• Title/Summary/Keyword: Vibrational Spectra

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Structure, Modified Scaled Quantum Mechanical Force Field and A Priori Prediction of Vibrational Spectra and Their Assignment and Exponential Scaling of Frequencies of Triphenylene

  • Bandyopadhyay, Indrajit
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.717-722
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    • 2003
  • The structure, force field and vibrational spectra of triphenylene are studied by $B3LYP/6-31G^*$(5d) level of theory. The results are compared to those of the related system, phenanthrene. The scale factors in nonredundant local coordinates obtained after fitting the DFT frequencies to the experimental numbers of phenanthrene-$d_0 and -d_{10}$ are transferred to predict the spectra and assignment of triphenylene for in-plane modes. The frequencies based on scaling methodology due to Lee et al. are also obtained. These frequencies are compared with the predicted numbers based on scale factors from phenanthrene. Probable assignment for out-of-plane modes is proposed based on simple scaling of Scott and Radom (scale factor 0.9614) as well as by scaling methodology by Lee et al.

Density Functional Theory Study of Vibrational Spectra of Anthracene Neutral and Radical Cation

  • 이상연;부봉현
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.17 no.8
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    • pp.754-759
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    • 1996
  • Ab initio Hartree-Fock and Becke 3-Lee-Yang-Parr (B3LYP) density functional theory calculations using 6-31G* basis set were carried out to study the vibrational spectra of anthracene neutral (h10 and d10) and radical cation (h10). We report results of the fundamental vibrational frequencies obtained on the basis of the calculations. The assignments of fundamentals show a one-to-one correspondence between the observed and calculated fundamentals.

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Ab Initio Study of Vibrational Spectra of p-tert-Butylcalix[4]aryl Ester Complexed with Alkali Metal Cation (알칼리금속 양이온과 착물을 형성한 캘릭스[4]아릴에스터의 진동스펙트럼에 대한 순수양자역학적 연구)

  • Choe, Jong-In;Kim, Gwang-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2006
  • infrared(IR) absorption spectra were calculated for the ethyl ester of p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene (1) in the cone conformer and its alkali-metal-ion complex. The vibrational spectra were obtained by restricted Hartree-Fock (RHF) calculations with the 6-31G basis set. The characteristic vibrational frequencies of various C-O and C=O stretching motions of the complexes show that the structure of 1+K+ complex is almost of C4v symmetry compared to 1+Na+ (C2v) analogue. The theoretical results for the host molecule 1 and complex (1+Na+) were compared with the experimental results, and the calculated vibrational frequencies agree well with the features of the experimental spectra.

Simulation of Material Properties of Amorphous Carbon Nitride with Non-uniform Nitrogen Distribution

  • Lu, Y.F.;He, Z.F.
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2001
  • A simulation method is proposed to study the amorphous structure of carbon nitride. The material properties of a non-uniform nitrogen distribution in an amorphous CN matrix can be studied. The cohesive energy of a group of randomly generated atoms can be minimized to find the relative positions of atoms. From the calculated configuration of atoms, many properties of amorphous carbon nitride can be calculated such as bulk modulus, P-V curve, sp$^3$/sp$^2$ ratio of carbon, and vibrational spectra. The calculation shows that the cohesive energy of non-uniform nitrogen distribution is lower than that of a uniform distribution. This may suggest that the regular structure of carbon nitride can at most be metastable. It is not easy to incorporate nitrogen atoms into a carbon matrix.

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Ab Initio Calculated Structures and Vibrational Spectra of 1,3-Diethoxy-p-tert-butylcalix[4]crown-5-ether Complexed with Potassium Cation

  • Choe, Jong-In
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.235-240
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    • 2007
  • Molecular structures were optimized for the 1,3-diethoxycalix[4]crown-5-ether (2) in the various isomers and their potassium-ion complexes by using B3LYP/6-31+G(d,p)//B1LYP/6-31G(d,p) method after ab initio RHF/6-31G calculation. The cone-shaped isomer of 2 with cr-binding mode has shown the strongest binding efficiency among the six different complexes attributed to seven electrostatic interactions between the potassium cation and the oxygen atoms of crown-5-ether and ethoxy groups of the host (2). The vibrational spectra of 2 and its K+-complexes were obtained by restricted Hartree-Fock (RHF) calculations with the 6-31G basis set. The characteristic vibrational frequencies of various C-O-C stretching and bending motions are analyzed.

Experimental Determinations of Coherent Multidimensional Vibrational Spectroscopy

  • Besemann, Daniel;Condon, Nicholas;Meyer, Kent;Zhao, Wei;Wright, John C.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.24 no.8
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    • pp.1119-1125
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    • 2003
  • Coherent multidimensional vibrational spectroscopy is a new technique for establishing correlations between features in vibrational spectra that are caused by intra- and intermolecular interactions. These interactions cause cross-peaks between vibrational transitions that reflect the coupling. In this paper, we use Doubly Vibrationally Enhanced Infrared Spectroscopy (DOVE-IR) and DOVE-Raman processes to obtain coherent two dimensional vibrational spectra. The spectra are fitted to obtain the dephasing rates and third order susceptibilities $(χ^{(3)})$ for the nonlinear processes. We show that the DOVE $χ^{(3)}$ values are directly related to the molar absorptivities and Raman $χ^{(3)}$. We then use these relationships to obtain estimates for the $χ^{(3)}$ of the stimulated photon echo and $χ^{(5)}$ of the six wave mixing spectroscopies, respectively. We also predict the ratio of the cascaded four wave mixing signal to the six wave mixing signal.

2,4,6-Triamino-1,3,5-triazin-1-ium Acetate Acetic Acid Solvate Monohydrate. Infrared and Raman Spectra

  • Marchewka, M.K.
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.466-470
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    • 2004
  • The crystals of the new melaminium salt, i.e. melaminium acetate acetic acid solvate monohydrate, $C_3H_7N_6^+ {\cdot}CH_3COO^- {\cdot}CH_3COOH{\cdot}H_2O$, were obtained by the slow evaporation of an aqueous solution at room temperature. Powder infrared and Raman spectra were measured and interpreted. The vibrational spectra in the region of internal vibrations of ions corroborate structural data recently published by Perpetuo and Janczak.$^1$ Some spectral features of this new crystal are referred to corresponding one for melamine crystal as well as other melamine complexes in crystalline form. Hydrogen-bonded network present in the crystal gives notable vibrational effect.

Raman Detection of Protein Interfacial Conformations

  • Jang, Mi-Jin;Cho, Il-Young;Callahan, Patricia
    • BMB Reports
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.352-355
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    • 1997
  • The surface adsorbed protein conformations onto the vaccine adjuvants were observed with a Raman spectroscopy by using the maximum adsorption conditions described previously. The adsorbed state Raman vibrational spectra and subsequent spectral analysis display no conformational changes for BSA or IgG relative to their native species in solution.

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