• Title, Summary, Keyword: Viewing Area

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Physiological and Psychological Effects of Viewing and Walking in Forest and Urban Area (산림과 도심에서의 조망 및 보행활동이 인체의 생리·심리에 미치는 효과)

  • Ji, Gyeong-Bae;Kim, Kyeong-Nam;Han, Gab-Soo
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.605-611
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze psychological and physiological effects accordance with viewing and walking in the forest and urban area. In the result of measurement of physiological reactions in nervous system, viewing of the forest had a calming effect on the nervous system by reducing blood pressure and heart rate. The other hand, viewing and walking in the urban area compared to the forest area raised stress by increasing blood pressure and heart rate. In addition, viewing in forest area was effective in stress relief by noticeable reduction of the amylase concentration. In contrast, walking in the urban area was also confirmed an increase of stress by increasing the concentration of the amylase. A viewing and walking in forest area was effective in alleviating depressed on anxiety, anger, fatigue and confusion.

A Study of Landscape Management Techniques based on Viewing Characteristics of Mountain Landscape - Focused on the Surrounding Areas of Bukhansan Mountain -

  • Park, Moon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.38 no.5_2
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    • pp.163-175
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    • 2010
  • This study is based on the viewing characteristics of mountain landscapes. It investigates whether the current landscape management-related regulations are efficient in terms of the viewing characteristics of the mountain landscape against Bukhansan Mountain in which the conventional landscape management techniques were used. In addition, some viewing characteristics of mountain landscapes, such as distance from the view point to the target mountain, angle of elevation, altitude, gradient, have been analyzed and 3 cases of viewing condition have been simulated. The following results were obtained: i) Mountain landscapes can be managed up to 7~8 times of the mountain height with a $5{\sim}9^{\circ}$ of elevation angle. ii) In the Natural Landscape District which is situated on the hillside, it is reasonable to include altitude, gradient as criteria for regulation. iii) According to a simulation of the construction permit height by viewing distance, it was confirmed that buildings can be constructed up to 111.55m when viewing the 20% ridge, 150.75m when viewing the 50% ridge and 189.05m when viewing the 70% ridge. iv) The construction permit height varies depending on the landscape analysis method that is used and the application conditions. It is therefore unfair to apply height limit regulations to all buildings without considering the geographical features or viewing characteristics. v) It is unreasonable to apply 2~3 management techniques to the same area for landscape management. Therefore, we recommend the Focused Landscape Management Area based on the landscape master plan as a integrating mountain landscape management techniques.

A Study on the Characteristics of Visual Aspects in MAISAN Provincial Park (마이산도립공원의 전망경관 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Sei-Chon;Rho, Jae-Hyun;Park, Jae-Chul;Huh, Joon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.74-85
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    • 1996
  • The objective of this study is to investigate the influence of viewing aspects based on formal aesthetics and psychophysica approaches of the MAISAN provincial park for landscape management. Two methods are applied in this study. First, according to the field study with map the quantitative analyses of the viewshed area, visual section and scenery types were achieved, herein the visual landscape characteristics is found. Second, based upon visual preference evaluation of the relationships between the viewing aspects and visual preference scores to landscape slides were measured by questionnaires. The main conclusions obtained by the research are as follows. Visual area of MAISAN has a quite wide viewshed though itself is surrounded. The preference for the visual terminal were change by its characteristics to the visual corridors, view points, viewing types and viewing distance. Especially, the regression analysis between visual preference and viewing distance indicated Y=-3.20X\sup 2\+18.64X+20.64. In this case, viewing distance 794m from O\sub p\ is more important point for visual experience. The viewing types B·C and famous view A obtained a high visual preference score. A visual terminus are viewed along an entire RouteA, so revealed by its evolving spatial containment as to exact the full potential of its changing perspectives. Also we conducted the degree of visual influence by the shade in visual area at MAISAN and clarified viewing vantage Route and point in LSH being necessary for landscape preservation.

