Farmer Related to Insecticide of Pesticide (II) : Vegetable (농약물질 중 살충제 관련 농업 종사자들의 직무 -노출 매트릭스 구축을 위한 기초 자료 조사 연구 (II) : 채소류)

  • Kim, Ki-Youn;Cho, Man-Su;Lim, Byung-Seo;Lee, Sang-Gil;Knag, Dong-Mug;Kim, Jong-Eun
    • Journal of Korean Society of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.293-299
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    • 2014
  • Objectives: The main objective of this study is to investigate domestic usage amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation to provide fundamental data for establishing job-exposure matrix(JEM) related to farmers treating agricultural insecticide. Materials and Methods: The survey on domestic usage amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation was conducted by two research methods. The first method is to utilize agricultural pesticides published annually from Korea Crop Protection Association(KCPA). The second method is to apply cultivation area of vegetable announced officially from Statistics Korea(SK). An estimation of domestic usage amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation through the second method was done by multiplying total cultivation area of vegetable($m^2$) with optimal spray amount of insecticide for vegetable cultivation per unit cultivation area of vegetable ($kg/m^2$). Results: As a result of analysis of public data related to insecticide for vegetable cultivation, it was found that its domestic usage amount has decreased gradually from the first sale year(1969) to current year(2012). There is, however, a considerable difference of annual usage trend of insecticide for vegetable cultivation between shipments and estimation. The annual usage trends of insecticide for vegetable cultivation based on regional classification were different from those based on total aspect. Conclusions: The region which used insecticide for vegetable cultivation the most in Korea was Jeolla-do, followed by Gyeonsang-do, Chungcheong-do, Seoul/Gyeonggi-do, Gangwon-do and Jeju-do. Substantially, mean ratio of usage amounts of insecticide based on shipments and those based on estimation by cultivation area was $281{\pm}115%$, which indicates that usage amounts of insecticide estimated by cultivation area are three times lower than those based on shipments.

Exploration of a Light Shelf System for Multi-Layered Vegetable Cultivation (자연광 다층 작물재배를 위한 광선반 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Jang, Seong-Teak;Chang, Seong-Ju
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.61-66
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    • 2013
  • This study is to eliminate the need for conventional high density plant factory's artificial light source such as LED to reduce the initial investment of the light source installation as well as the operation cost. Use of solar light could enhance the quality of the vegetables similar to those grown in the natural environment. Provision of solar light into the multilayer vegetable cultivation facilities and collecting maximum and sustainable sunlight without too much loss by tracing solar path and properly distributing it through careful control during daytime are crucial for realizing the investigated rooftop light shelf system for multi-layered vegetable cultivation. In this study, we developed an innovative way of effectively allocating sunlight inside even to otherwise shaded zone of a multi-layer vegetable cultivation facility. To prove the effectiveness of the system's sunlight collection and distribution capability, both simulation and experiment in Daejeon are performed and the outcome is analyzed.

토양 및 재배식물에 미치는 연탄회의 영향

  • 차종환
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.5-10
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    • 1964
  • The effects of briquette ashes on the growth of vegetable (cabbage, lettuce, spinach and radish) and their fresh weight under the culture of the soil mixed with the briquette ashes, and on the chemical properties of the soil were investigated. The growth rate of these palnts and chemical properteis of the soil has shown some influence due to different concentration of briquette ashes added to the soil. The increase of growth in cabbage and lettuce was remarkably found by the plot treated with 1/50 concentration of briquette ashes. The fresh weight of vegetable plants was increased with high concentration of briquette ashes, but if the concentration of briquette ashes was too high, it was rather depressed. Chemical properties in the soil after cultivation of the plants were more depressed than before cultivation. In contrast the available nitrogen content in the soil after cultivation was more increased than before cultivation of the plants. The reduction of available nitrogen and nitrate nitrogen was associated with the increasing intensity of briquette ashes, but available phosphorus content was increased with high concentration of briquette ashes, though its content was not so high as the results obtained by Han(8). The values of total exchangeable base and pH in the soils treated with briquette ashes were increased with a high degree of the concentration of ashes. The value of pH was not significant, and pH value of lime plots was higher than that of briquette ashes. The average value of the water content did not show any difference, and the difference of the content of organic matter in the soil in which different vegetable grew into the plots reached to the significance of a 5% level.

