• Title, Summary, Keyword: Waste incineration

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A Study on the Improvement Method of Forest Fire Caused by Waste Incineration at the Farming Residential Area (농촌 주거지역 쓰레기소각으로 인한 산불화재 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Sam
    • Journal of the Korea Safety Management and Science
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2016
  • Currently the forest area is 6,370,000 hectare (ha) which occupies 63.7% in Korea. The forest has good functions such as production of forest products, conservation of national land, prevention of disasters, etc. However constructing houses near the forest area make bad situation like illegal waste incineration by resident. So research subject is forest fire caused by waste incineration place including facility. And this study was conducted about statistical analysis and research analysis of the 100 waste incineration places including facilities at the country town. Statistical analysis shows that March is 27% which percentage is the highest number of forest fire in 10 years' average. The number of forest fire caused by waste incineration is 45 which is the third highest number in the fire statistic. The distance between waste incineration place including facility and forest area is 30m, 40m and 50m. That 40m (36%) is the most common distance from forest area. The types of waste incineration are ground (62%), the temporary facility made with oil drum can (35%) and other made with steel sheet, concrete, etc. The result of this study is that government and local government must conduct the improvement measure to reduce illegal incineration such as waste pickup area made with rain and wind proof type installed near residence, expenses for waste treatment, enlightenment and training, etc. Also considering their age and income are needed for realistic improvement.

Polymer Waste Incineration by Oxygen Enriched Combustion (사업장폐기물의 순산소 소각기술)

  • Han, In-Ho;Choi, Kwang-Ho;Choung, Jin-Woo
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.132-139
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    • 2000
  • Oxygen enriched incineration can increase the incineration capacity for wastes and dramatically reduce air pollutant emissions such as CO and dioxine by the allowing complete combustion of wastes in incinerator. Furthermore, this technology is proven to have many benefits including an energy-saving, cost-effective, and versatile application for diverse wastes compared with the conventional air incineration technology. The reduced pollutant emissions in flue gas and higher incineration efficiency are also available when the oxygen enriched air is used for the high temperature incineration systems. On the basis of the experimental results the oxygen enrichment system is successfully applied to the rotary kiln incinerator for industrial wastes. The oxygen enriched incineration system could be allowed more compact design of incinerator and flue gas treatment system due to both increasing incineration capacity and reducing flue gas volume. Therefore, oxygen enriched incineration technology is becoming highlighted in the waste incinerator which strongly require more stable efficiency and environmentally friendly and safe operationPut Abstract text here.

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Forecast of Greenhouse Gas Emission by Policy of Waste Management in Korea (폐기물관리 정책변화에 따른 온실가스 배출량 예측)

  • Kim, Hyun-Sun;Kim, Dong-Sik;Yi, Seung-Muk
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.343-350
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    • 2008
  • Quantifying greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the waste sector is important to evaluating measures for reduction of GHG emissions. To forecast GHG emissions and identify potential emission reduction for GHG emissions, scenarios applied with environmental policy such as waste reduction and structural change of waste treatment were developed. Scenario I estimated GHG emissions under the business as usual (BAU) baseline. Scenario II estimated GHG emissions with the application of the waste reduction policy while scenario III was based on the policy of structural change of waste treatment. Scenario IV was based on both the policies of waste reduction and structural change of waste treatment. As for the different scenarios, GHG emissions were highest under scenarios III, followed by scenarios IV, I, and II. In particular, GHG emissions increased under scenario III due to the increased GHG emissions from the enhanced waste incineration due to the structural change of waste treatment. This result indicated that the waste reduction is the primary policy for GHG reduction from waste. GHG emission from landfill was higher compared to those from incineration. However, the contribution of GHG emission from incineration increased under scenario III and IV. This indicated that more attention should be paid to the waste treatment for incineration to reduce GHG emissions.

