• Title, Summary, Keyword: Waste incineration

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Safety Assessment on the Incineration Disposal of Regulation Exempt Waste by RESRAD Code (RESRAD 코드를 활용한 규제해제 폐기물 소각처분에 대한 안정성 평가)

  • Kim, Hui-Gyeong;Han, Sang-Wook;Park, Su-Ri;Kim, Byung-Jick
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.67-73
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, risk assessment was conducted to verify self - disposal requirements by landfill for exempted incineration ash by using Resrad Ver.6.5 computer code. The result of risk assessment by landfill for the incineration by-product is that individual dose is $6.91{\times}10^{-2}{\mu}Sv\;y-1$ and collective dose is $3.475{\times}10^{-7}man-Sv\;y-1$. It proved that the result meets reference dose of individual dose $10{\mu}Sv\;y-1$ and collective dose 1 man-Sv y-1 for general public. According to the current 'Nuclear Safety Commission Notice [No. 2014-3]', it states that the exempted wastes can be disposed of by incineration, landfill and recycling. However, most of recently documents and papers related to exempted wastes are disposed of by landfill and recyling and it could not confirm the case of exempt by incineration. If the national consensus is derived and treating the waste by using process of incineration is activated, it could be considered to treat low level of radiation wastewater and activated carbon excluded from exempted waste because of nuclide $^3H$ and $^{14}C$.

Economic Assessment of the Heat Recovery from Incineration Plants Based on Regression Analysis (회귀분석을 이용한 소각장의 소각열 회수 경제성 분석 연구)

  • Yoon, Jungmin;Son, Hyeongmin;Park, Dong Yoon;Chang, Seongju
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.3-12
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    • 2014
  • This study aims at providing an economic assessment for incineration plants which recover heat during its incineration process. In this study, Life Cycle Cost(LCC) of incineration plants is performed based on each regression analysis formula for construction cost, operation cost, and heat generation in order to compare economic feasibility. The result shows that the incineration plant recovering waste heat while processing 80 tons of waste per day increases both initial investment and operation cost but this type of an incineration plant has economical predominance from the recovered waste heat over the one that does not recover heat when being operated for more than eleven years if the retrieved heat replaces the use of LNG. And its payback time reaches more than 19 years in case of selling heat and performing emission trading.

Mechanical Pretreatment of Municipal Waste Incineration Ash for Recovering Heavy Metals by the Horizontal Gyration Method

  • Park, Joonchul;Kaoru Masuda;Yamaguchi Hiroshi;Shigehisa Endoh
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.664-667
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    • 2001
  • Segregation of binary particle systems in a horizontally gyrated bed has been experimentally studied to recover the heavy metals from municipal waste incineration (MWI) ash. Differences in density and size had less effect on segregation. Effective segregation took place under the centrifugal effect of 1 or less for any particle size ratio. Zn, Cu and Pb were concentrated in the upper side of bed by the horizontal vibration. However, there was less change in concentration for other metals such as Mg, Al and Fe etc. The separation system with the horizontal gyrating separator proved to be an effective method for the pretreatment of recovering Zn, Cu and Pb from incineration residues.

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A Study on Characteristics of Water Quality in Wastewater according to the Washing of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator (MSWI) Ash

  • Byun, Mi-Young;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.296-300
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    • 2001
  • In order to recycle the incineration ash (bottom ash and fly ash) generated from the incineration of municipal waste for a cement material, salts as well as heavy metal should be removed by the stabilization treatment. Most of these heavy metal and over 80% of salts are removed by a washing as a pre-treatment. However, wastewater which is another pollutant is generated by a washing, then proper treatment should be developed. First the characteristics of incineration ashes collected from two domestic full-sized incinerators were investigated and removal rate of salts and heavy metals from them also studied. The wastewater quality was compared to the criteria of the regulation by analyzing the characteristics of generated wastewater during the washing of incineration ash as a condition of liquid/solid ratio. Also, we tried to used this experimental results for the basic data to develop proper processing technique of municipal waste.

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Removal of Cl from the Incineration Ash of Domestic Municipal Solid Waste

  • Han, Gi-Chun;Kim, Hyung-Seok;Ahn, Ji-Whan;Kim, Hwan
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.628-632
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    • 2001
  • The removal rate of Cl from municipal solid waste incineration(MSWI) ash(bottom ash and fly ash) by washing was investigated. The Cl contents in the bottom ash and fly ash were 2.6-3.0% and 25-30% respectively, and KCl, NaCl, CaCIOH and friedel's salt were main components. From the results on the effects of washing time and temperature, the Cl contents in the bottom ash and fly ash were decreased up to 0.3% and 2.0% respectively by using of water as a solvent within 30 min at 2$0^{\circ}C$, 300 rpm of agitation speed and 10 of liquid/solid ratio. It is expected that the removal of Cl from the incineration ash by washing could make use of the ash for a cement raw material and so on.