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A study on the correlation between exhibition space configurations and visitors' viewing behavior in museums - From a Viewpoint of Visitor Density in Public History Museums in Seoul Metropolitan Area of Korea - (뮤지엄 전시공간구조와 관람행태의 상관관계에 관한 연구 - 한국의 수도권 공립 역사계 뮤지엄의 관람밀도의 측면에서 -)

  • Kim, Mi Hyun;Moon, Jung Mook
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.343-354
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    • 2012
  • Museums in Korea have experienced continuing quantitative growth since the late Choson Dynasty. However, a careful examination of visitors' viewing behavior has not been properly performed. Accordingly, social education for visitors in museums is not properly conducted despite the vast amount of information that museums possess. Given these circumstances, this study which focuses on the factors that influence visitors' behavior in museums intends to examine the effects that the configuration of exhibition space and the resulting visitor circulation patterns have on visitors' behavior with regard to visitor density. From this perspective, and considering five public historical museums within the seoul metropolitan area of korea, a correlation analysis has been conducted based upon quantitative analysis related to the configuration of exhibition space and visitors' observed viewing behaviors. The result of our study is that the configuration of exhibition space influences the patterns of visitor circulation, distribution of space, and the subsequent state of visitor density. Accordingly, the effects of visitor density on the viewing speed and other viewing behaviors could be identified. Based on these findings, the configurational differences in exhibition spaces were identified as one of the key factors that influence visitors' viewing behaviors.

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The Design Harmony in the Necktie with Dot Pattern

  • Jung, Su-Jin;Choi, Su-Koung
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.31-44
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    • 2009
  • This study aims at clarifying the influence that color, tone, dot size, the combination of area ratios exercise on the harmony in dot necktie, and revealing the harmony differentiation according to the cues of various factors for pattern design. The conclusion is drawn as below, in the result that the cues which can exercise influence on the harmony of dot necktie, was analyzed by 54 stimuli. In the result of analysis of variance in order to clarify the influence which color, tone, dot size, and color area ratio exercise on dot necktie harmony, color and dot size operate appeared to be independent cues which exercise significant influence with main effect. In the result of the harmony difference analysis on color, tone, dot size, and color area ratio combination by multiple comparison, the cyan color in vivid tone was estimated to be most inharmonious in the analysis by color and tone. Viewing the harmony difference according to color and dot size, the dot size of 0.5cm in cyan was perceived to be most harmonious. Viewing the harmony difference according to color and color area ratio combination, both magenta and cyan were estimated to be positive, regardless of area ratio combination, and particularly, the case that the background was in cyan and the dots were in grey was perceived more harmonious compared to the contrary case. Viewing the harmony difference according to tone and dot sizes, the case when the dot sizes were 0.5cm, was perceived to be most positive, regardless of tone. Viewing the harmony difference according to color area ratio combination and tone, the case that the chromatic colors, cyan, magenta, and yellow was used as background, was estimated to be more harmonious, compared to the case that the achromatic color, grey was used as background. Viewing the harmony difference according to dot size and color area ratio combination, in case that the dots were in chromatic color and the background was in grey, the harmony showed difference by dot size, and the case of the dot size of 0.5cm was estimated to be most harmonious.

Color display evaluation vs. viewing angle using $L^*a^*b^*$ color space and Fourier-optics measurements

  • Boher, Pierre;Leroux, Thierry;Bignon, Thibault;Blanc, Pierre
    • Journal of Information Display
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.179-190
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    • 2011
  • A complete analysis of the color-viewing-angle properties of different displays is presented herein using color-viewing-angle measurements made with a Fourier-optics system. The color gamut in the CIE u'v' chromatic plane was computed for all the viewing angles. The introduction of the lightness using the $L^*a^*b^*$ color space allowed a more precise analysis of the emissive properties of each display. The displays can be directly compared using a common reference. The viewing-angle dependence can be analyzed in full detail using the on-axis values as reference. The gravity center behavior and area of the color hull were computed for a more precise evaluation and comparison.