Systematic investigation of heavy metals from MSWI fly ash and bottom ash samples

  • Ramakrishna., CH;Thriveni., T;Ahn, Ji Whan
    • Journal of Energy Engineering
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2017
  • Disposal of municipal solid waste has become a major problem in many countries around the world. As landfill space for the disposal of ash from Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) becomes scarce, numerous reports and researches address the various environmental issues about the municipal solid waste incineration waste management and other particulate matters with the range of 10 ~ 2.5. Although in many developing and industrialization countries landfill with the disposal of municipal solid waste, open incineration has become a common practice. Large municipal waste incinerators are major industrial facilities and have the potential to be significant sources of environmental pollution. Despite the significant volume reduction from incineration, waste recycling is important to ensuring the future welfare of mankind. The main goal of the present work is the physical and chemical characterization of the local incineration bottom ash towards its eventual re-utilization. In this paper, we reported the studies on physical and chemical characteristics of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) fly ash and bottom ash containing particulate matter whose particulate sizes are lower than $PM_{10}$, $PM_{2.5}$ and heavy metal were investigated.

Life cycle impact assessment of the environmental infrastructures in operation phase: Case of an industrial waste incineration plant

  • Kim, Hyeong-Woo;Kim, Kyeong-Ho;Park, Hung-Suck
    • Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.266-276
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    • 2017
  • A life cycle impact assessment was applied in an industrial waste incineration plant to evaluate the direct and indirect environmental impacts based on toxicity and non-toxicity categories. The detailed life cycle inventory of material and energy inputs and emission outputs was compiled based on the realistic data collected from a local industrial waste incineration plant, and the Korean life cycle inventory and ecoinvent database. The functional unit was the treatment of 1 tonne of industrial waste by incineration and the system boundary included the incineration plant and landfilling of ash. The result on the variation of the impact by the unit processes showed that the direct impact was decreased by 79.3, 71.6, and 90.1% for the processes in a semi dry reactor, bag filter, and wet scrubber, respectively. Considering the final impact produced from stack, the toxicity categories comprised 91.7% of the total impact. Among the toxicity impact categories, the impact in the eco-toxicity category was most significant. A separate estimation of the impact due to direct and indirect emissions showed that the direct impact was 97.7% of the total impact. The steam recovered from the waste heat of the incineration plant resulted in a negative environmental burden.

Research Investigations at the Municipal (2×35) and Clinical (2×5 MW) Waste Incinerators in Sheffield, UK

  • Swithenbank, J.;Nasserzadeh, V.;Ewan, B.C.R.;Delay, I.;Lawrence, D.;Jones, B.
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.100-125
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    • 1996
  • After recycle of spent materials has been optimised, there remains a proportion of waste which must be dealt with in the most environmentally friendly manner available. For materials such as municipal waste, clinical waste, toxic waste and special wastes such as tyres, incineration is often the most appropriate technology. The study of incineration must take a process system approach covering the following aspects: ${\bullet}$ Collection and blending of waste, ${\bullet}$ The two stage combustion process, ${\bullet}$ Quenching, scrubbing and polishing of the flue gases, ${\bullet}$ Dispersion of the flue gases and disposal of any solid or liquid effluent. The design of furnaces for the burning of a bed of material is being hampered by lack of an accurate mathematical model of the process and some semi-empirical correlations have to be used at present. The prediction of the incinerator gas phase flow is in a more advanced stage of development using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analysis, although further validation data is still required. Unfortunately, it is not possible to scale down many aspects of waste incineration and tests on full scale incinerators are essencial. Thanks to a close relationship between SUWIC and Sheffield Heat&Power Ltd., an extended research programme has been carried out ar the Bernard Road Incinerator plant in Sheffield. This plant consists of two Municipal(35 MW) and two Clinical (5MW) Waste Incinerators which provide district heating for a large part of city. The heat is distributed as hot water to commercial, domestic ( >5000 dwelling) and industrial buildings through 30km of 14" pipes plus a smaller pipe distribution system. To improve the economics, a 6 MW generator is now being added to the system.