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Comparison of Growth and Freshness Characteristics as Affected by CO2 Treatment during Cultivation on Radish Sprout Vegetable (무 싹채소 탄산 가스 처리에 따른 생육과 수확후 품질 특성 비교)

  • Lee, Jung-Soo
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 2020
  • As sprout vegetables of interest growing, its maintaining the quality of the technology was needed to solve the problem of increasing growth and maintain quality after harvest. This experiment proved that the quality of radish sprout vegetable was affected by CO2 treatment during cultivation. Thus, the effect of CO2 treatment during cultivation on postharvest quality of radish sprout vegetable was investigated in terms of the quality changes in weight loss, gas partial pressure, SPAD, hue angle external appearance during storage at polypropylene film (thickness 30 ㎛) at 10℃. CO2 treatment used the way to gas with 700 ppm or carbonated water with 700 ppm and 1,400 ppm. The study revealed that growths on CO2 treated plant were more than those of non-treatment on stem length. After harvesting, the CO2 treated plant and control growing little different characteristics on fresh weight, plant length and so on. However, there were no differences between the CO2 treated plant and control on the Fv/Fm and SOD (superoxide dismutase). In gas partial pressure, the O2 consumption and CO2 accumulation of the CO2 treated plant tended to be more than that of non-treated plant. This study also checked that after packaging, the effects of CO2 treatment during cultivation on the quality of radish sprout vegetable was not significant. However, there were tended to CO2 treatments were lower value compared to control on SPAD, hue angle and general appearance. CO2 treatments of radish sprouting vegetable before harvest were improve growth of stem length, but ones were not improving the maintain of quality on radish sprout vegetable during shelf-life period. The results indicated that CO2 treatment only affected stem elongation until radish sprout vegetable its growth.

Survey on current status of vegetable seed markets of Guangdong and Yunnan provinces in China for the development of domestic vegetable seed industry (국내 채소 종자산업 활성화를 위한 중국 광동성 및 운남성 채소 종자시장 현황 조사)

  • Kwak, Jung-Ho;Yoon, Moo Kyoung;Park, Suhyung;Kim, Dae-Young;Cheong, Seung-Ryong;Shin, Hyun-Ho;Lee, Sang-Kil;Lim, Yong Pyo
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.491-496
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    • 2012
  • Vegetable seeds are one of the most important key factors to determine the way of vegetable's production, distribution, processing and storage. Unfortunately, because of international exchange crisis in 1997, the most of main Korean seed companies were merged into foreign capitals. Currently, many domestic seed companies are incapable of their own survey and development of vegetable seed markets in foreign countries. To provide valuable seed market information for these companies, China, especially Yunnan and Guangdong provinces in China, was selected. Since China is one of the major vegetable seed importers. Also, Yunnan and Guangdong provinces are the most promising targets to export Korean vegetable seeds. The current status of vegetable production in China was analyzed with consideration of Yunnan and Guangdong provinces. The contents of survey and analysis are covering major vegetable crops' cultivation area, farm number, cultivation type, production amount, market price, farm income, packaging method, distribution type and amount of seed consumption. And particularly, major horticultural characteristics of leading varieties were presented to assist the development of exportable varieties of domestic seed companies. We assume the results of this study would be practically usable for the development of exportable varieties.

