• Title, Summary, Keyword: Walking Pattern

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Analysis on Effective Walking Pattern for Multi-Legged Robots (다족 로봇을 위한 효과적인 보행 패턴 분석)

  • Kim, Byoung-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Institute of Intelligent Systems
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    • v.19 no.5
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    • pp.622-628
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    • 2009
  • A proper walking pattern is to be assigned for a walk of multi-legged robots. For the purpose of identifying a good walking pattern for multi-legged robots, this paper consider a simple model of quadruped robotic walking and analyze its walking balance based on the centroid of foot polygons formed in every step. A performance index to estimate the walking balance is also proposed. Simulation studies show that the centroid trajectory of foot polygons and the walking balance in a common quadruped walking are different according to the walking pattern employed. Based on the walking balance index and a bio-mimetic aspect, a useful walking pattern for quadruped robots is finally addressed.

Kinematic Based Walking Pattern of Biped robot (기구학을 이용한 이족보행 로봇의 보행패턴)

  • Kim, Dong Won
    • Journal of The Korea Internet of Things Society
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, kinematic based walking pattern generation of biped walking robot is reviewed. Biped walking robot should be consisted of 6 Degree of Freedom(DOF) for each leg to walk properly in 3 dimensional circumstance. In this paper, simple structure of biped robot is depicted for walking pattern firstly. After fixing path of ankle of the robot, angle joints are coming from kinematic equatioins. Coordination of joints of a robot was set for dynamic analysis also. So walking pattern of a robot will be designed using dynamic equations of coordination of joint angles. Finally, setting of ankle of robot and pattern generation are key procedures of the robot walking.

The Effects of Kinesio Taping application on the Pain, Weight-Bearing Distribution, and Walking Ability of Knee Osteoarthritis A Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Kim, Yang Rae;Park, Yong Nam
    • Journal of International Academy of Physical Therapy Research
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.1537-1542
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    • 2018
  • This study aimed to identify the effects of kinesio taping (KT) applied in a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) pattern on the pain, weight-bearing distribution (WBD), and walking ability of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) patients. Thirty women with KOA were randomly allocated to a control group (n=15) with KT at the quadriceps only, and a PNF pattern group (n=15) with KT at the quadriceps and gastrocnemius muscle. Pain intensity was measured using a visual analogue scale during walking. In addition, WBD, and walking ability were measured before and 30 minutes after KT application. The VAS significantly reduced in both groups after the intervention (p<.05). WBD (p<.05, ES=.32) and walking ability (p<.05, ES=.38) showed a significant change in the PNF pattern group, and in the inter-group comparison, the PNF pattern group showed a significant difference compared to the control groups. These results demonstrate that KT application with PNF pattern effectively attenuate the pain and improves WBD and walking ability in KOA patients.

Control Strategy for Modifiable Bipedal Walking on Unknown Uneven Terrain

  • Lee, Woong-Ki;Chwa, Dongkyoung;Hong, Young-Dae
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.1787-1792
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    • 2016
  • Previous walking pattern generation methods could generate walking patterns that allow only straight walking on flat and uneven terrain. They were unable to generate modifiable walking patterns whereby the sagittal and lateral step lengths and walking direction can be changed at every footstep. This paper proposes a novel walking pattern generation method to realize modifiable walking of humanoid robots on unknown uneven terrain. The proposed method employs a walking pattern generator based on the 3-D linear inverted pendulum model (LIPM), which enables a humanoid robot to vary its walking patterns at every footstep. A control strategy for walking on unknown uneven terrain is proposed. Virtual spring-damper (VSD) models are used to compensate for the disturbances that occur between the robot and the terrain when the robot walks on uneven terrain with unknown height. In addition, methods for generating the foot and vertical center of mass (COM) of the 3-D LIPM trajectories are developed to realize stable walking on unknown uneven terrain. The proposed method is implemented on a small-sized humanoid robot platform, DARwIn-OP and its effectiveness is demonstrated experimentally.

Walking Pattern Generation employing DAE Integration Method

  • Kang Yun-Seok;Park Jung-Hun;Yim Hong Jae
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.spc1
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    • pp.364-370
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    • 2005
  • A stable walking pattern generation method for a biped robot is presented in this paper. In general, the ZMP (zero moment point) equations, which are expressed as differential equations, are solved to obtain a stable walking pattern. However, the number of differential equations is less than that of unknown coordinates in the ZMP equations. It is impossible to integrate the ZMP equations directly since one or more constraint equations are involved in the ZMP equations. To overcome this difficulty, DAE (differential and algebraic equation) solution method is employed. The proposed method has enough flexibility for various kinematic structures. Walking simulation for a virtual biped robot is performed to demonstrate the effectiveness and validity of the proposed method. The method can be applied to the biped robot for stable walking pattern generation.

