• Title, Summary, Keyword: Visual Analogue Scale(VAS)

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Analysis of Pain using Visual Analogue Scale Questionnaire (VAS 평가표를 이용한 동통에 대한 분석)

  • Kang Jeom-Deok;Kim Chul-Yong
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.165-174
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : This study was to analysis of pain using visual analogue scale questionnaire. Methods : Questionnaire were completed by 101 adult patients of department relation to simple pain in hospitals of Taegu from March 10, to April 10, 2000. The information was used to estimate multiple regression for the pain related factors association. Results : Visual analogue scale scores of mean was 4.29. work modification scores was 5.50. The scores of 1 month below was mild$(45.16\%)$, 6 months above was discomfort$(56.41\%)$. distressing$(72.73\%)$. and excruciating$(100.0\%)$ in association between present pain index and duration(p=0.002). Visual analogue scale scores was significantly associated with frequency of pain and present pain index. Conclusion : Date from this study support a statistically significant association between visual analogue scores scores and two factors found in other research to increase the relation with pain. This findings may have implications for targeting frequency of pain and present pain index.

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A Study on Efficiency of Pain Management by Questionnaire using Visual Analogue Scale in Back - Pain Patients (Visual Analogue Scale(VAS)을 이용한 동통평가표에 의한 동통관리의 효용성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Bok-Hee;Yoon, Hong-Il;Park, Ji-Whan
    • The Journal of Korean of Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.105-112
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to investigate the efficiency of subjective assessment that exams the subjective symptom of patients with back pain at the department of physical therapy. To assess the subjective symptom, we used the pain questionnaire using visual analogue scale (VAS) that was developed by Wang on 1995. Questionnaires were administered to 31 adult patients(male : 11, female : 20) with herniated lumbar disk(13), low back pain(8), myofascial pain syndrom(5), lumbar strain(4), ankylosing spondylitis(1). Mean age was 36.3 ranged from 20 to 65. The results of this study were as follows : 1) In each of 15 subjects, there was a significant decrease in VAS between pre- and post-treatment(p<0.05). 2) Mean VAS of total subjects was $6.26{\pm}2.55$ in pre-treatment, $4.50{\pm}2.47$ in post-treatment (p<0.001). Result of this study was shown efficiency of pain management by subjective assessment. The continuous study is needed for many interesting illue of pain management using VAS.

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A Study on Efficiency of Pain Management by Questionnaire using Visual Analogue Scale in Back- Pain Patients (VAS를 이용한 동통평가표에 의한 동통관리의 효용성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Bok-Hee;Yoon, Hong-Il;Park, Ji-Whan
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.2 no.3
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    • pp.679-689
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    • 1995
  • This study was designed to investigate the efficiency of subjective assessment that exams the subjective symptom of patients with back pain at the department of physical therapy. To assess the subjective symptom, we used the pain questionnaire using visual analogue scale(VAS) that was developed by Wang on 1995. Questionnaires were administered to 31 adult patients(male : 11, female: 20) with herniated lumbar disk(13), low back pain(8), myofascial pain syndrom(5), lumbar strain(4), ankylosing spondylitis(1). Mean age was 36.3 ranged from 28 to 65. The results of this study were as follows: 1) In each of 15 subjects, there was a significant decrease in VAS between pre-and post-treatment(p < 0.05 -p<0.001). 2) Mean VAS of total subjects was $6.26{\pm}2.55$ in pre-treatment, $4.50{\pm}2.47$ in post-treatment(p < 0.001). The result of this study was shown efficiency of pain management by subjective assessment. The continuous study is needed for many interesting issue of pain management using VAS.

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The case report on pain treatment by extravascular laser system (비침습 레이저 조사기를 이용한 통증 치료에 대한 증례 보고)

  • Hwang, Young-Jun;Kim, Jang-Hyun
    • The Journal of Pediatrics of Korean Medicine
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2006
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of Extravascular Laser System on pain treatment. Methods : On this study, we carried out with the 9 cases of children who visited in the Department of Pediatrics, OO University Oriental Hospital as pain. 9 children suffering from pain were treated with Extravascular Laser System, and two of these were treated with combined acupuncture. In order to determine the degree of pain relief, a visual analogue scale was used. Results : Extravascular Laser System for pain resulted in a significant decline in the visual analogue scale. For Extravascular Laser System combined with acupuncture, VAS score has fallen by 30% each time compared to 17.5% of Extravascular Laser System only. In 2 cases of chronic pain, VAS score decreased to 0. In 7 cases of acute pain, All of 7 children improved 50% on VAS score, On average VAS score have seen 79.2% reduction. The average treatment times of chronic pain were 5 times, while that of acute pain were 4.1 times. Conclusions : We report the good result of the efficacy of extravascular laser system on children's pain. but, this study's cases were small in number. so more study is need.