A Study on Estimating the Vegetable Cultivation Complex Area using Aerial Photogrammetry (항공사진측량을 이용한 채소주산단지 재배면적 추정 연구)

  • BAE, Kyoung-Ho;HAM, Geon-Woo;LEE, Jeong-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Geographic Information Studies
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.108-118
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    • 2018
  • Recently, agricultural sector apply ICT technology such as Smart Farm to pursue innovation in the changing situation that is emerging as the fourth industrial revolution. However, this innovation requires techniques for forecasting and analyzing in various data bases and spatial information provides such infrastructure data. In this study, the cultivation area of Chinese cabbage, radish, garlic, onion, and red pepper were calculated and analyzed by year. The purpose of this analysis is to cope with sudden changes in vegetable crops and changes in cultivated area caused by weather changes to supply and demand of major vegetables and price instability. As a result of this study, spatial information based on time series information of vegetable complex will be used as efficient agricultural environment observation data, as well as interpretation of various spatial ranges such as the estimation of cultivation area using remote sensing.

Suggestion for the Future of Protected Vegetable Crops Culture in Chungnam (충남지방의 시설채소 재배동향과 앞으로의 방향)

  • Lee, Young Bok;Kang, Jae Chol
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 1990
  • The above results indicate that vegetable crop production using vinyl houses continously increases. However, technical support and facility improvement are still insufficent to establish a full production system. In order to improve the cultural environment in facilities for better vegetable culture, several facters should be considered. 1. Facility design and arrangement should be made to improve micro-environments for crop growth and development because direction of facility and covering materials can affect the amount of light trasmitted into vinyl houses. 2. Cultivation of several leading varieties in each crop may not provide stable production and profit especially under undesirable environmental conditions. Thus, it is required to grow not only leading varieties but also other cultivars to decrease the economic losses. 3. Crops should be carefully managed when planted in early season not to experience low temperatures which induce growth retards. Early season cultivation requires proper selection of cultivars which are resistant to low temperture. 4. Active control of micro-environment in facilities should be made via improving the ventilation and irrigation systems.

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Effect of Soil Heating and Lateral Branching in White Spined Cucumbers (지중가온이 백침계 오이의 측지 발생에 미치는 영향)

  • Sang Gyu Lee;Ki Cheol Seong;Kwan Dal Ko;Kwang yong Kim
    • Protected Horticulture and Plant Factory
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.155-158
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    • 2001
  • The cultivation area of white spined cucumbers for export has continuously increased up to 121 ha in 2000. Since white spined cucumbers set fruits on lateral shoots, fruit yield is dependent upon the development of lateral shoots. Unfortunately, the major cultivation period is during winter season, October to February, when temperature and light are limited for the development lateral shoots. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of soil heating on the development of lateral shoots in white spined cucumbers. Number of lateral shoots were 13.7 and 11.7 in the soil heated treatment and in the control, respectively. Number of marketable fruits per plant was 45 in the soil heated treatment as compared to 38 in the control. Fruit yield was 81 ton per ha, an 18% increase, in the soil heated treatment. Soil heating not only increased number of long lateral shoots but also decreased curved fruits.

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Effects of Photoperiods on the Growth of the Entomopathogenic Fungi, Paecilomyces japonica, During the Production of the Silkworm-dongchunghacho, Silkworm Vegetable Wasp and Plant Worm

  • Lee, Eun-Ha;Park, Nam-Sook;Park, Sang-Bong;Lee, Ho-Oung;Jang, Chang-Sic;Jin, Byung-Rae;Lee, Sang-Mong
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.83-86
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    • 2001
  • Effects of photoperiods, 24L or 24D, on the growth of the silkworm-dongchunghacho, the silkworm vegetable wasp and plant worm, were investigated. Exposure of the fungi under the photoperiod of 24L for at least 3 days during the cultivation of the fungi after the completion of endosclerotium in the host accelerated the spore formations but the growth of the fruiting bodies was inhibited. On the contrary, the photoperiod of 24D inhibited the spore formation, but accelerated the growth of fruiting bodies without spores. Accordingly, to produce silkworm vegetable wasp and plant worm of large-size fruiting bodies with over 3 cm in length, it is indicated that recommendable light condition is a photoperiod of 24D during the cultivation until the length of the fruiting body arrives at over 3 cm.

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