Biologically Inspired Approach for the Development of Quadruped Walking Robot (사족보행 로봇의 개발을 위한 생체모방적 접근)

  • Kang Tae-Hun;Song Hyun-Sup;Choi Hyouk-Ryeol
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.307-314
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, we present a comprehensive study for the development of quadruped walking robot. To understand the walking posture of a tetrapod animal, we begin with a careful observation on the skeletal system of tertapod animals. From taking a side view of their skeletal system, it is noted that their fore limbs and hind limbs perform characteristic roles during walking. Moreover, the widths of footprints and energy efficiency in walking have a close relationship through taking a front view of their walking posture. According to these observations, we present a control method where the kinematical solutions are not necessary because we develop a new rhythmic gait pattern for the quadruped walking robot. Though the proposed control method and rhythmic pattern are simple, they can provide the suitable motion planning for the robot since the resultant movement is based on the animal's movements. The validity of the proposed idea is demonstrated through dynamic simulations.

Experimental Study on Modifiable Walking Pattern Generation for Handling Infeasible Navigational Commands

  • Hong, Young-Dae;Lee, Bumjoo
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.2368-2375
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    • 2015
  • To accommodate various navigational commands, a humanoid should be able to change its walking motion in real time. Using the modifiable walking pattern generation (MWPG) algorithm, a humanoid can handle dynamic walking commands by changing its walking period, step length, and direction independently. If the humanoid is given a command to perform an infeasible movement, the algorithm substitutes the infeasible command with a feasible one using binary search. The feasible navigational command is subsequently translated into the desired center-of-mass (CM) state. Every sample time CM reference is generated using a zero-moment-point (ZMP) variation scheme. Based on this algorithm, various complex walking patterns can be generated, including backward and sideways walking, without detailed consideration of the feasibility of the navigational commands. In a previous study, the effectiveness of the MWPG algorithm was verified by dynamic simulation. This paper presents experimental results obtained using the small-sized humanoid robot platform DARwIn-OP.

Walking Pattern Generation for a Biped Robot Using Polynomial Approximation (다항식 근사를 이용한 이족보행 로봇의 보행패턴 생성)

  • Kang, Yun-Seok;Park, Jung-Hun;Yim, Hong-Jae
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.567-572
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    • 2004
  • In this research, a stable walking pattern generation method for a biped robot is presented. A biped robot is considered as constrained multibody system by several kinematic joints. The proposed method is based on the optimized polynomial approximation of the trunk motion along the moving direction. Foot motions can be designed according to the ground condition and walking speed. To minimize the deviation from the desired ZMP, the trunk motion is generated by the fifth order polynomial approximation. Walking simulation for a virtual biped robot is performed to demonstrate the effectiveness and validity of the proposed method. The method can be applied to the biped robot for stable walking pattern generation.

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Modifiable Walking Pattern Generation Handling Infeasible Navigational Commands for Humanoid Robots

  • Lee, Bum-Joo;Kim, Kab Il
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.344-351
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    • 2014
  • In order to accomplish complex navigational commands, humanoid robot should be able to modify its walking period, step length and direction independently. In this paper, a novel walking pattern generation algorithm is proposed to satisfy these requirements. Modification of the walking pattern can be considered as a transition between two periodic walking patterns, which follows each navigational command. By assuming the robot as a linear inverted pendulum, the equations of motion between ZMP(Zero Moment Point) and CM(Center of Mass) state is easily derived and analyzed. After navigational command is translated into the desired CM state, corresponding CM motion is generated to achieve the desired state by using simple ZMP functions. Moreover, when the command is not feasible, feasible command is alternated by using binary search algorithm. Subsequently, corresponding CM motion is generated. The effectiveness of the proposed algorithm is verified by computer simulation.

Dynamic Simulation of Modifiable Walking Pattern Generation to Handle Infeasible Navigational Commands for Humanoid Robots

  • Hong, Young-Dae;Lee, Ki-Baek;Lee, Bumjoo
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.751-758
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    • 2016
  • The modifiable walking pattern generation (MWPG) algorithm can handle dynamic walking commands by changing the walking period, step length, and direction independently. When an infeasible command is given, the algorithm changes the command to a feasible one. After the feasibility of the navigational command is checked, it is translated into the desired center of mass (CM) state. To achieve the desired CM state, a reference CM trajectory is generated using predefined zero moment point (ZMP) functions. Based on the proposed algorithm, various complex walking patterns were generated, including backward and sideways walking. The effectiveness of the patterns was verified in dynamic simulations using the Webots simulator.