• Title, Summary, Keyword: Wear Loss

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A Study on The Wear Process and Wear Mechanism of the Alumina Ceramics with Different Alumina Purity (순도를 달리한 알루미나 세라믹스의 마멸과정 및 이의 기구에 관한 연구)

  • 전태옥;진동규
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.3404-3412
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    • 1994
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the dry wear process and wear mechanism of the alumina ceramics in the purity variation which are used for the mechanical seal, roll, liner and dies. The wear test was carried out under different experimental condition using the wear testing device and in which the annular surface rubbed on dry sliding condition various sliding speed, contact pressure and sliding distance. In case of alumina purity 95%, there was speed range which wear loss increased rapidly owing to enlargement of heat impact force and temperature rise of wear surface. According as the alumina purity increased, wear loss decreased but alumina purity 85% with much void and defect had the most wear loss than any other alumina purity. The friction coefficient of sliding initial stage of wear curves has a large value but according to increase of sliding distance, it decreased owing to drop of the shear strength of wear surfaces.

Wear Characteristics of Particulate Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites Fabricated by a Pressureless Metal Infiltration Process (무가압함침법으로 제조된 입자강화 금속복합재료의 마모특성)

  • 김재동;정순억;김형진
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 2003
  • The effect of size and volume fraction of ceramic particles, with sliding velocity on the wear properties were investigated for the metal matrix composites fabricated by the pressureless infiltration process. The metal matrix composites exhibited about 5.5 - 6 times the wear resistance compared with AC8A alloy at high sliding velocity, and by increasing the particle size and decreasing the volume fraction, the wear resistance was improved. The wear resistance of metal matrix composites and AC8A alloy exhibited different aspects. Wear loss of AC8A alloy increased with sliding velocity, linearly : whereas, metal matrix composites indicated more wear loss than AC8A alloy at the slow velocity region. However, a transition point of wear loss was found at the middle velocity region, which shows the minimum wear loss. Further, wear loss at the high velocity region exhibited nearly the same value as the slow velocity region. In terms of wear mechanism, the metal matrix composites generally exhibited abrasive wear at slow to high sliding velocity; however, AC8A alloy showed abrasive wear at low sliding velocity and adhesive and melt wear at high sliding velocity.

Wear Characteristics of Particulate Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites Fabricated by Pressureless Metal Infiltration Process (무가압함침법으로 제조된 입자강화 금속복합재료의 마모특성)

  • Kim, Jae-Dong;Jung, Sun-Uk;Kim, Hyung-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.379-384
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    • 2002
  • The effect of size and volume fraction of ceramic particles with sliding velocity on the wear properties were investigated for the metal matrix composites fabricated by pressureless infiltration process. The particulate metal matrix composites exhibited about 5.5 - 6 times of excellent wear resistance compared with AC8A alloy at high sliding velocity, and as increasing the particle size and decreasing the volume fraction the wear resistance was improved. The wear resistance of metal matrix composites and AC8A alloy exhibited different aspects. Wear loss of AC8A alloy increased with sliding velocity linearly. whereas metal matrix composites indicated more wear loss than AC8A alloy at slow velocity region, however a transition point of wear loss was found at middle velocity region which show the minimum wear loss, and wear loss at high velocity region exhibited nearly same value with slow velocity region. In terms of wear mechanism, the metal matrix composites exhibited the abrasive wear at slow to high sliding velocity generally, however AC8A alloy showed abrasive wear at low sliding velocity and adhesive and melt wear at high sliding velocity.

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The Effect on the Wear-Corrosion Behavior of Ductile Cast Iron in the Various pH Environments (구상흑연주철재의 마멸-부식특성에 미치는 pH의 영향)

  • 임우조;박동기
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.31-35
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    • 2003
  • This paper reports the studies on the wear-corrosion behavior of ductile cast iron in the various pH environments. In the variety of pH solutions, corrosion and wear-corrosion loss of GCD 600 were investigated. Also, the anodic polarization test of GCD 600 using potentiostat/galvanostat was carried out. And rubbed surface of GCD 60 using scanning electron micrographs after immersion and wear-corrosion test was examined in the environment of various pH values. The main results are as following In alkali zone, the wear-corrosion loss of GCD 600 increases, but corrosion loss decreases. The unevenness and crack of wear-corrosion surface in neutral zone becomes duller than that in alkali zone. As the corrosive environment is acidified, wear-corrosion behavior of GCD 600 with passing immersion time becomes sensitive.

Slurry Wear Test on the Liquid Jet (분류에 의한 SLURRY 마멸)

  • 우창기;조견식
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.88-92
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    • 2002
  • This research is about slurry wear of SM45C and SUS304, which using standard sand and KUM river sand. The results are as follows ; 1. Mass loss rates of both standard sand and KUM river sand were linearly increased as increasement of time and velocity. 2. The average diameter of sand from relatively, less wear rate and portion of larger particles. 3. Wear resistance was linear with time and velocity of liquid jet regardless of type of sand. Also, it was able to evaluate with the formula, $HV^2$/E calibrated with n, the velocity index. 4. The wear surface in liquid jet experiment was smooth. The maximum wear depth was observed at the location 2~4mm apart from the center in the condition of $90^{\circ}$ of collision angle 6mm of nozzle diameter, and 20mm of collision distance. The sectional shape in radial appeared as 'W'shape.