Task performance under three visual feedback conditions in a teleoperation task (원격 조종 작업에서 3가지 시각 궤환 조건하의 작업 수행도)

  • Yoon, Wan-Jin;Kim, Jin;Cho, Am
    • Proceedings of the ESK Conference
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 1995
  • In this research, we investigated the effect of three visual feedback conditions (direct viewing, one-monitor viewing, and tow-monitors viewing) on the task performance of human operator in teloperation task. The three different level of task difficulties under each concitions were performed by thirty-six subjects. The result of the experiments was analysed by the task difficulties, and the measurements of performance are the task completion time and the frequency of task errors. In a teleoperator, the participation of a human operator is always required, and the man-machine interface and the operator's abilities is an important issue. Recently, the different types of sensory feedback conditions(force, vision, sound, tactile, etc) for teleoperation is a very active research area in ergonomics. Among them, visual feedback conditon is an important sense that can provide the information of task environment. Therefore, the sufficient understandings and investigation for human ability under various visual feedback conditions is required to establish the efficient man-machine interface of teleoperation. The result showed that the visual feecback conditions and the level of task difficulties have a significant effect on the task performance. For three level of task difficulties, the task completion time was the shortest under the condition of direct viewing. The number of task errors under the conditions of direct viewing and two-monitors viewing were reduced by more than half compare to that of one-monitor viewing.

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A Design of Large Area Viewing LED Panel Control System (광시각용 LED 전광판제어 시스템 설계)

  • Lee, Su-Beom;Nam, Sang-Gil;Jo, Gyeong-Yeon;Kim, Jong-Jin
    • The Transactions of the Korea Information Processing Society
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    • v.6 no.5
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    • pp.1351-1361
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    • 1999
  • The wide spread of multimedia system demands a large area viewing display device which can inform a message to many people in open area. This paper is about the design of a large area viewing LED panel control system. The control system runs on 16 bit microprocessor MC68EC000 and has following functions: 16 line clock and time, 2 channel priority interrupt, 2 channel direct memory access, 2 channel 12 bit clock and timer, 2 channel infrared remocon receiver, 2 channel RS-232C with 16 byte FIFO, IBM PC/AT compatible keyboard interface, ISA bus, battery backuped real time clock, battery backuped 256 byte SRAM and watch dog timer. The core circuits are implemented to ASIC, considering lower cost, higher reliability, higher performance, smaller dimension, and lower power consumption. This is verified by simulation and fabricated in 0.6 um CMOS SOG processes. The total gate count is 39,083 and the clock frequency is 48 MGz. The fabricated ASIC is mounted on test board.

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Multi-domain Vertically Aligned LCDs with Super-wide Viewing Range for Gray-scale Images

  • Yoshida, H.;Kamada, T.;Ueda, K.;Tanaka, R.;Koike, Y.;Okamoto, K.;Chen, PL;Lin, J.
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.198-201
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    • 2004
  • We have developed a multi-domain vertically aligned liquid crystal display (MVA-LCD) that produces natural gray-scale images even at high viewing angles. We divided each pixel into two areas and set different threshold voltages for each sub-area. A transparent electrode in a sub-area is not connected directly to the source electrodes but via the capacitance of the SiN layer. In particular, light-orange skin color appears very natural, even at a high inclination angle. The contrast ratio is over 500 in the normal direction and over 10 from any viewing angle.

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A Study on Museum's Rest Area in Korea and Japan (한·일 뮤지엄 휴식공간에 관한 연구)

  • Jo, Seul-A;Ko, Jeong-Min
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.248-259
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    • 2016
  • This study covers museum rest areas among the methods that reduce museum fatigue. The subjects of the study were Seoul branch of the representative National Museum of Contemporary Art and National Museum of Korea. These museums were compared and analyzed with The National Art Center of Tokyo and Tokyo National Museum. The first research step was the analysis of museums' floor plan, and the second step was the tracing survey of visitors' movement. The result of this study was as follows. The National Art Center of Tokyo and Tokyo National Museum had the rest space within the visitors' route along with good viewing areas. National Museum of Korea had poor viewing area even though there was the rest space withing the visitors' route. Lastly, Seoul branch of National Museum of Contemporary Art had the rest space out of visitors' route along with poor viewing areas. This study is meaningful in that it provided guidelines for museum space plan with visitors' route considered, so that their museum fatigue can be relieved along with the guideline that can be applied to space elements of rest space.