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Study on the Measurement of GHG Emissions and Error Analysis in Form the MSW Incineration Plant Equipment with the Recovery Heat System (2009~2013) (폐열회수시설이 설비된 생활폐기물 소각자원화시설 온실가스 배출량 산정 시 오차분석 (2009~2013))

  • Choi, Won-Geun;Seo, Ran-Sug;Park, Seung-Chul
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.239-246
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to analyze region-specific trends in changing greenhouse gas emissions in incineration plants of local government where waste heat generated during incineration are reused for the recent five years (2009 to 2013). The greenhouse gas generated from the incineration plants is largely $CO_2$ with a small amount of $CH_4$ and $N_2O$. Most of the incineration plants operated by local government produce steam with waste heat generated from incineration to produce electricity or reuse it for hot water/heating and resident convenience. And steam in some industrial complexes is supplied to companies who require it for obtaining resources for local government or incineration plants. All incineration plants, research targets of this study, are using LNG or diesel fuel as auxiliary fuel for incinerating wastes and some of the facilities are using LFG(Landfill Gas). The calculation of greenhouse gas generated during waste incineration was according to the Local Government's Greenhouse Emissions Calculation Guideline. As a result of calculation, the total amount of greenhouse gas released from all incineration plants for five years was about $3,174,000tCO_2eq$. To look at it by year, the biggest amount was about $877,000tCO_2eq$ in 2013. To look at it by region, Gyeonggido showed the biggest amount (about $163,000tCO_2eq$ annually) and the greenhouse gas emissions per capita was the highest in Ulsan Metropolitan City(about $154kCO_2eq$ annually). As a result of greenhouse gas emissions calculation, some incineration plants showed more emissions by heat recovery than by incineration, which rather reduced the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions. For more accurate calculation of greenhouse gas emissions in the future, input data management system needs to be improved.

Korea Recycling Situation and Policy for Municipal Solid Waste Ash

  • Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.650-654
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    • 2001
  • To utilize municipal solid waste incineration ash as useful resources in Korea, studies on the present state of production and management of incineration ash and its effects on environment were made. And, it was intended to analyze the management conditions of incineration ash in many foreign countries and reflect them in domestic incineration ash policy. Korean incineration ash policy is based on the control of waste production, considering the difficulties in securing landfills and the small size of national land, and will be changed into recycling- and incineration-centered one. Furthermore, studies on the stabilization and recycling of incineration ash should be continuously conducted to overcome the concerns about environmental pollution.

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Risk Assessment and Air Pollution by the Open Burning of Agricultural Waste and Residues (농업폐기물 소각에 따른 대기오염 실태 및 위해성 평가)

  • Kim, Moon-Hyeon;Yang, Won-Ho
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.30-35
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    • 2007
  • Waste policies with waste metering system and recycling in 1995 have contributed to the reduction of solid waste generation. Now rural areas as well as urban areas produce less amount of solid wastes in terms of per capita. However most policies in relation to waste issue have been concentrated in urban areas. Large portion of agricultural waste in rural region are being illegally treated such as open incineration or burned out on the road. In this study, we assessed the atmospheric air quality and health risk by illegal open incineration in rural region. In case of benzene level, worst concentration during illegal open incineration was 0.23 ppm and cancer risk by exposure was estimated to $2.29{\times}10^{-3}$.

Study on Co-incineration of Municipal Solid Waste and Organic Sludges (도시쓰레기와 유기성 하수 슬러지 혼합소각에 관한 연구)

  • Jurng, Jong-Soo;Chin, Sung-Min
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.238-244
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    • 2005
  • This study performs the pilot-plant experiments to evaluate the effect of the oxygen enrichment on the co-incineration of municipal solid waste and organic sludge from a wastewater treatment facility. The design capacity of the stoker-type incinerator pilot-plant is 150 kg/h. Combustion chamber temperatures were measured as well as the stack gas concentrations, i.e., NOx, CO, and the residual oxygen. The maximum ratio of organic sludge waste to the total waste input is 30%. Also the oxygen-enriched air with 23% of oxygen in supplied air is used for stable combustion. As the co-incineration ratio of the sludge increased up to 30% of the total waste input, the primary and the secondary combustion chamber temperature was decreased $to900^{\circ}C$ (primary combustion chamber), $750^{\circ}C$(secondary combustion chamber), respectively, approximately $200^{\circ}C$ below the incineration temperature of the domestic waste only (primary: $1,100^{\circ}C$, secondary: $950^{\circ}C$). However, if the supplied air was enriched to 22% oxygen content in air, the incinerator temperature was high enough to burn the waste mixture with 30% sludge, which has the heating value of 1,600 kcal/kg.

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