• Title, Summary, Keyword: Visual Characteristics

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Study on Analysis of Driver's Visual Characteristics in Road Traffic (도로교통에 있어서 운전자 주시특성분석)

  • 김대웅;임채문
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.7-25
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    • 1990
  • In road traffic, road circumstances, vehicle, and driver are closely related each other. When road facilities are established in road planning, only road structure has been considered. However, relatively little work has been done regarding the relation between road circumstances and human with respect to a driver. This dissertation focuses on analysis of driver's visual characteristics to improve road circumstances. In this study, driver's visual characteristics are measured with eye-mark recorder and analyzed statistically. This study includes that visual characteristics, visual range, visual time, distribution of fixation duration, and visual moving angle with respect to road circumstances are established qualitatively and quantitatively by driving testing vehicle on streets, roads and high-ways. The main features of this study are : The driver's visual ranges are different over 10% depending on lane in multi-lanes. The visual range on two-lanes is more than twice as big as that on multi-lanes at 85% of whole vision. The right and left visual ranges by as big as that on multi-lanes at 85% of whole vision. The right and left visual ranges by as big as that on multi-lanes at 85% of whole vision. The right and left visual ranges by as big as that on multi-lanes at 85% of whole vision. The right and left visual ranges by speed are $34^{\circ}$ for 30-50km/hr, $28^{\circ}$ for 50-70km/hr, $22^{\circ}$ for 70-90km/hr and 16^{\circ} for over 90km/hr at 95% of visual rate. Accordingly, increasing speed results in narrow visual range.

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Visual Interface Trend of Digital Media Expressed on Contemporary Interior Design (현대 실내디자인에 표현된 디지털미디어의 비주얼 인터페이스 경향에 관한 연구)

  • Eun, Ee-Sun;Chung, Mi-Ryum
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2006
  • Digital media changed not only our lifestyle and sense of value but also art and space design, and development of technology will accelerate the alteration. It provided limitless possibility and inspiration to art, architecture and design. In this 'image' era, media communicate with us mostly in visual method, which gets to he realized by visual interface. The purpose of this study is to analyze the tendency of visual interface of contemporary interior design cases in the standpoint of digital media characteristics and suggest directions for future space design. The characteristics of digital media and interface are defined, and how the concept unfolded in art, design is also discussed. In interior design, the concepts come out as various types of visual interface, showing the characteristics of composition of material and immaterial, interaction between visual information and space users and among users, realization of cyberspace and simultaneous coexistence of multiple space-time multi-layer.

Effect of Constituent Characteristics of Cotton Fabrics on the Visual Perception and Image Scale (면직물의 구성특성이 시지각에 미치는 영향과 이미지 스케일에 관한 연구)

  • 노의경;유효선
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.28 no.8
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    • pp.1142-1152
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to verify the visual perception on various cotton fabrics of the same color. Results obtained through subjective evaluation of cotton fabrics showed that the textural adjectives could be classified into 3; warm/cool, flexibility and surface property, the sensibility adjectives into 5; simple, attractive, masculine, conservative, comfortable and visual perception adjectives into 6; hard, warm, smooth, brilliant, classic and casual. Image distribution results on 12 different fabrics, showed different distributions among textiles on visual perception due to varying texture and sensibility. In thickness, weight, weave type, bending and surface characteristics which are structure characteristics, significant differences were shown for visual perception examination. Having placed into an image scale, visual perception dimension developed divided into the 'soft-hard' axis and the 'warm-cool' axis.

The Visual Information Processing and the Characteristics of Behaviour of the Architectural design Process Using Visual Protocol Analysis (시각적 프로토콜 분석법을 이용한 건축디자인의 시각정보처리 과정 및 행위 특성 분석)

  • 김용일
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • no.19
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    • pp.53-58
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    • 1999
  • The goal of this paper is to understand the visual information process and the characteristics of behaviour of the architectural design process using visual protocol analysis through the actual experiment by the architect. The visual protocol analysis is developed on the basis of the theories of the visual information processing model and visual mental image, which can explain visual representation in architectural design process. A protocol study is reported in which the experimental data by architect is analyzed through the protocol analysis method. The whole design process is divided into the stage of 9 tasks which are classified into 18 visual representatiov. The results about visual cognition in cognitive science are reviewed and summarized, and these findings will help understand the architectural design nature.

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A Study on the Improvement of Visual Acuity and Refractive Power According to General Characteristics of Cataract Surgery Patients

  • Cho, Seon Ahr;Lee, Seong Jae
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2018
  • For 299 patients who had undergone cataract surgeries we investigated the difference in visual acuity and refractive power before and after cataract surgery and the clinical change of the visual acuity and the refractive power according to age, gender, hospital visit time and specific medical history. We found the factors affecting preoperative and postoperative outcomes of the cataract patients in metropolitan hospitals by input, process, and outcome and analyzed medical characteristics and patient characteristics as the input variables. T-test and ANOVA have been performed for statistical analysis of functional status, and general status and the technical characteristic as the process variable and the outcome variable of diagnosis. Visual acuity improved significantly in patients who had undergone cataract surgery. However, the change in refractive power did not show a statistically significant difference but only a slight difference. The improvement of male patients was greater than that of female patients. The difference in age was more effective in patients under 50 years old and the effect of cataract surgery was relatively high in patients without the presence of specific medical history. Cataract surgery did not seem to help all of the patients, but it is more effective in improving visual acuity and refractive power. We conclude that simultaneous cataract surgery in both eyes is reasonable in order to have at least the better effect.