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The Evaluation about Effects of the Hard Board on Treating Acute Low Back Pain (급성기 요통의 치료에서 경판의 유용성 평가)

  • Lee, Dong-Yeul;Lee, Soo-Keel;Ryu, Heon-Sik
    • 대한한의정보학회지
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2005
  • Objectives The aim of this study is to evaluate effects of hard board applied to acute low back pain patient by using Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and Pain Rating Score(PRS). Methods From March. 2005 to October. 2005, 20 cases of acute low back pain were divided into 2 groups in sequence. Control group took a rest on the bed(marble-sponge mattress) and sample group took a rest on the hard board. Visual Analogue Scale(VAS) and Pain Rating Score(PRS) were used to assess the change of pain. VAS and PRS were checked 3 times before the treatment, after 3day treatment and 6day treatment. Results 1. After 3day and 6day treatment, there was statistical significance between control and sample group by VAS. 2. After 3day and 6day treatment, there was statistical significance between control and sample group by PRS. Conclusions On treating acute low back pain, it is more effective taking a rest on the hard board than taking a rest on the bed. Further study is needed about effects of hard board applied to acute low back pain patient.

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Effects of Obesity on Lumber Strength and Visual Analogue of Back Pain in Disc Surgical Operated Patients after Rehabilitation (디스크 수술환자의 재활운동 프로그램 적용 후 비만이 요부신전근력 향상 및 요통완화에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Chang-Jin;Lim, Young-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study were to compare the differences of isometric lumber extension strength and subjective pain degrees between obesity patients group and normal body fat group in disc surgical operated patients. The research purposed to indicate how isometric lumbar extension exercise for 12 weeks affected to lumbar strength and visual analogue scale of patients suffered by chronic back pain. The subjects were 65 low back pain patients(male 30, female 35)who had disease on lumbar in W hospital. The lumbar extension strength was measured at seven degrees of angles, which were $0^{\circ}$ $12^{\circ}$ $24^{\circ}$ $36^{\circ}$ $48^{\circ}$ $60^{\circ}$ and $72^{\circ}$ before and after the exercise program. We got the results of subjective pain degree using the modified visual analogue scale(VAS) of Lawlis et al(1989) and measured the maximal isometric lumbar strength of all subjects using MedX lumbar extension machine. Results were as follows; After the exercise, the lumbar extension strength of normal body fat patients groups included males and female were greater than that of the obesity patients groups in all angles(p<.05). The visual analogue scale of chronic back pain patients was decreased significantly after the exercise(p<.05). The results showed the significance between the lumbar extension strength and the visual analogue scale of chronic back pain patients and showed that the isometric lumbar extension exercise decreased the subjective pain degrees of visual analogue scale with and increased lumbar extension strength. The correlation between the visual analogue scale and the %body fat of chronic back pain patients was no significant after exercise. Therefore, the lumbar extension strength exercise is needed for improvement of back strength, decrease of %body fat.

The Clinical Study on the Pain Improvement of Lumbago Patients with Electro-acupuncture Therapy using Visual Analogue Scale (Visual Analogue Scale을 사용하여 분석한 전침시행 요통환자의 통증 호전에 대한 임상 연구)

  • Son, Chi-hyoung;Lim, Ho-jea;Lee, Seung-hyun;Han, Seung-hye;Moon, Sung-il
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.27-44
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    • 2004
  • Objective : To evaluate the pain improvement of the lumbago patients taken the electro-acupuncture therapy using Visual Analogue Scale. Methods : The 25 patients of 46 lumbago patients visited department of Acupuncture & Moxibustion in National Medical Center from 1st March to 20th August had taken the electro-acupucture therapy more than 5 times. We checked on their age, sex, onset, radiating pain, back pain past history and Straight Leg Raising test. And we evaluated their improvement of back pain using Visual Analog Scale(VAS) at each visit. Then we analyzed the pain improvement by their age, sex, onset, radiating pain, back pain past history, Straight Leg Raising test, visiting frequency and Visual Analog Scale on 1st visit(VAS1) Results : VAS of 24 patients has improved and VAS of one patient has not been changed. There's no patient getting worse. The women and the positive group at SLR Test had better result of pain improvement. Conclusion : The lumbago patients taken electro-acupuncture more than 5 times showed significantly different pattern of pain improvement according to the sex and the SLR test.