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A Study on the solid waste of Buk Han Mt National Park (북한산 국립공원의 고형 폐기물에 관한 연구)

  • 도갑수;장일영;김광진
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.12-24
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    • 1986
  • The number of visiters to Bukhan Mt. national park, generation quantity of solid waste and collection system were researched to consider a counterplan for the pollution control of the national park and study for developing the effective treatment of solid waste was tried through the proximate analysis of each component containing. Results obtained in this study were summerized as follows; The great part of visitors go on an excursion to the Bukhan Mt. national park during July and August and also, the solid waste was generated nearly a half of the total amount at the same period. The major collection facilities in the national park were waste basket and incineration box. But the incineration box was too large in volume and very far in distance, and its collection period was irregular, so it was cause to the congestion of solid waste and bad smell and dirty. Therefore, to complete collection of solid waste, we must set up the waste basket which able to find within 40~50m from the origination place of solid waste and induce the visitors to throw the solid waste. It was obtained as moisture content: 48.5 wt%, volatile solid: 28.4wt%, fixed solid: 23.1 wt%, lower heating value: 1,320kca1/kg from experimental analysis of solid waste. According to this analysis, the incineration operation is possible, but the generation quantity of solid waste was too small to construct incineration plant for heat recovery. It was found that it is suitable for the aerobic composting by mixing with the night soil which generate in the national park after the recovery of resources such as metals, glasses and plastics.

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The distribution characteristics of persistent organic pollutants in incineration residues at solid waste incinerators (소각시설 소각재의 잔류성 유기오염 물질 분포특성)

  • Kim, Jong-Hyang;Lee, Bang-Hee;Baek, Sung-Bok;Lee, In-A;Lee, Sang-Hee;Park, Kyung-Ho;Kim, Hyun
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.119-127
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    • 2009
  • This study was carried out to investigate the distribution characteristics of persistent organic pollutants in incineration residues at industrial waste incinerators and municipal solid waste incinerators, which were analyzed by the official analytical method for the endocrine disrupting chemicals and the waste. Seven of 12 persistent organic pollutants were quantitatively analyzed by GC-MSD (SIM-mode). Hexachlorobenzene was detected in 21 samples among 44 incineration residues. The level of hexachlorobenzene was 0.132-8.138 ng/g in incineration residues, 0.195-5.765 ng/g in fly ash at industrial waste incinerators, 0.270-1.828 ng/g in bottom ash and 0.154-50.643 ng/g in fly ash at municipal solid waste incinerators, respectively.

A Study on the Reusability of Incinerated Paper Mill Sludge Ash as Cement Additive (시멘트 혼화재로서 제지슬러지 소각재의 재활용 특성)

  • 주소영;연익준;이민희;박준규;김광렬
    • Journal of environmental and Sanitary engineering
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.34-41
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    • 2003
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of stabilization disposal and recycling on incinerated paper mill sludge ash as cement additives. It was investigated chemical(pH, ICP, TGA XRD) and physical(PDA, SEM) characteristics of the incineration ash. And the pozzolanic characteristics of incineration ash was applied to cement as additive to increase the compressive strength. The results were that the pH characteristic of incineration ash was strong alkalinity, the content of silica and alumina as a pozzolanic material was 50.97%, and the average particle size was $5.03{\mu}m$ respectively. When the ash contents as cement additive were varied in 0~15%(wt) of cement weight to explore the effect of the compressive strength on the solidified cement mortar, the proper amount of the incineration ash substituted was about 5~l0%(wt). Therefore we found that using the incineration ash as cement additive obtains the recycling of waste material, the stabilization disposal, the reduction of waste disposal expense, and the protection of environmental problem, too.

Release of Airborne Mercury from Major Waste Incineration Systems in Korea (국내 주요 쓰레기 소각시설로부터 발생하는 수은의 대기 배출량에 관한 연구)

  • 김기현;송동웅
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.593-596
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    • 1996
  • The encironmental consequences of airborne mercury (Hg) release from waste incineration system are wellperceived. To provide some insights into those phenomena, we have assessed annual emission rates of Hg for several major incineration systems in Korea following the procedures developed abroad. The results of our computation, derived on the basis of dividing the whole amounts of annually incinerated wastes into municipal solid Wastes (MSW), and medical solid wastes (MDW), indicate that the extent of Hg release may be significant nationwide, possibly approaching a few tonnes of Hg per year basis. Knowing that the airborne transport and the resulting deposition of Hg can exert serious pollutions to the aquatic ecosystems, of particular fisheries, we are obliged to establish a stringent measure to confine the amount of Hg released via incineration.

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Heating Values of Agricultural Wastes for Substitute Energy Development (농업부산물의 발열량 조사(지역환경 \circled2))

  • 홍성구
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
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    • pp.563-568
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    • 2000
  • Animal waste is a major agricultural waste or wastewater that requires appropriate treatment to prevent environmental pollution. In this presentation, it is examined if incineration of manure compost is an alternative to treatment of animal waste. Heating values of selected biomass including manure compost were obtained using a bomb calorimeter. Based on heating values of manure and manure compost, ranging from 1200 - 1500 kcal/kg on wet base, incineration could be an alternative for animal waste treatment if available land is limited for land application and sufficient reduction of water content in manure compost.

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