Analysis of the Static Uprighting Balance in the Visual Input Characteristics (시각정보 유입 특성에 따른 정적 기립균형 분석)

  • Nam, Kun-Woo;Ha, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Physical Therapy Science
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.11-17
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    • 2015
  • Purpose : The current study examines changes of static uprighting balance in the visual input characteristics. Method : Total 50 person(male 16, female 34) were participated in this study. They were tested with 'hole in the card' for identification of dominant eye's side, then they were divided 3 groups(both visual input group, dominant visual input group, and non-dominant visual input group). 3 groups were measured with Romberg test on the force platform device to compare the static uprighting balance characteristics ; moving distance, mean velocity, and sway area of the CoM(center of mass), during 20 seconds. Results : The results by one-way repeated measure ANOVA were as follows. In moving distance and mean velocity of CoM, non-dominant visual input group was unstable than dominant visual group and both visual input group(p<0.05). But, in sway area of CoM, significant difference was not existed statistically. Conclusion : These result can be applied to design the static uprighting balance program using visual input mediation.

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Analysis to the Visual Expression Types and Characteristics of New Materials Utilizing the Lighting (조명을 활용한 신소재의 시각적 표현유형 및 특성분석)

  • Jung, Sun-Hee;Seo, Ji-Eun
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.23 no.5
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the expression method and visual characteristics of material utilized the lighting in terms of a visual aspect. The method of study is to establish standards for analysis and to classify type of visual effect and expression of that focused on preliminary study. And It is to grasp the visual expression characteristics of new materials. through analysis standards. The results of the study are as follows. First, 'decorativeness', 'symbolization', 'motion-images' and 'interactivity' were selected as the type of visual expression through the precedent studies. And it was classified the visual effects as 3 types like 'a light-emitting effect', 'steric effects' and 'movement effect'. Second, We could know that 'light-emitting effect' was expressed in 7-new materials, 'three-dimensional effect' was expressed in 3-new materials, and 'motion effect' in 4-new materials. Through that. We could know that the new materials represented with 'light-emitting effect' are much more than the other new materials. Third, the results of this study show that 'decorativeness' in the visual types was appeared to 'light-emitting effect' and 'three-dimensional effect'. 'symbolization' to 'light-emitting effect' and 'motion effect', 'motion-images' to 'three-dimensional effect' and 'motion effect' and 'interactivity' to 'light-emitting effect', 'three-dimensional effect' and 'motion effect'. And It was appeared to three effects in 'interactivity'. We could know that it is more effective to be presented the visual effect simultaneously to communication with the visual perception.

A Study on the Elevation of Korean Traditional Architecture in Visual Perception (시화학 측면에서의 한국전통건축 입면구성에 관한 연구)

  • 장석하
    • Journal of the Korean housing association
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.17-27
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    • 1997
  • This thesis is concerned with a study of spatial characteristics of Korean traditional architecture in visual perception. This study, therefore has been made of principles of visual perception. range of visual perception in architectural environment, spatial characteristics of Korean traditional architecture, and example case studies are exhibited. The architectural compositional principles of parts selected in process of study could be selected to facilitate comparison with the perceptual psychology. The result of this study can be used to construct Korean architectural plans. elevations. form and spatial and order pertinent to human understandings and existances on the priority of wholeness and the relationship of parts to visual perception.

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A Study on Process Analysis of Visual Understanding on accordance in Attention Time (주시시간에 따른 시각적 이해과정 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Ha
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2011
  • When observing an object in a space, a part of it is remembered into our perception in the time for paying attention or conscious observation and it reaches to our visual understanding. In this study, it examined characteristics by each subject through the process of visual understanding by changes in such observation time. The results from this study are summarized as belows: First, through analysis of the observation data focused on the distance between the observed points, it was able to apply those visual theories organized before to the analysis of characteristics of the time for understanding by each subject. Second, there showed big differences in the time for visual understanding by each subject according to changes in the observation time so that it was found that there were big differences according to the characteristics of subject's intention or purpose of the observation of a space. Third, as the number of continuous observation gives an important clue in judgement of how well the space was understood, it was able to compare and organize the mutual characteristics of the time the attention was concentrated, the time observed intentionally and the time understood visually. Fourth, it was found that the shorter subjects gave the intentional observation in observing a space, the longer they spent the time for paying attention, while the less they could understand it visually.

Spatio-temporal Characteristics Analysis of Visual System (시각계통의 시.공간적 특성 해석)

  • 한만춘;박상희;김강서
    • 전기의세계
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    • v.21 no.5
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    • pp.7-12
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    • 1972
  • Applying the theory of physiology and control systems, the visual system was studied as a regulator of impining light. The characteristics function of visual system is mainly analysed by spato-temporal characteristics based upon Enroth's model, Broca-Sulzer phenomenon and Mach effect. Some aims of this paper are as follows. (1) In order to get the excitatory and inhibitory potential of the intermediated cell layer in the retina, the exponential value, {exp(FM/kT)- $I_{mn}$ } is caculated based on the physiological theory in neuro-phenomena. (2) To show the visual characteristics by analog simulation for generating stimulus waveforms and analysis, the visual adaptation was recorded as electrical stimulation in the form of step functions. Furthermore, ti is shown that the above experimental data agrees satisfactorily with the theoretical (psychophysiological) values. This study is expected to lead to further studies concerned with human observer and human operator in control and especially pattern recognition systems.stems.

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