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Comparison of Visual Analogue Scale, Categorical Scale and Satisfaction for Postoperative Pain (수술 후 통증 평가를 위한 Visual Analogue Scale, Categorical Scale 그리고 환자 만족도와의 비교)

  • Kim, Yong-Ik;Nam, Sang-Goo;Hong, Seung-Taek;Kang, Kyu-Sik;Park, Wook
    • The Korean Journal of Pain
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.156-163
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    • 2001
  • Background: The categorical scales and visual analogue scales (VAS) are methods used for evaluating variations of postoperative pain intensity. Several studies have introduced the idea that there is a clear correlation between visual scales and categorical scales. However, when VAS is the only pain measure in the study, we do not know what point on the VAS represents a category on the categorical scale and their degree of correlation with satisfaction for postoperative pain. Methods: 252 patients who had undergone elective surgery were studied. A 5-point categorical scale (none, mild, moderate, severe, worst possible pain), a 0-100 mm VAS (no pain to worst possible pain) and patient satisfaction score were checked 24 hours after surgery using a pain questionnaire and VAS tool. Results: The mean VAS score of the 14 patients reporting 'no-pain' was $1.9{\pm}0.9$, $23.9{\pm}1.0$ for the 132 patients reporting 'mild-pain', $47.2{\pm}1.1$ for the 82 patients reporting 'moderate-pain' and $67.5{\pm}2.8$ for the 24 patients reporting 'severe-pain'. Of the patients reporting moderate pain, 85% scored over 45.6 mm on the corresponding VAS, with a mean score 47.2 mm. The mean satisfaction scores were $90.6{\pm}2.7$ for the 'no pain', patients, $75.1{\pm}1.3$ for ‘mild pain', $58.3{\pm}1.5$ for 'moderate pain', and $55.1{\pm}4.0$ for 'severe pain' patients. The categorical scale was significantly correlated with VAS (P < 0.01). The satisfaction score was significantly inversely correlated with VAS (P < 0.01). Conclusions: Our results indicate that if a patient records a VAS score in excess of 45.6 mm they would probably have recorded at least moderate pain on a 5-point categorical scale. The categorical scale can be used properly for postoperative pain measurement with VAS. More research is required for the development of suitable pain descriptor for a categorical scale and pain questionnaire in Korean.

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A Case Report of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Improved with Diarrhea-Inducing Treatment by Gamsui-mal and Korean Medicine Treatment (감수말 공하법을 병행한 한방치료로 호전된 요추 척추관 협착증 환자의 증례보고)

  • Nam, Suhyun;Kim, Donghoo;Choi, Hyunmin;Kang, Jun-Hyuk;Hyun, Minkyoung
    • Journal of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to report the effectiveness of diarrhea-inducing treatment by Gamsui-mal for lumbar spinal stenosis. During hospitalization four patients with lumbar spinal stenosis were treated with diarrhea-inducing treatment by Gamsui-mal and acupuncture, herbal medicine, moxibustion, cupping treatment, Bee-venom pharmacopuncture. Before treatment, we explained in detail about diarrhea-inducing treatment by Gamsui-mal and patients agreed with treatment. The symptoms appeared in patients of diarrhea, abdominal pain, and vomiting in the treatment process. We evaluated the degree of improvement by visual analogue scale (VAS), oswestry disability index (ODI). After treatment, we found that pain was reduced and patient's symptoms were improved by visual analogue scale (VAS), oswestry disability index (ODI) score. The results show that diarrhea-inducing treatment by Gamsui-mal was rapidly improving symptoms. Further studies are needed to clarify the effect of diarrhea-inducing treatment by Gamsui-mal.

Two Cases of Erythema Multiforme(EM) Treated with Sihochunggan-tang gagambang (시호청간탕가감방(柴胡淸肝湯加減方)으로 호전된 다형홍반 2례)

  • Son, Sang-Hyun;Han, Su-ryun
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.240-248
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to report the effectiveness of Sihochunggan-tang gagambang in two patients with erythema multiforme which ocurred repeatedly in stress condition.Methods: This case study was conducted in two erythema multiforme(EM) patients who have visited Korean Medicine Clinic. All two patients were treated with Sihochunggan-tang gagambang and acupuncture. VAS(Visual Analogue Scale) score was used to check the subjective change of skin symptoms and itching sense.Results & Conclusions: The VAS score were decreased compared to the initial visit in all two patients in our study. And most skin symptoms and itching sense of two patients were improved. As a result of examining VAS scores and photographs, Sihochunggan-tang gagambang can be effective on EM in two cases in our study.