Wear Resistance of Al Alloy Matrix Composites Using Porous Iron Aluminide-$SiC_p$ Preforms (Iron Aluminide-$SiC_p$ 혼합 예비성형체를 사용한 Al합금기 복합재료의 내마모 특성)

  • Cha, Jae-Sang;Oh, Sun-Hoon;Choi, Dap-Chun
    • Journal of Korea Foundry Society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.30-39
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    • 2003
  • Porous hybrid preforms were fabricated by reactive sintering using the compacts consisting of SiC particles, Fe and Al powders. Squeeze casting processing was employed to produce the composite in which the matrix phase is Al-Si7Mg. The microstructural change and wear resistance of the composites were investigated in terms of an amount of SiC particles. The wear loss was increased with increasing the contact pressure in the alloy containing SiC particles coated with Cu. The most drastic change was found to the specimen tested at 2.5 MPa of contact pressure. Concerning the alloys containing SiC particles coated with Ni-P, a drastic increase in the wear loss exhibited at 2 MPa of contact pressure in those alloys containing 4 and 8 wt. % of SiC particles coated with Ni-P. In the alloy containing 16 wt. % a proportional increase in wear loss was observed to the change of contact pressure. With respecting to the sliding velocity, the wear loss of the alloy containing SiC particles coated with Cu increased at the initial stage of wear process and then decreased. Similar result was found in the alloys containing SiC particles coated with Ni-P. On the basis of the present results obtained, it was found that wear resistance of the alloys tested was improved to show in the order of the alloy reinforced by coated SiC particles > by uncoated SiC particles > by intermetallic compound without SiC particles.

Sliding Wear Behavior of Fe-Base Norem 02 Hardfacing Alloy in Pressurized Water (Fe계 Norem 02 경면처리 합금의 고압.수중 마모거동)

  • Lee, Kwon-Yeong;Oh, Young-Min;Lee, Min-Woo;Kim, Seon-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.12 no.8
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    • pp.608-612
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    • 2002
  • The sliding wear behavior of an iron-base NOREM 02 hardfacing alloy was investigated in the temperature range of $25~250^{\circ}C$ under a contact stress of 103MPa (15ksi). With increasing temperature, the wear loss of Norem 02 in water increased slightly up to $180^{\circ}C$ at which Norem 02 showed the wear loss of 2.1mg. The wear resistance of Norem 02 resulted from the surface hardening due to the strain-induced phase transformation from austenite to $\alpha$'martensite during sliding wear. The wear loss of Norem 02 was smaller in water compared to air at same temperature because the water could be served as a sort of lubricant. The wear mode of NOREM 02 changed abruptly to severe adhesive wear at $190^{\circ}C$ and galling occurred above $200^{\circ}C$. It was caused that the strain- induced phase transformation took place below $180^{\circ}C$ while not above $190^{\circ}C$. Therefore, Norem 02 was considered to be inadequate at high temperature service area.

The Study on the Wear-Corrosion Behavior of Al-Mg Alloy in the Coast (연안해안에서 Al-Mg 합금재 프로펠러의 마멸-부식거동에 관한 연구)

  • Park Hee-Ok;Lim Uh-Joh;Park Dong-Gi
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.97-101
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    • 2004
  • This paper reports the studies on the wear-corrosion behavior of Al-Mg alloy in various pH environments. In various pH of sea water, corrosion and wear-corrosion loss of Al-Mg alloy were investigated. Also, the polarization test of Al-Mg alloy using potentiostat/galvanostat was carried out. And the rubbed surface of Al-Mg alloy using scanning electron micrographs after wear-corrosion test was examined in various pH values of sea water. The main results are as following : The polarization resistance of Al-Mg alloy in pH 4 solution is higer than that in pH 6.7 solution, and the corrosion current density in pH 4 is controlled than in pH 6.7 solution. The wear-corrosion loss of Al-Mg alloy with lowering pH becomes sensitive. As the oxide product of Al-Mg alloy appears granular structure and exholiation phenomenon, wear-corrosion loss of Al-Mg alloy increases.

A Study on the Improvement of the Wear Resistance of P-bronze (인청동의 내마모성향상에 대한 연구)

  • Song, Kun;Kwun, Sook-In;Cha, Young-Hyun
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.4 no.1
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    • pp.56-68
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    • 1988
  • The wear resistance of P-bronze which is widely used as worm gear material was investigated. In order 1o study the effect of additional elements on the wear resistance of Pbronze, the applied load and sliding time were selected as variables, and SCM4, were used as against metal. The addition of Fe improve wear resistance, for it precipities hard Fe$_3$ P phase and the work hardening coefficients are lowered due to decreasing solubility of P. When Fe is added in conventional P-bronze, the alloy is rather sliding than forming wear debris by frictional force during wear test. Experimental results indicated that the wear mechanisms for P-bronze are mainly consisted of abrasive wear due to Beilby layer forming mechanism and adhesive wear due to thermally activated wear mechanism. Moreover, the weight loss is decreased in accordance with increasing load and time. However the rate of wear loss is decreased as the sliding time is increased.

A Suggestion of Sizing System for Clean Room Wear (무진복의 치수체계에 대한 연구)

  • 이경화
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.24 no.7
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    • pp.1044-1055
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to suggest sizing chart for a clean room wear. 3 control dimensions(Stature, Bust girth, B.N.P.∼Wrist point length) were chosen as 3 axes of clean room wear size chart. A loss function was used to determined intervals of stature, Bust girth and B.N.P.∼Wrist point length of size chart, because the loss function introduces the concept of frequency to size chart for better customer's size satisfaction. From the size table whose intervals had been determined by a loss function. The 4 sizes individually were suggested for clean room wear size chart by sex. The 3 sizes individually were suggested for clean room head cover size chart by sex too. The suggested size chart would be considered more feasible than present size chart. Also they are suggested supply reference measurement chart relevant to clean room wear manufacturing for 13 most frequent sizes.

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